Professional Development Committee, Spring Technology Workshop
The Elements of Creating a Web PageHomePreviousNext



Whole site design

  • Human - computer interaction
  • Organization
  • Navigation
  • Style guide

    Page design

    Color and Graphics




    Site map

  • Whole site design -- Navigation

    Offer a clear and consistent method of navigation
    This could be just a table of contents for your site, but may also include a navigation bar allowing the user to move between related pages. For big web sites, consider offering a menu of major sections from every page, rather than requiring the user to return home to select another section.

    Graphical or textual navigation aids are OK
    For big web sites with lots of content, use textual navigation aids -- it's easier. But economical, easy-to-understand graphical navigation aids are fine. If graphical, remember to add ALT text so text browsers (Lynx) and graphical browsers with images turned off can still navigate. Also consider adding parallel text links for graphical navigation aids.

    Consider offering a site map

    Consider providing keyword searching of your site
    Web sites offering a large amount of heterogeneous content, and especially sites with a large hierarchical file structure, may be easier to use if keyword searching is available.

    Search engine issues to think about:

    • How sophisticated a search feature does your site need? Most low-end, shareware type engines (SWISH for example) don't come with many bells and whistles.
    • What is your hardware/software platform? Some search engines are designed to work on specific web servers.
    • Are you looking to index just your site or multiple web sites? If yes, you will need an engine with a "spider."
    Try searching "intranet search engine" from InfoSeek to collect information on the web on this topic. Remember <Title >
    As part of the HTML standard, every Web page should have a <TITLE > defined in its header. Page titles are important for navigation support since they are normally the default way to refer to pages in various navigation support mechanisms such as bookmark lists, history lists, overview diagrams, etc. Titles are also often used as the best way of listing retrieved pages in search engines.

    Comments? Contact:
    Scott Britton, or
    Martin Hollick, or
    Julie Wetherill
    Copyright 1998, Harvard University. All rights reserved. Revised March 1998TopPreviousNext