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John Langdon Sibley’s diary (known as Sibley’s private journal), 1846-1882 (HUG 1791.72.10)

John Langdon SibleyJohn Langdon Sibley, A.B. 1825, Grad. Div. S. 1828, served as Harvard's Assistant Librarian from 1825-1826 and 1841-1856, Librarian from 1856-1877, and Librarian, Emeritus from 1877-1885. A noted biographer, he is best known for his Biographical Sketches of Graduates of Harvard University. Sibley was born in Union, Maine on December 29, 1804, and died in Cambridge, Massachusetts on December 9, 1885.

Sibley's personal diary spans nearly 37 years, with entries beginning on January 1, 1846 and ending on August 29, 1882. In it he recorded the details of daily life, often commenting on local and national current events, as well as Harvard affairs.


The diary, in its entirety, follows. The links immediately below provide quick access to decades and specific years. To search by keyword, use the Ctrl + F keys

1840s  | 1850s1860s | 1870s | 1880s

Transcribed by Brian A. Sullivan.
Location of original diary: Harvard University Archives (HUG 1791.72.10).

1840s
1846 | 1847 | 1848 | 1849

1850s
1850 | 1851 | 1852 | 1853 | 1854 | 1855 | 1856 | 1857 | 1858 | 1859

1860s
1860 | 1861 | 1862 | 1863 | 1864 | 1865 | 1866 | 1867 | 1868 | 1869

1870s
1870 | 1871 | 1872 | 1873 | 1874 | 1875 | 1876 | 1877 | 1878 | 1879

1880s
1880 | 1881 | 1882


1846

[note in front of 1846 entry]  To be bound & go to the [Massachusetts] Historical Society –Bind strong & well in two volumes pages are pencilled in the corres. [on permanent loan to the Harvard University Archives]

January 1, 1846

            Thursday. Cambridge, Massachusetts, No. 28, Divinity Hall. This day I recommence my Diary. I formerly kept one; but have purposely mutilated it. This first day of January, eighteen hundred and forty six, I have been chosen a member of the Massachusetts Historical Society. The number of members is limited to sixty, & there is always a large number of candidates whenever a vacancy occurs, which is seldom except upon the decease of some one. I suppose I am indebted for the honor to Jared Sparks, LL.D., Convers Francis, D.D. & the Rev. Joseph B. Felt.   

             Received a visit from Charles P. Gage, M.D. of Concord, N.H., a native of Hopkinton, N.H. who married Nancy George Sibley, my cousin, daughter of Stephen Sibley, Justice of the Peace and of the Quorum & Director of the Concord Bank, & of his wife Sarah, whose maiden name was Brown, both of Hopkinton, N.H. Mrs. Gage now resides at the McLean Asylum in Somerville, where she has been since 18 June 1845. It was not thought advisable for her to see her husband. Insanity prevails in the Brown family. 

January 2, 1846

 Friday. This morning died James Alexander Monroe, of the Junior Class, aged about twenty four, said to have been from Maine,having a brother a clergyman in Bradford, Mass.,where his remains were carried.

January 3, 1846

             Saturday. I Received from the author, William Thaddeus Harris, of the Senior Class, Son of the Librarian, a copy of his Epitaphs from the Old Burying-Ground in Cambridge

January 4, 1846

           Sunday. Attended worship as I usually do in good weather at the Masonic Temple in Boston, where the Rev. James F. Clarke preaches. In the afternoon Communion Service at the hour when the other churches have regular worship.           

            Rev. Theodore Parker, of Spring Street, Roxbury, having for about one year preached one service each Lord's Day at the Melodeon & having received an invitation to become Pastor of the people worshipping there, entered upon the duties of his charge. The installation appears to have been very simple. A member of the Society, I hear, read the letter of the people extending to him the invitation & his letter in reply & both parties were asked if they still adhered to their propositions; Mr. Parker assented & the people rose, after which Mr. Parker proceeded with religious services as usual, preaching a sermon, however, pertinent to the occasion. 

            [Rev. Ephraim Peabody of New Bedford, formerly of Cincinnati, a native of Wilton, N.H. entered upon his duties as minister ofKings Chapel in Boston [This is an error. See January 11]]           

            I took tea with my classmate Dr. Lodge, who is recently married, attended the evening service at the Masonic Temple and walked home.

 January 5, 1846

             Monday. In the Library of Harvard College all day, as usual. In the evening attending a social meeting in the Chapel of Divinity Hall, to which Rev. E.F. Taylor or Father Taylor, as he is more generally called, was present. He spoke with great effect, moved by the eloquence of nature.

 January 6, 1846

             Tuesday. Spent an hour or two at Mr. Sparks's study--saw some manuscripts just bound beautifully, containing among other things memoranda, sketches of forts, etc. during a trip to Saratoga, Lakes George, Champlain etc. also a notice of the Battle of Bunkers Hill by Judge Prescott, son of Colonel Prescott who then fought.

January 7, 1846

                 Wednesday. Examining a Catalogue of books to be sold at auction.

 January 8, 1846

Thursday.  At the auction in Boston purchased books for the College Library to the value of about $110 or $115, among them the Histoire Naturelle des Mammiferes de Cuvier et St. Hilaire, half bound in red morocco, gilt extra 3 volumes for $36.00, & Vandermailin's Atlas 6 volumes for twenty one dollars.

             Returned in the Omnibus. When I was in College & 'till I went to reside at Stow, the only public conveyance was a stage (having straitened accommodations inside for nine passengers) which left Cambridge at 9 & 2 o'clock, & Boston at 12 & 5 o'clock. We think we are now wonderfully well accommodated, when the Omnibuses leave Cambridge at 7 o'clock and every quarter of an hour afterward 'till 11 o'clock in the evening & that they also leave Cambridge at 8 o'clock & at 9 o'clock P.M. & that they leave Boston at 8 o'clock A.M. & every quarter of an hour 'till 8 o'clock P.M. & that they leave also at 9 & at 10 P.M. –fare 15 cents either way, except at 9 & 10 o'clock when it is 20 cents. Besides this, on particular occasions late at night extra omnibuses are furnished. 

January 9, 1846

Friday.  Received official notice of my election as member of the Massachusetts Historical Society.

 January 10, 1846

Saturday. Saw the planet Venus at two o'clock P.M., though the sun shone bright & clear.

 January 11, 1846

Sunday. Walked to Boston & back – heard a sermon by Revd. James Thompson, of Salem. Rev. C. Peabody was inducted into office to-day & not last Sunday. See the ceremony as mentioned in the newspapers.

             Called in the evening at Miss Austin's, an aged blind lady – also at Dr. M. Wyman's, consulting him professionally.

January 12, 1846

Monday. My salary, which has been five hundred dollars and room rent, & pay at 40 cents per hour between four o'clock and prayer-bell (which always rings before dark, which is never later than six o'clock & at this season of the year takes place at half past four o'clock), & for half the day on Saturday, has been increased by one hundred dollars. I generally commence my duties, the year round, between 7 1/2 & 8 o'clock in the morning.

             My first connexion with the Library began with writing, when J. G. Cogswell was Librarian, in my freshman year. I continued to be employed generally in vacations till graduation in 1825, within a week after which I assumed the duties of Assistant Librarian. This office I held till Mr. Peirce was chosen Librarian, then Mr. Folsom resigned the office of Librarian & I discharged all the duties for one month or so, till Mr. Peirce entered upon his duties at Commencement, in 1826. At that time the salary of the Librarian was three hundred dollars, that of the Assistant one hundred and fifty dollars. The duties of the Assistant were to attend to applications for books etc. and he could, during Library hours, if he chose write etc. to the amount of about one hundred & fifty dollars in a year. The two offices & the two salaries were united in Mr. Peirce. There was no Assistant Librarian till the completion of Gore Hall in 1841 & the removal of books to it in July of that year. Since that time the Library has really been my home in the day time; no lights being allowed in the building. 

            A little incident of interest is connected with President Kirkland's application to me to be Assistant Librarian, in 1825. It was the first time he ever prefixed a title to my name. Not any officer ever gave the title of Mr. to an undergraduate while I was in College; now, even in recitations, when called upon to recite, undergraduates are almost always addressed with the prefix 'Mr.'. Dr. Kirkland overtook me on the bridge when I was walking into Boston, & addressing me with the strange prefix of 'Mr.' (for in those days it sounded very strangely to one, who had, up to the moment of graduation, only a day or two before, never heard himself so called, invited me to a seat in his chaise & introduced the subject of my being Assistant Librarian. Not long before his administration,  I believe as late as that of his immediate predecessor, the rule always was to address an undergraduate simply by his surname, a graduate who had never received any degree but that of Bachelor of Arts by the appellation Sir, as Sir Hayward, Sir Jones; but when a person became Master of Arts, he was called Mr. These distinctions were very carefully observed so that the few minutes before receiving a degree commanded an appellation which was, the next minute after receiving the degree, relinquished, in all quarters for a higher sounding one.

             Dr. Kirkland was very affable, humorous & dignified. He always commanded respect, without appearing to require it by a severe effort. He would say the plainest things in a way to give no offence. He did not allow undergraduates the freedom to sit down in his study, unless he kept them waiting for some time; if they seated themselves, he gave them a pleasant hint to rise. President Quincy was generally very abrupt in his manners though he had much grace & propriety when the occasion required. His memory was poor, as to persons particularly. His first question almost always was 'What is your name?' His next, 'What do you want?' This arose in a great measure from the uncommon energy and business habits which he had. But he was always very candid, very kind to the students in his feelings, if not in his deportment; & during his administration greater equality in deportment grew up between the officers and students than ever before existed. He never requested a student to stand in his study; but always expected him to be seated if he made any stop. Dr. Kirkland never hurt any person's feelings; he was very choice in his use of words, & in his manner very pleasant. President Quincy often hurt the feelings without meaning particularly to do it.

           Passed part of the evening at Mr. George Livermore's. He is a wool dealer in Boston, who has a great taste for curious, rare, & valuable books; & has an exceedingly choice library containing about 2000 volumes.

January 16, 1846
 
            Friday. The vacation commences this day. There are two terms in a year. Commencement is on the fourth Wednesday of August & is followed by a term of twenty weeks. Then comes vacation of six weeks, another term of twenty weeks, after which is vacation till Commencement. 

January 18, 1846

            Sunday. The coldest day, thus far, this winter. My Farenheit's thermometer, which was procured at the Observatory where it had been used for several years, has not risen above 7° & at 11 o'clock was 5°. 

            In the Christian Examiner for January 1846 is an Article by Dr. Frothingham on Hymn Books, useful to a bibliographer.

January 19, 1846

            Monday.  Thermometer was at 2° this morning. The Library open for visitors and the delivery of books in the forenoon, is as usual in vacations, it being closed at other times in the week.

            Rev. Dr. George Putnam of Roxbury, on Saturday, declined the offer made to him, either officially or unofficially, a fortnight since by the Corporation, to become Hollis Professor of Divinity in the University.

January 21, 1846

Wednesday.  Wrote a letter to Alpheus Felch, from Limerick, Maine, a school-fellow at Exeter, now Governor of Michigan, requesting him to use his influence to get a vote passed by the Legislature to forward to the Library of the College a series of everything which has been or shall be published by the State; & let him know how small a representation Michigan had on the shelves of our American department, which is the most complete & valuable in the world.

January 25, 1846

Sunday.  Walked to Boston, attended worship & led the singing as I have frequently, perhaps I may say generally, done, at Mr. Clarke's, where all persons present are expected to take part there being no organized choir.

            Addressed the Howard Sunday school in Pitts Street in the afternoon, where I had been till last spring a teacher for five or six years. The occasion was the death of one of my pupils, Miss Jane Waterman, aged about 40, whose decease occurred on the 21st inst. She had been a member of the class for five years. Three or four years ago another female died from the same class & within the same time another person who had occasionally belonged to it. Miss W. was very intelligent, humble, pious, refined & naturally consumptive. I was most strenuously urged & besought to assume a bible class again in the school. After these exercises were finished, attended at the usual hour of divine service in the afternoon the meeting now held on the last Sunday in each month at Mr. Clarke's where the parents & friends of the Sunday School meet with the children in the Masonic temple, & addresses are delivered.

             In the evening, called at Mr. Sparks's. Henry Stevens of Vermont in a letter to him from London says he has moused out an old box of pamphlets of the time of Charles the Second & not long after, which were boxed up then & have not been disturbed since. He picked out about thirty which pertained to America, among which is The Revolution in New England Justifie' & Eliot's Commonwealth. Of the latter but one copy was before known to exist. He informed the British Museum & that is gathering a rich harvest from what remains of the box. Many of his gatherings Mr. Stevens sends to Mr. Brown of Providence, & they will probably find their way ultimately into the library of Brown University.

             Judge Fay and Mr. C. Folsom were at Mr. Sparks's. Conversation happened to turn on fuel, etc. Mr. F. observed that wood was the fuel in France, that it came to Paris in scows, sorted into sizes as to the sticks, that his cost him about sixteen dollars a cord in Paris, that much charcoal is used in Paris, that it is always carried in bags on men's backs, that a large number of persons thus gain their livelihood, & that probably the government would not willingly admit the introduction of carts. In London it is carried in carts but in bags, & the bags are emptied at once into the cellars where the coal is deposited. Mr. Folsom observed that but little provision was made in the Mediterranean & that people wrapped additional garments around them. Though no post in the north of Africa yet the rains were cold & very uncomfortable.

             Wood in Cambridge is seven dollars & a half a cord. Hard coal began to be used in America about the year 1821. There was no coal burnt when I was in College. Dr. Ware, Senior, was among the first to burn hard coal. Grates were very common in College & elsewhere within five years afterwards, & it is now many a year since there has been one open fireplace in the College in which wood has been burnt. Airtight stoves have been introduced within a few years, in which wood or coal may be burnt. Fuel in Baltimore twenty-five years ago was $3.00 per cord.

January 26, 1846

            Friday.  Books delivered & received this forenoon, at the College Library. This evening walked to the McLean Asylum through thawing snow and mud. Mrs. Gage improving. Dr. Bell showed me a manuscript genealogy of the Dana family from the time of Richard, a French refugee, the first of the name who came to this country and who settled in Brighton,then a part of Cambridge.

January 29, 1846

            Thursday.  Walked to Boston. Attended for the first time the meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Upon reading the minutes of the last meeting, it appeared that I was chosen in the place of Mr. Justice Story. He died in September 1845. The letters of acceptance I found were read before the meetings also. Twenty-five members or thereabouts were present, it being the fullest meeting ever held. They were drawn out by a Report presented at the previous meeting (which was held January 1, because the last Thursday in December happened to be Christmas) with a view to an application to the Legislature for permission to alter the clause limiting the number of resident members to sixty, so that the Society should pass a by-law prescribing the limit, or that the number by an Act of the Legislature might be extended to eighty. The subject seemed to have been argued at the previous meeting, to some extent; & the subject it had been brought before the Society several years ago also. Among the persons who opposed enlarging the number were the Rev. Charles Lowell, D.D., George Ticknor, (late Professor of French and Spanish Literature in Harvard University), Hon. John Davis, (late Judge of the U.S. District Court, now eighty-five years old), Hon. Josiah Quincy (late President of Harvard University), Rev. Alexander Young of Boston, etc. Some of the ideas stated were that the individual responsibility would be lessened – that the wisdom of former members who were among the founders of the Society had been justified by experience – that no Society had done so much and had so much to show – that the addition of members would not bring it much more before the community, for it was already well-known – that the present income, if collected, would bring in about two hundred and fifty dollars annually, which would enable them to publish a volume annually – that some persons would join the Society if they felt it was a working Society in which they could sympathize instead of being one composed of many members who felt less sympathy & but little interest in historical subjects – that many people independent of this idea might decline joining, if it were thrown open to all, who would come in & work with a limited number – that if an application were made to the Legislature to put the number at eighty that there was no security in these days, when all reserved rights were unpopular, that they would not require it to be unlimited – that there was a kind of courtesy or obligation towards those persons who had joined upon the supposition that the number was limited to sixty to continue to them the privileges thereof.

             Hon. Francis C. Gray, Chairman of the Committee which made the Report, advocated that it should be enlarged, by a reversion of the arguments above adduced, etc. The main purpose appeared to be the getting of more funds to print five or six volumes now wanted; but this idea was rather modestly concealed in the course of debate. A great majority voted against the enlargement, though Mr. Sparks, Professor Francis and Mr. Worcester (the Geographer and Lexicographer) were decidedly in favor of it.

             Professor Ticknor stated to the meeting that Gebel Teir, an allegory on the state of politics at the time of the administration of John Quincy Adams, was written by William Tudor, while Charge d'Affaires at Rio de Janeiro, & sent to him to be published incognito. It was so published. When Mr. Tudor died, Prof. F. sent the manuscript to his relatives, telling them the circumstances. They made no reply. When it was proposed at a recent meeting that President J. Q. Adams should prepare a biographical notice for the Historical Society Collections, he again applied to Mr. Tudor's relatives & asked them what use he might make of the secret deposited with him, & since the last meeting he had received the reply "what you please". Accordingly, he now divulged the circumstances. He had considered himself for a long time to be the only person in the secret. But when he was at the house of the British ambassador in Paris, in 1838(?) a gentleman with whom he was not acquainted asked him if he knew Tudor & that he once published a book anonymously. Upon Prof. F.'s replying in the affirmative, the gentleman observed that he thought himself alone in the secret & that Mr. Tudor had given him a copy in Rio de Janeiro.

             Upon examining a box of waste paper, etc. at the book store where I stored books in Boston, I found several memoranda respecting the Sibleys which I had collected many years ago. As a genealogical society has been formed recently in Boston, may it not be well to add to them & see if they may not be wrought into a Table.

February 4, 1846

            Heard of the death of Maria Verplanck, daughter of Prof. Jared Sparks, by his first wife who was an Allen, of Hyde Park on Hudson's River. She died yesterday of pulmonary consumption (the same disease of which her mother died), aged 12 years & four months – a very delightful girl, whose taste was for biography, history etc. rather than for light reading. Dr. M. Wyman told me I could not imagine the strength of Dr. Sparks's affection for his child. Addressed a short note of sympathy & tendering my services. The body will go to Hyde Park to rest by its mother's.      <>            In the evening went in the 7 o'clock omnibus to a collation at the vestry of the Pitts Street Chapel in Boston, which was got up by the Sewing Circle to raise funds for the benefit of the poor. Admission fee 25 cents. Refreshments were prepared gratuitously, there was singing; & several persons, Rev. Dr. Bigelow, Rev. Dr. R.C. Waterston, Rev. F. T. Gray, Rev. Father Taylor etc. made addresses. The room was full; everybody seemed happy & quite merry. Walking back, arrived at my room at eleven o'clock, & wrote a letter to Dr. C.P. Gage of Concord, N.H. respecting his wife & finished by asking for genealogical information respecting the Sibleys. 

February 5

            At a meeting of the Board of Overseers of Harvard University, Gov. Everett was confirmed as President of the University, at a very full meeting, & without dissenting vote. Sixty-four votes, all for him.

            The Northampton Democrat contains a notice of public libraries & of librarians, particularly of Harvard University.       

            Upon returning to my room this evening found a note directed to me, reading as follows:

                                                                                    "February 4, 1846.

My dear Sir,

            I have received your kind note of sympathy, for which both Mrs. Sparks & myself beg you will accept our heartfelt thanks. My beloved child was most dear to me, & the separation is like rending the spirit in twain. But it is gratifying to find, that she has not passed away without the tribute of a kind thought from those who knew her during her brief journey of life.

                                                                        Most truly your friend,

                                                                                    Jared Sparks"

February 14, 1846

            Visited the McLean Asylum at Somerville & had an interview of an hour with Mrs. Gage.

February 15, 1846

            A very severe snowstorm.

February 17, 1846

            Most unexpectedly received the following letter:

                        "New York Historical Society

                                                            Historical Society's Rooms

                                                            New York, February 14, 1846

Sir,

            I have the honor to inform you, that at a meeting of the New York Historical Society, held at their rooms in the University of this City, on Tuesday, the 3rd instant, you were unanimously elected a Corresponding Member.

            The object of the Society is to promote the investigation of American history, by collecting whatever may tend to throw light upon the past, or perpetuate the events of the present period, whether in the form of authentic MS. documents, printed publications, rare and curious reliques, or original essays, illustrating the annals of the country; and your co-operation is respectfully solicited.                                                                    

                                                                                    By order of the Society:

                                                                                                            John Jay

                                                                                    Domestic Corresponding Secretary

To Rev. J.L. Sibley"

            The reception of the foregoing letter was wholly unexpected & I have no suspicion who proposed or moved in the matter.

            Employed in the evening in transcribing genealogical memoranda respecting the Sibleys to be transmitted to Messrs. Wheatland & Phippen of Salem.

February 18, 1846          

            Received from Mr. Young a copy of the second edition of his Chronicles of the Pilgrims with a note urging me very strongly to make an Index to his forthcoming work, the Chronicles of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay.

            Receive a letter from the antiquarian, Mellen Chamberlain, Esq. of Brattleboro, Vt., respecting the Librarianship of the Dane Law School, & asking aid & influence. Reply to him & enclose his letter in one to Prof. Greenleaf.       

            Installation of Rev. J.T Sargent at Somerville, the first minister settled in the town since its incorporation. Services in the afternoon – tea party in the vestry afterward.

            Replied to Mr. Young declining his request.

            Learn that Charles Folsom, a native of Exeter, N.H., a graduate of H.U., then Chaplain of the Columbus, then Consul at Tripoli, then Tutor & Librarian in H.U., then corrector for many years of the University Press, & more recently teacher of a private school for young ladies, has been appointed Librarian of the Boston Atheneum.

February 19, 1846

            This morning the coldest this winter, thus far. Thermometer 3º at 7 1/2 o'clock.

            The Steamer from England arrived at Boston last evening at 10 1/2 o'clock. The editors of Philadelphia and New York succeeded in anticipating the arrival of the news via Boston. An express took the news from the steamer, upon its arrival at Halifax, by horse across the land to a steamer chartered for the purpose which brought it to Portland whence it arrived by railroad at Boston at eight o'clock last evening and proceeded immediately to N. York and Philadelphia.

February 21, 1846          

Visited the McLean Asylum & had an interview of an hour, this evening, with Mrs. Gage.

February 22, 1846

            At church in Boston in the morning & at the Baptist meeting house in Cambridge in the afternoon

February 23, 1846

            The last day for delivering and receiving books, this vacation. In the evening called at Prof. J. Chase's, formerly of the Newton Theological Institution; but he was from home; then called on Mr. Moses B. Chase, Chaplain of the Ohio, a native of Newburyport, formerly an Episcopal clergyman in Virginia, where he married his wife, whose maiden name was Joynes. He was subsequently Episcopal clergyman at Hopkinton, N.H. but he was not at home; then spent the evening with Mrs. Dawes, formerly of Baltimore, mother of Rev. Mr. Dawes, of Fairhaven, and daughter-in-law of the late Judge Dawes.

February 24, 1846

            Mr. Sparks says that of his Washingtons Writings there have been published already about eighty five thousand volumes, more volumes by far than are contained in any library in America. The transcripts which he hired made from the original letters & from which he printed he is destroying in the way of kindling fires, etc., refusing to let any one take them away, & saying they would be of no value & would make 30 or 40 volumes if bound & only be a useless nuisance. I told him there was room enough in the College Library, still he demurred. He has not made much by the work, it is so heavy that almost everybody failed who undertook the publication.

            The Miller tabernacle in Howard Street, Boston, was burned this morning. It was erected a few years since by the followers of Miller, of whom there were many in Boston, who believed that the world was soon coming to an end. The building which was one story but covering a large area was put up on condition that it should revert to the owner of the land after a certain time & this was fixed beyond that in which it was supposed the world would be destroyed. After this reversion, the building was used as a theatre & was sometimes called the Howard Athenæum.

            Called in the evening on Mrs. Stevens Everett (daughter of the late Rev. Dr. Abbot, of Beverly), who resides in Cambridge & has a son in College.

February 25, 1846

            Mr. Cyrus Peirce, with about thirty of his female Normal School pupils, from Newton visited the Library.

February 26, 1846

            Attended the meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society.

Walked to Captain Ebenezer Eaton's in Dorchester, where I boarded during six months commencing Dec. 1, 1833 while Rev. Dr. Harris spent the winter in Savannah, Georgia, I supplied the pulpit.

February 27, 1846

            This morning the coldest by three degrees this winter.

Walked from Dorchester to Boston; & in the afternoon rode to Cambridge.

Commencement of the College Term; though there are no recitations till Monday.

President Everett unwell, so that he cannot assume the duties of his office at present.

February 28, 1846

            Received a set of Duane's Franklin from Professor Sparks.

March 1, 1846

            Birthday of my brother William Cullen, born in 1807.

            Mailed a letter as follows:  

                                                                        "Harvard College Library, Camb.

                                                                        28 Feb. '46

Hon. John Jay,

            Sir – I have rec'd your letter of the 14 instant, informing me that the New York Historical Society has done me the honor to elect me a Corresponding Member. I am much gratified with this unexpected notice, and shall take pleasure in cooperating, so far as I can, in the promotion of the objects of the Society. I have the honor to be, etc.

Hon. John Jay

Domestic Corresponding Secy.

N.Y. Historical Society" 

March 4, 1846

            Went to the McLean Asylum; Mrs. Gage improving a little.

March 5, 1846

            Purchasing books at auction in Boston for the College Library.

March 6, 1846

            Received a paper containing the Message of the Governor of Michigan to the Legislature respecting my communication & a similar one from the N. Y. Historical Society in relation to their public documents for the Harvard College Library & that of the New York Historical Society.

March 7, 1846

            Went to Boston & with Mr. Sparks examined a chest of pamphlets to be sold at auction. Within two years a remarkable interest has arisen in relation to early historical pamphlets on America & they now command almost incredible prices.

            Made a catalogue of the 73 volumes of modern books bought on the fifth for less than 70 dollars, though one fifth of them were valuable quartos & but few of them were smaller than the octavos; all in good condition & good books.

March 8, 1846

            Snowy morning. Heard Mr. Bartol, of Boston, preach at the College Chapel in the morning & Mr. Peabody, of Portsmouth, N.H., at Mr. Newell's in the afternoon.

March 10, 1846

            Attended auction, in Boston, for the College. Bought Wynne's Avalon for 75 cents. Johnson's Wonder-Working Providence was bought by C.G. Deane, for $10.75. Norton's Life of Cotton sold for eight dollars. Wynne is printed sometimes as an Addition to Whitbourne's Newfoundland.

March 15, 1846

            Bluebirds sing. Attend church in Boston.

March 16, 1846

            Election of Class Officers by the Seniors. Much excitement & two parties, the members of the Hasty-Pudding Club having controlled the elections for several years. The meeting began at 2 1/2 o'clock, P.M. & though continued till after prayer time (5 1/2 o'clock), it was adjourned till to-morrow.

March 17, 1846

            Mary Wheeler, daughter of Professor Noyes, aged about 16, died this morning, tubercles on the brain. Dr. Noyes lost a child a year or two ago by its falling out of a chamber window.

            At the election yesterday, according to the best information I have obtained, Child was chosen class orator, Swan, poet, Lane and Hall, odists, or writers of the odes for class day, and Ropes, Chaplain.

After this came the choice of officers for the Navy Club. The Navy Club includes all of the Senior Class who have not had a part at any exhibition. The Lord High Admiral is generally chosen because he has been sent off the most times by the Faculty or has been away the longest absent more during his College course than any other member of the class & is rather a wild fellow & popular. The principle on which elections are made is not always strictly carried out though there is a pretense that it is. Homans, of Boston, was chosen Lord High Admiral & Perry of Exeter, N.H., Vice Admiral. The Rear Admiral is generally chosen because he is the laziest person in the class. The Commodore was Cunningham. The standard bearer is generally the tallest one though [ ? ] is said to be not quite so tall as the Lord High perhaps not on the present occasion. To this office Morris was appointed. The person who swears the most is generally the Navy Club Chaplain. The Surgeon is generally selected because he has a fondness for surgery. His name was Osgood. Dupont, who graduated in 1845 at Delaware College, was Captain. A short thick student, Skinner, was boatswain. Horsemarines are those persons who have a minor part but have no major part, that is such members of the class as have a translation before the three last exhibitions in which the Class has parts (these three last exhibitions consisting, so far as the Seniors are concerned, entirely of original parts) but have no part in these exhibitons. but have no part in these three exhibitions. Marines have a major but no minor part. The drum major is one of the aristocratically-feeling members of the class. Last year, there was a powder monkey.

            As soon as the regular class officers are chosen, & this is conducted with propriety, the election of Navy Club Officers commences; & then wit, humor, & noise soon become the order of the day. In the afternoon, after all officers are chosen, the members of the class, including both the Navy Club and the others, form in procession, under the direction of the Lord High. They dress in various costumes. Lord High wore a military cap with a plume bent over in front, buckskin breeches, or shorts as they are sometimes called. Six of the class had drums which they beat as they marched. The chaplain wore a very large ugly-looking white wig & a gown. The surgeon got a very short legged, stubborn horse, such a strange looking creature perhaps as was never known before this one came into existence, & dressed in uniform, mounted him with a skull in one hand & rode in the procession. Each who had a part regularly at the exhibitions, alias the digs so called, had a spade which he carried, & the best scholar, Child carried one of double the ordinary size. The Rear Admiral, Stearns, pretended to be so lazy that he could not walk in the procession, accordingly a horse & wagon were procured, a chair & a bed put into the wagon, & he reclined with great composure, as a negro servant led the horse. When called upon to address the class he overcame his vis inertiae so far as to say a few words the negro holding the hat just above his head because he was too lazy to hold it himself & when he became fatigued with speaking he desisted and the negro was obliged to finish the speech for him.

            Soon after 4 o'clock this procession proceeded went from the front of Holworthy Hall, gave cheers in front of each Hall or building in the College Yard, went & cheered "Wood and Hall," grocers [Wooden Hall], & then proceeded to each Professor's dwellings cheering (except to Dr. Noyes whom they regarded on account of his affliction), showing somewhat the popularity of the different Professors by the different number of cheers which they gave. The Professors did not appear in the College Yard or at their own houses. After the march was over, the Class went to Porter's tavern, about a mile from the College on the West Cambridge road, & took supper. There were perhaps eight or ten persons who did not join in the movement. Each person seemed disposed to sustain his assumed character in the best possible manner, & the whole affair went off with very little noise or boisterousness. The main object seemed to be fun, & fun there was in its kind though not such fun perhaps as people of maturer years or refinement, etc. would prefer.

            The hour for College prayers in the afternoon changed from 5 ½ o'clock to six o'clock.

March 19, 1846

            Funeral of Mary Wheeler Noyes at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. Prayer made by Rev. Dr. Francis.

March 21, 1846

            In the evening visited the McLean Asylum. Mrs. Gage better, though still exhibiting marks of insanity. She informed me that my Aunt Ward, of Bradford, N.H. died last May or June, having suffered much, even as to her person, from neglect.

March 22, 1846

            At church in Boston in the morning. In his Sermon, Mr. Clarke observed that if our Savior were to appear on earth his sermons would be criticised, he would be considered a very good "moral" preacher; but there would be many churches in which he would not be allowed to preach, because he was not "orthodox" enough, did not dwell enough on the Atonement, Total Depravity, etc. The remark is true, if we are to judge exclusively by the words which he himself uttered.

            In the afternoon heard Rev. E. Peabody, at the College Chapel, deliver a beautiful sermon on the resurrection. He wrote one of the hymns at my ordination at Stow, 14 May, 1829 & S.G. Bulfinch the other.

March 24, 1846

            There has been for many years a social religious meeting among the Theological Students, held in Divinity Hall, on Monday evenings, in term time. This week it was Tuesday evening. Mr. George G. Channing was present from Boston, & spoke very ably to the Students on being imbued themselves with the Christian spirit which they are to preach. He is brother of the late Rev. Dr., & the present Professor Channing. He was for many years an auctioneer, & when he became interested in religious subjects, some six or eight years since, most persons were incredulous as to his sincerity. But his consistency & continually increasing earnestness & zeal have silenced suspicions & led the community to regard him as one of the most useful, faithful & sincere of Christian laymen. He originated the Christian World, having been from the commencement of it, editor & proprietor, never having received a liberal education. He was desirous of bringing an influence to bear upon the community which should partake more of the heart & feelings, & be less intellectual (if either was to be yielded) than any paper seemed to produce.

March 28, 1846

            The excitement in Boston caused by the trial of Albert J. Tirrell for the murder of Mrs. Bickford has been brought to a close by the verdict of Not Guilty. The apparently novel ground of Somnambulism was introduced and strongly urged in his defence; but the jury acquitted him, without even mentioning Somnambulism in their consultation. The tone of public sentiment is such in regard to capital punishment that it is very difficult to convict a person  for a capital offence; & when such a conviction takes place, public sentiment demands a commutation to imprisonment for life. General opinion is that Tirrell is guilty; but it would have been unreasonable to have convicted him, upon the evidence adduced.

March 30, 1846

             President Everett, having moved into the old Presidential mansion, in the latter part of last week, assumed all the duties of his new office, &, this morning after the prayers in the College Chapel were ended, he made an address to the students, fifteen or twenty minutes long.

            The charter of a city for Cambridge was accepted by the inhabitants, by a vote of 645 to 224. There are about 1800 voters in Cambridge. 

            It is a singular circumstance that the practical commencement of Mr. Everett's administration & the acceptance of the City Charter should be upon the same day.

April 1, 1846

            April Fool's Day. The custom of calling people's attention to some object, which in reality does not exist, & of deceiving them on this day, has in a great degree gone into disuse among the more intelligent members of society.

             For many days have been cataloguing pamphlets and books received at the College Library. The title of each pamphlet is entered as minutely as that of the most valuable book. Pamphlets are the most valuable part of a Library, which has reference to posterity.

April 2, 1846

             Fast-day. Operation for a hydrocele caused probably by a kick from an angry schoolfellow, at Phillips Exeter Academy, more than twenty-five years ago. Sat up two hours towards night -- also all day April 3d. 

April 4, 1846

            At the College Library all day. Returned in the evening in great pain; the injection of iodine having produced, by this day's exercise, the desired inflammation.

April 6, 1846

             The hour of College morning prayers altered from 7 to 6 o'clock.

  April 7, 1846

             Wrote a letter while lying on my back. 

April 12, 1846

             Having laid in bed ever since the evening of the 4th, part of the time suffering great pain, I sat up to-day two hours, between one & three o'clock, also from 5 1/2 P.M. till 9 o'clock. The students in Divinity Hall who have known of my sickness have been as kind as possible; still Dr. Wyman says a College room is not the place for a person to be sick in, & in future he means to have patients, when they can do no better, moved to his own house.

April 13, 1846

             Rose about 7 o'clock A.M., retired about the usual hour 10 P.M. having laid down only about two hours during the day. Began Dickens's Master Humphreys Clock.        

The Town Clerk of Union, Maine, sent P.C. Harding, of Union, who took the first two volumes of the Town Records, which I have had since September last, with a view to preparing Sketches of Union.

            The first meeting of the inhabitants of Cambridge since the adoption of the their city charter. Rev. James D. Green, a native of Malden, settled in the ministry at Lynn, subsequently at East Cambridge, & for the last two years or so a resident of Old Cambridge & who has been two or three sessions a Representative in the Massachusetts Legislature, was elected Mayor.

April 15, 1846

             Finished Dickens's interesting novel. 

April 16, 1846

             Walked to Gore Hall etc. towards night – the first day I have crossed the threshold of my room since April 4th

April 18, 1846

            Spent all day at the College Library. In the afternoon the company which was most interesting consisted of a party viz. Rev. Moses B. Chase, Chaplain of the Ohio, formerly an Episcopal clergyman at Hopkinton, N.H., with his wife whose maiden name was Joynes, whom he married while a clergyman in Virginia; – Mrs. Thatcher of Mercer, Maine, widow of Judge Eben Thatcher & Mrs. Holmes, widow of John Holmes, late U.S. Senator from Maine & previously widow of Swan, both daughters of Gen. Henry Knox, of Thomaston, Maine, the distinguished commander of the artillery in the Revolutionary War; & Lieutenant Thacher of the U.S. Navy commanding the Ohio, son of widow Thatcher, with his wife. The daughters of General Knox of course arrested my attention particularly – ladies of great refinement & propriety of deportment & grace. After spending two or three hours in looking at the curiosities, getting a glimpse of the Mastodon which is partly put up in the mineral room & seeing the only book the College Library contains which was printed for General Knox while he was a bookbinder in Boston before he joined the army, we went to Mr. Chase's where we took tea together.

             Received Curwen's Journal from the Editor. 

April 19, 1846

            Sunday. In my room & on my bed part of the day. 

April 22, 1846

            Wednesday. Rode to Boston & back. Stage-fare raised from 15 to 20 cents. Purchased books at auction for the College Library. 

April 23, 1846

            Thursday. At Auction again in Boston. Books almost thrown away. – Called on several publishers, etc. of the "Orthodox" denomination, who seem quite pleased with the idea of sending pamphlets, etc. gratuitously to the College Library. Received such gifts with assurances of more from N. Willis (father of N. P. Willis), former editor of the Boston Recorder, Martin Moore, present Editor, B. Perkins, bookseller, etc.  etc. Order of Procession for the Inauguration published in newspapers.

 April 27, 1846

             Monday. At Mr. G. Livermore's – saw a notice calling a meeting at the Liberty Tree in Boston to hear the resignation of A. Oliver, Stamp Distributor, in these words:

 
"St-p!   St-p!   St-p!   No:

 
"Tuesday – Morning, December 17, 1765.

The True-born Sons of Liberty, are desired to meet under Liberty-Tree, at XII o'Clock, This Day, to hear the public Resignation, under Oath, of Andrew Oliver, Esq; Distributor of Stamps for the Province of the Massachusetts-Bay.

"A Resignation? Yes."

                                                                                                 "MY. Sec'y"

  The "My. Sec'y" was put upon the notice with a pen, though it may have designated something which was understood among the Sons of Liberty. Oliver was obliged to resign. The Liberty tree stood near the head of Essex Street, in Washington Street, nearly opposite Boylston Street, & was cut down by the British during the siege of Boston. The British associations with it were not very agreeable probably, as it was the rallying place of the rebels.

             Not being able to attend church yesterday, I composed within twenty-four hours from the time I first had an intention of doing it, the following lines, in view of the approaching inauguration. More time would have made them better. A person must practise to write well and I have not often been guilty of practising poetry. Still they may amuse me hereafter.

 
            Amid the forest-wild, beneath

The azure dome of the God above,

An altar here our fathers raised

To Learning, Liberty, and Love.

 
            This holy place, endeared by toil,

And tears, and prayers, the children claim –

They are but one, though scattered wide;

But one—the beating heart the same.

 

The sylvan shades and classic halls,

The walks, the graves, the absent, dead,

And guides in youth – a numerous host—

And heroes who for freedom bled: –

How fast they rise – how strong they bind

Each heart to heart and mind to mind.

 

            Around this hallowed spot we come,

And welcome on the swelling tide

Our Alma Mater's favorite child

The feet of rising sons to guide.

O God! This sacred season bless.

The heart is full. The season bless,

 

            And grant that we the armor bear

Of Christian love and Christian power,

And, faithful to the altar raised

Beneath Thy dome, in peril's hour

Stand forth like champions from above

And wield the sceptre of Thy love.

 
 
            Everything seems to give note of preparation for the approaching Inauguration. Marshals are chosen by the Theological & Law students & the several classes of undergraduates & meet Colonel George T. Bigelow, the Chief Marshal to make arrangements. The appearance of students about the College is rather that of students on holidays than in term time. The order as published in newspapers reads thus:

 "Inauguration of President of Harvard College.

 The inauguration of Hon. Edward Everett, LL.D., as President of Harvard College will take place on Thursday, the 30th day of April, with appropriate ceremonies, in the First Church in Cambridge.

Invited guests, and other persons designated in the order of procession, will assemble at Gore Hall, which will be opened at 10 o'clock, A.M. At 11 o'clock, a procession will be formed, in the following order:

 Undergraduates in the Order of the Classes.

Resident Graduates & members of the Divinity and Law Schools.

Librarian with the College Seal and Charter.

Steward with the College Keys.

Members of the Corporation.

Professors & all other Officers of Instruction & Government in the University

Ex-President Quincy & former Members of the Corporation.

Ex-Professors.

Sheriffs of Suffolk and Middlesex

His Excellency the Governor and the President Elect.

The Governor's Aids.

His Honor the Lieutenant Governor & the Adjutant General

The Honorable and Reverend Overseers.

Trustees of the Hopkins Fund.

Committee of the Boylston Medical Prize Questions.

Committees of Examination for the present year.

Guests specially invited.

Presidents & Professors of other Colleges in New England.

Professors in Theological, Law, & Medical Schools in Massachusetts

Judges of the State and United States Courts.

Other Officers of those Courts.

Secretary and Treasurer of the Commonwealth.

Members of the House of Representatives.

Mayor, Aldermen, President of the Common Council, & late Selectmen of Cambridge

Town Clerk, and Treasurer of Cambridge

Alumni of the College.

 

The church will be opened, for the admission of Ladies only, to the galleries, at 10 o'clock A.M.

           After the ceremonies in the church, the Procession will again be formed at Gore Hall, and proceed thence to Harvard Hall, where a dinner will be provided.

                                                                         "George Tyler Bigelow, Chief Marshal"

 April 29, 1846

             The Summer House of Rev. John G. Palfrey, D.D., LL.D., Secretary of the Commonwealth, which stood a short distance beyond his house north of Divinity Hall was burned last night, the fire breaking out about 11 3/4 o'clock. It was built of parts of the old pulpit of the Rev. Dr. Osgood's meeting-house in Medford. The great pulpit window, with its pilasters was the back of the summer house & the sounding board the roof, the first sermon ever preached under the sounding board was by the celebrated George Whitefield who officiated at the dedication of the church. This 'tis said is the first fire which has ever happened "in the City of Cambridge."

            The meeting house in Cambridge in which Whitefield preached & Washington worshipped when his head-quarters were in Cambridge, in which Commencements were held during its existence, was taken down when the present meeting-house was erected on the Southside of the old burial ground. The old church stood south of Dane Hall & crowded upon Harvard Street. The summer house was set on fire.

             An attempt was made last Saturday night & another last night to burn Massachusetts Hall by building fires against the doors in the lower story.

             Among the waggish manoeuvres a notice was put upon the advertising board a few days ago requesting all the students to carry the keys of their doors to the Steward's office to-day as he would want them to carry them in the procession to-morrow to the Inauguration.

 April 30, 1846

            Cambridge has been buried with dust for many days as deep as at anytime in summer. Last evening it began to rain & this morning rain fell in torrents. Still the violence of it did not last long, though through the day there were occasional showers, & it was cloudy. The procession went at the hour appointed, from Gore Hall south door, & passed up on the west side of the building then by the South & West sides of University Hall to Holworthy east entry, then to Stoughton, passing on the East of that & of Hollis till it came opposite to the gate between Massachusetts & Harvard Hall where it passed to the meetinghouse, & when the head of the procession had reached the meeting house the rear was leaving Gore Hall. No part of the procession opened but all went in in the order announced, were counted off, & packed as it were, in the pews, so that no vacant seat should exist. No persons had previously been admitted to the lower floor, ladies had filled the gallery, the President had the privilege of giving as many passes as he chose to his friends to go to the front of the gallery which was barred off & each officer had two passes, though the officers themselves & others generally admitted that this indulgence to themselves was unjust & not to have been granted. The house was thronged, so that people stood in filled the aisles during the exercises.

            With the exception of the voluntary, which was through an oversight of the Marshal omitted, the exercises took place according to the following printed specification:

 
"Order of the Day

at the

Inauguration of Hon. Edward Everett, LL.D.

as

President of Harvard University,

in the

First Church in Cambridge, April 30, 1846.

  

Voluntary, by the Choir.

Prayer, by the Rev. Dr. Walker.

Address and Induction into Office, by His Excellency Governor Briggs.

Reply, by President Everett.

Oration in Latin, by George Martin Lane, of the Senior Class.

Hymn

 

In pleasant lands have fallen the lines

 That bound our goodly heritage, 

And safe beneath our sheltering vines

 Our youth is blest, and soothed our age.

 

What thanks, O God, to thee are due,

The toils they bore our ease have wrought,

 They sowed in tears,—in joy we reap;

The birthright they so dearly bought

 We'll guard, till we with them shall sleep.

 

The kindness to our fathers shown,

 That thou didst plant our fathers here;

And watch and guard them, as theygrew,

 A vineyard to the planter dear.

 In weal & woe, through all the past,

Their grateful sons, O God, shall own,

 While here their names & race shall last.

 

Inaugural Address, by President Everett

Prayer, by the Rev. Dr. Francis

 

Doxology

"From all that dwell below the skies,

Let the Creator's praise arise:

 Let the Redeemer's name be sung

Through every land, by every tongue.

Eternal are thy mercies, Lord,

Eternal truth attends thy word;

Thy praise shall sound from shore to shore,

Till suns shall rise and set no more.

 

Benediction"

 
            The hymn, which was composed by
Rev. Dr. Flint of Salem, was not original, but selected from a Hymn Book. The music was by the Misses Garcia of Boston.

             Order was so well established that the exercises began about twenty minutes past eleven. They continued till about 1:40 P.M. The President's address was about one & a half hours long. An analysis of it or a minute account of the exercises is unnecessary, as the Address will probably be published & the newspapers give all the details of the occasion. There was but one general enthusiastic feeling, that Mr. Everett was the man for the place & the expectations of the audience were in every respect fully realized. Nothing more could have been desired. If rain had not fallen hundreds or thousands must have gone away. As it was indifferent, & the fashionable devotees to public occasions were not numerous, while those persons who were eager to hear had an opportunity, & the audience was remarkable for its intelligent, manly & noble appearance.

             At the close of the services the concourse dispersed, & at two o'clock the procession formed again at Gore Hall & proceeded to Harvard Hall where they sat down to a table from which for the first time on a public occasion at the University ale, stimulating drinks, even to wine, were excluded, President Everett taking a strong stand against them. The Presidents of Bowdoin & Amherst Colleges were present & Professor Silliman, of Yale College, etc. The dinner passed off admirably, there was eloquence, humor, wit, poetry & virtue.

             At 6 o'clock the President received company & his house was literally jammed with the crowd. When one had entered it was almost impossible to get out. Refreshments of a most liberal kind, without wine, were provided, many met who will never meet again; & notwithstanding the uncomfortable pressure, everyone seemed delighted in consequence of the satisfaction of the occasion which had called so many together & the charm which seemed to be spread over all the Levee circle. —

             At 8 o'clock the illumination commenced. The clouds & rain had passed away, a small moon hung in the western sky & all at once as it were, probably more than 10,000 lights shone forth from the Halls of Massachusetts, Harvard, Hollis, Stoughton, Holworthy & the University Hall & during the illumination which continued nearly one hour, rockets were continually discharged. A transparency in front of University Hall on the arched windows showed the words "Welcome Everett" one above the other & below was "1846" & on the end of the front were two crosses. In the highest north windows of Massachusetts was "Dunster 1640". "Harvard 1636" stood forth on the upper windows south side of Harvard. Hollis on the East side, 3rd story, had "James Walker" & on the lower story "Excelsior". The third story, east side of Stoughton, had "Kirkland", & dark on a dark ground in No. 24 were "Story" & "Ware" in one window. In the 3rd story of Holworthy "Josiah Quincy 1829" made a brilliant and very imposing appearance. Where names were not exhibited the windows were filled with brilliant lights. The band for the day played during the illumination & fire works on the north steps of University Hall, & the boys & perhaps some students were giving great annoyance by the discharge of vast numbers of fire crackers. When the illumination was at an end, a variety of beautiful pyrotechnic exhibitions took place. People went home satisfied & delighted with the day & the occasion, notwithstanding the fatigue & the multitude of annoyances to which they were subjected.

May 4, 1846

             The first organization of the City Government of Cambridge took place this forenoon. During the recent session of the Legislature two cities & those contiguous to Boston have been incorporated, viz. Cambridge & Roxbury, before which the only cities in Massachusetts were Boston, Salem & Lowell.

             In the evening walked to the McLean Asylum in Somerville. Dr. Bell says Mrs. Gage has not improved materially since the first of January; that he wrote to her husband to that effect, stating that she had improved since she entered the Hospital, that the delusions she now labored under were entirely from those she experienced at first & that he thought it might produce some effect if she were to go home & revive old associations & experience a change of scene. Dr. Gage came on the 29th ult. & she returned with him on the 30th. During the last twenty four hours before her departure she was in the house part of the Asylum; but did not seem to improve as much by being with sane persons as might have been hoped, indeed the disease seemed to develop itself somewhat more. Her case must be considered a sad one I think.

 May 5, 1846

             College exhibition to-day. The Library had many visitors, as usual, though it was not by any means thronged.

 May 6, 1846

             Went to Boston for the purpose of attending a book auction; but the company was so small that the auction was postponed till the 12th instant. Called on the Mayor of Boston, Hon. Josiah Quincy, Jr. & suggested to him the idea of furnishing to the Historical Society and to Harvard College Library copies of all the documents published by the City. The idea was very agreeable to him. Procured some things for the Library from William B. Fowle. At 12 1/4 took the cars and arrived at Salem in three quarters of an hour. Called on Mr. Sparks who lives with his father-in-law, the Hon. Mr. Silsbee, formerly U.S. Senator. Mr. Silsbee said that he was very intimate with Judge Joseph Story in early life & that when matters were in train to get the judgeship he told Story, who was then a very ardent politician, that if he got the appointment he must abandon politics, caucuses, etc. Story showed his commission to Silsbee before he showed it to any other person, & probably within fifteen minutes after receiving it & told him he was of the opinion which he had expressed respecting caucuses, politics, etc., & asked Silsbee to see six of the leading men of the party, whom he had specified, & tell them the same which he had told himself. Silsbee demurred; but finally spoke to them. Four of them condemned Story's plan; but two approved it. Story never meddled with politics after his appointment.

             We sat down to a family dinner, Mr. Silsbee, Mr. & Mrs. Sparks & myself, & a son of Nathaniel Silsbee (H.C. 1824), recently gone been to Europe—two courses of meat, pudding, figs & raisins & two kinds of wine. After dinner went to Mr. Sparks's study, where he read an extract of a letter from Henry Stevens stating that the British Museum had appointed him, with 10 per cent commissions, to complete the American department—to make it as nearly perfect as possible, as it regards literature, history, biography, all the official acts, etc. of each & all of the United States & to purchase even every school book. Mr. Silsbee, Mrs. Sparks & myself, with their hired man then went into the garret where we worked about one hour & a half among old newspapers, pamphlets, etc. & packed up four large boxes to be sent as a present to H.C. Library by Mr. Silsbee. Then called on the City Clerk for City documents & found him zealously disposed to favor the project. Called on the Mayor, J.S. Cabot (H.U. 1815) & found him quite destitute of all interest in such matters.

             Took the 6 3/4 train (the latest) returned to Boston & walked to Cambridge.

             John Pickering, a very distinguished phrenologist died last evening in Boston. Obituaries will probably be published in the Mass. Hist. Soc'y Collections & in other places.

 May 7, 1846

             Attended the Historical Society meeting in Boston - paid eight dollars admission fee - three dollars annual fee & one dollar twelve & a half cents for the twenty-ninth volume of the Collections, which is just published. Annual meeting for the choice of officers.

             The Omnibus fare was reduced to its former standard after an experiment of about a week at the advanced price.

             The Cambridge Chronicle edited by Professor Willard dates from this day. A very small newspaper was published a few years since in Cambridgeport.

May 8, 1846

             Henry Bartlett, M.D., gave to the College Library the handbill which the British issued immediately after the battle of Lexington. It states that the first resistance they met with was at Lexington, that some of the rebels who were upon the green near the meeting-house dispersed as the regulars approached & from behind a stone wall fired upon them, wounding Major Pitcairn's horse in two places, also wounding a soldier of the 10th? regiment, & that this was done before the British fired. The mooted question whether the first actual resistance was made at Lexington or Concord has for many years vexed the inhabitants of those towns. And further this account differs from the testimony forwarded to England stating that the first fire was by the British. There was so much excitement on the 19th of April that it is possible the Americans may have been mistaken or it may be that the first military act of a company under command was not made till the British had fired & perhaps not till the attack at Concord bridge. The British handbill is so minute in its details that it ought certainly to be viewed as an important historical document in connexion with the points of discussion.

 May 9, 1846

             Paid the first bill in my life for a physician or surgeon.

 May 12, 1846

Last evening some one, probably an undergraduate, set fire to a bunch of crackers which exploded in the entry to the President's study. This morning the students were desired to remain in the Chapel after prayers, & the President, after requesting  the Professors, Francis & Noyes, to withdraw addressed the students very successfully upon the subject. The general tone of sympathy among the students is altogether with the President.

            Attended auction in Boston. Books went generally at pretty fair auction prices, though some went for a song as it were. Bayle's Dictionary (best ed.), Churchill's Voyages, Harris's Voyages for $1.00 a volume, Moreri's Dict. Hist. in 10 vols. for $1.12 1/2 per volume, Bayles Works 50 cts. per vol. - all folios. After auction, procured of Wm. Crosby the Monthly Miscellany in 8 vols, wanting two vols., as a present to the College Library; also made arrangements with the Baptist booksellers & agents in Boston by which the College will probably get donations of the Christian Review, of various Baptist Reports, of the Baptist Sabbath School Treasury, etc. etc. to the number of 50 to 100 volumes. There is nothing however insignificant but what is valuable for a public Library. The insignificant Report or Sermon, or schoolbook or single printed sheet gains a value in time which makes it very desirable that everything which is printed should be secured in its day & deposited in some Public Library so that it may preserved for posterity.

May 13, 1846

            The Semi-annual meeting of the Sunday School Teachers of the Middlesex Association was held in the meeting house in Cambridge. In the forenoon addresses - in the afternoon at two o'clock Sermon by Rev. Thomas Hill of Waltham.

            At four o'clock, in the College Chapel, the Dudleian Lecture by A. Young of Boston. After the Lecture, the members of the Faculty with the clergymen who attended the lecture went to the President's, as usual, to tea, & with them the Theological Students. Mr. & Mrs. E., as usual, stood near the parlor-door to receive the guests; at one table stood Miss E. & at another, her cousin, filling the teacups & passing them to the company.

             Last evening a party at Dr. Palfrey's. The guests came together about nine o'clock, refreshments were served about ten & a half o'clock, not long after which most of the company dispersed. In one parlor was waltzing to music on the piano all the evening, which was continued among the young people after the older ones had gone home. Champaign & other wine used by such as desired it. Probably there were 150 persons present. President E. showed his good sense by not wearing white kid gloves, as is always the custom in parties, & perhaps his indifference to them will affect others & thus save many a one from a silly habit & an expensive one to poor scholars.

            To-day probably more than 200 ladies have been into the Library. There was so much company that I did not attend the Dudleian Lecture.

 May 14, 1846

             Thursday. Seventeen years this day since I was ordained at Stow, Massachusetts.

 May 18, 1846
        
           
Monday. The funeral of Rev. Mr. Torrey took place this afternoon in
Boston. His remains were brought from the Maryland Penitentiary. He died there, having been convicted of assisting slaves absconding from their masters. The funeral sermon was by Rev. Joseph C. Lovejoy, of Cambridgeport, brother of Lovejoy who was killed at Alton, Illinois, by the abettors of slavery. The body was carried to Mount Auburn &, 'tis said, was followed notwithstanding the rain by forty-seven carriages. (Some account of the services, in the Boston Courier). In the evening there was a meeting in Fanueil Hall, having reference to the subject. - Called, according to etiquette, after being at parties, at Dr. Palfrey's & President Everett's.

 May 19, 1846
 
            Tuesday. A little before five o'clock, P.M. the dwelling house in Kirkland Street, a short distance east of the head of the avenue leading to Divinity Hall, owned by the family of the late Professor Henry Ware, Jr. & occupied by Professor Francis, was discovered to be on fire. The fire was extinguished in about an hour, though the roof & whole of the upper story were burned. 

May 20, 1846

             Wednesday. Another Presidential party, at Professor Walkers - as splendid and brilliant as the one at Dr. Palfrey's - no wines - company consisted of persons from Charlestown, Boston, Dorchester, etc.

             Company, with the return of the return of the warm season, begins to throng the Library.

 May 21, 1846

             Thursday. Robert B. Thomas, of West Boylston, it appears from the newspapers, died on Tuesday, aged eighty. He was the author of the Farmers Almanac, for more than half a century. He had made arrangements for its publication for several years to come.

 May 24, 1846

             Sunday. Attended worship, in the morning, at the Masonic Temple, in the afternoon, went to Charlestown to Widow Stevens, daughter of my Aunt Whitney, whose first husband was Esty. My aunt is aged, & blind, but having a good memory was able to communicate much information respecting her father's family. Called on Jude Wetherbee with whom I boarded one year at Stow. Returned and attended meeting again at J.F. Clarke's, in the Masonic Temple.

May 25, 1846

             Monday. The religious anniversaries held in Boston this week. The lists, as published in the papers respectively of the different religious denominations would make a somewhat formidable one if printed upon a single sheet.

 May 26, 1846

             Tuesday. Attended auction in the forenoon & dined at two o'clock at the fourth annual collation given by the Unitarian laymen of Boston to Unitarian clergymen, particularly those from the country. The Hall over the depot of Eastern Marine Rail Road was for the first time used. The preceding celebrations had been held in the United States Hotel Hall or in the Hall over the Worcester Rail Road Depot. About 1200 gentleman and ladies sat down. Every clergyman was presented with two tickets, one for himself & the other for his wife or any other lady he might bring. The laymen bought tickets for $1.50 each. President Quincy presided. John Quincy Adams presided last year. A detailed account of the proceedings will probably be found in the religious papers. The occasion was one of much interest.

 May 27, 1846

             Wednesday. At auction again & in the evening at the Anniversary of the Sunday School Society. Passed the night at Mr. Rayner's.

May 28, 1846

            At auction. Attended the Convention Sermon by Alvan Lamson, D.D. of Dedham. In the evening for the third time among the Unitarians there was [the] annual meeting of the clergymen, & all other persons who might wish to celebrate the Lords Supper. Rev. A.P. Peabody of Portsmouth, N.H. preached & Rev. A.A. Livermore, of Keene, N.H. administered the rite. Last year Rev. E.B. Hall of Providence preached & Rev. Professor Francis made the first address & prayer at the table & Rev. Bulfinch, formerly of Augusta, Ga, of Pittsburgh, Pa & of Washington City, D.C., & now of Nashua, N.H., made the second Address & prayer. Tis said this mode of celebrating the Lord's Supper was practised among the Calvinist Congregationalists a few times a few years since; but the number became so large that it was considered expedient or necessary to omit it.

             The services have during the week been characterised by great interest. The Abolitionists & the Advocates of Peace have been particularly moved by the warlike operations at Texas & the proclamation of Gov. Briggs respecting troops.

           An exceedingly interesting part of the services has been the social prayer & conference meeting held by Unitarians in the church vestry of Rev. F.T. Gray in Bulfinch Street this year & the last, at 7 1/2 o'clock, A.M. & continued till other meetings commenced.

May 30, 1846

            Saturday. Stormy day or rather a dull day, as the whole week has been. The magnetic telegraph has just been put in operation between Boston & Springfield. What a wonderful application of scientific principles! Dr. Lyell, the Geologist with his wife were at the College Library in company with Mr. Everett. It is worthy of notice that Dr. Harris the Librarian & his son, of the Senior Class in College keep journals. They appear to enter very minutely into details. But probably the most indefatigable journalist among us is Rev. Dr. Pierce of Brookline who intends to give the results of his labors to the Massachusetts Historical Society.

            Parts assigned to-day to Juniors & Sophomores for the Exhibition at the end of the term.

May 31, 1846

            Sunday. Mr. Stetson, of Medford preached at Mr. Clarke's. Returned at noon & heard Rev. Thomas Hill of Waltham preach in the College Chapel. His train of thought was excellent, views lofty, but there was want of taste both in the style of writing and manner of speaking.

            In the evening called on Mrs. Stevens Everett. Among other statements her sister, Miss Abbott said that the only way in which her Aunt Crosby was able to cross from Boston to Dorchester, during the siege in the Revolution was to sail to Nantucket & then return again towards Dorchester. By this route she went from B. to Dorchester.

June 1, 1846

            Monday. Artillery Election Sermon to-day by G.E. Ellis, on Peace, the subject of one by Mr. Pierpont, a few years since.

            Among other visitors to the College Library were Priest Goodwin of Charlestown, & Father Logan of the Catholic Institution at Worcester. The latter says that the Institution has ninety-two boys all Catholics & that no more can be accommodated, although this is but the second year of its existence. Seven years are required for the entire course of study, four years corresponding to the four years of our College & three to the years of preparation for College.

            The Catholics within a few years have erected a church at East-Cambridge & have just purchased five acres to build another church about one mile west from the University buildings. They are very quiet but zealous in all their movements & the time will come when many of the old battles, the theological at least, must be fought over again, & that too in this country. It is incidentally remarked in the paper to-day that one quarter of the population of Boston is Catholic.

            Ex-President Quincy comes out to-day in a pamphlet against Geo. Bancroft & in defence of Grahame the Historian.

June 2, 1846

            Tuesday. Among other visitors to the Library to-day was L. Sabine, Esq. of Eastport, Me. He is a remarkable instance of historical attainments by a man who has passed his life away from libraries & collections of books. Sometime since I was much interested in an article in the North American Review on Loyalists which I afterward found he wrote. He has written several articles in that work, & has discussed therein the subject of fisheries. He has prepared a Biography for Mr. Sparks on Commodore Preble. His situation and his acquaintance with the descendants of the Loyalists, many of whom settled around him, has enabled him to collect much information which could be derived from no other source. The feeling of the descendants is exceedingly bitter towards the United States. Mr. S. says he is himself thoroughly Whig but maintains that the Loyalists were unreasonably & cruelly treated in most cases, where in their consciences they believed they were bound to allegiance to their king; - that in many cases they were goaded on to the adoption of the course they were finally compelled to take; - that many of them were really Whigs, but when mobs took control into their own hands they opposed the mob spirit & then they were immediately proceeded against as befriending the Tories. And frequently the husband was a Tory, the wife a Whig & yet she was doomed to follow the fortunes of her husband, forsake the home & friends & comforts & ofttimes luxuries of early days & with him pitch the tent, where literally the bears as in his neighborhood came round it. The eighteenth of May is still observed by the descendants as we observe the fourth of July, & on such an anniversary the American citizen is placed at the lowest state in society - is nothing, one would think. Mr. S. is collecting materials for a Biographical Sketch of Loyalists. He says there is not a State in the Union so thoroughly democratic as New Brunswick, that the rulers appointed by the British Government are obliged to adapt themselves to the democratic principles which prevail in that country.

June 3, 1846

            Wednesday. After tea, which is at six o'clock, walked to Mount Auburn where I had not been for more than two years. In the meantime, the iron fence in front has been made and the Gothic chapel commenced. As the gate is closed at sunset had but a few minutes for observation.       

            On my return saw the stone at the East door of the vestry of the Baptist meeting house which was taken from President Oakes's grave when the present stone was substituted. 

             The interleaved Triennial Catalogue of Dr. Belknap, the Historian was loaned to me (afterward upon my solicitation given to the College Library). It contains much information & a copy of it ought to be taken and preserved.        

June 4, 1846

             Thursday. By the Courier it seems that a letter which I wrote last week to the Mayor of Boston has been acted upon by the City government, for it was voted that the City Clerk annually in January shall send sets of all the City documents of the preceding year to the Boston Athenaeum, & the Libraries of Harvard College, and of the Historical and Antiquarian Societies. These were the Libraries which I named.

 June 5, 1846

             Friday. Mr. Sophocles, a native of Greece, formerly Tutor, asked me, while speaking of the effects of plains and elevations, etc. upon the mind, why the Dutch are always so heavy minded. You never heard, said he, of a distinguished Dutch poet. He soon answered his own question by saying Holland is low & foggy. Mountainous countries make vigorous men & minds & lively imaginations.

 June 6, 1846

             Saturday. Last evening the Library rec'd about fifteen bound volumes a donation through Rev. Joseph S. Clark, Secretary of the Mass. Home Missionary Society & a number of valuable Reports, in consequence of an interview I had with him a few weeks ago. To-day I rec'd a letter from Gov. Felch of Michigan, stating that the State in consequence of my solicitation had voted complete sets of all their documents of which they could find a copy, of all their laws & of everything which should hereafter be published, should be presented to Harvard College Library, & requesting information how they should be forwarded. Not expecting to find President Everett in his study I enclosed the Governor's communication in a letter to him, but finding him handed to him the letter. After conversation upon the subject he opened to me a project of having a University Gazette published of a small size at first, which should not meddle with party, but be a vehicle of communication & be considered as a paper of authority in relation to the University. He had now no way of communicating with the students collectively except by requesting them to remain after prayers in the Chapel & he was unwilling that the Chapel should be used for any other than religious purposes & that the impressions made should be in any degree weakened by other impressions. He said he intended even to have the Exhibitions held in the Picture Gallery, in Harvard Hall, so that there should be no other than religious associations with the Chapel. This Gazette would contain changes in the Laws, announcements & notices in regard to Exhibitions, Commencements, Bowdoin and Boylston Prizes, lists of donations to the Library, appointments of Officers etc, etc. & be considered as an official authority on all subjects connected with the College, & be confined almost entirely to the College. He had not matured the plan, but wanted something of the kind.        

            I rec'd from President Quincy his pamphlet in defence of Grahame against Bancroft.

             After tea walked with Coit, a Law Student from Buffalo, N.Y., to Spring Hill in Somerville thence to the Church & to Prospect Hill. Some of the remains of the Revolutionary fortifications are very plain to be seen; particularly the terraces & the breast work on Prospect Hill. But Boston is so full of population that is overflowing that the destruction already commenced must yield to the plough & the spade, & gentlemens dwelling houses & gardens be raised on the spots associated with the liberties of our country. Probably beneath these mounds, buried deep are powder magazines & wells etc. When at Castine in Maine in 1834 I was told that the fortifications raised by the British had gone to ruin before the last war (of 1812) commenced; that when the British took possession of the place in the War of 1812 they brought the plans of the old forts with them &, to the utter amazement of the inhabitants they knew exactly where to dig for the old vaults, wells, magazines, & secret passages through the mounds, none of which were known by the inhabitants to have been there. I saw then the remains of the forts of three nations; of the French under Castine, of the English of the Revolution, and of the Americans of the War of 1812. The canal which separated the peninsula from the main land was dug by the British during the last war.

 June 7, 1846

             Sunday. After the Communion Service at Mr. Clarke's in the afternoon, looked in with Mr. Reed upon the Swedenborgian Church. It surpasses anything I have seen by way of effect. The painted muslin is a very successful imitation of stained glass.

 June 8, 1846

             Monday. Rec'd a letter from Mr. Gage respecting his wife, & in the evening wrote a long letter to uncle Wm. Sibley, Esq. of Freedom, Me.

 June 9, 1846

             Tuesday. Wrote a letter to Gov. Felch of Michigan respecting the vote giving a set of the legislative documents to Harvard College Library & the mode of forwarding them, stating the difficulties and asking of him the additional favor of forwarding them if he had a favorable opportunity.

             Having noticed the death of Wm. D. Williamson of Bangor, Maine, in the newspapers within a few days, & supposing him to be the author of the History of Maine I wrote to Ex-Governor Kent, making inquiries respecting his pamphlets, manuscripts & other materials which he must have made use of, in composing his history.

            Dr. Issachar Snell & others from Augusta, Me, were in the Library & were inclined to make a movement to procure the Maine legislative documents by vote of the Legislature now in session. After they went away I wrote a letter to Dr. Snell upon the subject.

            Rev. Mr. Hubbard Winslow, & Rev. Mr. Waterbury, with ladies were in the Library & I mentioned the remark of Mr. J. P. Johnson of the Senior Class of undergraduates, which he made to me two or three days since. He said at the West it was generally understood that great efforts were constantly made at Harvard College to proselyte students to Unitarianism & that this impression was not founded in truth - that he had lived in the hot bed of Unitarianism, Divinity Hall, in which the Theological students resided, ever since he had been in College, and that though he had had daily intercourse with them, not one of them asked him, till he had been here six months or so, to what church he belonged to, so indifferent were they to making proselytes to Unitarianism.

June 10, 1846

            Wednesday. Wrote to Joseph B. Walker, Secretary of the New Hampshire Historical Society, to see if he can procure for the College a movement in the Legislature for granting all the Legislative documents.

            After tea accompanied Johnson of the Senior Class of Undergraduates to Spring & Prospect Hills.

June 11, 1846

            Thursday. Dr. Thomas H. Webb, with Mr. E.W. Howe of the firm of Howe and Leonard, auctioneers, spent two or three hours in & about the Library. Dr. Webb & myself took tea at Mr. George Livermore's where we had a feast in the evening in examining his bibliographical curiosities. He has a work of Gutenberg bearing date 1460, a bible 1470-71, & many manuscripts. He has obtained many vols. which belonged to the Library of the Duke of Sussex, brother of George the Fourth, which are particularly described by Petigru. His library of about 2000 volumes contains probably more gems than any one of the size, in America. To this are to be added many little curiosities, which he collected when in Europe one year ago- moss from Burns's cottage- a leaf of the yew from near Gray's grave- a walking stick cut by Sir Walter Scott- a copy of the inscription on Shakespeare's tombstone, made by putting a long paper over the inscription & rubbing it with black lead, etc.

June 12, 1846

            Friday. Finished filing various sale & other catalogues in the College Library. In consequence of conversation with Mr. Howe yesterday he sent 150 pamphlets to the Library.

June 17, 1846

            Wednesday. The Anniversary of the Battle of Bunker's Hill. There was not much done in the way of celebration. One artillery company passed through Cambridge which had been target-firing. The day was like any other. Attended duties all day in the Library, as usual.

June 22, 1846

            Monday. Library books called in, so as to be prepared for the annual examination.

June 23, 1846

            Tuesday. The College Corporation having concluded to erect or repair the monuments of the College Officers, etc. in the burying yard, & the locality of President Dunster's not being certain, a grave was opened near the South corner of the ground. The old slab had been for some time thrown out of place & the heavy stones on which it rested tumbled down. The principal reason for supposing this to be Dunster's grave is the statement in Dr. Holmes's History of Cambridge that he was buried in this neighborhood. Another statement is, that if a slab near Gookins (Mayor General) is not his descendant's there is no place which can be properly considered as Gookins. It seems to be a question which of these two graves is Dunster's. I was not at the opening of the grave, but was told by a person present that after removing heavy stones, which were found to the depth of one or two feet, the sexton sounded the grave with an iron bar & thus discovered a stone covering the grave about three feet below. After digging down they found that the grave was bricked at the sides, covered with slate stone; that the bones & skull were in a good state of preservation, that nothing else of the body remained, that the person must have been very large, six feet & more, & the top of the coffin was entirely gone; but the sides, within the brick walls were still visible. No coffin plate or words or letters of any kind were found. No light was obtained other than what I have mentioned. The individual was evidently a man of distinction. It is reasoned also that if the individual had died in Cambridge, the short time between death & burial would not have allowed the construction of such a substantial and durable piece of masonwork. President Dunster died in Scituate, & if he were first buried there, there would have been time for this masonwork before the re-burial.

            William T. Harris, Author of Cambridge Epitaphs, is strenuous in his belief that this is the grave, & made no statements to throw any doubt upon it, though he was present. I think, however, there are some, & to me almost insufferable difficulties in the way of this conclusion. The other old stone ranges nearly in a line with gravestones bearing the name Dunster. Now it is generally understood that families are buried in the same neighborhood until the ground is filled, & they range side by side & not head & foot. If we suppose the stone to be Gookin's, it will not range side by side. The stone cutters being at work laying the foundation for a monument over the mouth of the College Tomb, I asked them to look at the facestone or slab. They immediately tried the knife to it & said it did not appear to be American stone, but stone from Portland or Bath in England. We found no other stone like it in the burying ground. We went to the old Oakes stone at the East of the Baptist meetinghouse & found that to be the same stone. In early times gravestones were brought from England. The other old slabs the workmen thought might be Connecticut stone. Now it is not very probable after beginning to make slabs in this country that a stone for Gookin, who died sometime after General Gookin, would have been ordered from England. General Gookin's is American stone. And it is not incredible that when Dunster died a stone should have have been ordered naturally from England. Or possibly at a future time Dunster's & Oakes's might have been ordered from the same quarry together, though there is an objection to the last supposition in the fact that the inscription on Oakes's was cut upon the stone whereas the other was cut upon something which was inserted into the slab. For myself I think the spot near Dunster gravestones most likely to be the place where Dunster was buried & not the spot where Rev. Nathaniel Gookin rests. There is a tradition among some of the inhabitants that the inscriptions which are lost from several of the slabs were made on pewter & lead, & that in the siege of Boston the troops seized on everything which could be converted into bullets & thus did sacrilege.

            Rec'd a newspaper from Concord, N.H. by which it appears that Mr. Hadduck (probably Professor at Dartmouth College) offered a Resolution in the House of Representatives, directing that Dartmouth College and Harvard University should be furnished with certain State documents, which was read twice, and on motion of Hon. James Wilson, of Keene, referred to the Committee on the Library. The business seems to have got into good hands & a favorable result may be anticipated. (Not successful)

June 25, 1846

            Thursday. Attended the meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Dr. Jenks exhibited a very full genealogical pedigree of Scott, who figured extensively in the early history of Long Island. Mr. Young pointed to one of the portraits of the Historical Society, which he said bore a strong likeness to myself. I did not fancy the appearance of the gentleman much. No one knew his name; but he had a full face, wore a wig parted at the top of the head & had no expression in his eye or face. Mr. Young's Chronicles of Massachusetts makes its appearance at the publishers to-day - index made by Wm. T. Harris, author of Cambridge Epitaphs- his first effort in the Index line. Mr. Young observed, a few days since, that after the publication of the Chronicles of the Pilgrims, Mr. Bancroft came to him & insisted that what had been charged upon him as errors were not errors. However, before Mr. Young's second edition was published Mr. Bancroft had corrected every error & cancelled several plates in order to do it. This he did without ever mentioning it to Mr. Young. Mr. Young, however, discovered it, & when his second edition of the Chronicles of the Pilgrims was published he struck out B's name from the Index. I supposed & have supposed for a long time, judging from many who have known him best that Bancroft is one of the most selfish & meanest men in the United States.

            Called at the Office of the Secretary of State & obtained a list of the Justices of the Peace in the town of Union, Maine, during the connexion of Maine with Massachusetts; & found Jennison's manuscript map of Union.

            S.G. Drake says be exceedingly minute in making a town history, & get into it a great many names. There is an increasing interest in these histories & he can sell fifty copies of any town history however dull it may be.

            There has been loud complaint, for several months among the few bibliographers in this vicinity & among others, of the negligence of the Corporation of the University respecting the Library & the incompetency of every man in the Corporation to judge of what is proper to be obtained & to be preserved for posterity. They seem to have no idea that periodical and ephemeral literature, funeral & biographical sketches & pamphlets, which are not very valuable now, will become valuable here after. The British Museum has just purchased of S.G. Drake four hundred volumes of school books which he had been collecting for eight or ten years, & yet such is the feeling of the Corporation I suppose that they would not think them worth their room on the shelves. And yet how is some one hereafter to write a just history of the literature of America or even of Common school education, unless some person gathers up such things while they are to be had. There is not a pamphlet of any kind, which should not be saved in a public library. The time must come when the Constitution of these United States will have to give place to some other form of government, & then, everything, the most worthless political electioneering pamphlet of the present day will be valuable and interesting, for we are making now the first successful attempt of mankind to govern themselves upon democratic principles.

June 28, 1846

            Sunday. In walking to Boston met with Rev. Moses B. Chase, Chaplain of the Ohio & concluded to accompany him to the Ohio lying at the Charlestown navy yard. Four hundred men having, during the past week, been drafted to the fleet near Texas & preparations having been commenced for putting the Ohio into dock as soon as the Independence comes out, divine service was omitted. The ship can carry about ninety guns & requires a crew of 900 or 1000 men. Upon commencing a voyage the magazine contains 70 or 80 tons of powder. The sailors looked much better than I expected. They are quite comfortably provided for. The beef and pork is always the very best quality, inspected before coming to the navy yard, & again every barrel opened and inspected there. It is always purchased in pieces cut of similar weight. At twelve o'clock the crew were called to take their grog, a clerk calling the role and checking their names as they took, each one, his half gill, which is allowed them twice each day. One of the officers opposed my remark that they would be better without than with rum, by saying that he should be very sorry to have it stopped - they would not be able to get men without it. When I observed that the amount for grog might be added to their wages he observed it was invariably the case when such fellows, (for that cause was adopted by some) got into port they were the most drunken of the crew, whereas those who received their rations of grog regularly could be depended on for sobriety.

            As to corporal punishment the chaplain and all the officers insisted strenuously that it was absolutely necessary in the navy - that there were many sailors who had no self-respect & no motive or principle whatever which could be reached or appealed to successfully. The chaplain spoke of the dreadful feelings which he experienced when he was first obliged to witness a flogging, & the gradual subsiding of these feelings. I believe however the time will come when it will be admitted that the navy will be better managed without grog & without flogging.

June 29, 1846        

            Monday. Rec'd the following communication which I forwarded with a letter to the Governor of Michigan

                                                                         "Cambridge 29 June 1846

 Dear Sir,

             At a meeting of the Corporation on Friday last, I submitted to them your letter of the 6th instant, together with that of Governor Felch which was enclosed in it. This communication afforded great pleasure to all the members of the Board. Among others, Chief Justice Shaw and Mr. Charles G. Loring expressed themselves emphatically as to the importance of collecting the documents of the various state governments for historical and professional reference. It was the unanimous feeling of the Corporation, that their grateful acknowledgements were due to Governor Felch, for bringing the subject to the favorable consideration of the Legislature of Michigan, and to that Body for its liberal compliance with His Excellency's recommendation. It is in obedience to the directions of the Corporation, that I now make this communication, the substance of which I will thank you to make known to Gov. Felch in such manner as you may deem most expedient.

                                                                        I am, Dear Sir, very truly yours

                                                                                    Edward Everett

 J.L. Sibley, Esq.

Assistant Librarian

             P.S. Will you do me the favor to forward to Gov. Felch the accompanying copy of the pamphlet containing the inaugural addresses."

             Rec'd letters also from Mrs. Gage of Concord, N.H., from Union, Maine, & from Sylvester Judd of Northampton, the latter relating to the Triennial Catalogue. Replied to the latter.

 June 30, 1846

            Tuesday. While writing this morning in the gallery near the door of the South room on the East side in Gore Hall, I heard a chirp or two & upon ascending the steps to the loft in the room discovered a sparrow, which I soon caught with my hand as it was making an effort to escape through the little window. Upon giving it its liberty after a few minutes it flew off as happy as a liberated slave. Occasionally, birds have come into Gore Hall, but they have almost always upon being blinded by the glass endeavored to light at the tops of the arch, whence after three or four days they have fallen dead to the floor.

             This forenoon, I was present at the opening of a grave on a range between the shaft of Wilder, Livermore & Sheafe (my classmates) & the Lee monument which is surrounded by an iron fence. The slab over the grave had a diamond, also a parallelogram chasm for the insertion of tablets, & there were some reasons for thinking it might be the grave of President Rogers. Upon arriving at the remains no coffin plate was found & there was nothing discovered to identify them. As the workmen were about closing the grave I suggested the propriety of calling Dr. Morrill Wyman & went for him, myself. He said the hair was light or brown, which is the Rogers family color, according to the portrait of one of the Rogers in the Antiquarian Society Hall at Worcester. The teeth were excellent throughout & there were no wisdom teeth & the bones of the hip, etc. were not ossified, three circumstances showing that the person was young & probably not more than twenty five years old. Some of the bones were then placed about the head & a brick or two by the Dr. & the sexton; & a flatstone placed over them. The sexton said the earth had never been disturbed there except when the grave was dug. Stones were mingled with the dirt all the way down. They must have been carried there, as the graveyard is very free from stones. It was evident that it was not Rogers's grave. Upon my suggestion the grave near the South East corner of the burying ground & within two feet or so of the South East corner of the slab of Stedman who died in 1693 was reopened this afternoon. Dr. Wyman decided that the man was bald in front, had a queue or heavy tuft of hair behind, wore a long beard not so long upon the lips as upon the chin nor so long upon the chin as just under it, was rather larger than the average of men, was pretty old as the upper teeth were worn out & gone, the cartilage of the throat was ossified – a strange circumstance - & perfect & entire; the hair gray, yet he could not have been exceedingly old, as the process of the thighbone had not been sunken as much as it would have been, - perhaps the man might have been sixty years of age. The state of preservation was wonderful. Large pieces of the coffin & of the iron straps which bound it were in a good condition & so was the pillow on which the head rested. The brick work was probably done without mortar. After rising high enough for depositing the coffin; it receded a brick or two so that slate stones could be laid over the top, still the bricks after receding were continued up high enough to have admitted anther coffin and another series of slate stones above the other if desired. The lower story was probably a brick or two thicker at the sides than the upper story. The remains were carefully replaced & recovered again.

             For several days, at the expense of the Corporation of the College, masons & stone cutters have been repairing the monuments in the yard which belonged to the College Officers. By mistake they commenced on the slab of Mayor General Gookin, & having done so, it was though expedient to go on & finish it. While I was there this forenoon the slab for the Presidents Willard and Webber, with inscriptions written by Charles Folsom, was brought in & placed upon the top of the College tomb. The slab for President Leverett is cleaned & a part of it is rechiselled now.

 July 1, 1846

             Wednesday. Rose about 3 1/2 o'clock, A.M., & after attending to shaving, went to the grave yard, in season to be there at the ringing of the meetinghouse bell at 4 1/2 o'clock, for the purpose of seeing a third grave opened which is very little north of a line running from President Oakes's slab to the Oliver tomb, & across which a line would run connecting Mayor General Gookins & President Holyoke's (This last line, continued in a northwesterly direction would cross the grave opened yesterday morning.)

             The grave was bricked like the one near the Stedman slab, with this difference viz. it was shaped more like a coffin, whereas the one near Stedman's was nearly a parallelogram. Again, the bricks of the one opened this morning were not polished but very rude; & not so finished as the others. A kind of second story brick wall was built, the top story receding four inches perhaps all round the grave, so as to leave a rim upon which were laid as in the other case flat stones. The stones had become so rotten that they would not bear much weight, & when thrown out of the top of the grave, crumbled into small pieces. The top of the coffin had disappeared entirely & the sides had caved over the remains so as to keep them from view. Upon lifting these sides the entire remains presented themselves to view covered with tansy. The coffin appeared to have been nearly filled with this plant which had been pulled up by the roots at so late a period in the season that it had gone to seed. This circumstance shows that it was not Dunster's grave. Dunster died in winter, when this plant would not have been flourishing. And if his remains had not been moved to Cambridge from Scituate till the following autumn it is not probable that any person would have ventured at that time to have opened the coffin & inserted the herb in such abundance.

             The skull was large, phrenologically speaking, better than the one near the Stedman slab. The chin had a beard, there was a heavy head of hair of a nut brown colour, the cartilage of the throat was partly ossified, the bones had decayed more than either of the others, the coarse cotton cloth which apparently the shroud was made was in so good a state of preservation that it could be disengaged from the remains, in almost any part. The teeth etc. led Dr. Wyman to the conclusion that the person's age must have been fifty or sixty years; so that it could not have been the remains of Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, as he died when thirty four or thirty six. Were it not for the tansy, Dr. W. said there was nothing found to prove that it might not have been Dunster's; but this discovery is an almost insuperable argument against it. The tansy was in a wonderful state of preservation; the stalks held together, so that a branch was carried away in the hand. The sides of the coffin were of pine & quite sound, more so than in the grave near the Stedman slab; like that coffin the sides of this, externally, were painted black & it was remarkable how the paint had protected the wood against the tooth of time. The inside was rough, not even planed, which led to the conjecture that it might have been lined. A small snail was found upon the head or skull. How did it find its way there? 

The time of the burial of course is not known; but probably at the lowest estimate more than a century & a half ago. It was over this grave that the Treasurer had determined to place a monument to Dunster. But the tansy & the age prove it to have been the resting place neither of Dunster nor of Gookin. The remains were carefully placed in their original position, or rather the few bones were which were examined, & because the stones had crumbled & could not all of them be used, the sexton substituted a fragment or two old freestone(?) slabs which were lying loose around the yard. 

Probably the tansy may have been used to keep the body while persons were building the grave. No mortar appears to have been used with the bricks in either grave. Professor J. Wyman, brother of Dr. M. Wyman was present at the exhumation this morning & their opinions concurred. The circumstance that the color of the hair is the same on the three bodies exhumed leads to distrust as to opinions respecting the natural color & gives an impression that the hair may be affected by the moisture etc. in the grave. 

Since writing the above, I am informed that tansy when gathered is pulled up by the roots about the time of its going to seed. If this be the case, as is asserted, an argument may be drawn from it in favor of this grave being Dunster's. As the body was to be moved it would be desirable to put something into the coffin to steady the corpse. Not wishing to put in straw or hay, the friends very naturally might have put in this herb, which had been dried, particularly as it might have checked disguised what would have been disagreeable in the gases from the corpse. I should like to know whether dried tansy would not be more durable than green, also whether in putting in green the friends would be likely to have used dirty roots also or whether in collecting for immediate use, the herb would not have been cut or plucked? What was the custom in those days? Who has made any record? Why cannot something be discovered to identify the spot where the first President & one of the warmest friends of the University lies buried? When I suggested at the grave this morning that it might have been dry when used, I was overruled; no one coincided with me, & I concluded that botanists and persons acquainted with the customs of people in the country, in regard to the mode of collecting & using herbs ought to know best. Again is it not possible, considering that the inside of the coffin was not planed, that the boards might have been those of an extra coffin or outside box? It would not be strange if there should be a double coffin, as the remains were brought from Scituate, & the inner have been filled with the herb.           

It may be added, that the eyebrows on the skull were very heavy or massive, that the hair was combed down smooth on the forehead & cut off even, from the right temple to the left & that it was very heavy behind. The nose must have been very prominent & crooked or turned a little to the left. Upon recollection, a piece of the head end of the upper part of the coffin was found. It was known by the corners being a little rounded or elliptical. 

July 2, 1846

             Thursday. In an interview with Dr. Wyman, he said he intended to make a record of facts respecting the three graves which have been opened and deposit it in the Library, & leave it to anyone who wished to know more, to draw his own inferences [P.S. He never did it]. It is not many years since the opening of the graves in this manner would have excited the lower class of people and the ignorant and superstitious; but no concealment has been practised, further than to work when schoolboys would not intrude, & no person appears to have uttered a word against the exhumation.

 July 3, 1846

             Friday. Intended to have gone to Stow tomorrow, where I have not been for more than nine years. A principal motive for going was to see Mrs. Newell once more. Upon taking up today's paper I noticed her death as having occurred on Thursday, 25 June at the age of ninety. Her father was Rev. Mr. Rogers of Littleton claiming to be a direct descendant of John Rogers the martyr. She was sister to Mrs. Samuel Parkman of Boston & second wife of Rev. Jonathan Newell of Stow. She had no daughters. She had Samuel, a merchant of Boston afterwards Post Master in Cambridge [P.S. afterwards killed on a railroad, when President Pierce's son was killed], Charles merchant in Stow who went to the South or West, George a graduate of Harvard College, who studied medicine, commenced business in Sterling, afterward established himself in Petersham, married a Bowker of Fitzwilliam by whom he had no children & died not long after at Stow of hydrothorax & a complication of diseases while I lived in Stow. His widow subsequently married the clergyman of Holliston. Daniel another son married a Blood of Mason & was a farmer. With him his mother lived. The wife of Samuel was daughter of Major and grand-daughter of General John Stark & they had two sons, Samuel Newell, whose name was changed to John Stark, & Charles S. Newell, the former married a descendant of Gouverneur Robert Morris, lived several years in Galena, Illinois, returned & resided a time in Cambridge, having his law office in Boston, & subsequently lived in New York City, the latter married a Crabb from Philadelphia, studied engineering, then law & lived in Cambridge having his office in Boston.

 July 4, 1846

             Saturday. Independence. Spent the day in the College Library, locked up, entering titles of pamphlets. Perceive by the papers that Judge Kent, of New York, son of Chancellor Kent is chosen Dane Professor in the Law School, vice Justice Story deceased [in place of Greenleaf, who succeeds Story].

             After supper accidentally met with Mr. Saunders who has lived in Cambridge since he was fourteen years old & who gave me much information which he had received many years ago from Judge Winthrop. He says the stockade which surrounded the town began at the water in Bath Street & made a kind of bowline, running ten or fifteen rods back of the Washington Elm which stands in the corner of the Common where one road goes to Mount Auburn & the other to the North Side of Fresh Pond. Thence it bowed toward the North East corner of the Common, leaving out a considerable gore South of Follen Street then it crossed the Western Avenue and passed North Easterly probably through the swampy ground or a little North. Where it curved South in uncertain, but it went between Quincy Street & Ware Street & crossing Mount Auburn Street, struck the river near the bend where was Winthrop's wharf. The fort stood on the South Side of Winthrop Place between Holyoke Street and the bend of the Place which passes North into Auburn Street. An old windmill once stood near the South West part of this inclosure. Till the Common was plowed & fenced twelve or fifteen years ago, Mr. Saunders says he could trace the line of the stockade by a green stripe in the grass, & within a short time, even this season Mr. Batchelder in making a fence near the South West corner of the enclosure discovered traces of it.

             On the North West side, in the time of the Revolutionary War were barracks between rows of trees now standing in front and rear of the location, the willows now standing, 'tis thought, were canes cut by the soldiers and stuck down in the mud. The feeling of hostility to the Tories & the British was so great that every pane of glass in the Episcopal Church was broken.

             The North East part of the burying ground was added within a hundred years to the other part, the line dividing the Common from the burying ground formerly running in a kind of zigzag course from the gate of the yard nearly in the middle of the fence on the Eastern side towards the second window of the Episcopal Church, also there was an extension of the yard in the South West direction; - the original shape being a kind of triangle. There was some arrangement made about land at the time of building the Episcopal Church. If one stands on its steps he will find himself in the angle of the two important & principal roads in old times viz. the one leading to West Cambridge & the other to Boston over the Charlestown ferry.

             Till some years after the commencement of this century the fence enclosing the College Yard ran but a few yards South of Massachusetts Hall, it being between that building & the row of pretty large elms, & on the East side it passed within the elms & went in a straight line northerly till it came somewhere near Stoughton Hall, then took a Westerly direction. The play ground was where Holworthy now stands & extended to the Charlestown road till it was cut through by the Concord turnpike to Boston through East-Cambridge. The part of the yard East of Hollis, South of Holworthy was a wood yard. The poor inhabitants had the privilege of working there & they respectively kept their separate piles to which they added, as they had leisure hours, & as the wood was corded & carried out to the students they were paid for the labor of cutting. This yard was removed not far from the year 1815. The ground in parts of the College yard was so low then that it was the abiding place of frogs. The wood yard was then placed on the East part of the street between graduates Hall afterwards College House, & the burying ground, in the rear of some old houses. The wood, brought from Maine, was carted from the wharf at the bottom of Dunster Street in the warm season, prepared for the students; & a book being left upon which the orders were written, it was again carted to the rooms. This yard has been abandoned for several years, anthracite coal has been coming into use since the year 1825 or thereabouts & fuel is now carted from the Dunster wharf which is in reality the wood yard, or a substitute for it. Wiswall's den, a three story building, sometimes known as College House No. 1, stood upon the main Street between graduates Hall and Church Street since opened on the North of it. No. 2 was torn down about the same time with No.1. It stood on the ground which is now occupied by the addition made to Graduates Hall last year.

             In the time of the Revolution Walton commanded a military company. All the teams & carts were taken up by the troops when the orders were given to go off. He had not been able to plow his land. It was proposed to or by a company of soldiers to attach a rope to a plow, & have cross sticks attached to the ropes. Thus the soldiers took hold, plowed up the ground upon the full run & Walton left the rest of the work to be done by his wife and family.

             When I left Cambridge not long after graduation, Quincy Street was a kind of lane, fenced in slightly with oak posts and two rails. The College yard was contained within the belt of firs & pines, which surrounded it.

 As late as 1724 or about one century after the settlement of Cambridge the space between the West Cambridge road and the Concord turnpike bounded South by the Common was a forest. The common was fenced for the first time and that too with granite posts & two rails by subscription chiefly if not entirely, between 1829 & 1833. Many remonstrances to the Legislature, session after session, followed, headed generally by Jeduthun Wellington of Lexington & references etc. were made & they terminated only with Wellington's decease. He was a milkman and it lengthened the distance to Boston something like ten or fifteen rods perhaps.

             The preceding facts were derived from Mr. Saunders, except what took place since I entered College, & he generally cited Judge Winthrop as authority. Many years have elapsed since Winthrop died & perhaps S's statements may have been shaded by the lapse of time though he is a man of veracity.

 July 6, 1846

             The Mayor is acting vigorously. He caused two drovers to be fined for their conduct in disturbing people yesterday by driving cattle and sheep clamorously through the town, & two young rowdies for turbulence at the nuisance of a hotel which is kept about a mile from the Colleges on the West Cambridge Avenue; & July 2d he caused one of the wealthy men of the Port to be arrested and fined for fast driving. The market-day at Brighton being on Monday, drovers have been an exceeding annoyance on Lords Days, driving their herds, sheep and hogs at all hours & particularly interfering with passing to & from worship. Horse-racing on Sunday through the village by a set of rowdies from Boston who have thronged to the Western Hotel, has been almost intolerable. The regular betting and racing during week days has led to a disregard of propriety on all days.       

            Rec'd today from the respective authors Young's Dudleian Lecture & the first three Nos., 160 pages of Frothingham's History of Charlestown.

             Procured the loan of the map of Union, from the State House.

 July 7, 1846

             Tuesday. In addition to what has been said about Dunster, it is to be observed that the cloth of the shroud covered the face and the body, & if, as it is said, a process of embalming was observed, perhaps the tansy had something to do with it.

             Dr. Gage and wife called on me at the Library. Mrs. G better than I expected, still mentally diseased.

 July 10, 1846

             Friday. Having lost my gold pen, am obliged to try a miserable steel pen or a goose quill.

 Rec'd the Boston Courier of July 8, from C. Deane containing a Criticism on Young's Chronicles of Massachusetts – well written. The point however, which is the most important in it relates to the question who is really to be regarded as the first Governor. Mr. Deane makes out a strong case against Winthrop.

 July 11, 1846

             Saturday. The parts for Commencement assigned to-day. The President requested that the persons sent for would go to his study in a quiet manner. Consequently they were not accompanied by the Navy Club & music as has been the case for many years, though the practice has come about since I was in College. The class, generally, went down with those who were sent for. Upon their return those who had received parts to-day for the first time resigned their connexion with the Navy Club & made farewell speeches to the Club in front of Holworthy Hall as has been usual.

             Seven women scouring the Library – an annual visitation from them in anticipation of the Examining Committee on Tuesday next.        

            Thermometer in the shade, in State Street in Boston, yesterday, 99°- nearly as hot to-day.

              Had some conversation with the Librarian. He does not think favorably of procuring legislative documents, & the like, & says "it is lumbering up the Library" with what is of but little use. The same may be said in regard to a great portion of the books in the Library. The Library now is so large that its principal use should be for consultation. People want everything to be found upon particular subjects rather than to read books through. They want only that part which illustrates the subject of their investigations. I hardly know why Legislative documents are not to be considered very valuable indeed to the historian, the politician, the political economist, the merchant indeed, the divine even. They are substantial treasures, not to be read, but to be consulted and drawn from, in relation to certain subjects. It seems to me that a State History can be written no better without the Laws and Legislative documents of the State than a Town history without the Town Records. As to "lumbering up the Library" I admit no such language in my bibliographical vocabulary. Are we to say to the public we do not want your books unless they are such as we think are very excellent? Because we are afraid we shall fill the shelves too full, when we have in Gore Hall, one hundred and forty feet long from window to window but about 51,000 bound volumes? Let the Library be filled. If trash comes let it come. What is trash to me may be the part of the Library which will be the most valuable to another person.

              Numbers give consequence to the Library abroad. People are attracted by them, & when they come here they will find that we are not all trash, that there is a great deal more wheat than chaff. The best collection & the largest on America, in the world, an admirable one in Italian & northern literature & in numismatics & Greek and Latin Fathers are not to be considered trash, though some of the volumes are not consulted once in twenty years. My proverb in regard to a public library is "Hold fast what you get & get what you can" & I would have the proverb carried out to the letter & in its fullest extent. The time will come when everything now published will be prized.

 July 12, 1846

             Sunday. Attended the Unitarian Church in Cambridgeport and heard Mr. J.F. Clarke. In the afternoon heard Dr. Francis preach an excellent valedictory sermon to the graduating Senior Class on having a plan for life, & in the evening an excellent Sermon in the Unitarian Church by Mr. Lincoln of Fitchburg to the graduating Senior Class of the Divinity School.

 July 13, 1846

             Monday. The Boston Daily Advertiser contains a notice of Young's Chronicles, and dwells particularly upon the question of Winthrop's being the first Governor of Massachusetts.

 July 14, 1846

             Tuesday. Annual examination of the College Library. The whole number of volumes in Gore Hall is found, upon counting within a few days, to be 51,000. Forty nine volumes have been taken from the Library during the last year without having been charged. Many of them undoubtedly were taken without leave but with the intention of their being returned. It indicates great obtuseness in the moral sense of young men when they argue that the practice of thus taking books is justifiable, as is the case with several who are considered the most correct for general deportment among the undergraduates. Additions to Library during the last year 2018 volumes of which 679 were donations and 3477 pamphlets exclusive of duplicate pamphlets.

July 15, 1846

             Wednesday. Exhibition to-day of the Undergraduates. Seven of the Sophomore Class were advised to leave College, whereupon 30 or thereabouts immediately put crape upon their arms. The parts assigned for exhibition next term.

July 16, 1846

            Thursday. Class Day. The order of Exercises were 1. Music by the Band from Boston. 2 Prayer by Rev. Dr. Walker. 3 A very good Oration by F.J. Child, 4. Music by the Band. 5 Poem by J.A. Swan. 6 A beautiful Class Ode by D.S. Curtis. The Class Ode was sung, where the Exercises were held, by the Class during which they generally join hands. The class met in the morning & had prayers among themselves, offered up by Ropes. Just as the bell began to toll five minutes before eleven o'clock they marched to music from the Band to the President's House & escorted the Faculty to the College Chapel to hear their Exercises, at which the President presided. Just before the procession arrived Ex-Pres't Quincy entered & there was one continued long & loud plaudit. After the exercises were finished the class with the band escorted the President and Faculty to Holworthy Hall, where a preparation of lemonade, etc. was prepared for them by the class, an affair which never happened before.

             Ever since 1837, or rather beginning with the class which graduated in 1838, it has been customary for the graduating class to dance on class day on the green grass in front of Stoughton & Holworthy. It was probably at first a suggestion of Prof. Webster. As soon as the sun was low enough, about four o'clock, P.M. to throw in the shade of Stoughton over the green, the members of the class with their sisters & friends began the dance to a band of music for which a staging was erected about the middle of Stoughton on the East Side. This was a very interesting scene & took the place of a class supper or dinner or something of that nature. It did not however entirely do away with the evil, for class suppers were subsequently held after the dancing was over. This plan of dancing on the green continued till 1845 when being public the concourse became so large that they obtruded upon the dancers. A heavy thundershower dispersed them and the class with their friends repaired to the picture gallery in Harvard. This year the dancing was entirely in the picture gallery.

            After dancing to-day till about six o'clock the procession was formed & marched as usual to the front of each of the College buildings & gave cheers. They marched through Gore Hall though they gave no cheers as they did last year when they marched through for the first time. This being done the class went as has been the custom for many years to the Liberty Tree, an elm standing near the street & between Holden & Harvard Halls. Forming as usual in a ring around the tree they piled their hats by its trunk they joined hands & then commenced the race round the tree till by the different speed of different persons the ring was entirely broken up. The ring then was formed again & another either within or around them, by the Juniors & Sophomores. The two rings then began to race round the tree in different directions till the rings were broken in pieces. This is regarded a kind of initiation of the remaining classes. The Seniors again formed a compact ring around the tree, crossing & joining hands & to the music from the band singing Old Lang Syne & beating time with their arms their hands being thus joined & crossed.

            This being over cheers were given for different purposes & the company dispersed. The Senior Class for many years have had a class supper on Class Day; but from some jarring it was voted to postpone it till Commencement. Whether the Pres't had heard of it or not I do not know; but obviously to substitute something which should be more beneficial in its effects he gave them this evening a levee to commence at half past eight o'clock.

             The sophomores I hear have been in the way of having a class supper since 1838. They had one last night. Some became inebriated.

July 17, 1846

             Friday. Theological Exhibition. A large concourse of intellectual and pious people. The President, as usual since the union of the Theol. School with the College, presided. Services commenced at 10 o'clock and ended at 2 o'clock. As usual, dinner was provided to which various persons were invited. At 4 o'clock, P.M. the people again assembled in the Chapel & a very beautiful and excellent discourse was delivered before the Theological Alumni by Rev. Dr. Peabody of Springfield. After this a kind of levee was held by Professor Francis.

             Rec'd from Dr. Wyman his Treatise on Ventilation.

July 19, 1846

            Sunday. Left boarding with James A. Kendall, with whom I have boarded for four years.

July 20, 1846

            Monday. Commenced boarding with Mrs. Manning. Her maiden name was Warland, her first husband Rev. John L. Abbot, of Boston, her second a widower, Samuel Manning, M.D. of Cambridge, with whom she lived but a short time. 

            Sometime before the breaking out of the Revolutionary war there was a scheme for uniting church and state in New England, & one argument of much weight for it in England was that it would tend essentially to strengthen the bond between the Colonies and the parent country, & this would check the uneasiness and restrain the unfriendly & rebellious spirit of the Colonists. With a view to a Bishop, who it was understood would be Apthorp, a house was built in the middle of the Square, which now is bounded on the West by Lindall Street. It so happened that this same dwelling-house instead of becoming the residence of a Bishop with a view to keep the Colonies in subjection was the residence of General John Burgoyne while he was prisoner of war in Cambridge. This is the house I now board in.

             This being the first Monday in vacation books were given out in the forenoon.

             In the evening took tea with Mr. George Livermore where I met with Rev. Dr. Robbins, formerly of Mattapoisett, now Librarian of the Connecticut Historical Society at Hartford. He says the Society has about 6000 volumes, of which 4300 are his own. I understand that the Society has settled upon him an annuity of $600, on condition of his being Librarian & of leaving his books to the Society. He has never been married & expends all of the six hundred dollars, over & above what his necessities require, on books for his Library, all of which, of course will go to the Society. He has one of the copies of the first English Bible printed in America. It was encouraged by the old Continental Congress & is the only case in which the United States as such acted together in such a work. It was printed by Atkins in 1781 & four copies only are known to exist. [P.S. I have obtained one for my own Library.]

             Several documents came to the Library, which had been used by the Librarian Peirce in preparing his History of Harvard University. Among them are several memoranda in President Dunster's handwriting. His will may be found at the Probate Office in East-Cambridge [Afterward his will stolen].

 July 21, 1846

             Tuesday. The workmen commenced operations again in the burying place. They opened the grave down the top of the brick wall which lined the grave. Large stones were then laid across these walls & the remainder of the load of stones which was brought from Boston together with a large quantity which had been displaced in opening the grave were used to fill it. Upon these was placed a heavy granite block, upon which was placed the old stone slab which rested previously over the grave. The tablet having long since been destroyed a new one has been made which is to be inserted in the old slab. No letters whatever exist anywhere upon the old slab or upon the granite block but it is proposed  to put the initials upon the granite or upon the underside of the slab or upon both. The sexton has said the grave within the brickwork was uncommonly large & was capacious enough for a double coffin. It did not appear to me so large. The more the persons interested in the matter reflect upon it, the more strongly inclined they are to think this grave which contained the tansy is Dunster's.

             In the evening called on Rev. R.T. Austin, a native of Waldoboro, Maine, whose name when he graduated at Bowdoin College was Reuben Seiders, of German Origin. After being betrothed to Miss Austin, an only child, there being plate in the family & other relics bearing the Austin name, & her relatives wishing the name not to become extinct, his name was changed by an act of Legislature. He was settled in Wayland, & has since been preaching in different places, South Natick, East-Lexington, etc., etc. & is now supplying the desk at Lunenberg. His wife says her mother when she died seven or eight years ago was able to trace the history of their house 180 years when the history of it was lost. The walls are plastered with mud. She says moreover that her ancestors, (& they have lived here from near the time of the first settlement,) have told her that President Dunster once lived in West Cambridge about two miles from the College in a very old house which has been taken down within a few years & which was situated on a road turning to the right just before reaching the stream.

 July 22, 1846

             Wednesday. Wrote to the President respecting the project of cutting down several trees in the College yard, whereupon he requested an interview. Between 1812 & 1816, or along about that time a great number of trees was planted in the yard and a belt of them, principally pines surrounded the yard. These trees have been neglected & now crowd each other in the belt & prevent the growth of all. The plan is to cut down the sycamores, which from some unknown cause have been dying throughout the U. States for the last three years, also dying & dead trees & such as interfere with each other.

             The belt no longer serves as a screen there being no small shrubbery & there are too many trees to admit of the expansion & development of them all. Trees should also have reference to the objects seen through them. They should cover the objectionable & leave an opening for what is agreeable to the eye. With this view several will be removed from the belt north of University Hall. Ornamental trees are sometimes planted in groups, & on the North East part of the yard where there is a considerable indentation in the belt several are to be cut away so as to leave a cluster.

             The Dunster stone finished. The tablet being too large the cavity in the slab was enlarged so as to admit, the enlargement being made at the bottom. Mr. C. Folsom, who wrote the inscription got it printed, so that the workman might have no apology for mistakes, still he deviated from the copy and left a space on the tablet below the inscription which in the copy was three or four lines above, dividing the two subjects contained in the inscription.

 July 23, 1846

             Thursday. After evening called on Geo. Livermore & went with him to see Mr. Dowse, a bachelor, a native of Sherburne, a leather dresser. Although acquainted with him he had never asked me to call on him. And now when persons send word to him naming a time when they should like to see his library, he generally replies that he is engaged. He has been greatly annoyed by fashionable gazers, who do not appreciate his collection. He is exceedingly lame, probably rheumatic lameness, with which he has been afflicted for many years. We made an excuse for calling upon him, by asking him for a manuscript which Mr. L. had loaned to him & which belonged to Mr. Brinley of Hartford. We found him in his beautiful & spacious garden, covering perhaps an acre extending from Main Street to the street in the rear, containing many beautiful and ornamental and fruit trees, & shrubbery. After surveying this, he voluntarily invited us into his Library. It is a remarkable collection for a private individual in America, & particularly so for a man of Mr. Dowse's vocation through a long life. Many of the books are exceedingly rare, all are of the best editions, splendidly bound. So particular is he, that he generally furnishes the stock himself & divides the business of binding a book with three binderies, according to their different skills in forwarding, finishing & lettering. It is said that this passion for books, good and rare, began when he was a boy; that even then with his small change he bought a rare & beautiful book when he could & thus his library has been increased till it now numbers several thousand volumes. He receives catalogues & is constantly ordering rare books from Europe. He has a large collection of beautiful paintings, which he obtained thro' a ticket in a lottery of paintings, which was in England.

             Soon after dinner a shower came up, accompanied by a few flashes of lightning, one of which was singular. The lightning struck a tree in the corner of Mr. R.J. Austin's garden about three quarters of a mile from the Colleges on the street that winds from the West Cambridge road to the Botanic garden. A short distance from the tree it knocked down one of a yoke of oxen. Near by in another direction it knocked down a man, leaving a wide mark from his hip downwards & taking away the sensibility of his lower extremities; & it was a long time before the sensibility, through friction, was restored. It omitted one person, but nearly in a range with him it knocked down another person. All this occurred within the space of a few rods. One quarter of a mile or so north of Mr. Austin's a train of cars passing along the railroad track, the passengers felt the electrical effect sensibly. At the observatory about a quarter of a mile in another direction the shock was violent. Dr. Wyman at his house in Church Street three quarters of a mile distant, was holding a metallic pipe & it was struck out of his hands. The air through the whole vicinity appears to have been so thoroughly impregnated with electricity that this discharge disturbed the whole.

             For some days men have been employed cutting down the dying sycamores and otherwise thinning the belt of trees which was planted around the College yard about thirty years since.

 July 28, 1846

             Tuesday. Moved to Divinity Hall No.15 from No. 28, which I have occupied for about four years.

 July 30, 1846

             Thursday. Attended the meeting of the Historical Society & acted as Recording Secretary pro tem.

 July 31, 1846

             Friday. At 4 1/2 o'clock A.M. packed my trunk. Took stage to Boston & sent trunk by express. At the Eastern railroad depot bought a ticket to East Thomaston for $2.00, the passage to Portland by the same train being $1.50 & by the other trains during the day $3.00. Left the Wharf at 4 1/2 P.M. & at fifteen minutes before five the cars started from East Boston. The sunset scenery was beautiful. There appeared to be three separate showers following down the three principal rivers between which was clear sunshine & no rain. And the earth, as we travelled, confirmed the idea. At North Berwick there was the usual rush of the passengers for a piece of pie & a cup of tea or coffee. Arrived at Portland at one quarter before nine o'clock, having stopped about half an hour at different places. This makes the speed during the whole distance, 105 miles, precisely one mile in two minutes.

             In half an hour we were on board the steamboat Governor, a beautiful & convenient boat but not so good a seaboat as some others. From 12 o'clock till about 4 the fog was so dense that no progress could be made. Then being very near Monhegan, the steam was applied, and we arrived at E. Thomaston about 7 o'clock. There found a horse & wagon waiting to carry me to Union. Stopped a few minutes to talk with Phineas Butler, one of the first company who began to clear the town of Union - a few minutes with Mr. Eaton who has collected some materials for a history of Warren, & arrived at the old home in Union about noon.

 August 2, 1846

             Sunday. How quiet & still! No passing of travellers or of townsmen. How different from the Cambridge! Attended the Orthodox meeting. After meeting no noise; but several people at work getting in hay.

 August 3, 1846

             Monday. Began examination of the third volume of the Town Records of Union.

 August 9, 1846

             Sunday. Heard Rev. Mr. Dodge, of Waldoboro preach two good sermons at the Calvinistic meetinghouse - the afternoon's particularly good. He must have a good deal of the wag about him & a good deal of satire & humour.

 August 10, 1846

             Returned town records & examined Selectmen's records.

 August 11, 1846

             Tuesday. With horse & wagon went to Thomaston. Spent four hours or so at the Knox mansion. This stands on the point of land formerly occupied by St. George's fort. It has been the scene of one or more treaties & conferences and battles with the Indians. The Knox tomb stands in a grove of firs & pines, east of the mansion & in front, & to the east & south of the tomb is the old burying ground used at the time of the fort. The stones are broken & obliterated, & many removed. One clergyman (Rutherford) who was for a time at Bristol is buried there, & two large slabs with the tablets destroyed; one containing a parallelogram & another a heart-shaped cavity, are said to cover the remains of military officers. It was on the river that Winslow, a graduate of Harvard University more than one hundred years ago was killed by the Indians, as narrated in a Sermon on the occasion by C. Mather. The location of the Knox mansion, particularly at high tide is beautiful. Situated on a point of land which commands a prospect of the river for several miles below, & in the General's day, unencroached upon by wharf or house for nearly a mile in either direction & having on the East of the mansion a very large beautiful grove which covered a great number of acres, it may have been looked upon with delight and admiration. The house was splendid. It is said that there was not one in Boston which had a handsomer front. Within, it was furnished with splendor, luxury & elegance. Beautiful furniture, plate, paintings, library, etc. graced the apartments. It was the resort of the most distinguished men of the time.       

            The family was proverbial for hospitality. Mrs. Knox's fondness for style embarrassed the finances of the General, & this, together with the iniquity of some of those concerned in the settlement of the estate, caused it to be insolvent to a great amount. After the General's death the house was neglected, papers & curiosities, etc. pillaged. Mrs. Holmes now lives there, the house in a good state though not having its former grandeur & glory, & may be well visited by any one who is a patriot, an antiquarian, a historian, a lover of fine arts or who wishes to see refinement & elegance & grace.

             General Knox's papers, what of them remain, were handed to Mr. Davies of Portland, to prepare a biography. But at my solicitation, Mrs. Holmes brought half a bushel or so from a large quantity in an upper room & I found among them very many which were very interesting, from persons who were associated with him in the Revolutionary war, & a mass of military returns which ought to be examined by his biographer. Many were autographs, several of them of Washington. Mrs. Holmes favored my idea of having them deposited in the Library of Harvard College, after with Mrs. Thacher she should overlook them & take out such as were private. I found they contained much that was very valuable, much which ought to be preserved for posterity, although it was evident they were not appreciated. During the time of the Revolution, of the course there cannot be be many letters. General Knox being commander in chief of the artillery, was always at headquarters with Washington himself, & whatever related to the operations of the army would generally be directed to Washington.

             After dinner rode one or two miles below Mill River & called on Phinehas Butler, aged 88, who came to Union with Dr. John Taylor & others in 1774 & began to fell trees on the north side of the South Union millstream near Seventree pond. This was the first movement towards a permanent settlement of the town. A camp was there which had been occupied from time to time by four [?] persons while cutting lumber, for two or three years. They had agreed to take one hundred acres of land each on certain conditions, but they had not fulfilled any of these conditions & had made use of the agreement only to cut off the lumber. From this old gentleman & his wife I ascertained several particulars relating to Union.

             Returning called on Cyrus Eaton. He had made considerable progress in his History of Warren; but the loss of eyesight in consequence of a little chip striking his eye two years ago, has interrupted it in a great measure.

             Called also on Rev. Mr. Huse, of Warren, from Methuen? a graduate of Dartmouth, also on my cousin Harriet (Morse) Starrett & arrived at Union about nine o'clock P.M.

 August 13, 1846

             Thursday. In the morning went to Hills Mills & over the ground where I played in schoolboy days. The road has been laid out west of the one used when I went to school. A schoolhouse has been erected & torn down since the one in which I attended, the river now divides the District into two Districts, & there are two new schoolhouses. I climbed over the fence directly opposite the road which runs west from the road on the west side of the river & endeavored to identify the spot where the old schoolhouse stood on the brow of the hill near the river, but I was unable to recognize it.       

            In the afternoon went to Jacob Sibley's, an uncle in the N.W. part of the town. What beautiful scenery!

 August 14

             Friday. Followed down the St. George on the Western side nearly to Warren & returning came round on the West side of Round Pond, calling chiefly on old people & the children of the first settlers, to collect information respecting the town.

             Find in the newspapers that the Roman Catholic Bishop Fenwick, of Boston, is dead. He was not so beloved as Bishop Cheverus, a Frenchman, who after many years' residence in Boston, was recalled to France. Bishop Cheverus visited Maine generally in the summers & commonly preached once in his tour at the residence of one Keating, who lived a mile or two below McLeans mills on the Western side of the St. Georges in what is now Appleton. There was great thronging to hear him. There were several Catholics in the vicinity, but most persons went from curiosity. I recollect the interest with which for weeks I looked forward, when a boy, to his coming, & the regret I felt one summer upon learning that his arrangements were such that he could not come. But he came the next summer, & I walked several miles on Sunday morning to the spot. The house was quite full of people, who & their children were receiving Catholic rites. After these were over, the multitude repaired to the barn, which was L-shaped. The Bishop stepped upon a table placed in the corner of the L & preached a sermon, without notes, to an audience filling the floor, sitting on the beams & covering the hay mows. This was the only time I heard him in Maine, & it must have been about thirty years since.

             The newspapers state that President Everett, on account of the pressure of official duties & the state of his health declines giving the Address before the Alumni; that Professor Greenleaf is transferred to the Dane Professorship, & that Judge Kent of N. York, son of the Chancellor, is chosen Royall Professor.

 August 15, 1846

             Saturday. Went to the West part of the town. How beautiful the scenery is in this town.

 August 16, 1846

             Sunday. Attended the Orthodox meeting. In the afternoon, the clergyman gave a notice alluding to tardiness in coming to meeting, and requesting the persons who were necessitated to come late, to bring a written statement of the reasons & that that they might lay the same on the Communion table. This was a course of proceeding which would be tolerated, I think, in but few societies.

              A moose was killed one or two days since in the cedar swamp & it weighed more than seven hundred pounds after it was dressed. A deer was killed last December in the East part of Union, not far from Daniels and Payson. It was first seen near Hills' Mills.

 August 21, 1846

             Friday. Three weeks to-morrow since I arrived at Union. My time has been occupied almost exclusively in collecting materials for a History of the town. Notwithstanding the first permanent settlement was not made before 1774 & two of the early comers are still living, it is almost impossible to get at exactness as to facts & to dates & events. One would hardly think it possible there should be so much obscurity and uncertainty as there is about the history of a period so recent, while there are people still living who were pioneers or children of the pioneers.

             Yesterday I rode to the East part of Union & into the borders of Hope, where I went to school in the Beveridge school district in 1811. It was difficult to recognize much.

             This morning I left my father & mother a little after six o'clock, took a horse-wagon through West Thomaston to East Thomaston. This last village has grown up entirely within twenty-five years. At eleven o'clock took the steamboat "Governor" which left Bangor at six oc'clock. On board I found my classmates Hedge (son of Professor Hedge) formerly settled at West Cambridge, now at Bangor, & Lothrop, formerly of Dover, N.H., now of Boston.

             On board was Mr. Bardwell, a graduate of Oberlin Institute, who has been three years a missionary among the Ojibway Indians & has his station at Sandy Lake, one hundred miles from any white man. He says the Obijways number, in all, about 20,000, that their condition is deplorable. They subsist much upon fish; but at the season when these are in deep water, they suffer & not unfrequently starve. They live in bark lodges, are generous & improvident, will always divide their last meal with a sufferer, & yet will steal it the next hour if they can. The wild game is fast disappearing & soon will be entirely gone. The missionaries at the different stations have been trying to introduce among them some of the comforts of civilized life. They have introduced grain & potatoes, so that they are beginning to raise some. They are in about 47 degrees of North latitude, & so destitute of clothing, that they sell perhaps five of the ten bushels raised in order to protect themselves against the severities of the climate. Their stock gets exhausted, & when the suffering for want of food comes, the missionaries sell the grain back to them, they will fell trees, or build loghouses or engage in doing something which will ameliorate their condition. They begin to perceive the necessity of introducing the arts of civilized life; as natural means of subsistence are failing them. Several of them have built comfortable log houses. Their travelling is almost entirely by canoes.

             Some success has attended the efforts to educate the children. When Mr. B first went there, if the children heard an Indian round the lodge, they were very careful to read so as not to be heard by him. They were afraid of ridicule in being called "Praying Indians". Now, if they hear an Indian, they raise their voices a little higher that usual, so that it may be understood they are learning to read. When Mr. B went among them he knew nothing of their language. He went into their huts, sat down on the ground, took his paper, & asking them the names of things, wrote them down. They were at first jealous, but gradually began to communicate freely. There have been some true conversions among them. When Mr. B came from them last autumn, he took his canoe & came down, alone, two hundred miles from the head of the Mississippi, hauled his boat up & landed each night, & thus for six days went down the river without seeing one human being. His intention is to return to them.

             The boat arrived at Portland & we took the cars at 4 3/4 o'clock, & after making stops & waiting for several trains to pass, we arrived in Boston at 10 3/4 o'clock. I immediately walked to Cambridge, & at half past twelve o'clock found myself quietly reposing in my bed, No. 15 Divinity Hall. It is a luxury to get back to the quiet of one's room.

 August 22, 1846

             Saturday. Upon going to the Library found, among others, letters from Gov. Felch of Michigan, containing a catalogue of the volumes & pamphlets which he had forwarded to the Public Library, & one from Governor Kent respecting the Williamson library, which I expect, will turn out to be of little value.

 August 24, 1846

             Monday. A bust of Judge Story brought to the Library by W.W. Story, his son, who made it himself. It is the second bust he has made in marble & the sixth of any kind wh. he has made. To me it seems to be an excellent likeness.

             After tea I happened to be going by the State Arsenal when the gate was unlocked and went in. There were 8000 muskets with their bristling bayonets pointing upward, along which, I was told, the electricity played in a shower. Here was a large number of large brass field pieces under cover, two of which, rec'd this season, were given to the Lexington company immediately after the Lexington battle & contained the inscription, which had been placed also on the two given in exchange for these two which had been fired so much as to impair the bore.

August 25, 1846

             Tuesday. This morning about five minutes before five o'clock I was waked by an earthquake. It was the first I ever recognised as such while it was taking place. The last one, which I did not notice at the time, took place one morning while I was at recitation in College more than twenty years ago. As soon as I was aroused by the noise, I perceived my bed rocking from side to side & the windows rattling as if a heaving carriage was passing. I soon found that the movement of the bed was not that caused by a jarring, such as is produced by a vehicle, but as nearly as I can describe it a rocking, like that of a cradle. After the first violence had passed & before it had died away, there seemed to come back another shock in the same way as with thunder, after the first crash an echo after a while rolls back, or the sound after nearly dying away rises again. Prof. Greenleaf said it awoke him & after the earthquake had rocked it jerked his bed. The leaves of the tables in Divinity Hall flew up & down. In one house two or three pieces of crockery were knocked from a shelf in a closet. There were floating clouds but it was not dull weather.

 August 26, 1846

             Wednesday. The earthquake was felt at Concord, N.H., at Walpole, N.H. at Newburyport & Springfield & Portland, Maine. I suppose there can be no doubt that it was altogether the heaviest experienced here during the present century.

             Commencement day. A violent storm all day. The exercises were of a higher order both as to composition & delivery than common. Though the audience was smaller than usual when the exercises commenced yet the house was crowded before they were finished. In conferring the degree of Master of Arts, it has been usual hitherto for the President while sitting in the old chair (so old that its history is lost, though the most probable account is that it came through the Turell(?) family of Medford) which is placed before the pulpit to extend a book which each of these candidates took hold of. The book which has been used ever since it came into the Library is the Bible which was owned & used by President Dunster. The book used before this was [SECTION ERASED; SEE ORIGINAL]. President Everett discontinued the use of it to-day. After the conclusion of the exercises the company dispersed again to Gore Hall, where the procession was again formed and marched to Harvard Hall to dine. All ardent spirits & wine were excluded. After dinner the company was dismissed upon singing to the tune of St. Martin's, the hymn which sung for many years before I came to College, Dr. Pierce of Brookline taking the lead in the singing as he has always done since my remembrance. The President interrupted the dispersion by saying that while in England he had been unsuccessful in procuring any information respecting John Harvard except on the records of the College where he received his degree. Just before leaving London he accidentally saw in an obscure street upon a sign the words "John Harvard, lampmaker." The President made a very happy application & figurative use of the words in a short in a short neat speech, & the company dispersed.

            The oldest graduate was J. Lovell of the Class of 1776, who had come from the South almost on purpose to be here at the Commencement to-day. Several students had entertainments at their rooms. Prof. Norton, 'tis said, had at an entertainment at his house nearly six hundred persons. After spending a short time there went to the President's to his levee. The President's levee was instituted by President Quincy when he came into office & has been continued ever since.

             Wrote letters to the Gov. of S.C. & to the Mayor of Charleston, S.C. for documents.

 August 27, 1846

             Thursday. The Phi Beta Kappa Oration & Poem. Quite a storm at the meeting of the Society, because wine was not provided though a decided majority were in favor of dispensing with it.

             Wrote to the Gov. of Iowa for documents. Rec'd the box from Michigan sent by Governor Felch, containing fifty bound volumes & thirteen unbound volumes, & pamphlets, & four county maps published by the State.

 August 28, 1846

             Friday. Wrote to N.P. Tallmadge, of Madison, Governor of Wisconsin, for Public Documents. The proposition for documents, before the New Hampshire Legislature, was struck out.

 August 29, 1846

             Saturday. Wrote to Franklin Sawyer of New Orleans respecting deficiencies in the Michigan documents & respecting New Orleans & Louisiana documents.

 August 30, 1846

             Sunday. Walked to Boston & back. Oppressively warm. This season has been exceedingly warm.

 August 31, 1846

             Monday. College lessons begin. After evening commons the Sophomores & Freshmen meet, as has been customary for many years on the Delta to try themselves with football. The Sophomores, of course, know each other & consequently who are the Freshmen. The Freshmen of course know but few of their classmates & cannot well distinguish them from the Sophomores. The different classes come together, the football is thrown down among them, & the object of each class is to kick the others & "bark their shins" as much as possible. After a few evenings, classmates know each other, the two younger classes form two sides, & the ball is kicked in a regular way. This is the general sport among students till cold weather. In the spring there is no playing of football, but "bat & ball" & cricket.

 September 8, 1846

             Tuesday. The almost insufferably warm weather, which began to come on Aug 27, has been checked a little by showers this afternoon. The continuance of such heat for so many days in succession is almost unparalleled. And it is the more remarkable on account of the lateness of the season.

 September 9, 1846

             Wednesday. See the Daily Advertiser for notices of the late warm weather.

 September 12, 1846

             Saturday. The weather changed about 35° in as many hours after which warm weather returned as before & has continued. Most of my time since Commencement employed in examining the sale catalogue of the distinguished philologist, John Pickering. To-day went to Boston to examine the books themselves. The library is said to have cost the ... ... about $XX,000 to contain about 8000 vols...

 September 13, 1846

             Sunday. Attended divine service at Somerville. At noon dined with Deacon Foster, on Winter Hill. He is a very strong abolitionist & the liberty party candidate for Senator. Some remains of the old breastworks there are still visible. Edmund Tufts, who is more than fifty years of age & who lives there in the house where he was born, says that eight persons were brought to his mother's after the action on Bunker's Hill & his mother dressed their wounds, tearing up nearly half the sheets in the house to do it. He says that Hessians were encamped on the northerly part of Winter's Hill after the capture of Burgoyne, that disease prevailed much among them, that many were buried on Winter Hill & the bones are not unfrequently disturbed. One man accidentally found two guineas & by a careful watch  afterward found several more.

             Returned & attended the church in Somerville in the afternoon. It seemed like going to meeting to worship instead of going for form's sake. Dr. Booth, Assistant Superintendent of the McLean Asylum, prevailed on me to accompany him to tea. After tea divine service was held among the patients. They were as quiet & orderly as any class of people. Mr & Mrs. Tyler led the singing, & others joined in it. It was a very interesting occasion.

 September 14, 1846       

            Monday. Safford's family having moved to Cambridge from Vermont, in consequence of a movement plan by which about four thousand dollars have been subscribed to aid the boy to get an education, he began his studies with Professor Peirce to-day. He will be ten years old in October. He made all the calculations for an almanac, which has been published. He possesses an aptitude for all intellectual pursuits, & chance or accident alone led to the mathematical rather than any other development. He is very artless, childlike in all his movements and habits, very pleasant, quiet, says but little & that little always has a meaning. He is placed under the care of the President. His constitution is not rugged, & great skill will be necessary to give a proportional development to the physical & intellectual powers.

September 15, 1846

            Tuesday. Very warm in the morning. Change of weather before night. Attended the book auction.

September 16, 1846       

            Wednesday. Change of 30° nearly since yesterday morning. The Library rec'd a box of books and pamphlets from the Quakers of Philadelphia as a gift. I suggested the idea to Mrs. Hopkins, matron of the Maryland Lunatic Asylum, when she visited the College Library in July.

September 20, 1846

            Sunday. Died Cyrus Morse, a stage or omnibus driver between Cambridge & Boston for about forty years. Disease - rum & brandy. How many times would he have driven round the earth if he had always driven in one direction?

 September 21, 1846

             Monday. Afternoon prayers altered-- 5 1/2 o'clock.

 September 24, 1846

             Thursday. Attended the auction of the late Hon. John Pickering's library four days last week & three days this week. The Law Department to be sold to-morrow. The library is said to have consisted of about 8000 volumes and to have cost the late owner about $15, 000. The bill for the books purchased for the College is about $240.

 September 25, 1846

             Friday. Dr. Cogswell, of Gilmanton, N.H., at the Library, lately Professor at Dartmouth College & previously Secretary of the Board of Education & Editor of the American Quarterly Register - a man of statistics. Visited also by Mr. Curwen of New York City, quite a bibliographer. He has made a collection of books, etc. relating to cards & to penmanship, & a collection of coins. American cents of 1815 are very scarce- why? Was it because no copper could be imported & the metal was used for ships? He has a half dollar of 1794, 1795 being generally supposed to be the earliest. Mr. Stickney of Salem has a very complete collection of American coins. A lady in Providence, sister of Thomas Wilson Dorr has a very curious collection of crockery ware, such as was used at different periods. Mr. Corwin has a fondness for collecting books printed in America before the year 1700. He showed one by President Chauncy printed here in 1655. Went with him to Mr. Livermore's, where we found Mr. Brinley of Hartford, who has made a very large collection of books printed in America.

 September 27, 1846

             Sunday. Heard a distinguished member of the Christian denomination so called, preach at Mr. Clarke's in Boston.

 September 29, 1846

             Tuesday. While shaving this morning discovered that the interior portion of the cornea of the left eye was suffused with blood in consequence of the rupture of a small blood vessel.

 September 30, 1846

             Wednesday. Attended the exercises of the consecration of the Monument erected to Joseph Tuckerman, D.D., at Mount Auburn. Quite a large concourse, consisting of his coadjutors, Sunday school teachers, & the poor of Boston. The Order of Performances was printed & will probably appear in the papers. 1st prayer by Rev. F.T. Gray, originally a clerk, then bookseller, & afterward the first associate in the ministry with Dr. Tuckerman, 2nd Mrs. Barbaulds Hymn in five stanzas beginning "Not for the pious dead we weep", sung to the tune of Dundee, 3rd Reading of Portions of Scripture by Rev. R.C. Waterston, Addresses by Mr. Rogers, (principal agent in getting up the subscription which was about one thousand & fifty dollars all purposely given, with one exception, in very small sums) and another address without notes by Rev. Dr. E.S. Gannett, 4th Hymn in four stanzas beginning "Rise, O my soul, pursue the path," sung to Peterboro. 5th Prayer by Rev. Dr. Francis Parkman, who also pronounced the benediction. On the front, beneath the Medallion Portrait are the words

 
Joseph Tuckerman

In the rear, -

Born in Boston, Mass.,

January 18, 1778

Died in Cuba, W.I.

April 20, 1840.

On the right tablet: -

For the Twenty Five Years

A Faithful Minister of

Jesus Christ

In the Village of Chelsea

And for Fourteen Years

A devoted Missionary

To the Suffering and neglected

Of the City of Boston

His Best Monument is

The Ministry at Large;

His appropriate title,

The Friend of the Poor.

On the left tablet, -

This Monument is erected

By Friends to whom

His Memory is dear

For the services

He rendered,

Amid the impulse he gave

To the cause of

Christian Philanthropy.

 The monument, designed by H. Billings and executed by Carew, is in the Romanesque style, & of the Patterson, N.J. Freestone.

             Took occasion to walk about the grounds, not having had opportunity to do it conveniently for two years.

 October 1, 1846

             Thursday. Eliza Sibley, a cousin from Albion, Maine, called on me & we went through Mount Auburn Cemetery. The chapel there begins to look beautifully. When Gore Hall was built people in America had not had experience in Gothic buildings, otherwise many of its defects would not have existed. The Cemetery Chapel, both internally and externally, is very much superior. Strange that any person should have thought a Gothic building appropriate & well adapted for a Library.

             The College morning prayers changed from 6 to 7 o'clock.

 October 4, 1846

             Sunday. At church in Boston. Afternoon services in the chapel at the same hour as in Cambridge, though in years past began as late as 4 1/2 o'clock in long days.

 October 5, 1846

             Monday. Rec'd at the Library the volume & eight pamphlets which cover the Gurney controversy which attended the schism of the Quakers of New England, in consequence of a letter to Charles Perry of Westerly, R.I. requesting them. Also rec'd 200 pamphlets or thereabouts from C.D. Cleveland, of Philadelphia, which I solicited of him more than a year ago.

 October 7, 1846

             Wednesday. In the evening at a party at the President's.

            The annual Catalogue made its appearance yesterday. The Assistant Librarian's name appears on it, having been inserted by the President. Though he has been here ever since the books were moved to Gore Hall he has succeeded hitherto in having his name omitted.

 October 12, 1846

             Monday. Evening prayers changed to five o'clock. News arrives of the capture of Monterey by the Americans. The conduct of the United States within a year or two past will be a subject of mortification to future patriots. The aggression upon Mexico is entirely uncalled for. It originates in the annexation of Texas; & really the annexation has its origin in the fear of the South that they shall lose their power in the national councils. Slavery is at the bottom of the whole matter. The recent seizure of Santa Fe & California is of the same character.

 October 18, 1846

             Sunday. At worship in the College Chapel. In the evening called at the President's. Mrs. Everett, having a very extensive acquaintance, lets it be known that she is at home to receive her female friends Tuesdays in the forenoon & Fridays in the afternoon. Friday evenings from six to eight o'clock the President & his wife have tea for all friends, of both sexes who choose to call.

             The College has been remarkable for its quietness and orderly deportment this term. The Sophomore Class which has considered it a matter of course to play tricks upon the Freshmen has taken a higher tone, & little or nothing of the kind has been heard of. The curse of the College is the Law Students, particularly those from the South and Southwestern States. They are generally destitute of all principle, fearing neither God nor man. Their influence upon undergraduates is anything but good. The effects of slavery are very perceptible in their deportment and immorality.

 October 20, 1846

             Tuesday. Exhibition of Undergraduates. The original parts by the highest class & the translations by the next class. John Paul Robinson, a native of Dover, N.H., now of Lowell, says that John Wentworth after graduating here went to England & at a horse race bet a healthy sum. This led to an inquiry about him by the Marquis of Rockingham, who invited him to his house & found him accomplished and gentlemanly. Benning Wentworth had become unpopular in New Hampshire & the Marquis, whose name was Wentworth, appointed John Governor. John, upon his return, divided New Hampshire into counties, a measure much opposed by the inhabitants of Portsmouth & vicinity, because all law business was centered in the quarter. In gratitude to his benefactor he named one county Rockingham, another he called Strafford from Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, etc., etc.

             John G. Palfrey, late Professor in the University, now Secretary of Massachusetts, has been printing a series of letters on the Slave Power, which have just been published in a pamphlet form. He has a right to speak upon slavery. His father, a planter in Louisiana died & he had the offer to have his portion of the slaves or an equivalent in money. He chose the slaves. He next applied to the Legislature of Louisiana to allow him to manumit them and let them live there; but it was refused. He then was at the trouble and expense of transporting them to Massachusetts, & (what was quite as irksome anything else, owing to their previous habits) of providing homes or places for them all. 'Tis said they might have been sold for ten thousand dollars.

 October 21, 1846

             Wednesday. Not long since, Le Verrier, a young man, 'tis said not more than thirty years old, made the bold assertion that there must be a planet exterior to Uranus. 'Tis said that he made a very careful examination of all the disturbing influences which, with the sun, could possibly affect the irregularities of Uranus. The mathematical calculations would not meet the difficulty. He then made calculations upon the hypothesis that there was an exterior planet, & satisfied himself that with such a planet all the irregularities of Uranus could be explained. His calculations were carefully examined.  Prof. Peirce told me that they appeared very reasonable. The steamer arrived in the course of the last night from England, bringing the intelligence that Le Verrier had made his calculations so thoroughly that he wrote to Berlin, informing the obervers there at what place in the heavens they must look for it. On the evening of receiving the communication, September the twenty-third, eighteen hundred and forty-six, Dr. Galle discovered the new planet where he had been told by Le Verrier to look for it. B. A. Gould, a graduate of Harvard College in 1844, now in Berlin, wrote immediately to Prof. Peirce, stating that Le Verrier at that time had not heard of the discovery by Dr. Galle. This evening Prof. Peirce thinks he has discovered it - not yet one month since it was first observed as a planet. What a singular sensation on one's mind such a discovery produces!! What a triumph of mathematics! What an idea it gives of the vastness and of the wonders of the universe! Where is the limit to the mind of man? With a pen, ink, & paper on a small table, in a little room or in a garret, a man can announce with confidence that there must be a planet as large perhaps as the largest yet seen, & tell the astronomer, though no one has ever observed it since the creation, the precise spot to which he must direct his telescope to find it. And the annunciation is confirmed by observing it, though hundreds of millions of miles distant in the fathomless, unbounded depths of space. What a simple yet wonderful discovery that of the telescope!

October 22, 1846

             Thursday. The discovery of the new nameless planet confirmed by this evening's observations. Now what shall it be named? What heathen deity worthy of the name. Pluto, Neptune, Vulcan, or why not Titan?

 October 23, 1846

             Friday. The course of the Lyceum Lectures in Cambridge, Ward No. 1, began this evening with a Lecture by Geo. S. Hillard, Esq., and a poem by O.W. Holmes, M.D. both of Boston. The reputation of the speakers drew out a thronged house, of the most intellectual people.

             It may be well enough to remember that the inscriptions upon the slab placed over the College tomb in memory of the Presidents Willard and Webber were by C. Folsom, & that the monument was placed there at the time of the commencement of the inquiry about Dunster.

             The ivy placed in the northeast corner of Gore Hall two years ago this autumn was sent by Wm E. Wood of Western New York who says the original slip came from Kenilworth Castle.

             The controversy respecting Young's Chronicles was carried on for sometime, particularly in the Boston Courier.

             Geo. Bancroft made a long reply to President Quincy, and it was published at Washington, in the Union. He sailed as Minister to England on the 8th inst. in the steamer from New York City.

 October 26, 1846

             Monday. Called, in the evening, on Prof. Kent. The custom of the present day is when a stranger moves into town, for the people residing there to call on him & his family before he calls on them. When the caller has a family the stranger and his family generally return the call within about a week.

 October 29, 1846

             Thursday. Attended the meeting of the Historical Society. Some discussion was held upon a repeated application from the Secretary of the State of Connecticut; in behalf of the Legislature, for the Trumbull papers, which have been for fifty years in the Library of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Several volumes of the Hist. Society's Transactions having been reprinted, it was voted to defer the reprinting of the vols. containing Hubbard's New England. Several of the first leaves are imperfect, & the copy from which the work was printed has lost several of the leaves. The original is in England, in possession of the heirs of Oliver, who would not in his lifetime allow the Society any use of it. The cause for delay is the expectation that, Oliver having died many years ago, the heirs will allow a copy of the defective parts to be made. Mr. Savage, upon being asked his opinion about the matter, said he had such a "supreme contempt for Hubbard that he did not think the whole History itself worth five dollars. The part that was wanting he would give five dollars for as quick as he would for the whole book, or five dollars for the part we have as quick as for the part which is imperfect. He took one third of the book from Winthrop, & nearly all the rest from Morton, except what, it has just been found, he took from Denton. He seems to have had these three writers before him & to have taken from them page after page, using their precise language. Whenever he exercises his own judgment, he is good; but this he seldom does."        

            Mr. Savage expressed himself too strongly. Till the Winthrop Journal was published, Hubbard was almost the only authority to be consulted. He ought to be regarded respectfully as having for a great many years imparted almost the only light to be had upon the period he embraces.

             Made many calls to obtain pamphlets, etc. for the Library.

 October 31, 1846

             Saturday. Two Law Students, viz. John Brown Brooke, of Prince Georges Co. Maryland and Hugh Toler Booraem of Newark, N.J. were arrested by the watchmen in Cambridgeport, as they making a turbulent noise on their return from the theatre at Boston last evening, & locked up in the watchhouse. Southern Students of the Law Students School were very indignant & made some movements towards taking them out by force, but finally abandoned the plan. Brooke & Booraem were  released upon giving their names, which at first they refused to do. To-day they were tried before the Police Court. Several of the Southern Students being very angry propose to quit the Law School. They find that Cambridge is not a pleasant place to live in.

             A search warrant sent out to look for books supposed to be taken by McElroy who was connected with College last term. His father, a respectable Irishman, a tailor doing business in Charlestown resides in Somerville. The young rascal had for sometime been in the habit of going into rooms of Freshmen, who did not know him & naming some textbook which he wished to borrow for a little time, saying that he roomed in the same entry. These books he undoubtedly sold in Boston to obtain spending money. As several books had been purloined from the Public Library a search was made for them at the same time, but without success.

 November 3, 1846

             Tuesday. Nahum Ball son of Dr. Ball of Northboro & brother of Balls dentists in Boston, & member of the Junior Class died in Boston last night about eleven o'clock, of abscess in the abdomen. He had been connected with Amherst College several months when he was severely attacked with a fever. He did not return to Amherst, but entered as Freshman here and from the time of coming here has been a fellow-boarder. The class held a meeting after evening prayers, passed sundry resolutions such as to wear crape for thirty days on the arm, appointed a committee to represent the Class if the funeral should be at Northboro: etc. He was an excellent man.

             Evening prayers at 4 1/2 o'clock. Breakfast immediately after morning prayers which are at 7 o'clock except on Sundays when they are one hour later. Dinner at two o'clock except on Saturdays when it is at one o'clock & Sundays when it is at 12 o'clock. Supper at 6 o'clock.

 November 4, 1846

             Wednesday. The Junior Class went to Boston where prayers were offered previously to removing the body of N. Ball to Northboro where the funeral is to take place to-morrow.     

            Rev. Abiel Abbott of Peterborough, N.H., a graduate of 1787, upon being questioned as to his agency in putting forward J. Sparks to get an education, informs me that while he was at Coventry, Conn., Rev. Mr. Loomis of Willington about ten miles distant called on him on his way to an Association meeting in June, & said that this Sparks, of whom he, Mr. A., had never heard, was with him & appeared to be a young man of talents desirous of getting an education; that he had calculated an eclipse, that he had taken hold of Algebra & by the light of a pineknot had gone through it easily & had commenced Latin; that he labored on a farm or as a carpenter & had no means to enable him to pursue his studies. Mr. L. proposed to Dr. A. that he should take him into his family one or two months and that the other clergymen of the Association should do the same, for the purpose of assisting him. Upon Dr. A's making inquiries respecting S's character, L. replied that S. was strictly moral; but as to his being religious he did not know as he had any religion & that he did not profess to have any. Dr. A. told Mr. L. that the members of the association entertained different religious sentiments, & he thought he might do better for him. He accordingly wrote to the Principal of the Academy at Exeter Academy with a view to getting him placed upon the charity foundation in that Institution. In the latter part of August of the same year, on a Friday he received a letter from Dr. Abbot, principal of the Academy, wishing to know if Sparks would come or not, as there was an opening. Being very unwell & not able to go to Willington himself, Mr. Abbott despatched a neighbor on Saturday to Willington with the letter, requesting an answer. Mr. Loomis & Sparks came back immediately with the messenger to Coventry. This was the first time of his ever seeing Sparks. He asked him what he meant to do about it. S. straitened himself up with considerable energy & said "Go." "But how are you going?" "On foot," was the reply. How will you get your baggage there? S. said he did not know, but proposed to send it by stage. As this was a circuitous route, Mr. A. told him, if well enough, he proposed going to Brunswick to Commencement & to take Cambridge & Exeter in his way, & that if on Monday morning he would bring his baggage three miles, to the road where he should himself pass he would carry it for him. And he did it. He further asked him if he knew the way. He replied only two or three miles. Mr. A. then gave him a list of the towns through which he must pass & letters to his friends in Andover, telling him when he had gone so far, to rest there one day. This was the early movement towards an education.

             Mr. or rather Dr. Abbott as I should call him said further, upon my questioning him, that nominally Mr. Sparks had no father though it was well known who his father was, & that he, Dr. A., knew his mother tho' when he became acquainted with her she was married.

             Charles Sumner delivered a Lyceum Lecture this evening. At one spicy allusion to slavery there was a mighty conglomeration of applause & hissing. He had just declined a nomination as candidate to Congress by the Peace party & the Native American party, with a view to effect the defeat of Mr. R.C. Winthrop. He has also taken an active part against slavery.

 November 5, 1846

             Thursday. Dr. Howe, principal of the Asylum for the blind is nominated as Candidate for Congress in place of C. Sumner. He took an active part in Greece at the time of the Revolution, & was subsequently imprisoned a short time in Europe for his sympathy with the Polish movements for the emancipation of Poland. He advocates emancipation of slaves in the South. He consents to stand candidate, though without the least expectation or probability of being elected, supposing the party want some one to be set up to be shot at or to help fill the ditch that others may pass over him.

             A meeting at Fanueil Hall to-night by the party to which he belongs. The Mexican War and the Tariff of the last session of Congress seem to be unpopular, if the great change through the United States indicated by the returns of votes now coming in is a true index of public sentiment.

             Mr. Sparks comes from Salem on Tuesdays & Thursdays to attend to his duties as Professor. He confirms in the main Dr. Abbot's statements of yesterday except in relation to his parentage about which I did not ask him. But he says that between the time of Mr. Loomis's first conversation with Dr. Abbott & the reception of the letter from Exeter which was in 1809, Dr. Abbot had been at Willington & Mr. Loomis had called him into his study & let him recite Latin in the presence of Dr. Abbot. He said however that he never knew anything about Exeter or that Dr. Abbot had written there respecting him till the reception of the the letter informing him he could be put upon the charity foundation in Phillips Exeter Academy.

             This afternoon called on by Reuben Sibley & his wife from Belfast, Maine. He is the son of Wm Sibley, of Freedom, Me.

 November 6, 1846

             Friday. The Christian published my uncopied private letter to Rev. Mr. Babcock, of New Bedford, formerly President of Waterville College, soliciting Baptists publications for the Library. So many letters have been written & so many books & pamphlets have been coming to the Library that it is unnecessary to detail them here.

 November 9, 1846

             Monday. J.G. Palfrey wants about 500 votes to be elected to Congress. R.C. Winthrop elected by a majority of about 2600.

 November 11, 1846

             Wednesday. This evening after prayers the President addressed the students. It appears the small gate through which he passes to the walk which leads to the chapel, & which makes the distance a little shorter that the passage from the front of his house was nailed up last evening between the hours of nine and ten. A lady, hearing the noise opened the window & asked "what was the matter;" but the rogues laughed at her. He spoke with much feeling upon the insult, for several minutes. The sentiment of the students is undecidedly against such conduct; but there are generally two or three individuals among so many, who will degrade themselves to such deeds, which are indicative neither of sense nor wit.

             A substitute for gunpowder, it is said, has been discovered in Europe. It is cotton subjected to some chemical action. If it can be successfully used, gunpowder which wrought such a change in the mode of warfare must retire from the field of action. What discovery will come next?

 November 13, 1846

             Friday. For some evenings a few individuals, particularly of the Sophomore class, have made a stamping at prayers, which was so loud as to be distinctly heard & to be annoying. It has also been the rule from time immemorial, when more classes than one passed out through the same door, for the older of the classes to go out first. The Seniors & Sophomores happen to be so seated that they pass down the same flight of steps. The Sophomore class is much larger than the Senior & has been disposed to crowd upon them & to begin to go out before they have all got upon the steps. This evening, undoubtedly by a preconcerted agreement of a few unruly individuals, the stove which heated the chapel & stood near the door was overturned in the rush. A few individuals, who have not feelings enough of the gentleman to return gentlemanly conduct when they receive it are disposed to be mischievious & troublesome towards the President. He will hardly be able to govern all of them by the high principles & motives he has adopted & which are too high to be fully appreciated by boys or by young men who are not gentlemen only when it suits their convenience. It is a pity that he is made of delicate nerves & feelings, though he never shrinks from duty when necessary to act.

 November 15, 1846      

            Sunday. Last night died Steele, a member of the Dane Law School from Chelsea, Vt. He had but just joined it.

 November 16, 1846

             Monday. By an Act of Congress each State in the Union is to be furnished with a set of standard weights and measures. Congress also gives $1500 for the erection of a fire proof building for them. The Secretary of Massachusetts gave to the Corporation the fifteen hundred dollars if they would comply with the conditions. The Committee of the Corporation having determined to put them in the Library, the carpenters began their preparations to-day by taking down the shelves in the Alcove on the north east corner of the Transept, which was called No. 18 because in moving the Library from Harvard Hall the books were placed in it which occupied No. 18 in the old building (P.S. afterward numbered 12). Is it proper to put such things in a Library?

 November 19, 1846       

            Thursday. Found different officers of the different Baptist societies for Missions, Sunday Schools, etc. very much in favor of action to furnish works to Harvard College. Dr. Anderson of the Board of Foreign Missions thanked me for the suggestion to procure copies of all the books which had been printed by their missionaries & said he would write to the different missions for them. The Missionary rooms contain many curiosities & several manuscripts. I sat in the chair in which Rev. George Whitefield died. It was given to the Missionary Society by Prof. Simon Greenleaf. I saw the Hawaii idol, the one at the foot of which Captain Cook's remains were buried. The Hawaiians had a tradition that their spirit had gone away but would return again. The was the image for the spirit - a long pole with the human face carved on one end. When they thought the spirit had returned in the person of Capt. Cook, the idol & his remains were put together.

             Attended the meeting of the Historical Society. A report was read and unanimously accepted declining for reasons therein given to surrender the Trumbull papers to the State of Connecticut. A remark of regret was made that the venerable J.Q. Adams who took part in speaking upon the subject was not present. It appeared afterward that while on the way probably to the meeting he was attacked with paralysis in his left side.

            Returned in the omnibus which left Boston at nine o'clock, having on board forty-three passengers drawn by four horses.

 November 20, 1846

             Friday. Spent much of the day in the office of the City Clerk & Clerk of the City Council of Boston in overhauling city documents to see what approximation might be made towards a perfect set for the College Library.

 November 22, 1846

             Sunday. In the afternoon attended the Howard Sunday School in Pitts Street, Boston. It has been established twenty years in the coming December. The address to the scholars was made by Benjamin H. Greene, one of the first superintendents. Twenty years ago, a few individuals commenced this school in an upper chamber in an old building in Merrimac Street. The room was not plastered, the windows rattled, & except very near the stove it was about as cold as in the street. On the morning of their first coming together there were seven teachers of whom Mr. Greene was one, & there were but three pupils, though forty had promised the teachers, who had been about during the week to obtain pupils, that they would come. The prospect was discouraging. Dr. Joseph Tuckerman, minister to the poor, came into the room and encouraged them to go on, to try it for several Sundays before abandoning the school. They persevered.

             The Pitts Street Chapel grew out of this Sunday School. Mr. Cobb, the present Superintendent said that since his connexion with the school nearly three thousand children had been connected with it. Many poor children, drawn in from the worst places in Boston, have been made respectable men by it. The secret & valuable influence which it has sent forth cannot be calculated.

 November 23, 1846

             Monday. The Library received more than thirty volumes in consequence of my solicitations in Boston last week.

 November 24, 1846

             Tuesday. This evening a fire was built in the stove in the College Chapel for prayers. It is to be continued every morning and evening during the cold season. It has never been so before.

             Prof. Peirce says there is quite a controversy he hears, about the discovery of the new planet. The English maintain that a young man named Adams, of the University at Cambridge, England, made the calculations before Le Verrier & more accurately, that he sent them to Challis & that he saw the planet three times before it was seen by Galle. But the weather was bad, his sidereal maps were bad, & he concluded they were different stars & not one planet, which he saw. The English astronomers are determined, it seems, to call it Oceanus. How singular that in almost every important discovery except that of gravitation there have been two or more persons contemporary that have laid claim to it!

 November 25, 1846

             Wednesday. The College dismissed, as usual on Thanksgiving week, after morning prayers till Saturday evening.

 November 26, 1846

             Thursday. Thanksgiving day. The churches have but one service on Thanksgiving days. A dinner on such days always consists of a roasted turkey & plum-pudding: without two dishes at least it would not be considered a thanksgiving dinner. But there are more frequently other dishes, as fowls, fruit, almonds & raisins, pies, etc.

             C.G. Thomas, a graduate of H. College passed the afternoon and evening at my boarding house. His history is a strange one. It was extracted from the class book and printed in the Harvardiana.

             Two Southern Law Students, one of whom was William Reid Gates of Eutaw, Alabama, were locked up in the watch-house last night.

 November 27, 1846

             Friday. The standard balance, etc. arrived the Library.

 November 28, 1846

             Saturday. Yesterday morning the steamer Atlantic was lost on Fishers Island & most of the passengers were lost. Among the lost was Dr. Armstrong, Secretary of the Board of Foreign Missions, [SEE ORIGINAL] of whom . This is the only very sad steamboat accident in the Sound since the loss of the Lexington at the time Dr. Follen perished.

 November 29, 1846

             Sunday. In the morning attended the services in Cambridgeport on occasion of the Rev. J.F.W. Ware entering upon ministerial duties over the church & society where A.B. Muzzey was minister for many years. The formalities of ordination are passing away. The services were like those of common worship on the Sabbath. Dr. Putnam of Roxbury preached & he & Dr. James Walker were the only clergymen who took part in the services, unless we include the final prayer & benediction by the pastor elect. There was no particular change, Address to the People, etc. Mr. Ware is son of Rev. Prof. Henry Ware, Jr. by his first wife who was daughter of Benjamin Waterhouse, M.D.

             Some difficulty existed between Mr. Muzzey & the Society & he has commenced the formation of a new Unitarian Society in Cambridgeport.

 December 4, 1846

             Friday. The object glass of the telescope arrives at Cambridge from Munich, by way of London and New York. It arrived at N.Y. just in time to avoid the duties of the "free trade" tariff which went into operation on the first instant. By this tariff books which have hitherto come free of duty to public institutions & public libraries are taxed as if they were ordered by booksellers. The duties on the telescope, it is estimated, would be about $5000. Accordingly, the object glass was forwarded before the other parts were finished & thus the college was enable to save $15000 of the $5000.

 December 10, 1846

             Thursday. Spent the day in Boston & obtained many donations of books to the College Library.

             It is curious to compare the Message of President Polk with the one of last year. There is no doubt that the Mexican War was begun solely on account of the annexation of Texas, & that the sole reason for annexing Texas was to give the South with slavery the controlling power in the Legislative Councils of the nation. Yet Polk pretends to say that the war was justified by the ill-treatment, which the U.S. has rec'd from Mexico. His messages did not harmonize. He shuffles about the ground of the war. There is no doubt that the Mexicans are a parcel of barbarians & have treated us shamefully; but it is certain that in this war we are the aggressors.

 December 11, 1846

             Friday. An important discovery has been made by which medical patients are made insensible during surgical operations. It was announced some weeks since; but the Boston Daily Advertiser of this day contains a communication on the subject from John C. Warren.

             Stands for lamps or candles put in the Chapel - a new affair.

 December 22, 1846

             Since Commencement time have written about one hundred and fifty compact pages soliciting public documents & other publications for the Library. All that I have asked have been for the Public Library, though some rascally Corporation of the University may allow themselves to be guilty of violating the trust confided in them and allow the Law Books to be removed to the Law Library hereafter as was once done. If they do, they abuse my motives in soliciting them, which I do for the Public Library only, that there may be at least one series preserved somewhere for historical purposes alone. The Corporation has been guilty of doing this once in regard to the Law Library.

             The following letters have been written by me, soliciting donations to the Public Library of Harvard University.

 25 Aug. John Schnierle, Mayor of Charleston, S.C. for Charleston documents.

25 Aug. Gov. Wm. Aikin of Charleston, S.C. for S. Carolina documents.

27 Aug. Gov. John Chambers, Iowa City, for Iowa documents

28 Aug. Gov. Nathaniel P. Tallmadge, Madison, Wisconsin, for Wisconsin documents

29 Aug. Franklin Sawyer, N. Orleans about Michigan & Louisiana documents

1 Sept. Hon. A.B. Meek, District Attorney for the Southern District of Alabama, at Mobile, for Alabama documents

4 Sept. Gov. Wm Slade, Middlebury, Vt for Vermont documents

5 Sept. D. Valentine Esq. Clerk of Common Council of N.Y. City for N.Y. City docts.

26 Sept. J.M. Jones, Galveston, Texas, about Texas documents, enclosing one to Gov. Horton of Texas on the same subject.

26 Sept. Isaac T. Hopper of New York City, for the Hicksite Quaker documents

26 Sept. Moore, Assistant Libr. N.Y.Historical Society, about pamphlets, etc.

26 Sept. Wm. Cogswell, D.D. Gilmanton, N.H. for catalogues to complete files

26 Sept. Rev. R. Babcock, New Bedford, for Baptist Memorial & Baptist documents

28 Sept. Jefferson Bancroft of Lowell for Lowell documents

5 Oct. Chief Justice Shaw for his publications

17 Oct. John Swift, Mayor of Philadelphia for Philadelphia documents

17 Oct. Gov. Francis R. Shunk, Gov. of Penn. for Pennsylvania documents

17 Oct. Gov. Wm. Moseley, Miccosukie, for Florida documents.

17 Oct. Gregory Yale, Attorney at Law, Jacksonville, Florida for Florida docts.

20 Oct. Gov. Thos. S. Drew, Little Rock, for Arkansas documents

3 Nov. Gov. Byron Diman of Newport, for Rhode Island documents

3 Nov. Gov. Horace Eaton, Montpelier, on Vermont documents

3 Nov. Gov. Thomas Ford, Springfield, Ill. for Illinois documents

3 Nov. Gov. John C. Edwards, of Jefferson City, for Missouri documents

3 Nov. Gov. Wm. Owsley, Boyle Co. for Kentucky documents

14 Nov. Geo. R. Fairbanks of Tallahassee on Florida documents

14 Nov. Gregory Yale, Esq., again, on Florida documents

21 Nov. Gov. Geo. W. Crawford, Richmond Co., for Georgia documents

23 Nov. Gov. Wm. A. Grahame, Raleigh, for N. Carolina documents

23 Nov. Gov. Wm. Smith, Richmond, for Virginia documents

24 Nov. Gov. James Whitcomb of Indianapolis, for Indiana documents

24 Nov. Gov. Albert G. Brown, of Jackson, for Mississippi documents

25 Nov. Gov. Isaac Johnson, West Feliciana for Louisiana documents

27 Nov. Gov. Wm Tharp, Milford, Delaware, for Delaware docts.

27 Nov. Gov. Bebb, Columbus, for Ohio documents

4 Dec. Gov. Thos. G. Pratt, Annapolis for Maryland documents

9 Dec. Gov. Charles C. Stratton, Trenton, for N. Jersey documents

             Beside the preceding long letters I have written many short ones & notes to individuals; to which it may be added that very many books and pamphlets have been given to the Public Library in consequence of hints, etc. given viva voce.

 December 23, 1846

             Wednesday. Geo. B. Cary, H.C. 1844, attended a party last evening in Boston, & at eleven & half o'clock waited on President Quincy's daughters to their carriage, apparently well. He was found dead in his bed at Boston this morning – apoplexy.

 December 24, 1846

             Thursday. The Law School in Cambridge, of which Cary was a member held a meeting, Prof. Kent presiding, to pass the usual resolutions, etc.

             J.P. Dabney in the Library. He has been collecting facts for many years respecting Harvard College graduates. Some of these he has published in the American Quarterly Register. This work contains notices of the Salem graduates also of the Tory graduates. Mr. Dabney has also made a list of all graduates who have been drunkards, which he has been discouraged from publishing. He has published a list of old graduates, in the Quarterly Register. In a paper at Dedham many years since he published notices of Dedham graduates. He finds a peculiar zest in collecting everything which he can find against persons. He has certainly exerted himself very diligently to collect materials & if his misanthropy was less & his charity greater & mind better balanced than it is, he would be able to prepare a very valuable book relating to the alumni. I know no person, man, woman or child, who likes him. He is an Ishmaelite indeed.

             Early in April 1842, President Quincy applied to me to edit the Triennial Catalogue, there never having been any person before that time to take special charge of it. I demurred; knowing how peculiarly liable to such a work must necessarily be to mistakes. Several interleaved copies of the Triennial, as was usual, had been sent in 1839, to persons who were interested, to correct errors, notice deaths, etc. with the request that they should be returned in season for use in regard to the Triennial of 1842. An interleaved copy was sent to Dabney, among the rest. After making corrections in it for the time loaned, he considered that he ought to be authorized to prepare the copy for the press, in 1842; though no allusion to the subject had been made which would authorize him to expect it more than either of the others who had received the interleaved copies of 1839.

             After three interviews I had with the President, so much was said that I was prevailed on to undertake the editorship. Dabney was indignant, though the application to me was entirely unexpected & unsolicited, tied a stone to his interleaved copy as he says & threw it from the Brighton Bridge into the Charles River, so that I should not have any benefit from his memoranda. From that day to this he has been a bitter enemy. I examined all the Corporation Records, Overseers Records, etc. which had never been done for that purpose before, & made the catalogue as correct as could be expected in such a work. Knowing Dabney had made much research & would do all he could to decry the catalogue, I instructed the printer & the binder not to let any person examine it but the President or myself, till I gave orders that the copies were ready for delivery, which would be at Commencement time. As I had anticipated, Dabney went to the binder to look at the sheets, about a week before the time for their delivery, for the purpose of getting errors to prepare a condemnatory notice which he intended to get inserted in some newspaper on the morning after the publication. My precaution prevented his seeing the sheets. He wrote his article, however, pointing out the errors which he was confident he should find, & only waited to see the catalogue before forwarding the communication to the paper. Upon examining the catalogue he found his article so valueless in those points in which he felt confidence that there were not errors enough to justify him in sending it to press. The Catalogue was issued on Alumni Day, the morning of the Tuesday of Commencement week. Dabney now changed his tone & accused me of plagiarism. Talking as he to every one about it, on the public days of that week, I heard him near the book store, talking in a tone so loud that I should hear, bringing his accusations before an acquaintance. I stepped to them & insisted upon knowing what was said. Dabney asserted that ninetenths of all the corrections, etc. which had been made were the result of his labors, & that I had procured them from Judge Merrill's interleaved catalogue, & that he had furnished them to the Judge. I told him it was not true, & that I did not take ten items from the Judge's catalogue which I did not find elsewhere & that all the additions, corrections & alterations of every kind, which I had made, were between 4000 & 5000. Judge Merrill subsequently told me he had obtained but seven new items from Dabney & that for each of these he gave him in return two which he had not got. When the edition of 1845 was issued he renewed his attack. I had but ten weeks to ascertain dates of deaths & carry the printing of about 160 pages through the press. Of course there must be many errors, omissions, & imperfections. The ascertaining and inserting of the deaths was an entirely new feature. Not a step had ever been taken by any person towards such an object. After a signature had been passed in printing it was impossible, of course, to insert deaths subsequently found. But more than 3200, that is, more than three quarters of them, by very great exertion, were obtained & printed. Dabney would not come to me if he found errors, but would tell my acquaintances. In this way three or four of his corrections were received which turned out to be errors of his own & not mine. He now says there never was a man who sowed so little and reaped so much as I did in ten weeks.

             The Boston Courier of the morning on which the Triennial was issued contained a statement respecting Triennials in which I spoke of Lowell as belonging to Nova Scotia. It was a mistake. Dabney addressed a note to the Editor couched in the most bombastic & Sam Johnson style. I tried to obtain it of the Editor as a curiosity; but it was so ridiculous that he would not publish it nor let me have it except to read it. There appears to be a tinge of insanity about him. 'Tis said he was indulged while a child, till he was spoiled. He is worth $8000 or $10,000 now; but twenty years ago was very poor. He studied divinity; but did not succeed in his profession. He published Cambridge hymns, edited Mrs. Barbauld's works, Tyndals Testament, made a prayer book, over the proof sheets of which he would swear with passion, the printers told me. I have repeatedly offered to furnish him with items of information respecting graduates; but he is so insane he will have none of them. If he calls on a family & finds the furnace register not exactly agreeable to him he takes the liberty of adjusting it to his own feelings & censuring the family for their folly in having it different, even though it be precisely suited to their habits & wishes. He was in the habit of sitting in the bookstore, to save the expense of fuel, till the owners kept the fire so low that he was obliged to abandon it for some warmer place. He haunted the Historical Society Library all last summer, boring every man that visited it, till he became so bad that a short time since the Librarian put a notice on the door that the Library would be open only from twelve to one o'clock & locked the door the rest of the time. This broke up his plan for winter quarters & he wants to make the College Library his residence during the cold season. If he were not selfish, would be quiet, & not annoy visitors so that their time is nearly lost, & would be more like decent people, there would be pleasure in helping him collect materials. But he is too noisy, vociferous & selfish for comfort.

            A large handbill, which had been printed in Boston soliciting volunteers for the army in Texas, & containing invitations to persons to call at Scollay's buildings in Boston to enlist, whence they would be sent forward to Texas, was pasted in the night upon the President's small gate, the one that was sometime since nailed. "Scollay's buildings" was erased and "President's Office" was substituted with a pen. Texas being regarded as a kind of asylum for rogues of every kind, the joke was quite applicable to students, rather more so than it could be to a civil officer, who would only do his duty in sending rogues to Texas. Probably the deed was by the same individual who previously had nailed the same gate. The students as a body are above such insults. The mischief is confined to a few.

 December 25, 1846

             Friday. The Boston Courier contains the Resolutions respecting G.B Cary ---- Christmas Day. College exercises omitted. --- Spent the forenoon in the Library.

 December 28, 1846

             Monday. Another trial to elect Dr. Palfrey to Congress.

 December 29, 1846

             Tuesday. Forty-two years ago to-day, in 1804, I was born in Union, Maine, on the Robbins Neck, on the side of the hill northerly of the junction of the St. George's river with the Seven-Tree pond, in the Southwest lower room of the house subsequently owned by Rev. Henry True and in the same room in which Henry A. True, his son, was born. My mothers' name was Persis Morse. She was daughter of Obadiah Morse and born at Sherburn, Massachusetts. My father, a physician & the first who established himself in Union. He studied medicine with Dr. Carrigain of Concord, N.H.. He was son of Jacob Sibley of Hopkinton, N.H., who was son of Jonathan Sibley of Stratham, N.H. who was born at Danvers or Manchester, Mass. & whose father, 'tis said, lost his life at the time Haverhill, Mass. was destroyed by the Indians, though his name is not among those killed on the occasion. There is a tradition that after the fight he went to assist in extinguishing the fire of the meeting house and thus lost his life. My grandmother's name was Anna George. She was a native of Haverhill, Mass. born some distance below the village.

             Spent the day in the State House, Boston, endeavoring to compile the Library sets of the State documents, laws, resolves, etc.

 December 30, 1846

              Wednesday. Spent the day again at the State House.

 December 31, 1846

             Thursday. Again at the State House. Also attended the meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society.


1847

January 1, 1847

             Friday. New Years day. Several persons in Boston & Cambridge endeavor to introduce the New York New Years Day custom. Some unsuccessful efforts of the kind were made here a few years ago. In New York City, the day is a holiday. All ordinary business is suspended. The streets are thronged; but not a lady is seen in them. The ladies are prepared all day to receive company. Cake & wine stand on the table for all gentlemen who call. The gentlemen make as many calls as they wish or many as they can. They are expected to call on all their female acquaintances. If any little jars have occurred during the preceding year it is expected that upon a call being made everything will be overlooked. It is also a time for dropping such acquaintances as are not desirable.

             In the evening at a party at Mayor Green's. How were invitations given & parties managed one hundred years ago? Now, the mistress of the house, nearly a week before giving a large party, addresses billets in her own handwriting generally to the persons she invites, in the following style, "Mrs. G. requests the pleasure of Mr. H's company on Friday evening next" & signs the date & street. Mr. H is expected to return a written reply; & if he accepts the invitation it is generally soon after receiving it, the invitation & something like the following: - "Mr. H accepts with pleasure Mrs. G's polite invitation for Friday evening." A written answer is expected whether the invitation is accepted or not, so that Mrs. G may know in season how many she is to expect. Within two or three years the practice has become quite generally to enclose the billets, as well as letters in general, in envelopes, tho' before that time envelopes were not used for either. The guests ordinarily go to parties in Cambridge a little before nine o'clock. Refreshments provided about ten o'clock. Not far from eleven o'clock the party breaks up. In the course of a week, each person invited, whether he accepted the invitation or not, is expected to make a call. Otherwise his conduct is regarded as a slight & he probably will not receive another invitation to the same place, unless there be satisfactory reasons for omitting the call. Prst Everett seems to be setting an example by going to parties at eight o'clock and leaving at ten o'clock.

 January 8, 1847

             Friday. For several days occupied in preparing the Massachusetts Legislative Documents & Election sermons, etc. for binding. In the evening at a party at Mr. Samuel Newell's where was dancing.

 January 9, 1847

             Saturday. Cyrus Woodman, Esq. of Mineral Point, Wisconsin, has spent a week or two in the Library examining the series of the Relations de la Nouvelle France & other works for historical items respecting Wisconsin. He is a native of Maine. He says when the Wisconsin Legislature is in session, a kind of mock legislature is got up by "outside politicians".  A regular organization is had & if the man who is chosen governor is a man of talents & wit he affords a great deal of merriment when he sends in his Message, in which he generally "takes off" all the politicians and men holding office and measures. Even in Harvard College for many years it has been customary to have mock parts proclaimed on the days when Commencement & Exhibition parts are assigned. The mock parts commonly are made out so as to be peculiarly appropriate because of their bearing upon some peculiarities or circumstances of the several individuals to whom they are assigned. At Yale College the joke is carried so far that mock orders of Exercises for Commencement are printed in a style precisely similar to the regular orders, & are distributed as freely as they can be, so as to bother the spectators; great care is pains being taken to substitute as many false orders as possible for those which are distributed, for spectators, on the seats before the Exercises begin.

             Funeral of Mr. Pomeroy, who died on Wednesday of erysypelas, dropsy, and a complication of diseases, having been taken down seriously ill on Christmas day. He was quite wealthy & public spirited. In Northfield where he made his money by distilling New England rum, he gave the Congregational Society about 5000 dollars, after which he built a meetinghouse & added to the above sum the receipts from the sale of the pews. Many years ago he gave 1000 dollars to the Divinity School in Cambridge. And since residing in this place he has shown his public spirit by many little acts which were not striking enough to create much sensation. He was active in getting up the Lyceum building. In the drought of summer he labored very industriously, watering the trees on the sandy soil of the common. He provided long walks of flag stones, - also posts on the exterior side of the walks by the side of the common, etc., etc. 

January 14, 1847

             Thursday. The last day of the College term. Last evening the Faculty had a meeting. A.H. Flanders of the Senior Class was sent from College, being virtually expelled. To a certain extent he may be considered as not being an accountable mortal. He seems to be destitute of a moral sense. He took books from the library a year ago without having them charged. Eleven uncharged volumes were found in his room. For this he was excluded from the College Library. When the fall term commenced in 1846, he wrote a very penitent letter to the Librarian, pledging himself to the observance of the laws of the library to the very-letter, & his privilege was restored. This took place without a report to the Faculty. Yesterday, in consequence of suspicion, his room was visited, & though he denied upon his honor that he had any book, he was obliged to yield the keys to his secretary, which was found to contain another volume from the College Library. He immediately came to the Library & begged piteously to be excused. But he was immediately reported to the President. He also forged in the Library by getting at the charging book & crossing a volume which he had not returned; & when he suspected trouble he returned it. He also within a month or two forged a large number of omnibus tickets. He endeavored also to get admittance to the theatre by passing an obsolete ticket. One student in his entry told me that he was probably the only person in his entry, from whom he had not stolen. He was guilty not only of licentiousness but of mean, low, dirty acts too indecent to be named. There is but one feeling among the students, the feeling of joy and rejoicing that he is sent away.

 January 15, 1847

             Saturday. To-day a gentleman visited the Library from New York City, who performed the whole journey for the purpose of seeing E. Pemberton's funeral sermon on Rev. Mr. Nicole. The work was never published; some copies were printed for the relatives & friends. The Library chanced to contain two copies, & as one of them was in loose leaves, & had no donor's names upon it, he was permitted to take it & give what he pleased. He gave five dollars & congratulated himself on getting  it so cheap & said he should endeavor to aid us by forwarding some documents, etc. hereafter. This fact confirms my doctrine that not anything is too unimportant to be preserved in a Public Library.

 January 17, 1847

             Sunday. Died this morning in Boston, George G. Kuhn of the Senior Class in Harvard College. He was brother of Austin Kuhn of the class 1843 & died of the same disease, consumption. Funeral to be on Thursday the 21st instant.

 January 18, 1847

             Monday. Died, in Lunenburg, of consumption induced by scrophila, Rev. Richard T. Austin, a native of Waldboro, Maine, whose name was formerly Reuben Seiders. His body to be brought by cars to Cambridge to-morrow for entombment on Friday.        

January 22, 1847

             Friday. Funeral of Mr. Austin from Mr. Newell's meeting-house. The organ played a voluntary, Mr. Hopper, Episcopal clergyman, read portions of scripture, "Unveil they bosom, faithful tomb" was then sung by the choir, after which Mr. Newell made a short address & followed it with a prayer.

 January 24, 1847

             Sunday. At Mr. Clarke's in the forenoon. P.M. at the German Lutheran meeting in Suffolk Street Church, where all the services were conducted in the German language.

 January 28, 1847

             Thursday. At the Historical Society meeting, chosen Recording Secretary pro tempore.

 February 2, 1847

             Tuesday. Took the 9 o'clock train of cars to Lowell, tarried there about two hours, then went to Nashua. When preaching there in the fall of 1834, after much difficulty I prevailed on five or six influential men to go with me to the spot where the Unitarian meeting house stood, with a view to convert the grove surrounding it into a cemetery. They spoke discouragingly about the probability that all the lots would be bought. They were prevailed on, however, to undertake the work, & in a short time found it necessary to purchase more land & add it to the meeting-house lot. Such was the origin of the Nashville [sic] cemetery.

             Took dinner with Mrs. Thayer, with whom I boarded, her husband not then being dead. Took tea with Daniel Abbot's family. Proceeding in the cars to Manchester where I spent the night with Edwin A. Bodwell, late Registrar of Deeds, new Captain of a volunteer company to go to Texas when called for, with whom I became acquainted by way of the American Magazine.

 February 3, 1847

             Wednesday. To Concord.

 February 4, 1847

             Thursday. A.M. to Mr. Sanborn's - in the evening to my uncle Stephen Sibley's in Hopkinton, where was Mrs. Gage, somewhat improved but still badly deranged. Her mother is also somewhat deranged.

 February 5, 1847

             Friday. Called on the family of the late Judge Harris; took tea with Judge Matthew Harvey, late Governor of the State. 

February 8, 1847

             Monday. With my uncle, S.S. went to grandfather's place of residence, on which at present lives James Hoit, who married Clerrinda, daughter of my uncle Amos. After dinner my uncle Isaac Rice & wife came to Mr. Hoits & we returned to Henniker that evening & passed the night.

 February 9, 1847

             Tuesday. We proceeded towards Bradford & met Winsor Ward, my cousin, son of Josiah Ward, who married my mother's sister. From him I learned the inhuman treatment she received from her son Sylvester. Half-starved, frozen in her bed till her back had an ulcer twice as large as a man's hand, beaten with a stick by her granddaughter at the instigation of Sylvester, if she happened to be in her way; & though totally blind & about 87 years old, always denied assistance in going to bed, in dressing or undressing, kept in the greatest filthiness- it is horrible to think of. W.W. said that he was not aware of the extent of her sufferings, particularly as she always expressed an unwillingness to leave the place which had been her home for nearly half her life. Finally when he determined to take her away by force, & procured assistance from neighbors, he found the blind & feeble old woman making breakfast of cold water, a cold potatoe & a crust of bread. The change from suffering to comfort was probably  more than she could bear & she died 9th May 1845, nine weeks to a day from the time she was removed to his house. While Sylvester's first wife lived his mother was kindly cared for -- But after she died about four years ago, she was neglected. S. married afterward a miserable girl of 17 years of age, who lived there, & one great recommendation with him was that she would not "wait on the old woman."        

            Called on Mr. Martin of Bradford, who married Marinda, daughter of Daniel Bean of Warner by his first wife. Then we rode to Timothy Eastman's in Warner where we dined. At dinner proposed that uncle & aunt Rice & Uncle & Aunt Eastman & Aunt Hannah Sibley should go down with us & spend the evening at Uncle D. Beans. Thus we made a greater family gathering of the Sibleys probably than will ever be got together again in the vicinity. Mrs. Rice, Bean & Eastman were Sibleys & sisters to Hannah. Their husbands were there & uncle Stephen and myself.

 February 10, 1847

             Wednesday. Passed the forenoon at Mr. Bean's, examining old letters relating to Union, Maine, & to the Sibley family. In the afternoon returned with my uncle S.S. to his home in Hopkinton.

 February 11, 1847

             Thursday. Made calls in Hopkinton village. Hopkinton is a town of great historical interest. It has been a shire town. The N.H. Legislature has been held there. It was a prominent rival with Concord at the time the decision was made to build the State House at Concord. It once had more weight than any other town in the State. There were many distinguished men in Hopkinton, among whom were John Harris, Judge of Probate & afterward for several years judge of the Supreme Court; Judge Green of the Supreme Court; Horace Chase Judge of Probate; Matthew Harvey, Speaker of the House of Representatives, Gov. of the State, Member of Congress, & District Judge. It has sometimes been said, formerly, "as goes Hopkinton so goes the State." My father's native place. Now there is but little business done there. Hereafter it will not probably be understood what the town has been in times past.

 February 13, 1847

             Saturday. Went to Concord, accompanied by Mrs. Gage. In the evening went to Mr. Sanborn's, where I spent the night & obtained much information respecting the Sibleys.

 February 14, 1847

             Sunday. Returned to the village. Heard Mr. Tilden preach at the Unitarian church. Upon my return in the afternoon I found that Mrs. Gage had become so much worse from excitement that it was necessary to send her to the quiet of her father's house in Hopkinton. Took tea with Mr. Tilden.

 February 15, 1847

             Monday. Soliciting books for the College Library. Examined the Document room at the State House & obtained many, besides many from individuals.

 February 16, 1847

             Tuesday. Returned to Cambridge, bringing several cubic feet of books & pamphlets as gifts for the College Library.

February 17, 1847       

             Wednesday. Find several things, sent to the Library, during my absence, also that the State of Florida has voted all their documents which can be found, to the Library, & that they shall continue to be sent. Found seven or eight letters, among which were two from Union, one giving an account of my mother's sickness with paralysis, the other mentioning her death which took place February 5, 1847, at a quarter before four o'clock P.M. She had been feeble for two or three years & partly deranged. She was born at Sherburne, Mass., 20 April 1772. daughter of Obadiah Morse Her mother died when she was six weeks old & she experienced the "tender mercies" of a drunken stepmother. Peace to her spirit, for she has had none too much here.

             The name of my mother's mother was Fairbanks, & her mother's was Coolidge before marriage. My grandmother & all her brothers & sisters died of consumption, but none of the children died of it, though very many of the grandchildren (who are my cousins) have died of the disease.

             My great-grandmother, who was a Coolidge, had a cancer wart on her nose, which never troubled her as she never irritated it, & her brother died of cancer. How far are these diseases hereditary in the family?

February 18, 1847

             Thursday. The Corporation's nomination of E.N. Horsford for Rumford Professor was confirmed at a meeting of the Overseers to-day, who also approved a plan submitted to them by the Corporation for the establishment of a scientific department in the University, upon a footing like the Law, Medical & Theological departments. 

February 25, 1847

             Thursday. At the meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society.

 The custom of wearing mourning is going much into disuse. The extent to which it was formerly carried was very objectionable & it was very oppressive to poor people. The custom is to wear it for one year or thereabouts & in the meantime not to attend any parties for pleasure. Though there are cases where grief never ends, yet there was great hypocrisy in carrying matters so far. It may be well to wear a slight badge for a time. Crape has generally been worn upon the hat, but recently alepine is substituted.

March 8, 1847

            Monday. Dispatched to Florida letters of acknowledgement for the Resolution passed by the Legislature to furnish a continued series of the Documents, laws, etc. to the Public Library of the University at Cambridge. Seven letters I have written to Florida in connexion with the movement to get the documents.

March 9, 1847

            Tuesday. President Everett summoned before him three members of the Senior Class & informed them that the Navy Club must be abolished. It is time. It is a disgrace to the College. The scene last year was such that many persons were ashamed to be seen looking at it. Everything which has a tendency to lower students from their standing as gentlemen, ought to be abandoned. Last year some members of the Class itself would not join in it.

March 11, 1847

            Thursday. The second trial for election of Mayor in Cambridge, there having been no choice last week. Mr. Green re-elected by a small majority. Mr. Green's unpopularity is owing to his efficiency in doing his duty.

March 12, 1847

            Friday. The Students are at their tricks again. This morning a half-sheet of paper was wafered upon the gate of the President, containing the words "Painting done here" & below, within the circumference of about the size of a half-dollar, was a person's head rudely scrawled with a pen, having the cheeks coloured red. At prayers at night, some one admitted a dog into the Chapel & it was considerable annoyance. Many of the students are too boyish to have their liberty; they ought to be treated like boys and kept in a school room constantly under the eyes of the teacher. The tricks of which they are guilty indicate a very low tone of sentiment in a few individuals. At this time there is a little ill feeling among some at the dissolution of the rowdy navy-club, so called.

March 13, 1847       

            Saturday. This morning died in Boston, of dysentery & the consequent hemorrhage, Fr. Wm. Greenwood, Proctor in the University and Member of the Divinity School, son of the late Rev. Dr. Greenwood, of Boston. He was a feeble man & lost a brother, an undergraduate, of consumption, two years since.

March 14, 1847

             Sunday. How singular the operations of the mind. Several times within a month I have tried to anticipate the feelings I should have in case I knew I were irrecoverably sick. Last night I had a dream that I was pronounced incurable by the physician, & though the dream was vivid it was not possible to bring the feelings to a realization of the situation.

 
            Attended meeting in
Boston; went to Mrs. Stevens in Charlestown with whom lives her mother, my aunt Whitney. Besides being blind & quite infirm, her mind partakes somewhat of the monomaniac spirit, which my mother had. Saw there Mr. Lee, town clerk of Manchester, Representative to the General Court & his wife who was daughter of my Aunt Whitney's daughter Farrar who died at Manchester, probably two years ago. 

March 15, 1847

                 Monday. Quite a "fuss" in Cambridge about the legality of the election of Mayor. It appears that the messenger of the clerk of Ward One dropped the returns of votes for that ward into the Cambridgeport Post-Office, & that the City Clerk did not go to the Post Office till the time in which by law they must be returned, had expired. The Aldermen & Clerk, however, decided that the return was nevertheless legal & gave Mr. Green his certificate. The opposition party are endeavoring to have the votes of Ward One rejected, which will make Douglass, his opponent, Mayor. This difficulty going on, with considerable spirit, it is discovered that the person who acted as Warden at the election in Ward Two, was not sworn, though the law requires it. Thus the two wards being rejected, the third ward was the only one whose votes were legally to be counted, & in the that ward, Mr. Green had a majority.

             This is a very interesting day at Brookline, it being the semicentennial anniversary of Rev. Dr. Pierce. Accounts to be found, in detail, in the Christian Register and Boston Daily Advertiser.

             Vessels, both national and private, loading with grain, raised by voluntary contributions, to relieve famishing Ireland. In Boston Harbor, side by side as it were, lie vessels one fitting out on its errand of mercy to Ireland, the other carrying destruction to the Mexicans. The inconsistency of mankind!

 March 16, 1847

             Tuesday. Prof. Peirce reads a communication before the American Academy, to show that Le Verrier's discovery was accidental, & that the perturbations or irregularities of Uranus are not satisfactorily accounted for by the planet Neptune. The communication will be printed probably in the forthcoming Smithsonian periodical.

             Rec'd a letter from Gov. Horace Eaton, of Vermont, containing a copy of Resolutions passed by the Legislature to furnish the College Library with the State Documents, Laws, etc.

 March 25, 1847

             Thursday. An effigy of the President was found this morning suspended from the upper story of Massachusetts No. 32, but taken down by the janitor before prayers.        

            Attended the meeting of the Mass. Historical Society; made several calls, walking about twelve miles during the day.

 March 26, 1847

             Friday. Rec'd a letter from the Clerk of the Common Council of the City of New York, containing Resolutions of the Government to forward to the College Library copies of the City Documents.        

            This evening, in order to have the ringing of the nine o'clock bell give the alarm & excite the people, fire was communicated to an effigy of the President, which the students made and placed against the outside of the northerly door of University Hall. There is a little dissatisfaction with the President on account of his efforts to abolish the Navy Club, Class Suppers, etc; which are really disgraceful to the College. But the iniquity is not so much from dislike to him as from love of mischief, & from the evil spirit of a few who delight in inflicting torture upon one who is exceedingly sensitive. The President's conduct is uniformly gentlemanly & kind & dignified. The students are not used to appeals so high & honorable as he makes. The truth is, he is too good, too highminded, too gentlemanly & too humane for little boys, who should be snapped on the nose & have their ears pinched, rather than be treated as young men.

 March 27, 1847

             Saturday. The Jamestown sails for Cork, loaded with corn, from Boston, to be given to the famishing Irish. This is probably the first instance ever known of a national vessel being sent on such an errand of mercy (sailed Sunday the 28th).

 March 30, 1847

             Tuesday. The thermometer this morning about 7 o'clock at 20º; at Walpole, N.H. only 7º, & snow there two feet deep in the woods.

 March 31, 1847

             Wednesday. Snow four inches deep. Thermometer 26º + at nine o'clock, P.M. ---This evening about 8 1/2 o'clock an alarm of fire. The students had saturated a large quantity of cotton wool with turpentine & ignited it against the south door on the west side of University Hall. The door was nearly burned through.

 April 1, 1847

             Thursday. Thermometer at 6 1/2 o'clock, A.M. at 16º +. The President made an eloquent address to the Students after morning prayers, in which he told them he should not lay the last nights proceedings before the Faculty; but refer the subject to the Corporation, with a view to obtain a civil process in relation to it. He is exceedingly troubled, has little or no sleep, & probably will resign. If he does it will be the greatest calamity which has ever befallen the College. He is too kind to the students, & will find that something more will be necessary than to treat them as gentleman. The spirit of screening classmates, even when guilty of heinous offences, is not yet exterminated. This seems to many persons like countenancing their iniquities. There is no reason why Collegians should not be as amenable to the laws of the land as other persons. President Quincy had Chapman tried by court at Concord or Lowell for abusing Birchard; & it was proper. Shall a few mischievous boys compel a man to resign, who is decidedly the best man in the country to be the President? What a disgrace to the College! He has already done more to improve & elevate the College in every respect than has ever before been done by a President in the same length of time.

             Thermometer at 10 P.M. at 23º.

 April 2, 1847

             Friday. Another snow-storm.

             The President's health suffers; sleep is almost a stranger to him. To me it would not be surprising if he should become seriously sick & disqualified for the duties of his office. If he cannot discharge them, of course he will resign.

 April 5, 1847

             Monday. Another dash of snow last night. It is reported that the President on Saturday tendered his resignation to the Corporation but they refused to accept it. This morning he made an address to the undergraduates, in which he spoke with energy & decision, & explained the nature & penalty of arson, particularly when persons lodged in the building, as was the case in University Hall. Ten persons, Sophomores, have been compelled to acknowledge themselves the perpetrators of the deed of the first bonfire. The clue to them was the circumstance that certain College windows were observed to be open & students looking out, at the time the alarm was given. He read a vote of the Corporation limiting the time for confessing the last deed before putting it into the hands of civil officers.

 April 8, 1847

             Thursday. Fast day. Most of the clergy preached upon the Mexican war & slavery.

 April 9, 1847

             Friday. The students implicated in the fire of March 26, after having been kept in a state of suspense since their confession on Friday evening last, receive their sentences. Francis Leathe of Watertown, son of a widow, & having two sisters, tis said, sick with consumption, dismissed from College, sine die. James D. Green, son of the Mayor, George B. Upton, & James O. Williams carried the materials for the bonfire to the steps & Williams ignited it ---all suspended till Thanksgiving time. Francis Howland, Everett Peabody, son of the clergyman of Springfield, whom his father has been endeavoring to support by writing articles for the North American Review, & Nathan P. Rice, suspended till Commencement. G. Bradford, C.F. McDonald & S.C. Oliver receive public admonitions. Thus ends the disclosure respecting the first bonfire.

             Any censure deprives a student for a time of all charitable assistance, so that Bradford may be quite a sufferer. Formerly expulsion was the heaviest penalty & deprived the student of all College honors ever afterward. And as no person can enter any college without a certificate from his previous teachers it virtually debarred him from receiving a degree. The next punishment, rustication, required the student to leave the College for a year & then come and take the same College standing he had when he was sent away, which put him into the class next below the one in which he would otherwsie have graduated. Dismission sent a person from College for a year but permitted him to reenter the class he belonged to. Suspension was for three, six or nine months according to the offence. The student was sent to some person at a distance & required to pursue his studies with such a person as should be designated. Fines for neglect of public worship or of recitations or of prayers or for combinations or other offences were abolished soon after the year 1825. Public admonition is recorded & a letter is sent to the parents of pupils to that effect. Private admonition is a personal rebuke from the President.

 April 10, 1847

             Saturday. P.M. News of the bombardment & surrender of Vera Cruz & of the Castle of San Juan d' Ulloa to the U.S. troops, with the death of hundreds of women & children from the bursting of the shells. Evangelical Christianity!

 April 12, 1847

             Monday. During the weekly Faculty meeting  between 7 & 9 o'clock P.M., some audacious fellow or fellows carried a bundle of hay or straw to the piazza nearly under the President's study in which the meeting was held & ignited it, & fled, and escaped. The distance from the fire to the gate of the yard was several rods, & no little courage was necessary to such an outrageous act.

             Rec'd in consequence of my application last autumn to the Government of the City of New York through D.T. Valentine, Clerk of the Common Council, ninety-five volumes of the City Documents, besides pamphlets & a beautiful map of the City and County of N.Y. for the Public Library of the College. Finished cataloguing 242 pamphlets & six volumes sent to the Library, relating principally to South Carolina, given by Joshua B. Whitridge , M.D. of Charleston, S.C. agreeably to my request to him when he was here at the last Commencement. They were not duplicates, & consequently were very acceptable as materials for South Carolina history. Several of them treat of nullification, State rights & slavery.
 

April 13, 1847

             Tuesday. Retired early last evening, & rose at four o'clock this morning to write the History of Union. So many friends call & there are so many interruptions in the evening that but little can be accomplished. The morning is quiet, no one stirring till the bell rings at twenty minutes before six o'clock.

April 14, 1847

             Wednesday. Finding I was unable to accomplish anything in the evenings, begin a new course; retired between eight & nine o'clock & rose this morning at four o'clock.

April 18, 1847

            Sunday. Rose according to rule at 4 o'clock, attended church in Boston, as usual. The afternoon services in the College Chapel have restored to the old hour, beginning at 4 1/2 o'clock, P.M., as was the case before the last year. In the evening called at the Presidents. He looks sick, anxious & careworn. He rises regularly at 5 o'clock in the morning. It is said that the physicians have expressed an opinion that he ought not have accepted the Presidency with his state of health. His sensibility in connexion with the vexations of his office has been such as to prove too much for him, whereas if he had been perfectly well & had less sensibility his health might not have suffered. There are constant reports of his having tendered his resignation. If he has he probably will not leave on account of the intractability of the students, though he is probably disgusted with the whole business; but because the physicians say his health is such that with his present excitability he ought not to continue to discharge his duties. He is always very reserved, & has never himself, I believe, said anything about his health.        

            It seems to be generally understood that the arson of the University Hall the second time was by Freshmen & of his house by a young man living in Cambridge, who was in no way connected, with College, but preparing himself to enter. Prof. Walker told me that the President has a hundred times the mental power in the way of penetrating the character & detecting the misdemeanors of students, which his predecessor, President Quincy, had. The Faculty keep quiet, the rogues are careless about remarks, one incident after another leaking out, & before the Grand Jury has its Session in June, probably sufficient will have been heard by the Faculty to enable the Jurors to make out a strong case.

April 20, 1847

             Tuesday. Commenced moving Alcove 1 to the 11th, 2 to 14th, 11 to 2nd & 12 to 1st, with a view to final arrangement, they having remained nearly as they were when they were transferred from Harvard Hall in July 1841.

 April 21, 1847

            Wednesday. Took tea with Rev. M.B. Chase, Chaplain in the Navy, where were Mrs. Thatcher, daughter of the late Gen. H. Knox, & her son, Lieutenant Thatcher, of the Navy, & his wife. Mrs. Thatcher says she remembers well the circumstances of her father's death. He ate the bone which came from the breast of a small chicken, at his own house, when there where many persons present as company. He rose & went to the china closet attached to the dining room, & when he returned remarked that whatever it was it had gone down. Nearly a fortnight afterward he complained of uneasiness & suffering, & endeavored to drive it off by walking. No one suspected the cause. One day he returned, & sitting down observed he was truly sick. His sufferings became intense. Dr. Brown of Waldboro was employed as the physician and "reduced"  him on account of inflammation. He was a large & fleshy man, weighing 280 lbs. & had a very vigorous constitution, "never being sick". The evening before he died, it was found upon examination, the mortification has commenced. The information was communicated to Mrs. Thatcher, & she communicated it to her mother. This was the first intimation they had that his sickness would indeed be fatal.

April 23, 1847

             Friday. Declined a request to prepare a series of articles for the Genealogical Register relating to the officers of Harvard University & recommended Wm. T. Harris. Employed in changing four more Alcoves in the Library the 9th to the 12th, 12th to the 3rd, 3rd to the 13th, 13th to the 9th, to take a new numbering and arrangement.

April 29, 1847

            Thursday. At the meeting of the Historical Society. Dined at Samuel F. Morse's, my cousin.

             In the War of 1812, Nathan Jackson having married a girl in Boston (who lived with a Mrs. French) & had three sons & one daughter by her, put her on board the stage at New York, gave her five dollars & sent her or drove her away to Boston. The charge he brought against her was intemperance & unfaithfulness. Whether her intemperance was caused by the ill treatment received from her husband is not known. The other part of the charge was probably got up by him to favor his object of abandoning her; & if it had any foundation, which is not likely, it was probably brought about by himself when she was intoxicated. The most, however, which probably can be alleged is that she was seen in suspicious circumstances, & that a person had been introduced to the room where she was, in order to enable her husband to present some plausible ground for abandonment.

             Mrs. Jackson returned to Mrs. French in Boston. Mrs. French a few years afterward moved to Bangor, Mrs. Jackson went to live with Samuel, father of Samuel F. Morse. She lived in the family, in the kitchen, from about the year 1818 till Mrs. Morse died. She seldom went into the street, perhaps not once in six months, was in short a drudge; & did not speak of her troubles though at times she was greatly depressed & nervous. After Mrs. Morse's death she was taken into the family of Samuel F. Morse, where she has continued in the same quiet, retired mode of life, in the kitchen. About three or four weeks ago Mrs. French, who, as it seemed ordered by Providence, still continued in Bangor & was living, rec'd a letter from a man in Carbondale, Pennsylvania, making inquiries respecting Mrs. Jackson; requesting to know if she could tell him anything about her, whether she were dead or living, & stating that though she had faults she was his mother, & if she were living, he wished if possible to do something to relieve her in her declining years. The letter was signed by Nathan Jackson, Jr. Mrs. French immediately replied, stating that she was well, & living with S.F. Morse, & moreover wrote to S.F. Morse enclosing N.J.'s letter. S.F. Morse & wife concluded to say nothing to Mrs. Jackson about the matter; but immediately wrote to N. Jackson, Jr., stating the circumstances under which she came into the family & the mode of life she has led; --thus leaving it to him to take freely any course, after knowing the circumstances, which he should think fit.  Mrs. Jackson had heard nothing from her husband or children from the time she was sent away from New York, & did not know even whether any of them were living. Last evening, Mr. Morse being in N. York, a letter was brought to the house, directed to Samuel F. Morse or his lady, signed "Pearl Street House, N. J, Jr." requesting them if agreeable & convenient to call on him. Mrs. M immediately called. It was concluded to have nothing said to Mrs. J that night. This morning Mr. J called & has been passing the day, trying, unsuccessfully to prevail on her to accompany him.

             It seems that Mrs. J's husband is a very arbitrary, passionate man; & held his children in such awe that not one of them had had conversation with him respecting their mother, that he was wealthy, had married another woman was the hired girl of this woman & had several children by her, & that to these children those by the first wife had been a kind of servants. N.J., Jr. having been Senator in the Legislature of Pennsylvania, returned to Carbondale by way of New York City & determined, after many years of unsuccessful inquiry, to introduce the subject to his father. His father, knowing he was not to be trifled with & that he must give a civil reply to a civil question, was inquired of, at a favorable moment. He exhibited considerable embarassment, but finally said that he did not know whether his first wife was living or not, but that Mrs. French were living & could be found perhaps she might be able to inform him. He also exhibited a paper purporting to be a copy of a bill of divorce, of which, by the way, his first wife never had any knowledge. From this slight suggestion & the results of other inquiries in N.Y. the son was induced to take advantage of this, the smallest, probability of finding his mother, & upon his return to Carbondale to mail a letter to Mrs. French without any expectation of success. The result is given. He has seven children, one of them married, & neither his mother nor he have seen or heard anything of each other since the abandonment when he was four or five years old. N. Jackson, Jr. married, I believe, a relative of Rev. Dr. Stone, formerly of St. Paul's Church, Boston, now of Brooklyn, N.Y.

 April 30, 1847

             Friday. Mr. Jackson visited the Library & we had a long conversation upon the subject now most interesting to him.

             P.S. This Jackson who sent off his wife was afterwards the Jackson who was the generous benefactor of Williams College.

 May 4, 1847

             Tuesday. Exhibition day in College.

             Friday. The Jamestown arrived at Cork in fifteen days. The papers by the Steamer bring news of the enthusiastic reception of Capt. Forbes & the proceedings of the occasion.

 May 9, 1847

             Sunday. Dined at Wm. F. Weld's in Boston, with a young colored man from Port au Prince who has come to Massachusetts to get an education.

 May 11, 1847

             Tuesday. Rec'd a letter from E.R. Potter of Kingston, R.I. stating that the Assembly had voted their public documents for the College Library, both prospective and retrospective.

 May 13, 1847

             Thursday. Rec'd a letter from a farmer in Poplin, N.H. a member of the New Hampshire Senate, in reply to one written to him some time since respecting my great-grandmother in-law. It is too good to be lost, so here it is:--       

                                                                                    "Poplin, N.H. April 30, 1847

 J.L. Sibley Esq.

             Dear Sir,

             Your letter of the 6th ult., making certain inquiries concerning your venerable ancestors, was duly received, and having availed myself of every means within my reach to ascertain such facts as might lead to a satisfactory answer to your inquiries, I very cheerfully transmit to you such information as I have been able to obtain.

             I find by reference to a record in an old Bible, now in possession of the family where the old lady to whom you refer, resided for upwards of twenty years prior to her decease, and where she died, that Jonathan Sibley died in Poplin December 18th, 1779, in the 78th year of his age. I also find by consulting the records of the town, that he was taxed in town in the same year & in no other. From which it is presumed he had lived in this town less than one year at the time of his death. It is presumed also that he was not assisted by the town, as by the record it appears his widow possessed and was taxed for 10 or 12 years subsequent to his decease, for some little real and personal estate, until the year 1790. In the year 1793 being unable to take care of herself, she gave what little she possessed to the town, and from that time to her death, a period of 27 years she was supported by the town, with the exception of the avails of her own property, which was a mere trifle.

             There are very few persons here now living, who recollect much about the old gentleman. Those few, however, who do remember him, recollect that he came her from Stratham, and say that he had the reputation of being a very moral exemplary man.

             It appears by the family record above named that the old lady, whose maiden name was Patience Thurrell, was born Nov. 15, 1719. And by the town record it appears she died Nov. 16, 1820, making her 101 years and one day old and the time of her death. How long she had been the wife of Mr. Sibley, or where she originated, the record does not state. It appears also by said record, that she had a daughter, named Lucy Sibley, who was born May 6, 1747, who was married to a Dunlap, and afterwards died Feb. 20, 1787. It is said however by those who recollect her, that she was not the daughter of Mr. Sibley.

             The old Bible alluded to was the property of the old lady, and was probably left her by her husband. It is now in a tolerable state of preservation, although considerably worn, and would undoubtedly be cheerfully given to you if you requested, should you feel desirous of preserving such a relic of your ancestors.

             The old lady was I suppose in her youthful days, as you intimate, a comical jade. Possessing a character, remarkable neither for chastity or any other virtue, she had the reputation amongst the superstitious of being a witch; and had she lived in Salem at the time of the persecution for witchcraft, might possibly have suffered matyrdom. I well recollect, when quite young, that many credulous people appeared honestly to believe that the old lady was a witch, and many curious freaks were attributed to her. It was said by some that she had made a league with the D__l, that she would never die, but that the old adversary would come at a time appointed and carry her off bodily. And I am half inclined to think that he made his appearance at any time during the last 20 years of her life, his claim would not have been seriously contested, especially if he would have paid all arrearages. But the poor old lady, died at last, and whether his Satanic majesty has since established his claim or not, I am unable to tell with any degree of certainty.

             One thing however is certain, the poor old creature lived undesired, and died unlamented, having cost this town for her support some two thousand dollars or more.

             The foregoing, dear Sir, are all the facts in relation to your inquiries which I have been able to gather. If they shall be found in any degree to contribute to your satisfaction, I shall feel amply rewarded. And with the hope that what I have written may be as cheerfully received as given, I very respectfully subscribe myself your friend and obedient servant.

                                                                         Perley Robinson

 May 25, 1847

             Tuesday. At the Collation given by the Unitarian laymen of Boston to the clergymen.

 May 27, 1847

             Thursday. Recording Secretary pro tem of the meeting of the Mass. Hist. Society.

 May 29, 1847

             Saturday. Within a few days a cannon ball has been dug up in making Everett Street, which was formerly a lane.

 May 31, 1847

             Monday. The Boston Courier contains an extract from a Buffalo paper, stating that a vessel recently cleared for Liverpool from Chicago, to go by the Welland Canal and the St. Lawrence --- the first clearance ever made from the inland lakes for an European port.

 June 2, 1847

             Tuesday. This evening Professor Agassiz delivered a lecture in the Lyceum Hall, before the Natural History Society in College. Yesterday undergraduates were summoned to be before the Grand Jury in Concord, on the 29th, in relation to the second bonfire.

 June 6, 1847

             Sunday. In the evening, at Dr. Harris's, met Miss Dorr, of Roxbury and Dorchester, who was at Thomaston last August. She concurs in the general sentiment as to Mrs. General Knox's pride and haughtiness. There were but three houses into which she entered, in the Eastern country. Her habits were always different from her husband's. She would not retire till perhaps two o'clock in the morning & rise when she chose. He always rose at four o'clock A.M., & retired to rest, early. Her conduct sometimes to his friends extorted severe rebukes from him. Her extravagance was unbounded & was undoubtedly the cause of the derangement of his pecuniary affairs at the time of his decease. She would not permit her daughters to become acquainted with domestic matters in any of the departments. She was an object of general dislike by people, haughty, proud, overbearing.

 June 7, 1847

             Monday. Artillery Election Day. How long before ministers of Christ will decline preaching sermons to military companies.

 June 8, 1847

             Tuesday. A weak article in the Boston Post in relation to the summoning of the students before the Grand Jury at Concord.

 June 9, 1847        

            Wednesday. In entering the Vermont Documents, which have been given to the College Library by Vermont, find that my letter soliciting them, & which I never even copied, is printed in the Appendix of the Journal of that State for 1846.

             The newspapers contain the correspondence between Abbot Lawrence & the College Treasurer, by which he gives fifty thousand dollars to the Scientific Department of the College.

              Sometime since I suggested the expediency of having a person appointed by the Corporation to "buildup" the Library. With a proper zeal & three hundred to five hundred dollars a year to lay out in purchasing, in twenty years he might make the library contain 100,000 volumes. Let him not be afraid of garrets or working with his own hands in the dirt. Let him visit old-settled towns & houses where the same families have dwelt for generations. Let appeals be made to public bodies & to authors who do not think or who are too modest to give their works. Let such a person open a correspondence with intelligent antiquarians & literary public-spirited men in every State in the Union & even in Europe. He might attend auctions, take charge of all orders for books. He might lecture to the Students, who after leaving Cambridge would be so many disinterested agents for the increase of the Library. Strangers might be interested. Thus a multitude of donations might be obtained, the tide of attention though the country turned & enlisted not only in the Library but in the College itself. With a small sum a very important impulse be given to the Institution in all its parts & departments. The President however does not think such a course expedient, & suggests that the Library would acquire and be burdened with trash; in which I entirely dissent from him. He thinks too it would not be advisable for an institution, liberally endowed & of long standing. He admitted however there might be obtained a quid pro quo; but the funds would not warrant such an office, & the first object must be the administration of the Library, & that a slow but steady increase was better than an effort to raise it rapidly to 100,000 vols.

             I was rather surprised at his remarks, though I was not surprised at his saying they expressed the sentiments of the Corporation. There are but very few persons who coincide with me in what I am persuaded are the proper views for building up a Library. There is no such thing as trash in a Public Library.

 June 11, 1847

             Friday. The remainder of the telescope arrives at Cambridge. It is the best in the world.

 June 24, 1847

             Thursday. At the Historical Society's meeting. In the afternoon took the cars to Bacon's Grove in Medford, near the Woburn line to join a Pic Nic party of the teachers and pupils of the Boston Howard Sunday School. There were probably about 400 persons presents. Many of the children probably do not go into the country once in year, & of course were full of enjoyment. Tables were spread & richly laden with ham, crackers, bread, oranges, pineapples, & cake of various kinds. Great order & decorum prevailed. Although the school arrived at the place about 10 1/2 o'clock, A.M., & some became weary, yet there was great activity and enjoyment to the last moment; & it was somewhat difficult to withdraw some of them from their amusement at half past six P.M. The usual mode of entertaining the children on such occasions by addresses was omitted & they chose their own sources of enjoyment. Before going from the ground as many were collected as conveniently could be got together, a hymn was sung & prayer offered. As they came down the hill path winding among the trees, each class with its teacher, the females in the first part of the procession, all neatly, simply, and tastefully dressed, they formed a picture exceedingly beautiful to those who were in the rear. What an amount of happiness has been enjoyed by them to-day.

             The difficulty with the Students, it is hoped, will be terminated. The witnesses found that taciturnity would necessarily subject them to imprisonment & the offenders either confessed or had their names made known to-day, to the President.

 June 29, 1847

             Tuesday. President Polk arrives at Boston on his visit to the Eastern States.

 June 30, 1847

             The Secretary of State, James Buchanan, with President E. visits Mount Auburn, the Observatory, etc.

 July 1, 1847

             Thursday. The rebellious students are sentenced; Joseph Grinnell Dalton, Freshman, expelled. Hathaway, dismissed for two years, T.K. Lothrop, son of S.K Lothrop, of Boston, dismissed for one year, C.R. Codman, for six months, Carr of South Carolina, till Thanksgiving, N. Langdon Williams for six months or so. There seems to be a general acquiescence by the undergraduates in the punishment.

 July 2, 1847

             Friday. With Rev. A.A. Livermore, of Keene, N.H. and Geo. Livermore, called and spent an hour or two with Mr. Thomas Dowse in his library & in his parlor hung round with fifty or sixty beautiful pictures, The pictures he obtained as a prize from a ticket which he ordered to be bought in a lottery of paintings in England. He was very courteous & appeared to be much gratified at the quiet but sincere interest taken in his pictures and choice books. He dislikes flattery & visits of persons who come from curiosity. He came to Cambridgeport, poor, but by his talents has accumulated a handsome property, probably of a hundred thousand or two hundred thousand dollars, from his business of leather-dressing; & made a library of several thousand volumes of rare, curious, & splendid books, of which he spends much time in reading, particularly on the Lords' Days.

 July 5, 1847

             Monday. As the Fourth came on a Sunday, Independence was celebrated to-day. In the morning was a long floral procession of children in Boston. In the evening a display of fireworks & the common was thronged with people. Spent the day in the Library.

 July 7, 1847

 Wednesday. Prof. Francis gave a party on occasion of the graduation of the Senior Class of the Divinity School.

 July 8, 1847

             Thursday. Violent attack of cholera morbus; kept my room all day--a multitude of acquaintances calling.

 July 10, 1847

             Saturday. Parts assigned for Commencement.

 July 11, 1847

             Sunday. Dr. Noyes preached an excellent valedictory sermon to the Senior Class of the undergraduates. Three years ago he preached the valedictory while his child lay dead in his house, having fallen the day before from the chamber window in the house then occupied by him on the corner of Winthrop and Holyoke Street.

             In the evening, Samuel J. May, of Syracuse, N.Y., having been chosen by the Senior Class of the Divinity School, preached to them the Annual Valedictory Sermon in the church of the First Society in Cambridge.

 July 13, 1847

             Tuesday. Examination of the Library. The books are called in about three weeks before the annual examination. The Librarian arranges all the books on the shelves in the order in which they are entered on the Alcove Catalogues, putting O with a pencil in the margin, opposite to the titles of the missing volumes. The sum total of each shelf is given, & after arranging the shelf he counts the volumes & compares them. The Committee is divided into couples for different alcoves, one holding the Catalogue while the other counts the books & examines. The Committee's duties extend to the Law & Theological Libraries, the Mineral, Chemical, & Anatomical, & Philosophical Departments. Generally there have been twelve persons or thereabouts present, and the work has been completed before dinner. Till last year each shelf has been carefully examined. But last year & this, parts only of the Library have been examined. No compensation, but necessary expenses and the courtesy of a dinner, is given to the Committee. During the past year 1760 volumes have been added of which 1070 were gifts, & 3321 pamphlets, exclusive of duplicates, of which 3205 were gifts.

 July 14, 1847

             Wednesday. College exhibition; also parts assigned for the next exhibition.

 July 15, 1847

             Thursday. Seniors' Class Day. The exercises & amusements like those of last year. Poem by Robinson, Oration by Savage from Bedford, N.H. The Oration paid a very handsome tribute to the President, & the enthusiastic applause with which it was received by the audience, particularly by the Students, shows that there is not a general dissatisfaction, & must have been more satisfactory and convincing than all that could have been said to him.

             In the evening the President gave a party to the Senior Class intended to supersede the custom of a class supper.

 July 16, 1847

             Friday. Exercises of the Divinity School. Address before the Theological Alumni by Rev. Prof. Noyes.

 July 17, 1847

             Saturday. Visited the exhibition of Banvard's Panorama of the Mississippi River. It purports to contain a view of country of 1200 miles in length on three miles of canvas, extending from the mouth of the Missouri to New Orleans. A sketch of the artist is contained in the pamphlet which gives an account of the Panorama. It is as full of interest as artists' lives generally are, & as strongly marked by perseverance amid obstacles and discouragements, and poverty.

 July 23, 1847

             Friday. Iron pipes about two feet in diameter are now being placed in Washington Street, Boston, between State Street & Milk Street. On the end of each piece, which is probably somewhat shorter than one rod, is an enlargement into which the end of the next piece of pipe is inserted, as into a socket. The pieces are lowered by a pulley, & each one before being inserted, is while suspended, made to act like a battering ram & drive the one already laid as closely as may be into the preceding. Then, having been inserted in its place, wooden wedges are used to keep it steady. The cavity in the joint is then calked. A rope is then smeared with pipe clay. This is put round the piece inserted as close as possible to the end of the one into which it is inserted. Being pressed closely two small openings are made by poking away the clayed rope from the end of the larger piece of iron pipe. Into these openings melted lead is poured till the interstice of the joint is filled. This generally takes about thirty five pounds of lead for each joint. The rope is then removed & prepared for another joint.

 July 28, 1847

             Wednesday. Took cars at 4 1/2 P.M. for Portland & then took the steamboat for Thomaston where the boat arrived about 3 1/2 o'clock next morning. In company were the Governor and Lieutenant-Governor of the Penobscot Indians.

 July 29, 1847

             Thursday. Arrived at Union.

 July 30, 1847

             Friday. Visited my mother's grave.

 August 3, 1847     

            Tuesday. Rode to several places. The town has many exceedingly beautiful views.

 August 7, 1847

             Saturday. My father says in conversation with Indians, he learned from them that Norndgwog or Norridgewook means a still place between two falls, Skowhegan a place to wait and catch fish, Passamaquoddy a place to catch very many pollock.

 August 11, 1847

             Wednesday. Spent the evening at the Public House, in company with Judge Alfred Johnson & Mr. Wm. G. Crosby, of Belfast, the former a descendant of the sixth generation from the author of the Wonder Working Providence, the latter Secretary of the Maine Board of Education.

 August 12, 1847

             Thursday. Rode to Warren, called on Rev. Mr. Huse, Mr. Eaton, who is writing Annals of Warren, then went to Thomaston; called on Mrs. Holmes at the Knox mansion, on Mrs. Ulmer, the late widow of Obadiah Morse of Union, & returned to Union.

 August 14, 1847

             Saturday. Called on Jessa Robbins, one of the early settlers of Union.

 August 16, 1847

             Monday. Another ride to Warren. Carried Mr. Eaton to the part of Warren called Stirling, settled by a colony of Scotch under Waldo, from Stirling, Scotland.

 August 18 [&] 19, 1847       

            Wednesday. Rode to East Thomaston. Steamboat being delayed, did not go on board till nearly two o'clock. At Portland took the cars to Boston, walked thence to my room in Cambridge where I arrived about daylight the next morning.

 August 21, 1847

             Saturday. M. Vattemare at the Library. His project of International exchange of books, etc., etc. appears very plausible to many. He selected some books for which he will probably make a rich return.

 August 23, 1847

             Monday. Examination of the Students for admission.

 August 24, 1847

             Tuesday. Examination continued, 60 admitted, 10 rejected. 

 August 25 & 26, 1847

             Wednesday. Commencement Procession formed at Gore Hall. Building not opened after dinner.

             Thursday. Phi Beta Kappa Society. Wine dispensed with at dinner for the first time. 'Tis said to have been one of the most cheerful and witty dinner parties ever had by the Society.

             Yesterday several pieces of plate belonging to the College, having just been marked & polished were exhibited at dinner; one of which, was given by Harris, brother of the wife of President Dunster was given in 1644. Commencement evening levee at the Presidents.

 August 27, 1847

            Friday. Examination of students for the higher classes. Jonathan P. Dabney presented a communication to the Boston Daily Advertiser last week for publication, pertaining to the Triennial Catalogue. The paper, on Friday morning last, contained a notice of the application & rather took the part of the editor of the Triennial. Dabney applied to other papers but did not succeed in getting it printed. Finally he had it printed in a pamphlet form - 250 copies for ten dollars - & it was ready for delivery on Commencement morning. It is entitled "Remarks on the Harvard Triennial". The Triennial of 1845 was necessarily prepared & printed in ten weeks, & might be reasonably expected to contain errors, particularly in the dates of the deaths, of which more than 3200 were looked up and inserted for the first time. In his remarks he points out some errors; but he commits errors while correcting mine, & he admits that some of my errors are based upon his statements which he supposed were correct when he published them, & further states that I could have had no authority for some of my dates because, he never could get at them himself. His remarks begin with the first Triennial printed after President Quincy came into office. There is considerable spice as well as malignity in the Remarks. He sent a copy to John Kelly, Editor of the Newsletter, Exeter, N.H., who in his next paper comes out in a severe attack upon him (He comes out again Sept. 13).

 September 1, 1847

             Wednesday. During President Quincy's Administration, the College Seal was altered, mainly through the influence of Treasurer Eliot. Accordingly a new one was engraved on which Veritas was substituted for Christo et Ecclesiae. The College used the new seal in books rec'd from May 1st 1845 to this time, except in such as were bought by the Hollis & Shapleigh Funds or a few others in which it was unintentionally inserted. To-day a note was rec'd from President Everett stating that the old seal had been restored & was again to be used. Probably, however, the seals now on hand will be used.

 September 15, 1847

             Wednesday. There has been a decorum in College thus far this term, which has been unprecedented. The Sophomore Class has always hitherto been in the practice of imposing and playing tricks upon the Freshmen. Sometimes life has even been endangered, & in one case within a few years the death of student was undoubtedly hastened if not caused by the terror he experienced from persons disguised. After considerable inquiry I cannot find that any imposition whatever has been practised by the Sophomores, with the trifling exception that some one put a squib through the keyhole of the door of one of the Freshmen. The greatest quiet & order prevails.

             The dinner hour is changed from two o'clock to one o'clock, & recitations, instead of being crowded into the forenoon are distributed through forenoon & afternoon. Voluntary studies are diminished, & students, instead of selecting studies because they are easy as was the case to a very great extent after the Freshman year, are required to pursue a course which will discipline the mind.

             In the Law School there is a serious misfortune, Judge Kent having tendered his resignation, on account of the State of health of his father, Chancellor Kent, of New York.

 September 17, 1847

             Friday. Died, in Boston, of fever, Henry Ives Cobb, of the Junior Class, recently of Lynn.

 September 19, 1847

             Sunday. Cobb's funeral in Boston. James Fowler, of the Senior Class, from Westfield dies, in Cambridge, of dysentery. The season exceedingly sickly - fever and dysentery, particularly the latter.

 September 20, 1847

             Monday. Funeral services & the corpse taken to the cars for transportation to Westfield.

             The recent accounts of the success of the American arms under General Scott at Mexico are calculated to cause regret in the minds of all men of principle. But glory, glory, glory, whether the cause is just or not, is what most warriors strive for.

 September 28, 1847

             Tuesday. Rec'd at the Library the bust of President Quincy by Crawford. When President Quincy resigned, a proposition was made to him by the undergraduates to allow his bust to be made. The proposition was acceded to. The correspondence was published in the newspapers. Crawford, being in this country, came to Cambridge & made a clay model in the room under the President's study. He took this model with him to Italy where he made the bust, which through mismanagement has been lying in the New York Custom house about one year. This day it is has been rec'd at the Public Library. It is excellent. The gown & cassock, which is the Presidential dress on public occasions looks as light as silk. The features & expression of the face are exceedingly good. The only unfortunate thing is the dingy looking vein in the forehead, which is in the marble. It is already mounted on the pedestal rec'd many months since.

 September 30, 1847

             Thursday. Chosen Secretary pro tem at the meeting of the Historical Society.

             President Everett has caused one of the graduates, who has no more reason to be noticed than any other, to removed from his room in Graduate's Hall, where he was sick with the typhus fever, to a room in his own house - a deed I expect never before heard of in the College under such circumstances. Mrs. Everett also made several visits to Fowler during his sickness.

 October 6, 1847

             Wednesday. Attended the ordination F.N. Knapp at Brookline as colleague with Dr. Pierce -- services rather ordinary. The exercises began at 2 1/2 o'clock P.M. There was a collation afterward at the Town Hall, to which clergymen, invited guests, & members of the parish were admitted.

 October 12, 1847

             Thursday. Judge Deeth of New Jersey in the Library, formerly a bookseller. His bibliographical tendency is to complete imperfect sets of periodicals through the country, particularly those published in America since the time of the American Revolution. He knows the editors, the numbers of volumes etc. of each, & by obtaining odd volumes when he can, he is able to complete imperfect sets & to furnish complete sets. He is a relative of the Morses.

 October 15, 1847

             Friday. Called on by Reuben Sibley, my cousin, from Belfast, Maine.

 October 18, 1847

             Monday. The hours for visitors to the Observatory and Telescope are from 10 till 10 on Saturdays. I suceeded however in getting access this evening. It is now admitted in Europe that this telescope is the best in the world. It has resolved the last nebula to which the advocates clung & shows it to be composed of stars. The crowd on pleasant Saturday evenings is so oppressive that no individuals can have an opportunity to obtain more than a glance through it.

 October 19, 1847

             Tuesday. College exhibition.

 October 20, 1847

             Wednesday. Rec'd a letter dated Westbrook, Maine, from Mrs. Case & her sister, Mrs. F.O.J. Smith, daughters of the late Judge Bartlett, of Kingston, N.H. and granddaughters of the signer of the Declaration of Independence from New Hampshire. The friendship between the Judge and my father led to my acquaintance with the family in 1819 when I was at Phillips Exeter Academy. Then these two women and myself were children. I often went there; & a letter received in reply to one which I wrote to their brother at Kingston, many months since, has called up a multitude of interesting and affecting recollections. The changes in the family, the marks of time, & the change of habits make a striking contrast with the happy days & artlessness and innocence and playfulness of childhood.

 October 22, 1847

             Friday. Rec'd the following communication;

                                                                                     Cambridge, 22 Oct. 1847

             Dear Sir,    

             In revising the Laws & regulations of the Library, it became necessary to settle some points relative to your place and duties, which had never been regularly established. The Corporation accordingly adopted the regulations of which I enclose you a copy. They were passed on the 21 of August and should have been earlier communicated. As it is, they will I suppose be considered as taking effect from the present time.

                                                                                     Very Truly Yours,

                                                                                     Edward Everett

             At a meeting of the Corporation 21 August, 1847, the following regulations relative to the office of Assistant Librarian were adopted, viz.

             In term time the Assistant Librarian, unless when absent on the business of the Library, will on week days give his attendance in the Library from 8 o'clock A.M. till Evening Prayers, except during the dinner hour & Saturday P.M. No charge for extra services will be allowed for any time before Evening Prayers on the first five days of the week, or before 1 P.M. on Saturday. --

             In the Vacation, the Assistant Librarian will give his attendance on Monday A.M. without charge for extra service; -- & during one half of each vacation, he may be allowed the usual charge for extra service.                                                                                  

                                                                                                Copy from the Record

                                                          
                                                                                               
James Walker, Secy.

 October 28, 1847

             Thursday. At the Historical Society meeting a communication was read from Mr. Hunter of London giving an account of the MS volume in the British Museum by Candler, containing a vast amount of information respecting the early immigrants to this country, which was not known particularly till he discovered it. The letter, containing much information derived from the MS, will probably be published in the Historical Collections.

 November 8, 1847

             Monday. It seems that Chief Justice Parker, of Keene, N.H. is chosen to succeed Judge Kent as Royall Professor in the College & Hon. Henry Wheaton for many years U.S. minister at foreign courts, to lecture on civil and international law.

 November 9, 1847

             Tuesday. The Unitarian church at Stow in which I formerly preached, was burnt this morning, between the hours of 9 & 11. The fire took, 'tis said, from a furnace, which had been placed in it about a week: the books, clock, communion plate, & desk saved.

 November 12, 1847

             Friday. Sent to the President the following note & document.

                                                                                     "Harvard College

                                                                                    Nov. 12, 1847

 "Hon. Pres't Everett,

             Dear Sir,

                         I rec'd your note of Oct. 22, with the accompanying copy of the Resolutions respecting the duties of Assistant Librarian. I was somewhat suprised at the tenor of them, & send you the accompanying document which I am desirous you would do me the favor to communicate to the Corporation.

                                                                         Respectfully Yours,

                                                                         John Langdon Sibley

                                     To the President & Fellows of Harvard College:--

 Gentlemen,

             The votes passed on Aug. 21, 1847, and communicated to the Assistant Librarian Oct. 22, have made changes, which seriously affect his situation.

             1. In term time, he is required to give his attendance in the Library from 8 o'clock A.M. till Evening Prayers, on every weekday, except during the dinner hour and Saturday P.M.; "unless when absent on business of the Library."

             It may be asked if this does not cut off the privilege of being absent at times when it may be important for him to attend to private business. Is it not exacting too much, too much both of time & labor? Is there any man, whose constitution, with such confinement, would not in time be seriously injured if not ruined?

             2. In vacation, he is required to give his attendance every Monday, A.M. Is it not a hard life, when a man in vacation is deprived of a great part of the relaxation and opportunities for journeying, which the stringency of the requirements for term time renders the more necessary; & is, moreover, prohibited, so long as he lives, from ever being absent from the Library more than five successive week days?

             3. For a salary of $600 and room rent, he has been laboring, without extra charge, nearly one half more than the Library hours; -- by which are meant the hours when the Library is open and the Librarian is expected to give his attendance. By the votes of Aug. 21 he is required to labor not only as much and as long as he has done; but, moreover, from 4 o'clock P.M. till Evening Prayers, in term time; and every Monday A.M. in vacation, without the extra compensation he has received for this service.

             The exactions made by these votes he considers oppressive. His time has not been spent reading, or frittered away, but conscienciously devoted to labor. He has repeatedly relinquished the privileges & pleasures of Thanksgiving recesses, of Independent and other holidays that he might work without interruption in the Library and expedite business. He does not recollect being absent one Saturday P.M., except in vacation, during the last Academic year. If he has occasionally spent an hour with the Historical Society or been interrupted by friends or absent on private business, he has, besides making up the time, improved these occasions for obtaining additions to the Library. The part of the vacation which he has taken for relaxation has been made conducive to the same end. Twelve or fourteen feet of shelf room occupied by historical material brought from New Hampshire in the last winter vacation; 20 or 30 vols. rec'd from the American Colonization Society; 45 or 50 vols. from the Friends; 95 or 100 vols from the City of New York; 60 vols from Michigan; a large collection of laws, legislative documents, scientific reports, & various historical materials from several other States; with the Resolutions of these States to furnish them annually hereafter; a multitude of smaller donations; making about 1060 vols given to the Library during the last academic year, instead of the 200 or 300 vols annually given in former years, (to which may be added more than 100 vols which he has since procured) and the certainty that more will be received in consequence of exertions already made or in progress; are evidence that he has not wasted his time, been inefficient or unfaithful in his duty, or unreasonably or unprofitably absent. He thinks he has amply paid for his salary by his Library labor. But besides this he has procured books, which could not probably have been bought for $650 more – perhaps not for twice that sum when it is considered that not so many were bought with the Prescott legacy of $3000 as were given to the Library during the last year & of these the greater part would not now have belonged to it, but for his personal exertions.

             In view of all of this & of much more which might be mentioned, the Assistant Librarian feels keenly the stringency of the votes of the Corporation. He supposed that a close imprisonment of nearly seven years ---the best seven years of his life --- during which, as he believes, his sight has been seriously impaired in the service of the College; & the benefit he has rendered & the labor he has performed for the Library since he was first employed in it in the spring of 1822, would have suggested more rather than less liberty and salary, particularly as there seemed to be nothing higher than his present office, to which he could aspire. And as the discharge of the duties as now required is impracticable, he respectfully suggests a reconsideration & modification of the votes passed Aug. 21.

             As this may be the last opportunity when the Assistant Librarian can with propriety address the Corporation, & as, from an intimacy of more than 25 years, many of the volumes have become like old friends, the sight alone of which gives him pleasure, he begs their indulgence if he takes a liberty which may seem unwarrantable, in soliciting their attention to one other subject. He is aware that it will not find favor with all. And though he is persuaded of its importance and practicability, he would hardly have ventured to bring it before the Corporation if his convictions were not confirmed by persons to whose opinions great value is attached by the community, ---who have spoken of it as one of the best measures which could be adopted to benefit the Library.

             Let an officer be appointed, whose duty may be briefly but summarily expressed in the words "Build up the Library." He might be "Library Professor" or "Professor of Bibliography," with a moderate salary, &, when  not otherwise engaged, might aid in ordinary Library business. By a few familiar lectures on libraries, & by enlarging on the contents and curiosities in Gore Hall, he might awaken in almost every hearer a strong interest in the Library generally, or in some department of it. If he aroused but one in each class much would be effected. It would avail more than to have one occasionally though he might be Potter, Donaldson or Hall. Why might not five or six at least, or even fifteen or twenty, in each class, be made to feel as they ought upon this subject? What might not twenty or thirty zealous men do, scattered as graduates generally are, not only by their own labors, but by the labors of other persons, in whom they would create a similar interest? Fifteen or twenty years would pour treasures into Gore Hall, which the most sanguine would hardly conceive of, in anticipation.

            It might be part of this officer's duty to correspond with authors & collectors, to become familiar with the peculiarities & principles of different collections, and, if at any time a favorable opportunity occurred to speak a word for the College. Most collections of libraries, particularly if they relate to a favorite subject, are pained by the idea of the dispersion of what has cost them much time, money, labor and research to bring together. And if they themselves do not guard against the dispersion, there can generally be found some one who will. The bequests of Lightfoot, Gale, Harvard, Palmer, Hubbard, and others & the Ebeling & Warden collections are to the point. The addition of one Library is of consequence, but it would not be unreasonable to hope for more.

             If it were thought advisable, through this officer, in connexion with a Committee, there might be a uniformity of action & system. He might receive the orders for books, guard against the purchase of duplicates, complete imperfect series & collections, make exchanges of such duplicates as the donors authorized, attend auctions, be on the alert for scarce valuable books, examine catalogues, etc., etc.

             If he had the bibliographical & antiquarian spirit, he would occasionally visit different parts of the country, explore old bookstores, & collect, sometimes from garrets, for little or nothing, valuable works, documents & pamphlets, like those which have recently been rescued from destruction & oblivion, in many places.

             These are but a few hints towards a plan, which, though it might require great delicacy, tact, perserverance, & love, for the employment, would, if properly carried out, give an unparalleled impulse to the Library, &, with the addition perhaps of $200 or $300 per annum, swell it in 15 or 20 years, it may be less, from 53,000 to 100,000 volumes.

             And is it not desirable very important that something should be done to enable it to meet the increased demands which are already beginning to be made upon it by the vigor now given to the different departments of the University? Ought it not to be commensurate with the superior advantages here enjoyed in advance of every library on the Continent, both in the number and the value of its volumes? Is not every month's delay in giving a vigorous  impulse to it retarding that increase which is greater the longer the impulse has been felt?

             Your memorialist, tedious as he may have been, would have been glad to enlarge upon the heads to which he has but little more than alluded, for there are other details & considerations as important as any he has advanced. He has spoken plainly but trusts respectfully and has the honor to be etc.                                                

                                                                                                John Langdon Sibley

                                                                                                Assistant Librarian

 Harvard College, Nov.12, 1847"

             On the evening of Oct. 23rd there was such a crowd at the Observatory that the papers, the next week, announced a vote of the Corporation to close it, & contained a letter from Mr. Bond, the Observer, to the President, on the subject.

 November 13, 1847

             Saturday. Mr. Royall Morse says that a few rods East of Hollis stood the old College Brew-House, South of which was a cart passage, separating it from the woodhouse, the door of which was opposite the centre of the East end of Harvard; & south of the woodhouse were the other necessary appendages for students. Between Massachusetts & Harvard was Old Stoughton, situated so far back that no part of it came between Massachusetts and Harvard. Back or East of the Brewery & woodhouse was the College woodyard. [LONG CROSSED OUT PASSAGE: SEE ORIGINAL] [LONG PASSAGE CONTINUES] The President's house, probably the first one, was removed to accommodate the building of Massachusetts. 'Tis said to have stood two or three rods from it, near the Southeasterly part of it. The cellar stones (slate stone) of Stoughton were not removed but covered when the ground was worked for the erection of University Hall. The land east of the President's present House, which is opposite the square east of Holyoke Street, was the Prof. Wigglesworth lot, and the pasture extended back into what is now the College Yard, & in the centre of the spot now covered by University Hall was the hole dug in the marshy ground, where the Professors Wigglesworth watered their cows. East of the Wigglesworth lot was the Prof. Sewall lot, which extended Northwardly, like the Wigglesworth lot, & which finally came to be the portion of his nephew Wigglesworth. East of this was the Tutors orchard & next was the parsonage lot, which parsonage lot was taken by the College, in exchange for land at the South side of the Burying Ground, on which the Unitarian Meeting House now stands.

 November 16, 1847

             Tuesday. As Prof. Sewall married the daughter of the first Professor Wigglesworth, it is probable that the Sewall & Wigglesworth lot were originally united. The "Fellows," or, as it was sometimes called, the "Tutors' Orchard" was the lot extending South of Gore Hall. In the North East corner of the College Square was once the Bigelow house. It is not improbable that the house situated nearly opposite Holyoke Street & which was pulled down a few years ago was built by Governor Leverett. The Boardman house stands on the corner of Harvard & Dunster Streets, on the East side of Dunster Street. Where was the two & a half acre lot originally given to the College?

             The lot which belonged to Mr. Shepard, the first minister of Cambridge, comprised the Wigglesworth and Sewall lots. These are situated S.W.  from Gore Hall and extend about to the middle of the South end of it. Probably the western boundary was nearly in a straight line with the east side of Holyoke Street, & the north line did not extend so far as the south side of Gore Hall by three or four rods. Harvard Street, near Harvard Square & opposite Dunster Street, has been filled up, probably five feet at least, & Dunster Street three or four feet; so that the meetinghouse before the present, stood on a high elevation.

 November 18, 1847

             Thursday. A box of Oriental books was rec'd at the Library from Hall, who graduated in 1846 & an Oriental doctor whom he has interested in the College since he has been a resident in Calcutta.

             Rev. Daniel Austin, recently of Brighton, at an expense of one hundred and fifty dollars has lately caused a stone and iron fence to be placed around the Washington Elm, situated in the corner of the Common in Cambridge where the road leads from it to Mount Auburn. Under this elm, it is said, Washington first drew his sword as Commander-in-chief of the American Army. It is not improbable that as he came from his head-quarters, the Craigie house (now owned by Prof. Longfellow, the house in which President Everett lived immediately upon being married, the house in which Sparks prepared & published the 2nd & other vols of Washington's Writings), he stopped in the shade of it; for he would naturally come to the army by it. I wrote the account of the Washington Elm & procured the drawing of it which is contained in the third volume of the American Magazine of Useful & Entertaining Knowledge.

             'Tis said that on the evening before the battle of Bunker's Hill, the American troops paraded on the spot north of Holworthy, on the ground now occupied by the Baptist meetinghouse & east of it, on which it is proposed to erect the Laboratory; that President Langdon made a prayer with them & they marched to Charlestown over the neck, & fought the battle the next afternoon.

 November 22, 1847

             Monday. The Standard Weights & Measures, after having been kept in Alcove, now numbered 12 in Gore Hall, nearly one year, were removed, on Saturday & to-day, to the State House in Boston, agreeably to a Resolution adopted by the Legislature last winter.

 November 25, 1847

             Thursday. Annual Thanksgiving in 20 of the United States.

 November 26, 1847

             Friday. In an interview which the President solicited on the subject of my Memorial, he endeavored to convince me of the reasonableness of the action of the Corporation; said that he & Dr. Walker had concluded to recommend an alteration in relation to the duties in the vacation; & suggested a withdrawal of the Memorial, which I declined. His arguments were not satisfactory. Why did he pass the Memorial to Dr. W before he submitted it to the Corporation, to whom it was directed? Dr. W & himself were on the Library Committee of the Corporation & had already prejudged the case when they recommended the Resolutions passed in August. It would have been time for them to have taken up the subject when the Corporation referred it to them. It was not proper for them to examine it & prepare the way for their own defence at the moment of its being presented.

 December 1, 1847

             Wednesday. Rec'd the following communications.

                                                                         Cambridge 1 December 1847

 "Dear Sir,

             I enclose an authenticated copy of the vote passed by a vote passed by the Corporation last Saturday & I remain, very truly yours,

                                                                         Edward Everett

 Mr. J.L. Sibley

             "At a stated meeting of the President and Fellows of Harvard College in Boston Nov. 27, 1847.

 Voted that the second of the Regulations relative to the Assistant Librarian, adopted Aug. 21st be so amended as to read as follows--

             "The Assistant Librarian will remain in Cambridge during one half of each vacation, and will give his attendance in the Library on Mondays in the forenoon, without any charge for extra service. He may, however, during the residue of each week be allowed the usual charge for extra service.

             The Librarian and the Assistant Librarian will make an arrangement between them as to the half of the vacation during which the latter will remain at Cambridge."

                                                                         A true copy of record

                                                                         Attest:

                                                                                     James Walker, Secy"

 December 8, 1847

             Wednesday. Sent the following to the President:

                                                                         H. Coll. Liby. 8 Dec. 1847

 "President Everett

             Dear Sir,

                        I send herewith a copy of the Resolves by the Legislature of Maine, originating in my application for the Documents for the College. Some weeks since I sent you a similar one from Rhode Island, which, unless it be desirable for the Corporation to retain it, I should be glad to keep with the letters, which I have on the subject, & which will probably ultimately find their way into the Library.        

            I rec'd your note with the attested copy of the modified vote respecting the Assistant Librarian's duties in vacation. The requirement as you explained it, seems just and proper, considering that the Library is open every Monday, A.M. As my Memorial has been read before the Corporation and final action taken upon it I may say without creating a suspicion that I am arguing a cause or proposing further consideration of the subject, that my views in relation to the time, labor, & confinement required for the regular salary of $600 and roomrent are not materially changed since our interview, Nov. 26; although I have endeavored to weigh the remarks then made, carefully, candidly, and impartially.

                                                                         Respectfully yours,

                                                                         J.L. Sibley

 December 15, 1847

             Wednesday. The practice which has seen common to toll the bell at funerals has been almost entirely discontinued in Cambridge within a year or two; but this afternoon the one on the Shepard Church was tolled for Mrs. Dana. In Boston the custom ceased many years since.

             The President is exceedingly annoyed by two explosions, one the splitting open of a log with powder in the College Yard. 

 December 16, 1847

             Thursday. The weather changes. During the season thus far it has been considered uncomfortably warm. It is singular to pass through the College yard and see the windows open day after day, as in spring time, & to find the buds on the trees so swollen as to be about bursting. On the 13th some honeysuckles & currant bushes had leaved. Seldom has it been necessary to have a fire in my room, even in the evening, during the whole of the fall.

             Dr. Palfrey's independent course at Congress in not voting for Mr. Winthrop to be Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives excites great indignation among the partizans who expect every man will work in the political traces of the party. It is a rare virtue in a politician to sacrifice his popularity by abandoning even the less of two evils and adhering to what is right in itself & to what conscience dictates, whether the party likes it or not.

 December 18, 1847

             Saturday. Walked to West Cambridge in the evening. Plucked a four leaved group of new leaves of the honeysuckle, two of the leaves measuring one inch & one tenth of an inch from their junction with the stem.

 December 22, 1847

             Wednesday. At Boston this evening. A project has been recently started to get up a Public Library in Boston, in which the books may be as freely used, as they can be, consistently with their safety and good treatment. If it is properly carried forward it will be one of the greatest honors of the city. Why will it not soon exceed anything and everything of the kind on the Continent? Addressed a letter to Hon. Josiah Quincy, Jr. Mayor of the City, intimating a purpose to apply for the Librarianship.

 December 23, 1847

             Thursday. Called on Mrs. F.O.J. Smith of Westbrook, Me, at her sister-in-laws in Boston. Her husband early took hold of the magnetic telegraph project with S.B. Morse & is extending it through the country. Rec'd a letter from Dr. Gage stating that his wife's health was not improved.

 December 24, 1847

             Friday. Sent the following letter:

                                                                         "H. Coll. Lib'y 24 Dec. 1847

 "President Everett,

             Dear Sir,

                         There is a movement in Boston to get up a Public Library. If it succeeds, as I understand it probably will, my intention is to make application to be Librarian. Of course all the aid I can get to effect the object will be desirable; & the purpose of this note is to secure the influence which you may be willing to exert, & to have any advantage which, among the applications which will undoubtedly be made to you, a priority of intimation of my purpose may secure, other things being equal. The time of course has not yet come for any definite action upon the application for the office; when it does I shall be glad of any testimonials, & will then have further communication with you. In the mean time I remain,

                                                             Respectfully yours,                    

                                                                        J.L. Sibley"

 In reply to it rec'd the following note.

                                                             Cambridge 24 Dec. 1847

 "Dear Sir,

             I shall be very happy to render you any assistance in my power whenever you call for it; though sorry to lose your valuable services here.

                                                             Yours very truly,

                                                             Edward Everett"

 Mr. J.L. Sibley

 December 25, 1847

             Saturday. Christmas day; the observance of which is getting to be more common.

 December 26, 1847

             Sunday. Dined & took tea at Mr. Sadler's. He has charge of the magnetic telegraph in Boston.

 December 29, 1847

             Wednesday. Forty-three years old this day.

 December 30, 1847

             Thursday. Historical Society meeting.

             Concluded to desist from making many solicitations for the College Library. Better to save my influence for some library where the results of my labors will be appreciated, & not go over the same for solicitations twice.

             By the newspapers it seems there has been a serious affray at Yale College, one of the Tutors having been stabbed & another knocked down with an iron bar. The life of the latter is almost despaired of.


1848

January 9, 1848

             Sunday. Another year is passing. The many sorrows or joys, pains or pleasures, which it is to bring are kindly kept from us. Sickness and death always are nigh.  How many will have gone to sleep before the year closes! Men & women, full of hope & of health, will join the vast multitude who have preceded them. New friends will be made, new connexions formed, & old ones pass away. Some hearts will leap for joy & others drink deeply of the cup of bitterness. The sun & moon & stars will still hang in the heavens whether we wake or whether we sleep, whether we rejoice or sorrow. The sun will continue to rise on the evil & on the good, on the just and on the unjust. We may mingle with the dust, but the spirit will live --- ah! Who knows what shall be the nature of its life hereafter? What scenes will open upon us in another world! How darkly do we see through the glass here! How difficult to look into  and understand the spiritual, while enslaved to the world or engaged in its business and taught almost exclusively by material objects!

             This morning died at the house of Charles G. Loring, in Boston, George Gray of the Senior Class, brother of Professor Gray – typhus fever. 

             This evening saw the remains of the old Bible printed in 1599, brought to this country by Hugh Peters. It was in the possession of Mrs. Vaughan. 

January 25, 1848       

Tuesday. Went to Boston &, the Fitchburg Railroad not being extended to Boston, took the Omnibus, and left the depot in Charlestown at 1 1/2 o'clock, proceeded by rail road to Troy, where I took the stage & arrived at Keene, N.H. about 7 o'clock P.M. & put up at the Cheshire House. Called on my friend Rev. A.A. Livermore.

 January 26, 1848

             Keene is a pleasant village of intelligent & well-educated people. It bears no marks of decay, & when the railroad is extended to it, it will receive a favorable impulse. The Cheshire House is well kept, & transient customers are charged one dollar a day, a fee which is considered high for a country hotel. It has a reading room, & the accommodations are excellent.

 January 28, 1848

             Friday. About two o'clock P.M. mounted the stop of the stage, & proceeded towards Walpole, along the railroad route. Upon the summit we passed several villages, Cork, Dublin, Limerick, situated in the woods, & occupied by Irish families, consisting of men & women, & children, hens, dogs, & hogs. The houses or shanties were built by Irish laborers employed on the railroad. The lower part to the height of the eaves is generally built of stones or turf, & the superior part of boards running upwards endwise. These huts are very near each other in the respective villages, & have been built about two years, to be pulled down probably when the road is completed,  & the paddies are doomed to seek employment elsewhere. The hogs are remarkably sleek & fat. Bringing the habits of Ireland, they may occupy a part of the tenement of the Irish, who with their wonted prodigality may feed them from the same dish in which they themselves eat.

             Building the railroad over these heights is a formidable affair. I did not examine it, but 'tis said that in one place it passed through rock for about three quarters of a mile. On the mountains or hills after passing through the rock & removing it & nearly reaching the level desired, the mud poured in. After long & vigorous efforts to exterminate the mud, when it seemed almost as if the mountain was undermining, it was found necessary to have recourse to another expedient. Trees were cut & trimmed & driven down perpendicularly on each side of the track, to exclude the mud. In another part of the road, for many thousand yards, it has been necessary to blast the earth, which is a hard pan, & remove it with powder.

 January 29, 1848

             Saturday. Made several calls on the people of Walpole. The society here appears to be intelligent, educated, and refined, beyond what is common in country towns like this. Still there are differences between the common people & what they call the "upper crust," of the weath & influence of which the former are jealous. The leading & influential persons are principally related, & descendants of Colonel Benjamin Bellows an early settler.

             Mr. J.N. Knapp, father of F.N. Knapp, of Brookline, having acquired a competency by teaching in Roxbury & other places is among the inhabitants. He has a very active mind & keeps himself informed of the literature & science of the day and is a remarkable man. Without being or meaning to be superstitious he is very consciencious. For instance, when he carried on his farm himself, he would never allow hay or grain  to be carried to the barn or any work to be done on the Lord's Day. His principle is that on the whole moral principle always leads to the greatest happiness; there may be exceptions sometimes & in some particulars; - as a violation of the Sabbath may lead to a greater gain of property; but on the whole an observance of moral principle is the surest foundation for happiness and success. Besides, if a man lays down a rule not to violate the Lord's Day by getting in his hay or grain, he will make his calculations more carefully in the week, so as to guard against loss on that day, & thus it is a wise course not to violate that day, but to adhere to moral principle.

             He says the origin of the Peace Society was a meeting of Dr. Channing, Worcester, Freeman, & a few others at the study of Dr. Channing, to see if something could not be done to influence the feelings of mankind on the subject of war. The project seemed very far from feasible. Dr. Channing was very desirous that something should be attempted, & Mr. Worcester was more zealous than he. The others had but little in anything that should be attempted. Dr. Channing was of opinion that materiel enough could not be found to sustain a periodical publication on the subject; but Mr. Worcester thought there might. The meeting was adjourned to be held at a vestry. Hence the Friend of Peace, the Peace Societies & the change of public sentiment on the subject of war, which have succeeded. An important lesson, not to distrust the consequences of moral action, though apparently visionary and useless.

             Mrs. Knapp observed that it had been a principle with herself & husband, never to say to their children "you shall do this" or "you shan't do it." When any action was necessary, though the children were small, the propriety & impropriety, or the reasons for or against a measure were mentioned to them, & they were left to take which course they chose. If they took the wrong one the consequences taught them a lesson for the future. Money was always put into their hands; if anything was wanted at the store they were expected to pay for it with the money  in their pockets if they had enough, & the interests of the parents & children were identified; & they were never questioned as to the manner in which they spent their money, lest it might imply a suspicion of their want of honesty or of confidence in their judgement. In speaking of the pleasant circumstances of their son's situation at Brookline, the father observed that he never had occasion to reprove him, or to ask him "Why he did so?" or "Why he did not do so?" in relation to anything in his life. These remarks were made in a freedom, because of my intimacy with the sons, & with a request that I should not proclaim them. If one may judge by the characters of the sons, the highminded character of the influences which have been brought to bear upon them, have been the best which could be adopted.

             Among other persons whom I found at Walpole, was an old acquaintance, Thomas G. Wells, son of Dr. Wells, of Hopkinton, N.H. When a boy he learned the printer's trade, & by the time he was 22 or 23 years of age had acquired about $2000 of property. He purchased an apparatus for printing, & sailed for Valparaiso, running into debt about $2000 & leaving the business of insuring it with a friend. When they were off Cape Verd Islands one of the hands went below to draw rum & set it on fire. The vessel was speedily in a blaze & all on board entered two boats, taking with them compasses & a small supply of provisions. They were about 500 miles from the islands; but the wind being unfavorable they were obliged to direct their course towards South America. Running before the trade wind fourteen hundred miles in sixteen days (or sixteen hundred miles in fourteen days I do not recollect which) they succeeded in landing on the coast of Brazil. During this time Mr. Wells told me he did not get ten minutes continuous sleep, the spray was frequently tossed into his boat, his legs & feet were in appearance par-boiled, so that when upon reaching land he jumped up to walk, his legs refused to perform their duty, he dropped upon the ground & it was an hour before he could make much use of them. The only inhabitants were miserable & shiftless, unsupplied with provisions, there was but one miserable dwelling on the shore & all the food which could be obtained was watermelons. Of these he ate so freely that they caused a violent cholera morbus, of which he nearly died. Recovering from this the crew coasted along the shore till they came to a port where was an U.S. officer, who showed them every kindness in his power. Mr. Wells soon sailed for Caracas or some other port, making his journey homeward. The haggard form had given place to a very fleshy one, his tattered garments had dropped off, his features had become black by exposure, he wore a ragged old hat, & his coat, a gift, was very short, & extended but little below his elbows. Such was his appearance upon his return to Salem. He went to the barroom of the inn where he had previously boarded six months. The landlord did not recognize him, & his former fellow boarders passed by him. His brother did not discover him, so changed was he, though he passed through the barroom. When the bell rang for dinner he arose to enter the dining room with the others, but was met at the door by the landlord, who, not knowing him but moved by his shabby appearance, said to him "you cannot come in here." Mr. Wells soon made himself known, & then followed an indescribable enthusiasm in his favor, & hardly anything was too good for him.

             Upon going to the Insurance Office he found that the friend in whom he had confided, had neglected to effect an insurance & he had lost not only his $2000 but about $2000 which he would have received to liquidate his debt. He immediately went to his creditors & explained to them his situation & circumstances. They asked him if he wanted  still to go to Valparaiso. He told them he would do anything. Accordingly they fitted him out with another printing apparatus, he made a visit to his friends at Hopkinton, N.H., & in nine days from his arrival he was again on the Atlantic Ocean on his way to Valparaiso. He remained there about seven years, edited a paper in Spanish, printed bills for consuls, & returned, 'tis said with $16000 in gold. Soon after this he went into partnership with Charles Folsom & Lyman Johnston, & took the University Press at Cambridge. Here the firm prospered. In a few years they undertook a heavy edition of Washington's Writings. Shortly came the suspension of specie payments in 1837, & derangement of business; remittances could not be made by agents, the debts of the firm became due, the investments which the agents made in remote parts of the United States partook of the general uncertainty & loss & derangement of money matters, & the firm failed. Mr. W next went into business as a commission broker in Boston, with a determination to earn & pay up the deficit. He was again successful, made some very successful trades for others, for which he only rec'd his commissions; & thinking he might as well make such good bargains for himself as for others, extended his business beyond the commission business. Another tide soon followed in the mercantile affairs of the community, & he made a worse failure than before. Being a man of the strictest integrity, he had previously felt so hurt in his feelings that he would not visit Cambridge, & now he could not bear the sight of Boston. His father-in-law bought for him a farm in Walpole a little more than a year ago, where he is contented & happy in his situation.-- Such in substance is the history of a man of enterprise. The circumstances of his Valparaiso expedition he gave me an account of many years ago; --'tis possible the record of the particulars may vary a little after so long a time.

 January 30, 1848

             Sunday. Attended meeting & heard the Rev. Jaazaniah Crosby, of Charlestown, preach.

 January 31, 1848

             Monday. Went with Mr. Wells on the East side of the Connecticut River to Bellows Falls. Here is a sublime view. The whole Connecticut pours over the rocks at a great distance below the bridge, & on the east bank a mountain rises about 800 feet nearly perpendicularly. There is a strange sensation of vastness as one contemplates it. The eye lingers & one is unwilling to go from the spot. Here the water has rolled & the mountain stood for centuries, nations have risen & fallen, a new world been discovered, the Indians, who took fish at the foot of the falls & who inhabited the continent, have been fast wasting away; & not improbably this interesting spot will be converted into a city to turn spindles & to weave carpets. Here is the junction of the Rutland, Cheshire & Sullivan Railroads. The Irish were levelling to a depth of 30 or 40 feet the island, formed by the river & canal, for a depot.

             Upon my return called on Lyman Watkins, whom, through the Knapps, I have been successfully moving to undertake the History of Walpole.

 February 2, 1848

             Wednesday. Took the stage to Keene & went to Rev. A.A. Livermore's.

 February 3, 1848

             Thursday. Attended an examination of one of the best district schools in Keene. There is a striking contrast between the instructions given formerly & now in the New England schools. Once the elements of reading & perhaps a very little of arithmetic & penmanship were taught. In this school were examinations in grammar, geography, drawing maps, penmanship, arithmetic, algebra, physiology, architecture & composition & music. The house was crowded with scholars & parents & friends. The teacher was from Dublin, N.H., a man who had infused great life & vigor into the school. He is one of twenty-two schoolteachers this winter from that small town; & it is but one of the many evidences of the successful labors of Rev. Mr. Leonard there in raising the entire population of a town in no wise superior to other small country towns, to a very high moral & intellectual state.

 February 8, 1848

             Tuesday. Spent the evening at a small party of persons of different ages and sexes. At one table were a few playing whist, at another was a game of backgammon. There was some playing on the piano, & the majority spent most of the time in conversation. It was about 7 1/2 or 8 o'clock when I went. At 10 o'clock the party went into a retired room where they partook of a simple sensible refreshment of jelly & blanc-mange, shortly after which they went home.

 February 9, 1848

             Wednesday. Chief Justice Joel Parker having called on me yesterday & given me an invitation to a ride, we went this afternoon to the summit between Keene & Walpole. There were one hundred and one Irish cabins within a short distance of each other, some of which contained more families than one. They are built by the contractors & rented to the Paddies, who surround them with stones, turf, etc. The distance which the railroad passes through the rock is about three quarters of a mile; the deepest cut through the rock is 56 feet, & it ranges from 56 to 26 feet. The mud which caused so much trouble is not under the rock, but upon it. It is of a very rich kind, & appears to consist chiefly of decaying leaves & roots. After considerable digging the earth cracked & began to settle towards the cavity several hundred feet on each side. Trees were then driven down 26 feet long on each side of the passage & kept apart by braces. These with the assistance of the frost which gives tenacity to the mud, it is thought, will exclude the mud sufficiently to enable the workmen to prepare the grade & build a wall on each side, before the spring opens. Four hundred persons were working on the summit. Derricks, steamdrills, steam pumps, horses, men, boys, --all busy; & blasting of rocks frequent.

 February 10, 1848

            Thursday. Spent the evening with John Prentiss for many years editor of the New Hampshire Sentinel. He was born at South Reading or Reading, Mass.

February 21, 1848

            Monday. Wrote a piece for A.A. Livermore's Marriage offering.

February 25, 1848

            Friday. Certain news of the death of John Quincy Adams Ex-President of the United States. The bells in Keene tolled one hour. I dined with him at his house in Quincy 20 Sept. 1840. The papers are filled with notices of him. At the time I allude to he was very active, showed me his library, journal, his father's letters, etc. He was very unassuming, simple in his dress & habits & unaffected. He always invited the clergyman to dine with him on the Sabbath. He said he had read all Cicero's writings in the Latin language since he left the Presidency. He entered into a long discussion on genealogies. His memory was as unbounded as his activity. He had then been very active in Congress in advocating the Right of Petition which had been violently opposed by the Southerners, because it related to the abolition of slavery.

            Returning the week before down the Penobscot from Bangor the boat stopped in the fog at Bucksport. Just as it was going from the wharf the by-standers gave "three cheers for the right of petition." He alluded to it as a very pleasant incident. He lived to see the right of petition acceded to. And he lived to hear Dr. Palfrey's speech in the U.S. House of Representatives against slavery; whereupon he said "Thank God, the seals are now broken." The last act he did was to say no to passing a Resolution of thanks to the officers for their bravery in Mexico. He sank down with the paralysis in his seat. His neighbor caught him in his arms immediately. The Representatives crowded around him; the House immediately adjourned, he was soon taken to the Speakers room where he died on the 23rd having been attacked on the 21st. It is said he was the most learned man living. He seemed to be equally at home in the mineral or chemical room or the library. There seemed to be no subject about which he was not well acquainted. The last time I saw him he was at a meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society in September or October. He looked feeble.

February 26, 1848

            Saturday. I have had much enjoyment during my sojourn in Keene. In the forenoon I have generally employed myself on my History of Union, in the afternoon, read, rode, made calls, & in the evening been frequently at social gatherings. My residence has been in a delightful family & as I took my departure to-day for Cambridge I felt that I had experienced much that was calculated to soothe my nerves after all that I had suffered from the Corporation & other causes during the last term.

 March 4, 1848  

            Saturday. The Senate Chamber and the Hall of the House of Representatives dressed in mourning on account of the death of J.Q. Adams. Many funeral sermons have been preached & the papers have abounded with notices of him. All enmities seem to have subsided now that he is gone.

 March 11, 1848

            Saturday. The funeral ceremonies for John Quincy Adams were performed at Quincy, & an eloquent sermon delivered by Rev. Wm. P. Lunt. The body was not placed with his father's in the church; but in a tomb in the burying ground. It was taken from Washington on Monday, & remained that night at Baltimore, the next at Philadelphia, the next at New York, the next in the church at Springfield & the following in Faneuil Hall in Boston. In Philadelphia it was in Independence Hall. A Committee of Congress, consisting of one individual from each State accompanied it. The cities were thronged with spectators, military honors were shown, speeches were made in unison with the occasion. Most of the circumstances connected with the movements are given in detail in the newspapers.

March 12, 1848

            Sunday. In the course of the last night died Prof. Wheaton at the house of E.Jarvis, M.D. in Dorchester, where he had been residing for a short time, under great depression of spirits and ill health. The loss to the Dane Law School is a very serious one. He was a man of extensive literary, legal, and diplomatic attainments; & his history is important in connexion with that of the United States.

March 15, 1848

            Wednesday. Dedication, in Boston, of the Church of the Disciples. In the evening there was in the vestry a social gathering of the society to which all who had ever been connected with the society were invited. The occasion was one of great interest & kindliness of feeling. It was proposed to have such a meeting annually. Seven years the society has been without a home. Now a building has been erected exclusively of the land, for $13,000, quite beautful & cheaper by $2000 or $3000 than it would have been practicable to rear one by running four plain walls, as was the original intention, to a suitable height and covering them.

March 19, 1848

            Sunday. First assembling in the new church, designed to be free of expense for all who cannot pay for its privileges. Here the rich and the poor may meet together & feel that the Lord is Maker of them all.

            In the afternoon went to my Aunt Whitneys in Charlestown 84 years old, blind & quite deaf, & probably a little affected as my mother was with monomania. In the evening went back to Boston & heard the Oratorio Elijah performed by the Handel & Haydn Society.

March 20, 1848

            Monday. To-day the report is current that President Everett is advised by his physicians to resign the Presidency & that he will do it at the close of the term. It has been said that for some time he has had a disease which has been wearing upon him, & in connexion with his arduous duties will undermine his constitution. The disease was seated before he went to the Court of St. James as Minister.

March 24, 1848

            Friday. Called on Rev. Abner Morse who is preparing a genealogy of the Morses. He says that about 1636 two brothers & a sister named Bullard came to this country, in whose family was insanity. The sister married a Morse; & to this day insanity continues in that branch of the Morse family, without any amelioration. The Morses originally settled in Watertown.

March 27, 1848

            Monday. Rec'd a letter from the President wishing me to prepare the Triennial Catalogue of the University.

March 31, 1848

            Friday. Having been applied to by the Corporation through the President to edit this years Triennial agree to undertake it.

April 6, 1848

            Thursday being fast day walked to Brookline & spent the day with Rev. F.N. Knapp. The next Lord's Day will be the last for divine service in the present meeting house. Mr. Sumner, with whom Mr. Knapp boards, married a woman who was greatgrand-daughter of Gooch who married a Franklin & thus has come into possession of many things which belonged to Benjamin Franklin & the Franklin family. He has the portrait of Benjamin Franklin, which was engraved for Sparks's edition of Franklin's Writings; also many curiosities, teacups, plates, etc, which it is not improbable belonged to him, also an old chest, probably brought from Great Britain by B.F.'s father, a portrait also of Ben's brother, John, I think it was.

April 14, 1848

            Friday. Party at Professor Sparks's. After residing a year or so with his father-in-law in Salem he bought a house built by Prof. Treadwell on the corner of Quincy & Kirkland Streets & returned to Cambridge last summer vacation or a little after commencement.

April 15, 1848

            Saturday. President Everett's Eulogy on President John Quincy Adams. The procession purported to be formed in Boston, according to the details in the newspapers; but there was great intrusion into it, so that many were excluded from as convenient places as they were entitled to. When the fourth and last division, near the head of which were the Students of Harvard College, reached Faneuil Hall, the building was filled. The marshals & police officers passed out word to that effect, & said that more could not be admitted. But the crowd cut the rope which had kept them back from the procession & the multitude pushed forward, the students raised their rallying cry "Harvard," & the mass rolled in like the sea over the tops of the settees and people, & those who were seated involuntarily sprang upon their feet through the house. It seemed at one time as if they would tear out the seats & drive out the assembly. The settees were crushed, women & men turned pale, & the galleries filled with females gave evidence of deep anxiety & terror. What must a mob be, when lashed into fury! It was sometime before any of the exercises could be heard. But the President succeeded in gaining the attention & enchaining this dense mass, crowded into the most uncomfortable attitudes for about two hours & eight minutes. The decorations of the Hall remained as they were at the funeral. A deep & somber hue pervaded the room.

April 16, 1848

            Sunday. Went to the Melodeon to hear Theodore Parker preach. The house was very full. A very large portion, probably a majority, of the congregation consisted of young men. He is a man of almost incredible attainments though not sufficiently exact & accurate. He is very mild & spiritual, & when he deals in sarcasm & severity he is unconscious of his power of giving pain, & as penitent as a child when he finds he has done it. He is also fearless & has been so goaded that he carries matters further probably than he naturally would have done. His sermon however was quite ordinary & had but little of Christianity in it, though it was a good essay on death.

April 22, 1848

            Saturday. Examined the public records at East Cambridge; but found no name Sibley but that of John who died in Charlestown in 1649.

April 27, 1848

           Thursday. Examined Boston Records & found no genealogical information relating to the Sibleys.

            Attended the meeting of the Historical Society. Prof. Ticknor presented the records of the Anthology Society of which he was Secretary when it ceased to exist. The Anthology was commenced by David Phineas Adams, who had coadjutors, Rev. Mr. Emerson, etc. Before he had conducted it many months his health failed. It was then carried on by others, a society was subsequently formed, contributions were sent from several States in New England & finally, out of this grew the Boston Athenaeum. These records give the names of the different pieces & afford the best idea of the New England literary history of the day. Among the active men were Messrs. Tudor, afterward charge' in South America, Kirkland, Shaw, Buckminster, Emerson, Judge Parsons, etc.

May 8, 1848

            Monday. This evening about
nine o'clock, a foundling was discovered near Massachusetts Hall, probably less than twenty-four hours old, wrapped in nothing but a blanket. He was sent to the Alms House & named John Harvard. Too bad that John Harvard should at last go to the almshouse!

May 10, 1848

            Wednesday. Dudleian Lecture at 4 oc'clock P.M. by Rev. Dr. Gilman, of Charleston, S.C.

            Engaged incessantly since April 1st in preparing the Triennial for 1848. Joseph Palmer, M.D., has spent considerable [amounts] of his leisure time since the last edition was printed, in examining newspapers and collecting information from various sources respecting it.

            J. Peele Dabney offered to bring the manuscript to the President for me. He took it & detained it, obviously for the purpose of intercepting the information which it contained till it was too late to be used by me. Having detained it one or two weeks, though he promised to deliver it on the day after he received it, Judge J.C. Merrill applied to him & found it was his inclination to keep it back. He said that he should not give it to any one till he received five dollars for carrying it to Cambridge. The Judge told him if he did not send it or carry it immediately he should as a civil magistrate prosecute him. The consequence was that the manuscript very shortly made its appearance. He has succeeded in obtaining information respecting John Poor, who has escaped all inquiries for many years. He asks five dollars for it, thinking he is the sole depository of a secret. I have obtained the information from Mr. Poor's daughter in consequence of personal application. [EXCISED PASSAGE]

            He was so uncomfortable a person that it has ever been difficult to get along with him & he was not applied to edit it in 1842. No person had ever before assumed any particular responsibility about it. The information obtained was sent to the printing office & by some one there transferred to one copy for the printer. [EXCISED PASSAGE] I forbad the printers letting anyone see the sheets except by my order or the Presidents.  Dabney, as I expected, made an effort to see them, but it was unsuccessful. I carefully examined all the Corporation & Overseers Records & made about 4000 corrections, transpositions, alterations, & additions.  His next charge then was that nine tenths of all I had done was he result of his labors, & that I had obli[  ] it through Hon. J. C. Merrill, to whom he had communicated the information. I told him & the bystanders, whom he was haranguing, that I had not received ten items of information from Judge Merrill, which I had not also received from other sources.  Subsequently I asked the Judge about it & he said he received seven items from Dabney but had [   ] Dabney [    ] two for every one her received. This was in 1842.  Dabney has been [   ] at President Quincy & myself ever since.

May 20, 1848

            Saturday. In the afternoon walked to West Cambridge. In the burying ground I copied the following inscription from a gravestone:

"Mr. Jason Russell was

barbarously murdered in his own

house by Gage's bloody Troops

            on ye 19th of April 1775. AEtat. 59

            His body is quietly resting

in this Grave with Eleven

of our friends, who in like-

manner with many others were

cruelly slain on the fatal day.

            Blessed are ye dead who die in ye Lord"

            The grave has recently been opened, & the bones were found in a good state of preservation. There were also found pieces of the clothes, flints, a cartouch box, the soles of the shoes, etc. All the persons were buried in one grave. Over it a foundation is now laid for a monument, & upon the foundation was laid loosely the old stone from which the old inscription is copied.

            Near this grave are the graves of Dunsters, descendants of President Dunster, so arranged with Carterets and Rev. Mr. Cooke's, that it is not improbable the families are allied by marriage. There was the gravestone of Jonathan Dunster who died April 1, 1742, aet. 47 & of Henry Dunster Jun., who died Oct. 13, 1748(?), aged 25 years & of Henry Dunster who died 1753, aet. 73 or 75 years, The inscriptions were not very distinct.

            At Mrs.Cotting's (she is mother of Dr. B.E. Cotting) I borrowed the New Testament portion of the Bible, with its accompanying Concordance by Downame, which has been in the family from the time of their coming to this country. Mrs. C. was an Eddy. The volume descended to two of her aunts, & some 75 or 100 years ago, not being able to agree as to possession they divided it at the beginning of the New Testament & one of the Aunts gave this portion to Mrs. Cotting. Upon examining this 4to vol. I found at the end of the N.T. the date 1612 & the printer's name Barker. The first edition of King James's Translation was printed in 1611 in folio. As the work did not sell rapidly, new title pages were printed in 1612 & 1613. [EXCISED PASSAGE]

May 22, 1848

            Prof. Kingsley of New Haven at the College Library. He says his name is traced to the time of Henry 1st, when, for some service, to the Earl of Warwick, he thinks, a grant was made & the name was De King's Lea or "of the King's lea" & the name of the first settler at Dorchester, Mass. was spelt with "y", though dropped by many of his posterity.

May 27, 1848

            Saturday. P.M. attended the funeral of my class mate, the Hon. Jonathan Chapman at King's Chapel, Boston, who died on the 25th, of erysipelas, which finally settled into a kind of croup. He had been Mayor of Boston. He was brother of the Rev. George Chapman, formerly of Louisville, and subsequently of Framingham. A sister married Rev. Frederick T. Gray, & two sisters married Ozias Goodwin. As his regular place of worship was the First Church in Roxbury, Dr. Putnam officiated at the funeral. Jonathan, George & Dummer Chapman were schoolfellows when I was at Phillips Exeter Academy. Their mother was a little girl playing about Halifax when their father, as it appeared from comparing dates, was a prisoner of war there. The mother, a Rogers, was brought up in the family of the Rev. Mr. Newell of Stow, whose second wife was daughter of Rev. Mr. Rogers of Littleton.

May 30, 1848

            Tuesday. This being Anniversary Week & this the day of the Unitarian Collation, I took the opportunity of visiting Boston to obtain information respecting the Triennial Catalogue & to see the faces of old friends.

June 11, 1848

            Sunday. When the marble coffin was carried to Mount Vernon a few years since for the reception of Washington's remains, 'tis said, the people who attended at the opening of the old coffin saw Washington's features in as natural a state as when he died, but within ten minutes after exposure to the air, the face crumbled to dust.

June 14, 1848         

            Wednesday. Professor Parker told me to-day that his father, who at the time of hearing of the British movements to Concord was ploughing in his field at Pepperell, hurried his oxen home & found that the Pepperell company had already started for the scene of action. He hastened on & overtook them. In the draft for the movement to fortify Bunker's Hill it did not fall to his lot to go & he purchased the privilege of one who was drawn, for a gill of rum. He was wounded in the leg by a ball which passed between the two leg bones, splintering them but not fracturing the leg. The ball was flattened exceedingly & is now in the possession of Prof. Parker's brother. When the Americans were driven he was near the gate of the redoubt & thus escaped, & as he proceeded, hobbling toward Cambridge, he passed on one side of a knoll while the pursuers for the most part went on the other side of it. As he approached the Neck, coming down the hill he was taken by two men who carried him on their shoulders, who hailed a carriage which had a wounded officer & begged that he might be taken in. They were answered that it was impossible. But they put him upon the shafts of the vehicle & thus he was carried off. As he crossed the Neck he saw two men flat on their faces, protected from the balls, which were continually flying, by nothing but the dirt which was thrown up by a rut; they being afraid to rise & pass on. Mr. Parker ever afterward regretted that he never learned the names of the friends who helped him off. He subsequently settled in Jaffrey, N.H.

June 16, 1848

            Friday. Professor Greenleaf delivered his final lecture before the Dane Law School. I hear that in the course of it he observed that he studied law without ever having had even an Academical education & was admitted to practice in 1806. His acquaintance with Judge Story commenced early. Being employed in making a Digest of Over-ruled cases he understood that probably one Joseph Story of Salem might afford him some assistance, & wrote to him & received assistance. After Story was placed on the bench he recognised his correspondent  in his court excursions to Maine, & they were on friendly terms. In 1829, after Court one day, Judge Story touched him on the shoulder & told him that an effort was made to revive the Law School, & that he would probably have the offer of a Professorship. Prof. G was exceedingly surprised at the remark. He however was not then appointed. Mr. Ashmun was made Professor, it being the object of the Corporation not merely to secure the services of a man whose friends strenuously & justly urged his qualifications, but to divert to this Institution the students at the Law School in Northampton with which Mr. A. was connected. Mr. A. died in a few years, & then Mr. Greenleaf was elected to the place. Mr. G. was offered a high office on the bench, & Judge Story came to him, wrung his hands & begged him with tears not to leave the Law School & prevailed on him to make up his mind to remain here as long as life or health should last. And now he said he was so worn that he should die in the middle of a term if he did not leave.

            Judge Story & Prof. Greenleaf were devoted friends. For one or two years after the Judge's decease Prof. G. alluded to him in almost every lecture & always with extravagant eulogy & very deep feeling. Since his death he has part of the time filled the Dane Professorship. He has been unboundedly popular with the Students, & a committee has been appointed & money raised to procure a portrait of him to be placed in Dane Hall.

            Judge Story's popularity was greater even than Prof. Greenleaf's. Possessing an eternal flow of cordial & social feeling, abounding with anecdote, having been acquainted, from his long continuance on the bench, with nearly all the eminent men of this country for many years, never forgetting anything, always complimenting & encouraging all, going to Washington every winter to sit on the bench of the U.S. Supreme Court, & there picturing in glowing colors to members of Congress from all the States in the Union the brilliant efforts of the young men in the Dane Law School, who were represented by him as eclipsing the bar of the United States, & when at home filling his lectures with enthusiasm, & pleading for the law as if there was nothing so noble for the human mind to study, & acting as if he would turn the whole College into one great Law Shop, he gathered here great numbers & had so turned the direction of the whole country in this direction hitherward that if his life had been spared the halls would have been thronged with hundreds. His death was a shock to the School, & now comes another which, as the impulse given by the Judge, has been waning must necessarily be very severe.

            Prof. Greenleaf always adhered closely & eloquently to his subject, Prof. Story was more discursive & often gave biographical sketches of eminent men. Prof. G. wanted an attention to the subject, & study, & attendance on the exercises. Story wanted the students to be entirely free from all control, Prof. G. was a careful stickler for laws & rules. Both always advocated continually, often till it became irksome to some, a very high standard of morality among lawyers. And Prof. G. observed that it had been mentioned that since the establishment of this school there had been a higher degree of courtesy & propriety at the bar.

June 21, 1848

            Wednesday. This morning, as report says, the hired man of Edward Bromfield Phillips, heard a noise in his room between 5 & 6 o'clock, & subsequently went in as usual before he rose, to see if he wished anything. He found him breathing but insensible, on his bed. He had loaded a pistol with three balls & discharged it against his head, above or back of the ear, & torn the part behind the ears almost to pieces. He held his hand so near that it was scorched with the powder. An express was immediately sent to Prof. Beck, who married his mother, & it arrived in the evening between 7 & 8 o'clock. Mr. Phillips had but recently returned from Europe & was tarrying at Dr. Wesselhoeft's Water Cure establishment with his mother, who was there for her health. Dr. Beck immediately went to Boston, hired an express locomotive & took his departure for Brattleboro, Vt.

June 23, 1848

            Friday. Prof. Beck returned last night with his family & the corpse, though obliged to travel with horses & carriage many miles as the railroad to Brattleboro is not finished. The funeral is this evening at 8 o'clock as secret as possible & the body carried to Mount Auburn in a thundershower. Mr. Phillips has bequeathed $100,000 to the Cambridge Observatory. At the time he was twenty-one years old, it is supposed he was the richest man, of his age, in America. President Quincy had been his guardian, & he had paid him a salary subsequently to act as his agent. Many rumors prevail as to the cause of the suicide. One story is that he was oppressed with a sense of the responsibility resting on him to make a right use of his property. He was at times subject to great depression of spirits; & there is a hereditary tendency towards insanity in the family. He made his will before he went to Europe, & the provision for the Observatory was suggested by President Quincy. Upon his return he proposed to make a new will & took it for the purpose, from President Quincy, who suggested to him he had better not destroy it till the other was made.

July 11, 1848

            Tuesday. Annual examination of the Library. Total no. of vols. added, 1523, including duplicates, of which 540 were donations. Of the donations I procured more than 200 vols before I came to the conclusion not to make any extra exertions to increase the College Library [EXCISED PASSAGE] but to save my influence for any other library to which I may go. No. of pamphlets given 2632, including 1117 duplicates; of these 2520 were gifts. Thus the number of donations to the Library of books & pamphlets was just about one half what it was last year, when the duplicate pamphlets were not counted.

            This is the anniversary, closing week of the term i.e. tomorrow is Exhibition. The next day valedictory.

July 13, 1848

            Exercises of the Seniors, after which was dancing on the College green for a time, & in the Picture Gallery, or Commencement dining-hall which is the whole lower story of Harvard Hall. In the evening, attended the Levee at the President's.

July 14, 1848

            Friday. Valedictory exercises of the graduating class of the Divinity School. The Valedictory Address on last Sunday evening was by Rev. Dr. Bushnell of Hartford.

July 20, 1848

            Thursday. After tea walked about one mile & a half from the College to the corner this side of what is called the Brighton Rail Road Crossing, on the way to Brookline to see the remains of the Massachusetts Regiment, which arrived there yesterday from Mexico, via New Orleans and the inland route. They were occupying buildings a short distance from the corner, on the Eastern side of the road which leads towards Boston. They numbered about two-thirds as many as when they left for Texas. They were ragged, dirty, worn-down by fatigue, several of them sick & half-starved. Of Caleb Cushing they spoke in terms of unexceptionable hostility. Of Taylor they were enthusiastic, to a man. Of their sufferings they gave thrilling descriptions. Although they were engaged in no action, there did not seem to be one of the many with whom I conversed, who was not rejoiced to have got back. Most of them seemed to be very young, or broken down old men. Thousands of people were thronging to the place from Boston & vicinity, & all appear to be satisfied that there is no fun in going to war.

July 22, 1848

            Saturday. The troops were entertained with a dinner at Fanueil Hall. The escort is said to have been splendid & the contrast between the two very striking. Speeches were made at the dinner table, & when Caleb Cushing, their general, rose he was so hissed & whistled at, that during the eight or ten minutes that he had the floor, they drowned what he said by their noise, & several of the troops left the hall. They give most disgusting & outrageous accounts of his treatment of them.

            My classmate, S.C. Walker, who resided at Philadelphia many years & is now boarding with me at Mrs. Manning's, being employed on the Coast Survey, says that when Mr. A. Bache went to Paris in 1837, he took letters of introduction from Mr. DuPonceau, of Philadelphia to M. Arago. Mr. Arago took him by the arm & went into the meeting of the French Institute & introduced him as "M. Bache, le petite grand fils de M. Franklin," & such was the respect still entertained for Franklin that the whole Institute rose up -- a mark of respect which they never show upon the entrance of crowned heads.

            He further says that when M. Nicollet was obliged to leave his country the government endeavored to persecute him & blacken his character with the U.S. Government. He was employed in exploring the N.W. section of this country & gave the names of several of his friends to several of the lakes there.

July 28, 1848

            Friday. The College visited by Sully, the painter, from Philadelphia, & his daughter Blanche. He says that Stewart was his teacher. The head of the portrait of John Quincy Adams was not finished quite, by Stewart & he thinks that Stewart found, after making some progress, that he had made a mistake in commencing on canvas which would not admit the body, & abandoned the painting in disgust. After Stewart's death Sully was applied to, to finish it. He succeeded in introducing the body by bringing the foot to the margin. Stewart was to have $1000 for the work. Sully allowed $600 for what Stewart had done; & this left him $400, which just paid his expenses. When Sully undertook the picture of Washington crossing the Delaware, he endeavored to inform himself of the incidents, & made the acquaintance of General Biddle. Biddle told him that he was in the last boat that left the shore, & that Washington having seen all the troops despatched was the last man that stepped into the boat, almost benumbed with the cold & the storm. Biddle! have you anything in your canteen? said Washington. Upon returning the canteen to Biddle he observed "If we fail in this, we will go to the mountains," thus determined not to yield, though worsted in action.

            Sully painted the picture of Queen Victoria. She sat in her robes till he had painted her head & shoulders; & then, not caring to sit longer, Miss Blanche Sully was decorated with the royal dress & the painting was finished. One day while thus dressed in queenly splendor & sitting on the throne, not expecting any one, the Queen was announced. She was somewhat disconcerted; but the Queen came in, curtsied to her in a humorous way as if she were the queen on the throne, asked her a multitude of questions in a very familiar way, & immediately made her feel entirely at ease upon the throne.

            Mr. Sully has a great fund of incident & anecdote &, as well as his daughter, is remarkable for exceeding propriety of language & deportment & refinement. He says that Stewart Newton that painted Thomas Palmer, died a maniac, that the copy of Van Dyke's Cardinal Bentivoglio by Smibert (not by Trumbull as President Quincy thought) has been an incentive to many artists & he believed it was one of the earliest pictures copied by Washington Allston, & he recognised his friend Stewart in the picture of Fisher Ames.

August 3, 1848

             Thursday. Dr. N.B. Shurtleff says in the class which graduated at Brown University in 1796, of which his father was a member, the individual at the bottom of the class was poor, but there was no other man in the class who was not worth one hundred thousand dollars, & the average is $200,000 a piece.

August 6, 1848

            Sunday. Rode to Lexington with Mr. Bush who went to preach. The meetinghouse which was erected on the spot where the one stood through the pulpit window of which Earl Percy's party fired a cannon ball, at the Lexington fight, & which was so situated as to intercept the view of the monument when one rode into the village from Cambridge, has been taken down. Another, erected on the other side of the monument & about to be dedicated was burnt, & now another stands on the west of the monument, dedicated this year, soon after my classmate the Rev. J. Whitman's death.

            Seven of the men who were killed were hastily buried in one hole in rough board coffins about in the middle of the east side of the grave yard; but several years since they were removed & the monument now stands over them. In the grave yard is the monument of Governor Eustis. It is said that on a visit to the grave of his mother not long before his death he took out his pencil & made a memorandum requesting to be buried by her. The fence incloses his & her remains. The freestone slab resting on freestone pillars probably over the grave of Rev. Mr. Clark has no inscription.

August 19, 1848

            Saturday. Read the last proofsheet of the Triennial Catalogue, which has occupied nearly all of my time since April 1. Many additions & corrections have been made, & when the obituary dates differ the edition of 1848 is to be preferred to that of 1845. Five hundred and eighty five obituary dates of alumni remain to be supplied.

August 21, 1848

            Monday. Candidates for admission to college assembled at University Hall at six o'clock. As there has been no public house in Cambridge for several years, it has been necessary for most of them to lodge in Boston & come out previously to the hour of six. The examinees, divided into twelve sections, go to different rooms to examined by different officers.

August 22, 1848

            Tuesday. Examinations for admissions concluded about noon. Answers given about six o'clock, P.M. Nine rejected in toto; seventy-seven admitted, of whom some will try for admission to the higher classes.

August 23, 1848

             Wednesday. Commencement.

 August 24, 1848

             Thursday. Phi Beta Kappa Exercises. Oration by Rev. Dr. Bushnell of Hartford. There is getting to be a pretty prevalent impression that the Society alienates many graduates from the College. Persons not elected into the Society are unwilling to give their attendance on commencement week. It is quite evident that the general interest of the Alumni has been made to yield to the clique feeling which prevails in the Phi Beta Kappa Society.

August 30, 1848

 
Wednesday.                                            Harvard College Library, August 30, 1848

President Everett.

            Dear Sir,

                        I propose to take my journey next week, unless there are objections; and as my father lives a considerable distance from the seaboard & the communication is irregular, it will be desirable to mail a letter for him this week, requesting some one to go to the boat to meet me.

                                                            Respectfully yours,

                                                                        John L. Sibley

                                                                                              Cambridge, 30 August 1848

Dear Sir,

            When you made a passing allusion, a short time since, to a journey to be taken after commencement, you implied that you had named the subject before, as I have no doubt is the case; for what purpose, however, I do not recollect. The regulations allow you to be absent during half the vacation. I suppose there would be no objection to your substituting three weeks of term time (giving due notice to the Librarian) for half the vacation,-- provided the expense of the arrangement (if any) were borne by yourself. If you consider that the College should bear the expense, it will be necessary for me to refer the matter to the Corporation.

                                                                        Yours very truly,

                                                                                    Edward Everett"

Mr. J.L. Sibley"

                                                                                    College Library, Aug. 31, 1848

Pres't Everett

            Dear Sir,

                        When I first talked with you about the Triennial I mentioned the being absent after Commencement, & when I called upon you after receiving your letter of terms, for an explanation of some points, I mentioned it again. You asked me if I had mentioned it before & I replied in the affirmative. You then went to a stand or desk at the east side of your office with the view as I supposed of making a memorandum; and I added if I should conclude previously to Commencement to go to Boston the consideration of absence would be superseded or something to that effect.

            Both times of my editing the Triennial before, I went away in term time without bearing any extra expense or making up time. If, however, it be thought expedient to make an innovation, the subject can be disposed of, after my return. Mr. Abbot is occasionally lending a hand in the Library while he is engaged in filing and cataloguing Corporation papers; & the commencement of this term being the most busy part, if I remain till the middle or the last of next week, I think an occasional half hour's help from him is all that will be necessary, & perhaps the emergency will not arise even for this.

            While penning the above, a friend who was here more than a year ago, has called, saying that in consequence of what I said to him then, he, with others, has been at great pains to complete a work of 20 volumes & that it is now in Boston on board a vessel, subject to my order for the Library.

                                                                        Respectfully yours,          

                                                                                    John L. Sibley

                                           

                                                                        Cambridge 31 August 1848

Dear Sir,

            I have no doubt the case is as you represent it-- I agree with you that you might take your journey & leave the question of expense to be settled afterward, as it cannot be a large sum.  

            You will of course communicate your intention to Dr. Harris.

                                                                        Yours very truly --- Edward Everett

Mr. J.L. Sibley

September 8, 1848

            Friday. Took the steamboat at Boston for Thomaston, Maine.

September 9, 1848

            Saturday. Arrived at Thomaston about five o'clock, A.M. In the afternoon went to Union.

September 16, 1848

            Saturday. Went to the graveyard to attend the placing of gravestones for my mother.

September 26, 1848

            Tuesday. Have spent most of the time while in Union, in collecting materials for the History of the town. It has but few of the associations with home, of which so much is said and of which there might & ought to be more.

            This afternoon went with horse and wagon to the edge of Hope, then took a northeasterly direction by Hope corner, over a very hilly road with extensive prospect, to Camden & tarried with Dr. Estabrook, whose father was minister at Athol, Mass.

September 27, 1848

            Wednesday. About eleven o'clock took the steamer "State of Maine" to Portland, then took the cars to Boston, & walked to my room in Cambridge, where I arrived about eleven o'clock at night.

October 25, 1848

             Wednesday. Attended the celebration of the introduction of pure water into the city of Boston. Graphic accounts will be given in the newspapers. The exhibition of fireworks in the evening was remarkably splendid. The physical comfort & the moral influence which will follow cannot be estimated. The amount of suffering among the poor people for want of water has never been fully understood. I have known women who did washing, go a quarter of a mile to beg rinsing water & carry it to their homes and use it to do the first washing of their clothes. In the vicinity of Fort Hill was a pump which was left unchained three or four hours a day; & during these hours there was an almost continual quarrelling among the visitors who were struggling with each other to get a chance to pump water. Some physicians say the suffering in summer for want of water is greater than in winter for want of fuel.

 November 25, 1848        

            Saturday. Report says this evening that President Everett resigned at the monthly meeting of the Corporation this afternoon.

November 27, 1848

            Monday. After prayers this evening the President announced his resignation to the students. He spoke in terms of high commendation of their conduct for a long time, & challenged any institution in this country, or even in Europe, to present an equal degree of propriety and good order. He said that he had tendered his resignation last summer, but had been prevailed on to continue in office till a short time before the meeting of the Legislature, in order that a successor might be chosen immediately after his resignation & forthwith receive the approbation of the Board of Overseers. His health he said was such, that he could not continue to discharge the duties of the Presidency. Although I think he has not conducted towards me as he ought I cannot help thinking that there is no man in community who combines so many of the qualities which are desirable in a President. Let his successor be who he may. The College will be likely to suffer severely from his resignation. He had hard trials at first, but having gained the victory he has brought the College into an excellent condition. A stranger can have no adequate idea of the general improvement of the Institution during an administration which has not yet extended quite to the term of three years. There is great courtesy, gentlemanly bearing, and correctness of conduct and diligence. Amusements, or jokes, & tricks, when they are indulged in, are not of the low character which formerly prevailed. If he had continued several years longer he would have given an impulse & high tone to the College, which would never have been entirely lost. A vast change has taken place in the feelings of the students towards him.

November 30, 1848

            Thursday. Thanksgiving. Dined at Professor J. Parker's.

 December 20, 1848

            Wednesday. Much excitement & sorrow in the community on account of the death of G.S. Emerson, who shot himself yesterday P.M. at 5 o'clock, with a double-barrelled gun at his father's house in Pemberton Square, Boston, blowing a part of his skull into the Square. Great mental depression.

December 24, 1848

            Sunday. This evening the Divinity Students had special services in the Chapel of Divinity Hall. Barrett of the Law School preached.


1849

January 1, 1849

             Monday. At midnight the students assembled to dance around the Liberty Tree, (which stands nearly on a line between the west ends of Holden & Harvard) to sing Auld Lang Syne & to give cheers. The custom has not continued long, a few assembled last year & fewer still, on the preceding year. Probably there was nothing of the kind previously. Many became somewhat intoxicated the present year.

January 3, 1849

             Wednesday. The President spoke to the students this evening very feelingly and eloquently upon the disorders of Sunday night. He had evidently regarded it as a serious interruption to the good order which has prevailed for the last year & a half, & in which he had felt great satisfaction. He had hoped to leave the College in an unexampled state of quiet.

January 18, 1849

             Thursday. The movements of the Corporation respecting the President have been very secret. Nothing certain was known till the evening of the 16th, when it was pretty well ascertained that Prof. Sparks was the man. He seemed to be the most prominent person; but Prof. Walker had some friends who were urging his qualifications so vigorously that it was supposed he might be elected. To-day the nomination is laid before the Overseers.

            For a few months the whole country has been running mad with the California gold fever, the people are half-crazy. The newspapers are crowded with details. Europe has caught the feeling. Thousands & tens of thousands of people are crowding to California, many of them abandoning profitable employment, forsaking families & homes, going out sometimes in companies, at other times as passengers.

 February 1, 1849

             Thursday. Prof. Sparks's nomination to the Presidency was confirmed by the Overseers to-day by a vote of 48 to 2. It may be considered as unanimous for two votes were also thrown against other officers who were presented for confirmation. Mr. Everett continued to discharge the duties till to-day when Mr. Sparks assumed them. Query: Will not President Sparks turn his attention to building up the library of the College?

 February 5, 1849

             Monday. Rec'd a letter from Dr. Gage stating that his wife was much more deranged than she had been, & that it would probably be necessary to place her in an Asylum. How deeply seated is insanity in some families. Mrs. G had a cousin, who attempted to hang himself last year. The rope broke; but he died in a few days in consequence of the fall.

 March 12, 1849

             Monday. The new College Administration has been in operation, since the last of February. Nos. 5 & 6, University Hall, have been fitted up for the Offices of the President & the Secretary Regent. A tutor has been assigned to each class, (as was the case when I entered College) on whom the members of the class are to call to be excused for absences from recitations, etc. A regent has been appointed to receive returns, written excuses, to grant leave of absence, etc. Thus the President is relieved from an immense amount of detail. Mr. Everett continues to live where he did while President, & President Sparks in his own house, on the corner of Quincy & Kirkland Streets. Evening prayers at 6 instead of 5 1/2 o'clock.

 March 19, 1849

             Monday. P.M. Senior class held a spirited meeting on the subject of electing class officers, the members of the Hasty Pudding Club being opposed by the other members of the class, on the ground that for several years they have endeavored to choose the orator and poet from the Club. The afternoon was spent & the class adjourned without making elections.

 March 21, 1849

           Wednesday. The Hasty Pudding, being outvoted, a compromise was made by electing the Class Orator from them & the Poet from the others. When I was in College it was customary to transmit a very large slate to the best mathematician. It not being certain to which of two in the Class of 1825 it belonged the person who had it in the Class of 1824 gave it to Wilder & S.C. Walker conjointly. The Thundering Bolus, a huge cane, was transmitted to the strongest or stoutest member of the class. Forbush had it. If at any time a member complained of injustice done to him by his being overlooked, the ready reply was "you are entitled to it, if you can take it from the possessor." A huge jack-knife was handed down to the worst looking fellow in the class. Shortly before I entered College, the person to whom it was given was so indignant that he threw it into the fire & destroyed it. Another was procured I believe, & I think in the class of 1825 it was given either to Jason Whitman or Sears C. Walker. At present the custom is to contribute to the purchase of a new one for the worst looking fellow; there is quite a competition & active electioneering for it among a few who are rivals for it, & the most expensive one which can be found is bought. A collection is made, sometimes of a dollar apiece, which is reserved to buy a cradle for the member who has the first child.

 March 20, 1849

             Friday. The bell tolled for the funeral of the wife of John Sweetman, the janitor of Dane Hall. It has not been tolled for many months or even years on such an occasion.

            I was reminded in reading Macaulay's History of 25 or 30 vols. of small 4to tracts in the College Library, which have generally been regarded by all librarians as a great nuisance. Upon examining them more particularly they seem to have been carefully collected by a contemporary & cover the period of James II, when the political & religious controversy were nearly identical. Some of them pertain to the time of Charles II; but they mainly belong to that of James II. Would they not have been very serviceable to Macaulay?

             Who made this curious and important collection --perhaps the most complete of the time, which there is? They were given by Governor Bernard shortly after the destruction of the library by fire in 1764. One of his predecessors in office was Governor Burnet, who was son of Gilbert Burnet, who figured very conspicuously at the time the tracts were written, penned some of them himself, & was the intimate & influential friend of William, Prince of Orange. Is it a rash conjecture that Gilbert Burnet may have made the collection of tracts in the College library & that they may have passed to his son the Governor & been left in the Province House or Governor's house, to his successors?

April 25, 1849

            Wednesday. Rev. Hezekiah Packard, D.D. formerly of Chelmsford, then of Wiscasset, afterward of North Chelmsford, died at his daughter's in Salem.

April 26, 1849

            Thursday. Annual Meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society for electing officers. The first election of any female to the Society, viz. Miss Caulkins author of the History of Norwich elected Corresponding member.
 
            Went to visit Dr. Pierce of
Brookline--found him sick, sitting in a chair in his study. He has been more active, physically, than any clergyman of his age in the country. He says that now there are but eleven graduates of Harvard living, whose commencements he has not attended. Not a great preacher, -- very sociable--present on every public occasion-- beloved by everyone (except J.P.Dabney) always welcome everywhere- -a man of a large physical frame, with a quick step--his long silken hair as white as it has been ever since he was about thirty years of age--is full of cheerfulness & benevolence. Constant tokens of the respect & friendship of the people in Brookline are brought to him in his sickness. I think he must die.

April 28, 1849

             Saturday. Procured a book, which I have been contriving since last Commencement for the insertion in a tabular form of memoranda relating to graduates of Harvard College.

             Within one or two weeks the Boston Republican stated that Christophe, the soi disant king of Hayti, died in a workhouse recently, & appealed for its authority to an English paper.

            The newspapers are giving accounts of the riots in Canada, which may extend through that country. The Parliament House at Montreal has been burned by a mob, with its valuable library & all the records. A chasm has been made in the materials for a history of Canada, which can never be repaired.

May 1, 1849

            Tuesday. Exhibition day of undergraduates. President Sparks presided for the first time in public. He was received, upon entering the desk, with enthusiastic and long continued clapping of hands & stamping of feet-- the ordinary way of expressing gratification. Since the change of commencement to the third Wednesday of July, it has been determined to have but two annual exhibitions.

            An interesting series of articles respecting the New England Primer is publishing in the Cambridge Chronicle, prepared by George Livermore, not the graduate.

            Two ex-Presidents, Quincy and Everett, attended the Exhibition to-day. Was there ever such an event here before?

May 2, 1849

             Wednesday. The Medical Convention held this week in Boston. Sixty or eighty have visited the library to-day. There were four hundred & fifty-two physicians, & they represented twenty two of the States. The object is to elevate the standard of the medical profession.

 May 25, 1849

             Friday. Goode was hung this forenoon in Boston, for murder. The execution took place within the walls of the prison yard. No one has previous been executed in Boston since Russell and Crockett, in 1836. Great exertions were made to procure a commutation of the penalty to imprisonment for life. Public sentiment has for several years been setting strong against all capital punishment. It was generally supposed that no public or private execution could be brought about in this Commonwealth; that the jury would not convict, or that the Governor and Council, in case of conviction, would commute the punishment. The case was argued twice, & the reasons for non-commutation were given to the public in the newspapers in an official form. It is not easy to perceive how the Executive could have done differently. The power of pardon or commutation is conceded to the Executive to be exercised where there are palliating circumstances. Here were no palliating circumstances. A pardon or commutation would have been the usurpation of power and the nullification of the law of the State. Besides, the effort was made in the Legislature which was in session after Goode's conviction, to abolish all capital punishment; but, in case of murder, it was voted down. It showed satisfactorily that public sentiment had not arrived at a state to justify its abolition. The day before yesterday Dudley was executed at Haverhill, N.H., protesting his innocence, to the last. It cannot be many years before society will require its abolition in this section of the country.

May 29, 1849

             Tuesday. By the new college regulations, there is to be a recess beginning after dinner on the Tuesday preceding the last Wednesday in May & ending on the following Saturday night.

            This afternoon went to East Boston to Jacob Hahn's. He is of German origin, a native of Waldboro, Maine, who married my cousin Sally Morse of Union, Me. I found there a neighbor, Mrs. Perkins, aged about 94, whose maiden name was Wells, who said she had had three uncles who were governors of Massachusetts, among whom was Samuel Adams. Her husband was chaplain of the "Queen of France" when she was run ashore in the Revolutionary War & she is now supported by what she receives from Congress. She saw from Boston the Battle of Bunker's Hill. At the fires of the Americans the British soldiers fell over like bricks. Children would set up bricks afterwards & knock them over, in imitation of the knocking down of the soldiers. A cannon ball passed from the scene of action directly through the house where she lived. After the action was over she saw the carts bearing the dead & the wounded into Boston from the boats; the blood dripped constantly; and opposite her residence the blood literally ran along the gutter. Pitcairn was carried, wounded in the neck, to a house nearly opposite her home & he "God damned the Yankees" until he died. The bodies were hastily buried on Copp's Hill. General Warren was the physician of her family. One fortnight before the battle, she said he was at the house; and, at his request, they sat down & sang together the Liberty song. Mrs. Perkins was an uncommonly bright and good looking woman for one of her age; though she sometimes blended and confused dates & events.

            The Annual Unitarian Collation was to-day an immense gathering of people.

June 11, 1849

             Monday. It was quite doubtful for sometime whether it would be expedient to have an Inauguration of President Sparks in consideration that he did not seek it, & the expense of President Everett's was probably $1500. Some of the Bostonians however advocated it, & the Corporation & President Sparks obtained the impression that the public expected it & rather demanded it. It is however folly, as the President has had all the power & done all the duty pertaining to the office since the first of February & nothing new is conferred by a ceremony performed nearly five months afterward. Besides Mr. Sparks is not considered to be an eloquent, captivating speaker, & people who are not acquainted will be disappointed. His discourse will be sound & sensible. The following cards issued; --one to each of the ladies who has assisted in the decorating the Picture Gallery in Harvard Hall, one to each of the Alumni, of the Scientific, Law, & Theological Schools, two to each unmarried member of the faculty & other officers, three to the married officers, & unlimited number to the President.

"The

Corporation of Harvard College

Request the favor of your Company at the Inauguration of

President Sparks,

on Wednesday, June 20, 1849

 

            A procession will be formed in Gore Hall at 3 1/2 o'clock, P.M. and after the services in the church, a Collation will be given in Harvard Hall, to which this ticket will admit the bearer.

 

            Cambridge                     June 11, 1849."

June 19, 1849

            Tuesday. Rec'd a note from President Sparks, before I was up this morning, requesting me to have the goodness to call at his house on my way to breakfast. As he did not get Gov. Briggs's Address till last evening & was continually liable to interruption he wished me, as I was to be in the Library, to let him occupy my room, No. 15 Divinity Hall & write his reply, without its being known to any person where he was. Accordingly, he took possession immediately after breakfast & finished it remaining in the room till 5 o'clock P.M. & writing also the appeal to the Students in his long address.

June 20, 1849

            Wednesday. About eleven o'clock, under an intensely burning sun, the Students, preceded by the band of music, with horse wagon wreathed with evergreen, containing a Norway spruce & driven by one of the Cambridge & Boston Express drivers with a sprig of evergreen projecting from one side of his mouth, began their march. They proceeded to the residence of President Sparks, presented his wife with a beautiful bouquet & invited him to accompany them to the planting of the Inauguration tree. He was taken by surprise, for although 'tis said a tree is usually planted for each inauguration, it is not true. None was planted when Mr. Everett was inaugurated, as I can certify. There was none when Mr. Quincy was inaugurated, though the tree opposite the north entry of University Hall may have been planted not far from the time.

            The procession marched, (the wagon being between the two higher & the two lower classes) from Mr. Sparks's to Mr. Everett's & presented Mrs. Everett with a bouquet. Mr. Everett made a pertinent reply. The next movement was to the front of University Hall, Mr. Sparks walking between the two marshals of the Senior Class. The procession wheeled to the right, the cart was backed to a convenient position, the Norway spruce given to Mr. Cushing of Watertown, for the purpose, was planted in the hole previously dug for it, opposite the south door of University Hall, in the presence of a large number of Spectators, Mr. Sparks advising & assisting. He then made a short speech expressive of his gratitude for their kind feelings, proposed that the tree should be called the tree of the Class of 1849, hoped that it would take deep root & send about it a good influence & that the influence of the class would be good wherever it might be felt; & that if any body hereafter should be so unfortunate as to be called to inauguration on so hot & oppressive a day they might be able to take shelter under the branches. He was then greeted with three or nine cheers & escorted back to his house.

            The time for the services was fixed in the afternoon. The church was open for ladies at 2 1/2 o'clock. The north gallery was reserved for ladies who had tickets. Each widow of a Professor, there being six, had a ticket each Professor who had a family had two, & each unmarried officer had one. These tickets, which had nothing to do with those for the collation, contained the no. of the pew in which each one was entitled to a seat, & seven were prepared for each pew. The house was thronged with ladies, except in the parts reserved for the procession, long before the time for beginning the Exercises. The procession was to form at Gore Hall at 3 1/2 o'clock; but Mr. Sparks did not come quite in season to get through its formation till after 4 o'clock. It extended from the south door of Gore Hall, along the west side of University Hall, them on the East side of Stoughton & Hollis & south of Harvard -- a very long one.

The following was the order:

Inauguration

of

Jared Sparks, LL.D.

as

President of Harvard College,

Wednesday, June 20, 1849

 

Cambridge:

Metcalf and Company

Printers to the University

1849

 

 
Order of Procession from Gore Hall 

Undergraduates in Order of the Classes

Resident Graduates & Members of the Scientific & Professional Schools

Music

Librarian with the College Seal and Charter

Steward with the College Keys

Members of the Corporation

Professors and all other Officers of Instruction and Government

of the College and the Professional Schools

Ex-President Quincy and Ex-President Everett

Ex-members of the Corporation

Ex-Professors and Instructors

Sheriffs of Suffolk and Middlesex

His Excellency the Governor & the President-elect

Governor's Aids

His Honor the Lieutenant Governor and Adjunt. General

Secretary and the Treasurer of the Commonwealth

The Honorable and Reverend Overseers

Trustees of the Charity of Edward Hopkins

Committee of the Boylston Medical Prizes

Committee of the Bowdoin Prize Dissertations

Committees of Examination appointed by the Overseers for the present year

Members of Congress & other guests specially invited

Presidents of other Colleges in New England

Judges of the State and United States Courts

Other officers of those Courts

Mayor, Aldermen, Clerk & Treasurer of the City of Cambridge

Alumni of the College

 

Order of Exercises in the Church

 
I.          Voluntary on the Organ, by Mr. Webb

 
II.         Gloria

 
III.       Prayer by the
Rev. Dr. Walker

 
IV.       Address & Induction into Office, by His Excellency Governor Briggs

 
V.        Reply, by President Sparks

 
VI.       Benedictus

 
VII.     Oration in Latin, by Charles Francis Choate, of the Senior Class

 
VIII.    Latin Hymn, by
Frederick Athearn Lane, of the Senior Class

I.

Quantos honores ferre nos

Debemus, O Deus,

Salutis et vitae Dator,

Qui duxeris bene

Nostros patres in haec loca;

Eos et anxia

Cura diu defenderis,

Magno a periculo.

 

II.

Deditque lenitas tua

Haec multa commoda,

Quibus diufructi sumus.

Ignosce crimina.

Fac cet bonus nobis hodie

Adsit favortuus

O Praepoters Pater.

 

III.

 
Divina sit Prudentia

Insignis ingeni,

In omnibusque dirigat

Hunc Praesidem noviem-

Amos salubres transigat,

Possitque dicere

Sepraestitisse munera

Honeste ad ultimum.
 

 
            IX.       Inaugural Address by President Sparks

 
            X.        Prayer, by the Rev. Dr. Francis

    

            XI.       Doxology  "Old Hundred"

                        From all that dwell below the skies etc. 2 stanzas

 
            XII.      Benediction

 
      "At the close of the exercises, the Alumni and invited guests, gentleman and ladies, will assemble at Gore Hall, and, after a recess of twenty minutes, will proceed to Harvard Hall, to partake of a collation. No person will be admitted to Harvard Hall without a card.

            The vocal music will be performed, under the direction of Mr. Webb, by a choir composed of Undergraduates and Alumni."

            The services were conducted according to the preceding order. The Governor & President elect were seated on the platform, which is erected by the pulpit at Commencements & Inaugurations facing the audience, the Governor on the right & the President on the left of the space immediately before the pulpit.

            A table placed in this vacant part contained the parchment charter, keys, etc., the latter having been given by William G. Stearns, the Steward, at Mr. Everett's Inauguration. As he was sick to-day they were carried by Edward Richardson, private secretary of the Corporation. When the time came the Governor & President rose, the table being between them, a little in front. The Governor read his Address, the President-elect standing. After he had concluded the President spread his reply upon the box containing the keys, & occasionally recurred to it while he addressed the Governor, who kept continued standing. The table was removed towards the right, & Mr. Sparks, when the time came, delivered his long Address from the pulpit, in which, as usual on Commencement days, were seated the members of the Corporation.

            After the Exercises the invited guests, etc. repaired to Gore Hall. In about twenty minutes Mr. Sparks & lady, followed by the Officers & others who had ladies, moved informally towards the Picture Gallery in Harvard Hall, followed by those who had no ladies. After several had entered, a few persons who had not ladies attempted to enter, while there were other ladies behind. A pretty serious excitement arose, the constable understanding that they were to enforce the rule strictly, while the others who were entitled to admission regarded the matter as one of general understanding & not necessarily to be kept to the letter. The students crowded upon the Constables, several were knocked down, the difficulty began to run very high & the consequences might have been fearful, if Ex-Mayor Quincy had not appealed from the window, calling & ordering the constables to withdraw from the Harvard steps & stand under the window, & speaking as to a promiscuous multitude, assuring the mass that there was too much magnanimity & noble feeling among the students to do anything that was not honorable & that he would assure all if the constables were taken out the way there would be no more trouble. The police then stood aside. He then appealed to the Students & others in the procession to fall back & let those who had ladies pass into the picture gallery before him. They immediately gave him three cheers, fell back & the difficulty subsided, each party of course insisting that the other was entirely to be blamed. Whereas neither was to be blamed & both were to be blamed. There should have been a distinct understanding, on both sides, before the people left Gore Hall.

            No one entered the hall but those who had tickets. The ladies & gentlemen in town, & particularly the students, had been very industriously at work for nearly a fortnight, ornamenting it, under the supervision principally of Prof. Webster. Some portraits had been borrowed for the occasion which were very tastefully arranged & festooned. Evergreen arches extended diagonally from the pillars which supported the chamber floor. Everett, Quincy & Sparks were exhibited in transparencies over the three doors in the South, the letters in each name being different in color. On the north side along the whole extent was a table, with room for waiters behind, & it was loaded with ice creams, strawberries, cold meats, bread, blanc mange, etc. Her & in the mineral & lecture rooms above, the company remained till about a quarter before nine o'clock, when at the ringing of the bell, the illumination was simultaneously commenced in Massachusetts, Hollis, Stoughton & Holworthy. Sparks &Walker, Everett & Quincy were exhibited in transparent letters on the West side of University Hall. Sparks being placed in the arched windows which light the chapel. John Harvard also was conspicuous by the distribution of the lights in windows in Hollis, & Edward Everett in Holworthy. It is estimated that 16,000 panes were illuminated, & it is said that as the Corporation demurred the Undergraduates subscribed five hundred dollars to meet the expenses, in case the Corporation would not.

            The people began to disperse in an hour or so after the illumination commenced. The students, however, did not disperse so soon. A large portion of them became intoxicated & made the night hideous by their howlings. Some of them came to Divinity Hall where they kept up their Bacchanals till half past three o'clock, before they left. The weather was excessively hot. The College Yard, the Common, the streets were infested with students, noisy & partly intoxicated, so that there probably never has been a more disorderly or disgraceful scene so far as students are concerned, since the College was founded. Nothing could have been done by the police if they had tried for the students would have banded together instantly to repel any attack which might have been made on any one of them. Such consequences are a powerful objection to Inaugurations & other public occasions. One man, then an undergraduate, says there were but four in his class, when Mr. Everett was inaugurated, who continued sober till the midnight afterward.

            The Address by Mr. Sparks has very agreeably disappointed the public both as to the ideas & to his manner of speaking it. Parts of it, particularly relating to the elective system, elicited immense & long continued applause. He gave no levee after the day was over, but Mrs. S assumed a kind of supervision of hospitalities when in Harvard Hall.

            During the evening the following poems were distributed about Harvard Hall, the first by a lady of Cambridge.

            A Midsummer Night's Dream at Cambridge, 20 June 1849 (by Mrs. C. Folsom)

                        Not from thy realm, on the enchanted night,

            Comes the bright vision that absorbs my sight,

            Titania! not from Faery-land, the dream

            that lights my spirit with its starry gleam.

            These thronging shades confess a higher birth;

            Their eyes, once kindled with the light of earth,

            Now, as the noble forms before me stand,

            Relect the glory of the Spirit-Land,

            They come, Kind Mother, at thy earnest call,

            To greet thy son, here in thine ancient hall, --

            Unheard, unseen by him, yet felt their power

            To shed sweet influence on the festive hour, --

            And, for the wreath there weavest for him now,

            A fragrant flower to give, or leafy bough.

 

                        One form approaches, with the steadfast eye

             And port and mien of native majesty;

            His deathless titles fill the trump of Fame,--

            His Country hails him with a Fathers name.

            He gives an Oaken garland, while he breathes

            His own firm spirit o'er the branch he wreathes;

            And adds one Laurel leaf, restoring now

            That which by reverent hands was twined for his own brow.

 

                        The growing garland next enriched I see

            With paler leaflets from Minerva's tree; --

            Franklin presents the Olive, and lays down,

            With a calm smile, a leaf from his own crown.

 

                        Harsh Eaton, here, with a subtle step and sly,

            A verdant twig in hand, comes creeping by,

            And in the Master's chaplet he would fain

            Some sprays of Birch entwine, but tries in vain;

            For, like an evil spirit, he retreats

            Before the eye his shrinking visage meets; --

            Thy face benign, dear Kirkland, greets our sight,

            And spreads an atmosphere of love and light

            Thy gentle hand, that still adorned whatever

            It touched, gives a paternal blessing here,--

            Completes the wreath by weaving in the Rose,

            And "strength with sweetness" in the gift bestows.

 

                        Glad Alma Mater, ere the dream is done,

            Smiles, like Cornelia, on her honored son; --

            Advances, with a firm yet noiseless tread,

            And drops the crown on his unconscious head.

A Scintilla

The Task

 
            "Twelve well crammed lines, firm, juicy, marrowy, sweet,

            No bone or trimmings, nothing there but meat,

            With rhyme run through them like a golden skewer

            Taste might approve and patience may endure."

 
The Execution

 
                        Long live old Harvard! Lo, her rushing train

            Greets a new sign-board stretched across the plain;

            While the bell rings--(and that the bell shall do

            Till Charles shall drop his worn-out channel through)

            It gently hints to every cur that barks,

            Here comes the engine,-- don't you see the Sparks!

 

                        How changed this scene! The forest path is clear;

            That mighty engine finds no Indian here!

            The world's great Teachers quit their native Alps

            To fill the skulls once trembling for their scalps,

            When the red neighbors our ancient school

            Left their own wigwam others' wigs to cool!

 
                        The poem on this page is undoubtedly by O.W. Holmes.

June 21, 1849

            Thursday. Oppressively hot. The Daily Evening Traveller contains the three English Inaugural addresses in full.

June 22, 1849        

            Friday. As the time for Commencement is altered the Senior Class leaves College before the close of the term that those who have Parts may have time to prepare them. Accordingly, the Class Day was observed to-day. The Public Exercises were commenced in the Chapel at eleven o'clock. At half past ten the Senior Class with the band went to the President's where they were refreshed with tea & coffee, etc., & met the Faculty. They then escorted them to the Chapel in University Hall, into which the friends of the members of the graduating class had been entering for some time before.

"Order of Exercises

for

Class Day

Friday, June 22, 1849

 

I.          Music. By the Band.

II.         Prayer. By the Rev. James Walker, D.D.

III.       Oration. By James Pierce, Dorchester

IV.       Music. By the Band.

V.        Poem By James Edward Oliver, Lynn.

VI.       Class Ode. By Artemas Ward Lamson, Dedham

 

                                    Air       'Ye banks and braes o'bonnie Doon'

 

      These shades we leave, where long we've strayed.

                  By grief unharmed, untouched by care;

      But from our memory ne'er shall fade

                  The scenes so brightly pictured there;

      For beaming still with joyous light,

                  Their pristine glow they ne'er shall lose,

      While each swift year, in rapid flight,

                  Shall add new brightness to their hues.

 

      For while we've roved together here,

                  Youth's golden sunlight still has shone,

      Undimmed by clouds of care or fear.

                  And o'er our path its gladness thrown;

      And Friendship's milder, softer light

                  Has cheered us in our onward way,

      And o'er our sorrow's darkest night

                  Has shed the joyous beam of day.

 

      And now we stand upon the brink

                  Where youth and sober manhood meet;

      And now advance, now trembling shrink,

                  And now in dread would fain retreat,

      For broad outspread before us lies

                  Life's troubled ocean, dim and dark,

      And o'er its misty surface rise

                  Pale forms that threat our struggling bark.

 

      But as when all looks cold and drear,

                  In hours of deep and dead despair,

      When no kind accents greet the ear,

                  When sinks the mind, o'erborne by care,

      Then gently soothing all its grief,

                  Come faintly breathing, solemn strains,

      And music, bringing sweet relief,

                  With magic power dispels its pains--

 

      So, in the gloomiest hours of life,

                  When friends desert and foes close round,

      When, mid the darkness of the strife,

                  No cheering beam of hope is found,

      Shall thoughts of friends whom we've known,

                  Whose truth has still withstood each test,--

      Fond memory's music, --o'er us thrown,

                  Lull all our weary cares to rest.

 

      And now, as turning from the Past

                  We see the doubtful future rise,

      Its shores, now caught, now changing fast,

                  Like mist-veiled landscapes, mock our eyes;

      Though all must still be wrapped in shade,

                  Yet Hope shall light us on our way,

      And firm Resolve shall lend its aid,

                  Till morning clouds are lost in day.

            After the Exercises the members of the Senior Class with the College Officers & such of their friends, both gentlemen & ladies as they chose to invite, repaired to the Picture Gallery in Harvard Hall & partook of a rich collation, consisting of ice creams, strawberries, blanc mange, various kinds of meats as cold chickens, pigeons, etc, etc, there being lemonade and nothing stronger either to-day or on the day of the Inauguration. About four o'clock the dancing began in the Picture Gallery, it being too oppressively hot to attempt it on the green. There was but little dancing, the movements resulting in a kind of promenade. 

            About six o'clock the Seniors marched to cheer the different buildings, & proceeded to the tree where for many years it has been customary to conclude the public exercises of Class Day. The Seniors piled their hats against the tree, joined each other's hands crosswise, each one's right hand joining his neighbor's & his left hand his neighbor's left hand, sang "Auld Lang Syne," beating time by lifting & lowering their joined hands, then formed as large a circle as the class permitted, taking hold of each others hands, & ran thus at arms' lengths around the tree till the ring was broken by the inequality of speed in the race. Then the watchword or rallying cry "Harvard" was given, & the other classes formed a ring within the Seniors', & the two rings ran round in opposite directions till they were broken to pieces. Cheers, sometimes three & sometimes nine, were given for Dr. Walker, Ex-Presidents Quincy & Everett, for President Sparks, the ladies, John Harvard, the classes of 1849, 1850, 1851, 1852, etc. & the company dispersed.

            The collation got up at the expense of the Senior Class cost them about two hundred & fifty dollars, & the music for the day probably fifty more. Agreeably to an invitation the officers & others, gentlemen & ladies, went about 7 1/2 o'clock to Mr. Everett's, to meet the Senior Class, who marched there a little after eight & were entertained in a rich & sumptuous manner. The music played in the yard near the window till about about ten o'clock when all parties dispersed. There was considerable noise after it but not so much as on Wednesday night.

June 23, 1849

            Saturday. Miss Almira Louisa Heywood, on her way to Ohio, alone, who has since the death of her mother in Belfast has made her home with William Sibley, of Freedom, Me, her great uncle, left Cambridge, having been here & attended the exercises. A journey to Ohio by a young lady, alone, who has never travelled, seems formidable, but is not unique. Some difference between the conveniences for travelling now & what they were thirty years ago, when people took their families in horsewagons & bid eternal adieus, as they supposed, to those whom they left behind, & journeyed through the wilderness, over almost impassable roads, subject to all manner of discomforts and deprivations.

            Note: A minute description of the ornamenting of Harvard Hall was published in the Boston Courier on the following week.

June 29, 1849         

            Friday. The President observes it would have been utterly impossible for him to have prepared his reply, if it had not been for the seclusion in my room.

            The police have arrested many of the students--great excitement prevails while they are undergoing their examinations before a Justice of the Peace. Adjournment was had from the Justice's Office to Lyceum Hall. The President and other Officers are summoned as witnesses. A reporter for one of the low papers in Boston was in attendance, taking notes probably with a view to print them & thus to give currency to the follies. The adjournment was made till ten o'clock tomorrow, though the meeting of today was an adjourned one from the first which was two or three days ago.

            Wrote the following note

                                                            "Cambridge, June 1849

            Henry Wheatland, M.D.

            Secretary of the Essex Institute,

            Dear Sir,

                        I accept, with much gratification, the honor, which your letter of the 16th ult. informs me the Essex Institute has done me, in electing me a Correspondent, & am, with great regard, you obedient servant,

                                                            John Langdon Sibley"

June 30, 1849

            Saturday. The trial of Green continued. He is the son of J.D. Green , late Mayor of Cambridge, a member of the Sophomore Class & brother of Green the Senior.         

            Spent the night at Roxbury.

July 1, 1849

            Sunday. Attended meeting, as usual, at Rev. J. F. Clarke's. He goes as a delegate to the Peace Convention in Europe.

July 2, 1849         

            Monday. The trial of Green concluded; sentenced to a fine of ten dollars & costs on one charge & to one dollar on the other. He appeals to higher court. It is said that the students will voluntarily raise three hundred dollars to aid Green in carrying the matter through.

 July 4, 1849

             Wednesday. The morning began with the usual sounds & noises. Soon after midnight, two or three discharges of cannon were made by persons apparently desirous of anticipating the ordinary firings. About day break there was more firing. Boys, too, through the day were firing crackers. After breakfast I went to Boston, saw the Floral Procession which was at eight o'clock. At nine o'clock the Procession of the Public Grammar Schools began to move. It was a new feature in the celebration of the day but very interesting and successful. Between ten & eleven o'clock went to East Boston, but returned in season to arrive at Cambridge before dinner. The afternoon and evening were spent quietly at D.H. 15.

             The City of Boston was thronged with persons from the country, & the Boston cits. went into the country. The Common presented a very different spectacle from what it did in former years, when it was covered with booths or stands to sell ardent spirits, etc. One year ago, through the exertions of Deacon Moses Grant, an abundance of water  was supplied gratis. This year, the Cochituate being available, stands were erected in different places, on which were multitudes of small brown colored mugs with the Police behind the stands supplied all who wished with the Cochituate from the tubs in which was an abundance of ice.

 July 10, 1849

             Tuesday. College Commons to be abolished next term. This a singular feature in the Institution. Formerly every person in all the classes was required to board in Commons; no one could board elsewhere except by a special vote of the Faculty in cases of sickness. Consequently the students were seriously imposed upon, Commons was the cause of much College dissatisfaction & of many rebellions; -- it has always been a cause of trouble, as there has never been a time since the College was founded when boarding in Commons has not been required or existed in some shape. As late as the beginning of this century each student received for supper a pewter or tin porringer of milk or chocolate & a "size" of bread through a hole like that for handing through letters at a post-office, a check was put against his name, and he carried the dish to his room. At dinner, College Officers were always present to keep the students in order, & tutors were required to board in Commons. A blessing was asked before dinner by the oldest Officer present, even, after my graduation in 1825. At that time, however, students who chose could obtain permission to board in private houses.

             The entire basement of University Hall was used for a kitchen, all the story immediately above for dining halls, of which there were four, the South end being for Seniors, the North for Juniors, the north of the two middle rooms for Freshmen & the south of the two for Sophomores. I went through these rooms regularly with my class, very soon after which the Undergraduates were placed in two rooms. Within a few years, the dining halls have been in the basement room, the ends of the basement being used for cooking. The silver & crockery have been furnished to the Provider; he being required to keep it as good as when received, & the room rent given to him. When I was in College plated spoons were used but no silver. Since silver have been in use, hardly any have been stolen. For many years, Commons has been managed by the Provider, no Officers or Students have been required to board there, unless they chose to.        

            Before University Hall was built, Commons was in the East End of Harvard Hall. It is now an expense to the Corporation, it causes the kitchen exhalations to affect the chapel & recitation rooms, it is no advantage to the students & is constantly the occasion of trouble among those who board there, & always imposes care, expense & responsibility on the Corporation; & the basement rooms are wanted for other purposes.

 July 11, 1849

             Wednesday. Annual examination of the College Library. During the year which has passed there have been added 724 volumes & 1645 pamphlets exclusive of duplicates & periodicals; 1580 of the pamphlets & 336 of the volumes being gifts-- a small number compared with that in 1847, before I concluded [CROSSED OUT LINE] I would not make great sacrifices to increase this library.

             A gentleman who resided a year among the Southern Indians tells me that the treatment by the whites was very censurable. The whites in the vicinity of the Indians would come into their territory, steal their horses & cattle, & the Indians would pursue them & retaliate on such whites as they could find, many of whom were often innocent. If a planter lost a slave he would come among them & seize any slave he could find. The Indians would again pursue & retaliate. Thus the whites were continually irritating & the Indians retaliating. The whites would be continually making representations to the U.S. Government against the Indians, & calling for aid, till troops were sent, while the aggrieved had none to advocate their cause at Washington. When hunted by the whites they would retreat into the everglades, the squaws standing in the water up to their mouths & holding their children there till, tired out and exhausted, they sank down. He said he saw the embalmed head & war dress of Aseola or Oseola, who was so barbarously deluded & made prisoner by the whites. As he pined in imprisonment, a physician was appointed to have the charge of him & he told my informant that he was a noble man, & that there was no disease about him but that he been taken by treachery & imprisoned, and died brokenhearted. Shortly before he died, being extremely weak & not believing in Christianity, he dressed himself in his warlike dress, seated himself in the corner of his room, folded his arms across his breast, & prepared himself to depart to the world of spirits as became the Indian Oseola when entering into the company of his departed tribe. So great was his command over himself that he manifested no suffering, moved not a muscle till the last gasp, when his head dropped over upon one side.-- I endeavored to prevail on my informer to write his observation & experience & have it preserved somewhere for posterity, as he said the popular feeling was such that his statements would not be credited at this day.

             Having counted all the volumes in the Library, which are bound and stand on the shelves, I find the number to be 55605, besides fifty or sixty unbound. In counting I call everything which is bound between two covers one volume, how many treatises soever the volume may contain. Many volumes in the 38th alcove, which is used for duplicates exclusively, are not reckoned. Many pamphlets, of which there are perhaps 30,000, will be bound as separate volumes.

 July 15, 1849

             Sunday. The sermon this evening before the graduating class of the Divinity School was by the Rev. F.H. Hedge, of Bangor, son of the late Levi Hedge. Before going to it, I went & took tea at Mrs. John Farrar's with Rev. Mr. Delange, a converted Jew, whose history of his mental trials was very interesting.

 July 16, 1849

             Monday. Examination for admission to College. In the evening at Prof. Parker's to meet the Law Students, who had a general invitation,--ladies present, some even from Boston. The Exhibition of the Divinity School also today. The sermon at 4 o'clock P.M. before the Alumni of the Divinity School was by Rev. E.B. Hall of Providence. Rather a warm discussion took place at the meeting of the Theological Alumni, respecting the merits and demerits of the Divinity School. Hard speeches were made as to the professors & the performers; & replies and vindications followed.

 July 17, 1849

             Tuesday. Rec'd, as I did last year, four or five envelopes from the President, containing the honorary degrees to be conferred to-morrow. This was to meet the demands of the editors of newspapers. They are to be opened after the announcement of degrees tomorrow.

 July 18, 1849

             Wednesday. Commencement. The time altered from the 4th Wednesday in August to the 3rd in July. The Library was open in the morning. The procession was to move at a quarter before ten o'clock; but the Governor with his suite & military escort did not arrive till a few minutes before ten o'clock; after which an Overseers' meeting was held & the procession & music did not get to the church so as to commence the exercises till half past ten. The doors were opened to ladies in general, & to all such gentlemen as were introduced by members of the Senior Class at nine o'clock. After the exercises the Alumni & others composing the procession, repaired informally to Gore Hall, & the procession which till one or two years ago has gone directly from the meetinghouse to the dining hall, was reformed at Gore Hall in order to march to the dining hall, which is the picture gallery occupying the entire first story of Harvard Hall. A blessing was asked &, after thanks returned, the usual hymn was sung. viz.      

            "Give ear, ye children; to my law

            Devout attention lend;" etc. five stanzas

             Rev. John Pierce, D.D. of Brookline has set this tune fifty-four successive commencements, with one exception. To-day he being unable to attend, I was applied to by a committee of the Corporation & took his place. Immediately after the dinner, a meeting of the Alumni was called at the University Chapel & a movement made to revise the Alumni Association. The continual maneuvering of the Phi Beta Kappa Society thwarts the action of the Alumni & is a sad injury to the College. President Sparks, according to Presidential custom, gave a levee after the commencement dinner, & people kept coming & going to it till a little after nine o'clock P.M.; the band hired for the day playing during the time in his yard.

             To-day heard of the result of the trial at Ipswich, of the Phillips will case. Dr. Beck, who is Phillips' father in law, with other members of the family, have been trying to break the will of Phillips who bequeathed one hundred thousand dollars to the Observatory in Cambridge. Previous to making the attempt, Dr. Beck entered into bonds to give the one hundred thousand dollars as bequeathed, even if he succeeded in breaking the will. The trial has been long, & very able counsel employed. The will has been confirmed in every point. I suppose the great trouble & vexation arose from the circumstance that an enormous amount would go to the residuary legatee who is very rich & has an immense amount in prospect.

 July 19, 1849

             Thursday. Declamation for Boylston Prizes, instead of being in the meetinghouse as hitherto, was to-day in the Chapel in University Hall. There were nineteen speakers. The Oration before the Phi Beta Kappa Society was by Rev. Dr. Bethune of Philadelphia, poem by J.B. Felton. From the meetinghouse the members went to Gore Hall where they formed a procession & marched to the Picture Gallery and dined. The Library was open before and after the exercises of the Society. The Students, who graduated yesterday had a supper at Porter's hotel, a few rods above the Fitchburg railroad towards West Cambridge, & returned noisy, & several considerably drunk, about five o'clock this morning.

 July 31, 1849

             Tuesday. It is said that such a drought, so extensive and so severe, has not been experienced for fifty years, certainly not as early in the season. This afternoon there was a refreshing shower. The rain continues, in showers this evening.

 August 3, 1849

             Friday. A day of National Fast, appointed by President Taylor, on account of the cholera.

 August 4, 1849

             Saturday. Visited John Pierce, D.D., of Brookline. He says that since his sickness he has had calls from one hundred and twelve clergymen & from some of them several visits. Dr. Lowell has been once a week for four months. Being now quite deaf, he can hear but little & he begins to preach as soon as he comes into the house & concludes with a short prayer. His visits are exceedingly interesting, though sometimes he tarries not more than ten minutes.

             Dr. Pierce says that the graduating class, when he left college, was always in the habit of waiting on the Alumni at dinner on Commencement day, that on the day of his graduation President Willard called on him to pitch the tune St. Martins, & that from that commencement [BRIAN, LATER MS. NOTE BY JLS?: See April 29, 1857 MS?] to the present year's, with a single exception, he had set the tune. From another source I hear that at the time of the exception, his mother was lying dead.

             The Dr. said that he made arrangements by which I might have the use of all his Catalogues as long as I wished; after his decease; but that after I had done using them they must go to the Massachusetts Historical Society.

             The first letter stamps of which I know in America were probably used last year. Envelopes to letters were not used till when the rates of postage were reduced & were reckoned by weight & not by the number of the pieces of paper as had been customary previously.

 August 7, 1849

             Tuesday. Left Cambridge in season to take the Maine Railroad cars at Boston at 7 o'clock, A.M. At Portland, obliged to pass a mile or more from one depot to another. Took the cars to Bath. Fare thus far $2.00. Took the Steamer Huntress from Bath to Gardner, whence we were carried by stage to Augusta. Put up at the Augusta House.

 August 8, 1849

             Wednesday. A.M. in the State House looking for documents relating to the History of Union. Found returns of scholars, appropriation of bank money, list of Justices of the Peace.  P.M. went to Rev. S. Judd's. Walked to Hallowell & tea with seven-years-classmate Rev. Jonathan Cole. & returned to Augusta in the evening.

 August 9, 1849        

            Thursday. Found more documents in the State House. Went to my room sick with the cholera morbus. Took brandy & pulverised sugar, then raw flour and water & was relieved. In the evening attended a lecture by Thedore Parker of Boston.

 August 10, 1849

             Friday. Copying reports of court martials, etc. Just before night took stage to Gardner & tarried with Dr. Merrill, whose last wife is Abby, daughter of my cousin Reuben Esty. Called on her father & mother.

 August 11, 1849

             Saturday. A driving rain. About eleven o'clock took the stage for Union, where I arrived about six o'clock.

 August 12, 1849

             Sunday. Stormy.

 August 13, 1849

             Monday. Wrote proposals as follows        

                              "History of Union

                                                            Union, August 1849

 
Mr. John L. Sibley proposes, if a sufficient number of subscribers can be obtained, to publish "A History of
Union" from its earliest settlement to the present time. It will probably contain at least 300 pages of the size of The National Reader but of a larger print. If more than 350 subscribers can be obtained, it is proposed to make the volume considerably larger, in proportion to the additional number

            Terms $100 to subscribers-- $150 to non-subscribers

            The names of those who subscribe soon will be printed.

We, the undersigned agree to take the number of copies respectively put against our names & pay for them on delivery.

             Names of Subscribers        Places of residence   No. of copies"

            Copies of the above were given to different individuals in the different school districts, to obtain subscriptions.

August 15, 1849

            Wednesday. Called on Cyrus Eaton, Esq. of Warren who is writing A History of Warren, on Mrs. Holmes of Thomaston, on the heirs of Col. Mason Wheaton & on the town clerk of Thomaston for old papers & information & passed the night with Major Ulmer whose last wife was widow of my uncle Obadiah Morse of Union & a schoolmate & playmate of mine when I was a child.

August 16, 1849

            Thursday. At East Thomaston. Returned to Union, calling on old Phineas Butler & others.

August 29, 1849         

            Wednesday. After an absence of about three weeks, spent principally in Union collecting materials for history of the town I left my father's house in a wagon at 6 1/2 o'clock A.M., passed through Warren, & Thomaston to East Thomaston. At 11 1/2 o'clock took the boat Governor & arrived at Portland at 5 1/2 o'clock, thence by cars to Boston where I arrived at 10 o'clock & walked to Cambridge & went to bed in Divinity Hall, No. 15, a little before midnight.

            This is different from what it was when I was in College. Then there were no steamboats. E. Thomaston has grown into existence since that time. Then it was usual to ascertain if possible when a coasting vessel with lime or wood would be likely to sail from Thomaston, come down from Union accordingly, wait perhaps several days for a fair wind & then perhaps after sailing, be driven into Portland or some other port to wait a few days till the weather & wind were again propitious.

August 30, 1849

            Thursday. Dr. Pierce died on the 24th, just 20 days after my last call on him. His funeral was on Monday 27th at 4 o'clock, P.M. At 4 1/2 o'clock the body was carried to the church, to which he had been carried on the Saturday preceding to hear the new organ & where he sang then the Doxology "From all that dwell below" etc. By 3 1/2 o'clock the church was thronged. Hundreds of people could not gain admittance. One hundred and seventy five vehicles, it is said, were counted in the vicinity of the church. After the body was brought in front of the pulpit, a little girl of the Sunday school, stepped forth from among her companions and placed a wreath upon the coffin. Rev. Dr. Lowell made the principal prayer & Mr. Knapp delivered the address; & at the grave Mr. Knapp made a prayer. Dr. Pierce had made arrangements for everything connected with his death. Presidents Quincy, Everett, & Sparks were present.

            No clergyman could have collected so many men at his funeral as Dr. Pierce. He was more extensively known than any other clergymen & as Dr. N. Adams observed in his Convention Sermon, his presence was a perpetual benediction. He was very cordial in his feelings & very much beloved. His Diary, if now read, would pain the feelings, I suspect, of his friends. The Dr. lacked judgement & taste exceedingly. He probably, in his simplicity & love of recording facts, has noted many things, which will not redound to his credit with posterity. He prided himself on his facts. Let him be where he would, he was constantly appealed to, & ever ready to answer. Never disposed to take offence himself he has probably been writing, without the consciousness that others would be hurt at such remarks about themselves as he would not be offended with about himself. Judging from the man, I think his journal must be a curious medley. But he was an excellent man. The newspapers, differing considerably in particulars, give details of the funeral. Methinks I can almost imagine him, if he could have raised his head from his coffin, saying "it is a remarkable fact that there should be three Presidents at my funeral--never was such a thing known before." His presence will be greatly missed on all public occasions.

            During my absence the Scientific Association has held a meeting in Cambridge, & it continued several days. Judge Allen, formerly of Northfield, who studied divinity here about one year & subsequently became a lawyer, & settled in Maine where he became Judge of the Court of the Common Pleas, has been appointed Professor here.

September 2, 1849

            Sunday. P.M. administered the Lord's Supper to the Church of the Disciples where Rev. James Freeman Clarke preaches- an administration which I have not before undertaken for many years, the last time being when the same society met for worship at Amory Hall.

October 8, 1849

            Monday. After having been at my room nearly all the time since the morning of 26 September, rather unwell, I again to-day returned to my duties at the Library.

October 13, 1849

            Saturday. Rec'd the following communication:--

                                                            Cambridge, October 11, 1849

Dear Sir,

            I send herewith a vote of the Corporation relating to the duties of the Assistant Librarian;                    

                                                and am

                                                very truly yours,

                                                Jared Sparks"

Mr. Sibley

"At a Special Meeting of the

President & Fellows

of

Harvard College

October 3, 1849

 
"Voted.--that the first Regulation relative to the Assistant Librarian adopted
August 21, 1847, be so far amended as to read as follows--

             In term time the Assistant Librarian, unless when absent on the business of the Library, will on week days, give his attendance in the Library from eight o'clock in the morning till one o'clock, P.M., and from two o'clock P.M. till four except on Saturday afternoon, when his attendance will not be required after one o'clock"

October 28, 1849

            Sunday. This evening I was presented by the author, Justin Winsor, of the Freshman Class with a History of Duxbury. He is but eighteen years of age & has prepared it in about two years, attending in the mean time to his studies preparatory to entering college. Some time since--it was May 9--Dr. N.B. Shurtleff gave me a very convenient work, of which he himself set up the types & printed only 30 copies, viz "A Perpetual Calendar of Old and New Style; prepared for the use of those engaged in Antiquarian and Historical Investigations," published anonymously, of which he is the author.

November 4, 1849

            Sunday. In the evening called at President Sparks's. Several persons were present, it being his desire to have his friends call on that evening. The duties of his office seem to give him a very thoughtful & responsible look. The Orthodox, who never can be quiet, are making a movement with a view, if they can, to prove that the Corporation has violated the Charter. It is obviously a movement to get the control of the College.

December 1, 1849

            Saturday. The community has been greatly excited for a week past & to-day is thrown into consternation. On Friday P.M. Nov. 23 Dr. George Parkman, of Boston, made an appointment & met J.W. Webster, M.D. Professor in the University at the Medical College in Grove Street in Boston to receive from him some money. As to his being seen after about 1 1/2 o'clock P.M. various rumors were circulated the next day, when his friends became anxious on account of his disappearance. Statements as to his having been seen by the tollman on Craigie's bridge & by others were made with so much confidence that it was thought that in a temporary mental aberration he might have wandered off, been lost in the woods, or committed suicide. A reward of $3000 for his discovery was offered. Various suspicions of his being found were credited from time to time; till at last his friends offered $1000 for the recovery of the body. Great activity was shown on the part of the police, who worked very quietly; & various persons, stimulated by the desire of the reward, dragged the rivers, explored places, etc. By questioning persons closely & narrowing the field, suspicion amounting almost to conviction arose that Dr. Parkman never went out of the Medical College in Grove Street, after he entered it.

            The movements of the police after Tuesday centered about the Medical College. Yesterday a part of the body of a man was found in a place in the building which was particularly appropriated to Dr. Webster, & under such circumstances that last evening he was arrested at Cambridge, or rather was taken from Cambridge between 7 & 8 o'clock, under pretence that his presence was wanted at a further examination of the medical college, & placed in Suffolk County Jail in Leverett Street, Boston. The standing of Dr. Webster, his uniform tenor of conduct since the disappearance of Dr. Parkman, his artlessness & unfamiliarity with crime of any kind have been such that the excitement, the melancholy, the aghastness of every body are indescribable. The Professors poh! at the mere supposition that he is guilty. The vicinity of the Medical College, State Street, & the newspaper offices are crowded & thronged. People cannot eat; they feel sick.

December 4, 1849

            Tuesday. The plot thickens. If ever a man could be convicted on circumstantial evidence, it seems as if there is no chance of escape for Dr. Webster. The jaw or a piece of it has been found in the bottom of the ashes of his private furnace, identified by a dentist as Parkman's. Dr. Parkman's family have identified a part of the body; another part of the body has been found in a tea chest in a corner of Dr. Webster's private room, & a knife with it; the expressman was, after 23 Nov. directed to leave his parcels without going into the Doctor's room as he had before done; these & as many more circumstances of a similar nature make things look dark. The public sentiment & feeling are more intense, but not so much exhibited in public. People cannot sleep, & look sad. The newspapers are filled with details, truths, & falsehoods. Column after column is printed, & the public is gorged.         

            Still I cannot thus far see anything in Dr. Webster's conduct either before or since his arrest which may not be naturally accounted for, or, together with the discoveries made at the Medical College, may not be equally chargeable upon some one else who may have had access to the building. Most the people in Boston feel confident of his guilt, but not so in Cambridge where he has lived about twenty-five years, (for he lectured first to the Class of 1825, I believe in the fall of 1824). I cannot but think it next to impossible for a man who is not a great man & one who has sustained so good a character as he always has had in Cambridge to make a plunge into the most outrageous of crimes & afterward, for a week, to meet all of his old friends, & continue his lectures at the Medical College in so natural a manner, even when conversing on the subject of Dr. Parkman's disappearance, as never to have excited during that whole week a suspicion in the mind of those who saw him & conversed with him, that there was anything unnatural.

December 5, 1849

            Wednesday. The Coroner's inquest sat to-day & what has never been customary, with closed doors.

December 6, 1849

            Thursday. A flurry of snow, the first this year.

December 8, 1849        

            Saturday. The excitement continues. There is a strong feeling against Dr. Webster in the minds of the mass of the people; but I have not seen any evidence yet which satisfies my mind that he is guilty. If he were a bad man, the circumstantial evidence would be strong. And if there be evidence against him which has not yet been brought to light I may be wrong; but it will take more than I can believe will be adduced against him to convince me that he is not the subject of a conspiracy or a plot laid not so much against him as to divert the attention of the public from others & secure the reward for finding the body of Dr. Parkman. The effects which this murder has had upon the minds of the people, in exciting their nerves & disqualifying them for business & depriving them of sleep, are beyond anything which I could have imagined.

            The chest, the fragment of the jaw, the small portion of the lower part of the body, & the thigh & part of the leg, which have been found, have been placed in a leaden box made for the purpose filled with spirit, & the whole inclosed in a proper coffin. Funeral services were performed at his late residence, 8 Walnut Street, Boston, & the remains entombed under Trinity Church.

            Not long before Dr. Parkmans death he was at the College Library, & borrowed a book, gave me minutes of his birth, marriage, etc., & said he would draw for me a sketch of his life, which I might have whenever I would call at his house. Not long after I saw him at the Boston Athenaeum where he, supposing I had not seen the book, called my attention particularly to Wymberly-Jones's edition of De Brahm's Georgia, on account of its beautiful typographical execution, etc. This was the last interview I had with him.

December 14, 1849

            Friday. Yesterday in the case of Dr. Webster the Coroner's Jury returned the following verdict.

            "Suffolk, S.S.--An Inquisition taken at the City of Boston within the County of Suffolk, the 13th day of December, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine, before Jabez Pratt, Esq. one of the coroners of said county upon the view of sundry parts of the body of a dead man, viz. a thorax, kidneys, pelvis, two thighs, left leg, and sundry bones there lying dead by the oaths of Osmyn Brewster, John L. Andrews, Pearl Martin, Thomas Restieaux, Lewis Jones, Harum Morrill, good and lawful men who being charged and sworn to enquire for the Commonwealth, when, how, and by what means said dead man came to this death, upon their oaths do say that they all have been demonstrated to be parts of one and the same person; that those parts of the human frame have been identified and proved to be the remains of and parts of the dead body and limbs of Dr. George Parkman, late a citizen of Boston, aged about sixty years; that he came to his death by violence at said Boston on the twenty-third day of November last or between the hours of one and a half o'clock on the afternoon of that day, about which time he entered alive and in good health into the Massachusetts Medical College building, situated in North Grove Street in said Boston, and the hour of four of the clock in the afternoon of the thirtieth day of November last when a portion of said remains were found concealed in and under the departments of Doctor John W. Webster, of Cambridge, in the county of Middlesex, in said College Building in which building the residue of said remains were afterwards discovered; that he was killed in said College building by a blow or blows, wound or wounds inflicted upon him with some instrument or weapon to the jurors unknown and by means not yet known to said jurors; and that said means were used by the hands of said Doctor John W. Webster by whom he was killed.

            In witness whereof, the said Coroner and Jurors to this Inquisition, have set their hands and seals, the day and year above said.

                                                            Jabez Pratt, Coroner

                                                            Osmyn Brewster, Foreman

                                                            J.L. Andrews, Secretary

                                                            Pearl Martin    

                                                            Thomas Restieaux

                                                            Lewis Jones

                                                            Harum Morrill"

 
            The testimony which occupied eighty-four large foolscap pages was locked up in a portfolio not to be made known but to be handed into the grand jury.

            Prof. Horsford says that he had an interview with Prof. Webster in Leverett Street Jail; that he is perfectly convinced of his innocence & so are Professors Treadwell, Longfellow & Felton, who have also visited him. President Sparks I learn from another source visited him this afternoon & spoke of the interview as one of the most painful he ever had, that Professor Webster told him he was not allowed to speak of his own affairs & poured out a full tide of feeling & sympathy for his distressed family.

             The newspapers of the evening state that Dr. Webster on reading the verdict in the morning papers which were passed in to him was calm & did not manifest emotion. No evidence has transferred to lead me to think him guilty. What there is to induce the jury to speak so confidently is beyond the ken of the public. Every circumstance against him which has come to light has been to my mind satisfactorily accounted for. If Dr. Webster has committed the murder, it seems as if we are to lose all confidence in the human race. No man can feel any confidence in himself that the Almighty will not let him do anything.

December 15, 1849

            Saturday. Wrote the following note & carried it to Prof. Webster's house.

 
            "My dear Friend,                                               
Cambridge 15 Dec. 1849

                        I cannot longer refrain from expressing my sympathy with you and your family under your trials, though it may amount almost to presumption in so humble an individual to attempt to add anything to the earnest tide of feeling in your behalf. I have seen nothing to shake my faith that the mysterious movements of Providence will be cleared up & that justice will yet be done to the innocent. If I can render any service to you I shall be very glad to do it if you will point out the way. And I beg you will not feel bound, in your present situation, to answer this note.

                                                            from your sincere sympathizing friend,

Mrs. Webster                                                     John L. Sibley         

December 18, 1849

            Tuesday. A multitude of rumors are abroad, though the jurors have voted to keep the testimony secret. Probably some information may be elicited. Independent of this, circumstances are beginning to come to light respecting Dr. Webster's pecuniary transactions for some years past, which have not been generally known showing at least a desperate condition &, if true, some desperate proceedings on paper. Privately it too has come to me this evening from a person who rec'd it from one who elicited it from the jurors by taking an indiscreet word incidentally dropped by two of them in conversation & then speaking of the hint, as a fact which he well knew, to another juryman, that the Dr. had an accomplice and that this accomplice had turned State's Evidence. This may be true & may not be. I have been staggered at times by reports which the next day seemed to be satisfactorily cleared up; but now there are getting to be too many, & his previous character in Cambridge which was supposed to stand fair is shadowed by pecuniary transactions in Boston. Public opinion is strong, mostly against the Dr., growing in part out of the strong and unqualified statements of the jury, & further from the fact that the jurors severally, though declining to give details, unanimously say to all that speak to them, that it was utterly impossible, with the evidence as presented to them, to arrive at a different conclusion. The effect of this affair has been to check the hilarity & parties in Boston, which were just beginning for the winter, & to put a stop to any movements of the kind in Cambridge. In Boston there is a spontaneous & general understanding among the different circles that the subject of the murder shall not be introduced. Near and intimate friends meet & part without speaking of it. The mind & feelings are cloyed.

December 30, 1849

            Sunday. Abner Morse has published a Genealogy in which is introduced my mother who was a Morse.

December 31, 1849

            Monday. The steam cars to-day enter Cambridge village on the railroad & begin their regular trips.

            Another year closes, & finds me forty-five years old in the 29th of this month. Fifteen years--how fast it will go!--if I live will find me an old man, capacity for usefulness nearly, if not entirely, gone. If I could have had different early influences & counsel I might have done something better than I have, for the world or for myself. Experience tells me that I should have begun early, & perservered in some single course of study & action. I did not happen to take the tide in the affairs of man, consequently would have always been tugging against it. [EXCISED PASSAGE] Well, so be it. I have had no very serious sorrows to complain of, no trials brought on by a superintending Providence, which have not turned out so well after a few years that I would not have them different if I could, I have enjoyed a great deal & was made with capacity for a great deal more. Why complain, except that I am not better!

1850

January 1, 1850

            Tuesday. President Jefferson marked his books by putting the letter T. very neatly before the letter J which indicated the signature of the volume, and also after the signature T the letter J; thus making two signatures in each volume, when there were two signatures enough, contain the initials of his name.

January 19, 1850

            Saturday. This morning the grand jury in Boston, returned to the Municipal Court an indictment against Dr. John White Webster, for the murder of Dr. George Parkman. The bill contains four counts, the first alleging that the fatal deed was committed with a knife; the second, that it was done with a hammer; the third, that it was done by blows with the hands and feet; and the fourth, that it was done with some instrument or weapon to the jurors unknown.

            A telegraphic despatch this evening states that the New Orleans Delta contains an anonymous letter, dated & mailed at Washington, Texas, in which the writer exculpates Dr. Webster & states that he is the murderer and is going to California.

January 21, 1850

            Monday. The 7th trial for an election of a member of Congress from this the 4th Congressional District of Massachusetts. Dr. Palfrey could not be warped to abandon the anti-slavery principles, so as to entirely amalgamate himself with the Whig party, & so the Whigs are determined, if possible, to exclude him from Congress, though the very ground on which he was at first put up, was his anti-slavery principles, they well knowing that no Whig could be elected from this District but some one who would secure the Anti-Slavery votes.

January 31, 1850

            Thursday. Persuaded to have my daguerreotype taken, with a view to having it lithographed for Abner Morse's Genealogy of the Morse Family.

            Attended a meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society.

February 3, 1850

            Sunday. Rev. J.F. Clarke being sick with typhoid fever, was prevailed on to administer the Lords Supper in the afternoon. Mr. Carpenter from Bristol, Eng. preached in the forenoon.

February 7, 1850

            Thursday. Left Cambridge, in the forenoon. Took the cars of the Eastern Railroad & arrived at Portland about 8 1/4 o'clock & put up at the American House kept by Haskell.

February 8, 1850

            Friday. Mr. Haskell carried me to Cape Elizabeth, to see Mr. Amariah Mero, now more than ninety years old, & his wife; who were early residents of Union. Spent most of the day with them. In the evening went with Hon. F.O.J. Smith to Westbrook & spent the night. He has what is considered one of the very best portraits of President Jackson, painted by Col. Earl, an amateur portrait painter, & another of Martin Van Buren by Inman. Smith has been President of the Maine Senate, member of Congress, is President of one or more railroad companies & has the principal management of the magnetic telegraph. His wife, who died suddenly last August, was daughter of Judge Levi Bartlett of Kingston, N.H.

February 9, 1850

            Saturday. Returned to Portland, called on Judge Ware, also on several other persons who were not at home. At 2 1/2 o'clock took the cars to Brunswick where I was met at the depot by A.G. Robbins, Esq., a native of Union & conducted to his house, to make it my home while remaining at Brunswick.

February 10, 1850

            Sunday. Violent rain. Streets almost impassable. Attended worship at the Orthodox Congregational meeting-house & heard a young man named Leland preach two good sermons.

February 11, 1850

            Monday. A.M. read portions of my manuscript history of Union to Nathaniel Robbins, who resided in Union from the time of its incorporation to the year 1840; since which he has resided in Brunswick. In the evening at about six o'clock, went to Joseph McKeans to take tea; passed the evening. The tea was brought in about 8 o'clock & then a blessing having been asked, it was passed round to the company while they were standing. Perhaps thirty were present, among whom were several of the Professors. John McKean was present, who has written three lectures on the history of Brunswick & vicinity, & has taken much interest in the Maine Historical Society. He has a passion for the old theology of Massachusetts, thinks there is great degeneracy in modern orthodoxy, & says that he has read all Willard's Body of Divinity, which I will venture to say, has not been read by any other man living.--Mr. Joseph McKean's wife was a Farley of Waldboro.

February 12, 1850

            Tuesday. At a party at Dr. Baker's; same observances as last evening.

February 13, 1850

            Wednesday. Took tea with Prof. Packard, son of Rev. Hezekiah Packard. He edits the Bowdoin Triennial Catalogue.

February 14, 1850

            Thursday. At a party at Miss Alice Dunlap's. She is an orphan & only child, worth $100,000 & about to be married to Gilman of Exeter, N.H. Since I have been here have found the people very sociable, hospitable & attentive--have continued daily to read my manuscript to N. Robbins & add to my information respecting Union.

February 17, 1850

            Sunday A.M. Heard the Rev. Dr. Adams preach. P.M. attended Mr. Wheelers meeting at Topsham.

February 20, 1850

            Thursday. Went to the College Library, containing about 12000 volumes found several very valuable works bound as pamphlets, but not catalogued. The library is open three days in the week one hour each day. P.M. went to the Mineral & Chemical Rooms. Prof. Cleaveland has made them what they are. His enthusiasm does not diminish with age. He does not go home to dinner, but has it sent to him. Saw a very valuable collection of shells in the mineral room. It was made by T. Whittemore, late Post-Master at Cambridge. He at first asked $1500 for it, but not being able to obtain that sum; he offered it for less. In the fall of 1848 he wrote to Professor Cleaveland that he must sell them as he was straitened for money & offered them for $400. Prof. C immediately wrote to Dr. Shattuck of Boston, requesting him to get up a subscription & purchase them. The Doctor immediately purchased them himself & sent them as a present to the College.

            In the evening attended a party at Prof. Boody's. There were probably about 100 persons present.

February 22, 1850

            Friday. During my stay here have spent every forenoon, except the Sabbath, reading & talking with N. Robbins, Esq. who is so afflicted with dropsy that he cannot lie down nights--also have spent some of the afternoons with him.

            The customs of Brunswick differ somewhat from Cambridge. The style of living is less expensive, & the people are less dependent on domestics. Some of the first families hire no help except on extra occasions. Many errands & chores are done there which it would not be deemed proper for men of similar standing in society in Boston to do. Setting aside the College, the principal men in the place are sea-captains. I dined with one man from Harpswell, who had built 46 vessels. The females in the place appear to be well informed practically in domestic matters, of which nearly all who are born in Boston are utterly ignorant. In society there is comparatively little formality. The entertainments are not extravagant but good enough & not so impoverishing that none but the wealthy can make them.

            At 11 1/2 o'clock took the cars for Portland where I arrived at one o'clock. At 4 o'clock left & arrived at Boston about 9 1/2 o'clock--took the 10 o'clock omnibus & arrived at D.H. No.15 at about 10:40.

February 27, 1850

            Wednesday. A gentleman from N.York, who is making a collection of American coins, said in the College Library to-day that he had his information from the mint master that not a copper cent was coined in 1815 that about $3800 were coined in 1814. He says the scarcest year is 1799.

March 3, 1850

            Sunday. Officiated at the Communion at the Church of the Disciples, in Boston. The excitement is too much. The day very chilly.

March 12, 1850

            Tuesday. Prof. Parsons, a Swedenborgian, says that when Beyer was making the Index to Swedenborg's works, he was feeble & did not expect to live to complete it. He wrote a letter to Swedenborg to that effect. Swedenborg replied that he would live to complete it. Beyer lived two years, was taken sick the day after finishing it & died within a few days.

March 16, 1850

            Saturday. Lithographic likeness finished.

March 19, 1850

            Tuesday. Commencement of the trial of Dr. Webster for the murder of Dr. George Parkman.

March 23, 1850

            Saturday. A snowstorm. Snow fell several inches.

March 28, 1850         

            Thursday. Another heavy fall of snow. Attended the Historical Society meeting. Several classmates to meet this evening at Lothrop's, to see if something cannot be done towards getting up a class meeting this year, it being a quarter of a century since graduation. We have not had a class meeting since we left College. There was but little class feeling when in College--there was a large number of cliques interested in each other; but no general attachment. The storm was so violent that I concluded not to remain to the meeting at Lothrop's.

March 31, 1850

            Sunday. After eleven day's trial, the jury rendered their verdict about eleven o'clock, last evening, that Dr. Webster was guilty of murder in the first degree. Charles Sumner told me to-day that after the verdict was returned, the Attorney General went round quietly to the Court, & wished the Chief Justice before discharging the Jury to say something to them as they been so long together & so patiently submitting to their duties. The Chief Justice said they had rendered a just verdict but he could not say more, & formally dismissed them. Even when the Chief Justice commenced his charge, he could hardly refrain from tears. The verdict has taken people by surprise. However generally people believed Dr. Parkman was murdered by Dr. Webster, it was not supposed there was evidence that would make all the jurors acquiesce in such a result. It was commonly thought the jurors would disagree; or if this were not the case & they should agree, it would be in favor of acquittal.

             The community to-day seems as solemn as if a most dreadful calamity had befallen it. A sadness pervades it. Everybody is expressing his feelings respecting the lovely family of Dr. Webster. So dreadful a blow will, I think, inevitably cause the death of his wife, if not some of his children. On Friday evening they were very cheerful, expecting he would be with them to-day or tomorrow. The mistaken kindness of friends has prevented them from preparing for the worst, & they must be almost if not entirely unprepared for the result [CROSSED OUT SECTION]. At noon yesterday, hardly anyone supposed there would be a conviction; but people from hearing & reading the Attorney General's argument & the Judge's Charge afterward were moved otherwise by them. This morning, between 9 & 10 o'clock Mrs. William Prescott, mother of the historian, & half-sister of Mrs. Webster, came out to inform the family of the result. Mrs. Webster was lying on the bed, where she had been obliged to be for the considerable part of the time for three or four weeks. As the carriage slowly came towards the house, Marianne saw it & said she feared there was something bad. Upon entering the house, the conviction of the Dr. was made known to to Miss West, a cousin who was staying there. She went upstairs & repeated the result. Mrs. Webster remained speechless. The daughters uttered the most heartrending screams, which were heard by passers-by to church. Marianne was nearly distracted during the day & by night it was necessary to call assistance to hold & restrain her.

April 1, 1850

            Monday. Dr. Webster was brought into Court & received his sentence. In the afternoon the family visited him. He received them very properly, embraced them all, said he was ready to die, & prayed with them & asserted his innocence.

April 2, 1850

            Tuesday. Went to the door & asked the servant girl to pass my card in to Mrs. Webster. Dr. Lowell was there. I was told he said he had left the dead body of his wife at home to come & mingle his prayers & sympathies, in which he was very successful.

            On Sunday, a paper was put in circulation among the principal heads of families in Cambridge to be handed to the family, expressive of continued friendship & respect & of sympathy wherever they might continue to reside, & intimating delicately that no one of them was suspected of being implicated in the charges against the Doctor. The paper was signed by a great number of people. No one could refuse--the family is highly accomplished, intelligent & refined.

April 3, 1850

            Wednesday. The Daily Evening Traveller contains statements by one of the jurors confirming previous reports that the jurors while secluded from the world held religious exercises each evening, & when they retired after receiving the charge of the Chief Justice, there was a distressing pause for nearly half an hour when the Foreman called them to order by reminding them that they had a duty to perform. Then again prayer was offered, & the questions were reduced to three

1. Were the remains those of Dr. Parkman?

2. Was he killed by Dr. Webster?

3. Was it with malice premeditated?

            Each of the first was unhesitatingly voted unanimously in the affirmative. The third had one dissentient vote, that of Benj. H. Greene, bookseller. After some time in reflecting, he coincided.

            Various reports have been started, which must have some foundation in truth & make out the Dr. to be one of the blackest-hearted rascals in the world. How could he have lived so long in Cambridge, a man of very ordinary talents, & have maintained the most subtle hypocrisy for nearly thirty years without being suspected, is incredible. The reports need not be named at present. Without knowing them, the citizens of Cambridge have been obliged to open their eyes against their early convictions, & now speak of him in terms of unmeasured severity. It is an infirmity of human nature to go from extreme to the opposite.

April 5, 1850

            Friday. Another snowstorm.

April 18, 1850

            Thursday. After having boarded nearly eight years with the exception of some vacations at one house with Rev. J.A. Kendall, moved with him to a new house.

April 20, 1850

            Saturday. Various snowstorms this spring. The one on Sunday last extended even to the Mississippi.

April 21, 1850

            Sunday. Walked to Boston. Dined with Mr. I. Stoddard,  with whom I hired a room in Lafayette Place while I lived in Boston. P.M. walked to Charlestown & called on my blind Aunt Whitney. She says that she distinctly remembers my mother's birth-day 78 years ago yesterday. I asked her what they had for dinner. She said smelts. My grandmother was sick with consumption all winter & it was not supposed she would survive her confinement. For about a week after my mother's birth she nursed her. After that, for several days, till my grandfather could obtain a nurse, the different women in the neighborhood, who had children, came & nursed her. My mother had a very sore mouth, & it was not thought she could be reared. At length one Mrs. Babcock, who had a child several months old, weaned it, took my mother & kept her eleven months.

April 22, 1850

            Monday. Mailed a large box to go to the Royal Library of Berlin, filled with duplicate books & pamphlets. Recently the library received nearly 30 vols from the Legislature of Maine, agreeably to a vote passed sometime since.

April 27, 1850         

            Saturday. A vigorous discussion commenced in the Legislature in relation to Harvard University. The Calvinistic Congregationalists are in reality at the bottom of it. The object ostensibly is to make the college meet the expectations of the public & with this view a movement is made to alter the charter & have the Corporation depend on election by the Legislature. The real object is with the Orthodox to get control of it. The Traveller, which is decidedly Orthodox, contains the best report of the speeches & probably the debate will be continued some time & the speeches be, some of them, written in full & printed in subsequent numbers of the Traveller.

April 28, 1850

            Sunday. Went to Somerville with Rev. Mr. Williams of North Andover, & after he returned in the afternoon from preaching there walked to Brighton with him.

May 4, 1850

            Saturday. M. Vattemare, the ventriloquist, [HOLLIS: Vattemare, Alexandre, 1796-1864] who is known for his project of international exchange of books, was at the library, in furtherance of his project.

May 12, 1850

            Administered Communion at J.F. Clarke's.

May 14, 1850

            Twenty-one years ago was ordained at Stow.

May 16, 1850

            Mons. Desor, who came to this country in company with Agassiz, spent an hour at my room. He says that there was a current story that eels frequently came from Lake Neufchatel, in the night, to the land & returned again before day. One man missing peas from his pea field went a little before day & spread cinders & ashes on the beach of the lake. By this means their return into the lake was obstructed & several were taken.

May 25, 1850

            The Christian Register contains Mr. S.A. Eliot's speech before the Legislature in the late attack on the College Charter.

June 1, 1850

            Saturday. To-day was brought & placed in the College Library a bust of Rev. John Pierce, of Brookline, with its pedestal. It has been made since the Doctor's decease from a painting & daguerreotype & is a good likeness though the artist never saw him but once & that in the pulpit. To some, however, it is possible that the breadth of the shoulders may not give a correct idea of the great breadth of the original. The work was by Carew, a stone cutter who also made the bust of Rev. John Pierpont, which was given to the library by Dr. Buckingham.

June 8, 1850

            Saturday. I have often heard my mother speak of living in Malden & keeping house for her brother Obadiah Morse. This afternoon went to Malden with a fellow boarder Charles Sprague, whose father John is a native of Malden. His mother, though younger than mine, recollected her; & his father, though quite young, remembered that my uncle once took him with to catch pigeons. It seems that the Kettell farm, where my mother & uncle lived, is now where the Baptist meetinghouse is in the village or square. The same well which was used by them, now furnishes water. I started the pump handle & caught my hand full twice & wet my mouth from the same fountain which supplied my mother's wants as far back at least as 1794.

June 9, 1850

            Sunday. Attended the Universalist meeting. After it walked to the hill back of Mr. Sprague's house. It affords a beautiful prospect. Then went to the old burying ground, which seems to be entirely removed from habitations. By it, however, I was told, the road passed in early days, as it was laid out towards Boston as near to the marsh as practicable. After considerable difficulty, I found the gravestone of Rev. Mr. Wigglesworth.

            Afterward, Mrs. Sprague accompanied me to Mrs. Townsend's. Mrs. T said she had not seen my mother since she left Malden, nor had she heard anything from her except that she was married, that she was very intimate with my mother & often spent the night with her that their family made no cheese & that my mother made excellent cheese, & often in the afternoon she would say to her mother she was going to get a piece of Persis's cheese & so go down & take tea with her. Oftentimes they went to singing meetings together which were in different parts of the town. Mrs. T would mount the horse & ride behind my uncle who would carry my mother before him on the same horse. My uncle & mother, according to her, were at the time the only singers of songs in town. At the ordination of Mr. Thatcher at Lynn in August 1794, nine couples went from Malden. My uncle & mother were of the party. Mrs. Townsend  was thrown & broke her arm on the occasion. A singular meeting, after my mother had been from Malden 56 years! Mrs. T had been recently speaking of her & wondering if she were yet living. The meeting was very interesting. I was among strangers who were friends of my mother, when young, more than half a century ago.

June 17, 1850

            Monday. Celebration of Bunkers Hill battle--oration by E. Everett.

June 18, 1850

            Prof. Webster's case was taken up last week & argued before a full bench of the Supreme Court for the purpose of making out a writ of error. The decision is contained in this evening's papers.

June 20, 1850

            Wednesday. Books ordered in for annual examination.

June 21, 1850

            Friday. Seniors Class Day—entertainment at President Sparks's before going to the exercises—collation in Harvard Hall after the exercises—dancing towards evening after which came the marching to, & cheering of the various buildings, & at 8 o'clock levee at E. Everett's.

June 29, 1850

            Saturday. The newspapers contain an account of the dinner given last evening to the keeper of the Brattle House by the citizens of Cambridge. This hotel was opened for the public on Monday, though a few persons had been received there previously. It is to be regretted that it contains a bar at which there will be sold ardent spirits. The apprehension that such might be the case, & that a hotel would be a nuisance among the students & to the village, has led many to be inactive about countenancing it. The want of some kind of a public house has been felt very seriously for eight or ten years, there not having been a place during that time where a stranger could apply for a meal of victuals or a lodging.

            The newspapers this evening speak of a letter from Dr. Webster to Governor Briggs in which he confesses that he killed Dr. Parkman, but that he did it in self-defence, or rather that the act was manslaughter & not murder. It is doubtful whether this confession, coming at this late day, can be of much avail. It is too much like a last desperate effort of a guilty man to save his life. He has told too many untruths--untruths which very plausibly explained difficulties before his trial, but which were disregarded at the trial. Since his conviction he has written a letter to the Governor protesting his entire ignorance of the whole transaction of the murder, which by his confession he must admit to be false. The calmness, during the week preceding his arrest, now that he admits he killed Parkman, looks more like premeditation than like the flurry, which a man would have experienced the moment after unintentionally killing a man. There is too Pearson under sentence of death, & the time appointed for his execution, who was recommended to mercy by the jury who convicted him; yet his case did not receive the mercy of the Governor & Council, & how can Webster's, when he was not recommend to mercy by the jury? The whole affair of the Parkman murder, from beginning to end, has been one of the most mysterious on record. When it shall have been settled, & become matter of record, it will be impossible for people who were not participators to understand the peculiar feelings in the community & in individuals, as events transpired, little by little, at one time favoring a very little Dr. Webster, at another time & perhaps the very next day, making just about as much against him; thus keeping the minds eager to know more about the mysterious affair during many months.

July 2, 1850

            Tuesday. Rev. G. Putnam D.D. appeared before the Governor & Council, with a confession by J.W. Webster, & accompanied it with a powerful appeal in his behalf.

July 3, 1850

            Wednesday. The newspapers contain not only the confession of Dr. Webster; but the protest of his innocence which he had caused to be withdrawn.

July 4, 1850

            Thursday. Independence Day. Every body seems to have settled down into a great contempt of Webster. The Protest is so flatly contradictory to his confession that the feeling which has been for sometime entertained that he is a consummate liar has been confirmed to an extent that can hardly be credited. Yet nobody really seems to want to have him executed, except Rev. F. Parkman, who with a few others manifest a rather bloodthirsty spirit. It is hardly conceivable what strong expressions of condemnation of the Court & Jury have been almost universally prevalent throughout the country except in Massachusetts. There never probably has been a capital trial of an individual which has excited so general an interest throughout the civilized world as this. I have seen persons from remote parts of the country, & in answer to questions I learn that even in small, obscure towns, every mail was watched with eagerness & every newspaper pounced upon with avidity. The newspapers now are full of comments, every newspaper has its peculiar editorials & communications, & if any one wants to get a complete idea of the excitement & of all the petitions & remonstrances he must follow them through many days & probably weeks yet; & he ought to do it before making up his mind.

July 10, 1850

            Wednesday. Annual examination of the library. Besides duplicates, during the past year there have been added 1751 volumes of which 640 were gifts, 2219 pamphlets of which 1991 were gifts.

            Almost every newspaper contains important editorial and other communications respecting Dr. Webster. The family were thoroughly convinced of his innocence till about a week before he made his confession. The first person who introduced the subject was Dr. G. Putnam. He was with the family some time before he could get them to believe the subject.  And at last he felt obliged to break it abruptly as there was no other way of reaching them. believe in his making a confession. Mrs. W yielded at first & after sometime the daughters. The scene which followed was heartrending. Before the confession came out, it was known that the family was suffering more agony than they ever have. They have appeared personally before the Governor & Council twice. The fleshy & rosy girls have pined away, the cheeks & lips are become pale; & will not death become the consequence? They try to sow [SIC: sew?] (for they have been taking in work to do for sometime, even before the Doctor's arrest), then they take a book & try to read but they obviously cannot fix their attention; then they walk the room; & now their solitude is almost excessive, for they have declined seeing even the very few among the neighbors who have been admitted to the house since the time of the arrest.

July 12, 1850

            Friday. C.E. Butler, of Thomaston made his appearance for examination & admission to the Freshman Class. I had accidentally met him last summer, & through my influence he has been induced to come to this College.

July 15, 1850

            Monday. This day & to-morrow are the days for examination.

July 16, 1850

            Exhibition of the Divinity School. This evening at 6 o'clock, as many of my classmates as could well be got together met at the Tremont House in Boston for a class dinner. It was the first since our graduation. C.F. Adams presided, P. Allen now a teacher in Walpole, Ms., Ames, Austin, Bradford, Cole, Cunningham, Dillaway, Dwight, Gould, Hedge, Jackson, Lord, Lothrop, Putnam, Sherwin, Sibley, S.C. Walker, also C.H. Davis, who left the Class in the Sophomore year, afterwards rec'd an honorary degree, is Lieutenant in the Navy, distinguished in the Coast Survey, & Superintendent of the American Nautical Almanac. Much good feeling was manifested, generally all were delighted. Absent & deceased classmates were remembered,--old college scenes revived. All had been previously requested to prepare a biographical notice of themselves. The notices of those who were absent were read, & many who were present gave verbal accounts of themselves I had filed in my autobiography. Gould entertained us with a verse of Auld Lang Syne, whistling one part & singing or humming another part at the same time, the only person whom I ever knew or heard of that could do such a thing. The objectionable feature was the use of wine & a boisterousness on the part of Dwight, who seemed to assume to himself considerable more than was consistent with good taste or propriety. About 10 o'clock, after singing Auld Lang Syne, & paying $5.00 we separated the surplus above expenses, about $23.00 to go to Allen.

July 17, 1850

            Wednesday. Commencement. The Governor & suite escorted from Boston, by the Cadets, a horse company. The weather, as for the last three or four days, exceedingly oppressive. After the exercises, the hearers returned to Gore Hall, the procession was again formed & proceeded to the Picture Gallery in Harvard Hall, to dine. The dinner was execrable, besides being tainted, that more or less of it was pitched out of the windows, & the room literally stunk. After a short time, I pitched the tune, St. Martins, & it was sung. Then a new feature was introduced. The object was to give more interest to the alumni dinner, & as alumni meetings have not been successful, to see if the occasion could not be made, in some degree, to answer the same purpose.

            The deaths since the last commencement were read by Mr. Everett, who acted as presiding officer of the Alumni, & classmates of the deceased were desired to make remarks. The course, however, was not altogether judicious. It was too long & tedious, & not one half the names had been passed in review, before it was found to be so late that it was thought advisable to adjourn for an alumni meeting for business in the room above. The plan for increasing alumni interest, which I suggested to Mr. Everett when President was to have such a list, accompanied by a few lines of facts for each one who died & read by some one whose business it should be to prepare it.

            The usual Commencement levee at the Presidents was omitted, Mrs. Sparks's father, the Hon. Mr. Silsbee of Salem, having died last Sunday night about midnight and been buried yesterday.

July 18, 1850

            Thursday. Exercises of the Phi Beta Kappa, a society which has done more to repress all feelings of attachment to the Alma Mater than all other causes beside.

            The Governor & Council sit to-day for final action on Webster's case. The report, as given in the evening papers leave no doubt as to the final result. He must be hanged, unless he can previously contrive to kill himself.

July 19, 1850

            Friday. The papers this evening contain the Report, etc. of the Governor & Council & the day fixed for Webster's execution is 30 August.

            A new feature of Commencement. Hitherto it has always been maintained that no alumni should be invited to the Commencement dinner, except those who had taken their Master's degree. This may have arisen in part from want of accommodation at the tables in former times, & perhaps in part to prevail on all graduates to take their second degrees, the fees for which were the Presidents perquisites. The quarterbills, even when I was in College, contained a separate charge for Triennial Catalogue & Commencement dinner. Although the graduating class & other graduates did not think of venturing to take a seat at Commencement dinner, shortly after graduating, yet after a time persons who came made bold to fall into the procession & take their seats dine. I have not hesitated to do it, & ventured to put it on the ground that I paid for the dinner when in College & had therefore as good right as anybody to it.

            The Triennial Catalogue, since the introduction of the item to pay for it, has grown large & is not paid for. The fee of ten dollars for one's second degree has been reduced, the perquisite has been transferred to the College funds, the President's salary raised to $2500 & house rent; & on Commencement day for the first time the word Graduates was substituted for Masters of Arts in reading the order of procession, & the graduating class went in to the dinner.

            Judge White, in his obituary remarks at Commencement dinner, alluded to some of the customs when he was in College, one of which was wrestling. Individuals of the Freshman Class were called on by the Sophomores & others to test their ability in this way, & a class was considered as superior or inferior to another as wrestlers. It was a kind of initiatory process for newcomers. The foot ball prevails at the present day.

August 9, 1850        

            Friday. In the basement of University Hall, an auction of the utensils & cloths, etc. formerly used in commons. The crockery, at least a great part of it, contains pictures of the College buildings. It was made to order, in England, since I was in college, a picture being sent out. The knives & forks, with green handles & cocoa handles riveted with Harvard College stamped on the blades, cost $2.50 per half dozen, & the best of them were sold for 65 cents per half dozen.

August 11, 1850

           Sunday. Attended worship at the Church of the Disciples in Freeman Place. The Society has been in existence for about nine years. The meetings were held first in Amory Hall, on the corner of West & Washington Street, subsequently in the Masonic Temple on Tremont Street, and of late in the buildings erected chiefly through the exertions & under the immediate supervision of Mr. Clarke. A great portion of the members have moved out of Boston, the society has been embarassed by debt, Mr. Clarke's health has been such a considerable part of the time that he has been absent or been confined to his house, and on the whole it has been deemed advisable to sell the building to Mr. Robbins's Society, & the physicians have told Mr. Clarke to go off & recruit. Accordingly he goes to Meadville to remain, perhaps a year, where he married his wife, a daughter of Herman Huidekoper. He made to-day his concluding address, administered the Lords Supper, & baptized several children. His labors have been very important. They were needed. He entered considerably into the reforms of the day, and did much to break up the formality prevalent in the Societies generally.

August 13, 1850

            Tuesday. Funeral ceremonies in Cambridge, in honor of President Taylor. Eulogy by Luther V. Bell, Physician of McLean Lunatic Asylum, Somerville, on Thursday, there are to be similar ceremonies in Boston.

August 14, 1850

            Wednesday. Took the Maine Railroad in Boston at 4 1/2 o'clock P.M. for Portland--detained 2 1/2 hours, first before reaching Dover, in consequence of an accident to the preceding train near Portland. Went on board the steamboat at Portland, about one o'clock.

August 15, 1850

            Thursday. A.M. arrived at E. Thomaston, recently called Rockland, about 7 o'clock met by a horse & wagon & rode to Union. where I arrived about 4 o'clock, having made several stops in Thomaston & Warren.

August 16, 1850

            Friday. Arrived Wm. Sibley, of Freedom, with Laura, daughter of Uncle Eastman, of Warner, N.H.

August 17, 1850

             Saturday. A.M. Uncle & cousin took their departure for Freedom. I took a horse & wagon & went on business for my father, to Rockland & returned.

 August 18, 1850

            Sunday. At home, unwell, from yesterday's exposure to the rain & cold. The weather is as cold as in the last of September.

 August 19, 1850

            Monday. Considerably unwell, symptoms of cholera morbus. In the night a case of colic in the house.

 August 20, 1850

            Tuesday. Two of us sick in two rooms. Very feeble help in the family. Things, for the most part have gone sadly since mother's death. There have been eight housekeepers in nine weeks. A great part, nearly all, the bedding & clothing have been stolen by them. One of the keepers from Jefferson, who had lived in the family of Prof. Webster, of Cambridge, perished two or three weeks ago, in the dock at Portland.

August 21, 1850

             Wednesday. Procured a large pile of papers, account books, etc. which belong to the late Nathaniel Robbins, Esq. & brought them to the house for examination & began to overhaul them. Among them are many legislative pamphlets, particularly relating to the early history of Maine, since it became a State, which are scarce, & a vast mass of manuscript letters, receipts, executions, etc. but very little, however, which can be available in the History of Union.

August 22, 1850

            Thursday. Continued the examination of the papers belonging to the late N. Robbins. This afternoon another in the family taken down with lameness. It is fortunate that the first has got so much better as to be able to be about most of the time to-day. The family in all now consists of father, brother William, myself, & a hired lad of sixteen, Sarah McCurdy, who is staying a few weeks & was the first taken sick, & a daughter of my cousin, Mrs. Clark.

August 23, 1850

            Friday. Called on Jessa Robbins, the oldest man living in Union, also on Mrs. Mathias Hawes.

August 30, 1850 & seqq.
 
            Friday. Went to Warren and spent the day with Cyrus Eaton, Esq., who has got nearly ready for publication a History of Warren including the history of St. George's River before the incorporation of Warren.

             This evening heard of the execution of Dr. Webster. The newspapers of all kinds contain detailed accounts of the solemn event, and as each gives its own, each contains some incidents not contained in the others. His family, I learned after I got to Cambridge, were not aware of the time when the execution would take place & knew not of it until Dr. Putnam went to them at Cambridge directly from the gallows and announced the event. No disclosures are made to the public, though the uncertainty has generally settled down into a conviction that the killing was premeditated. The family had been in the practice of visiting him twice each week, & latterly on Mondays & Thursdays, & of going immediately after dinner & remaining some hours. They left him yesterday a little after six o'clock. In the afternoon of the 30th or the 31st, Mrs. Perkins of New York rode out to Mrs. Webster's & inquired for her. A cousin of the Doctor, an intimate in the family went to the door & told her Mrs. W was not to be seen. She then inquired for some of the females of the family. The cousin replied that she herself was the only one who could be seen. The driver then observed that she had come out to see the corpse. The cousin administered a merited rebuke for coming on such an errand, at such a time, while the family were bowed down to the earth with agony, & shut the door in her face. The Dr.'s wishes as to the time & place of his funeral were not complied with. It is said that the turf by his tomb was removed on Friday, P.M. & had been replaced by the succeeding forenoon. The body was brought out of Boston about midnight on Friday & deposited without a funeral service over it in his tomb. The public was misled. Many persons wanting in sensibility went to the house of Mrs. Webster, (but they were not Cambridge people for they had too much feeling for the family) on Sunday morning when the funeral was expected, & hundreds were at Mount Auburn gate in expectation of seeing the procession enter. There has been a morbid curiosity, marked by feelings almost inhuman on the part of some of the populace; but with the refined there has been a shrinking from everything which could possibly wound the feelings of the family.

            On the scaffold great humanity was shown by all to the prisoner, & in the laying out of the body the most hardened showed great delicacy, & even the assistant turnkey shed tears. The family did not go to meeting from the time of the Doctor's arrest till the second Sunday in September in the afternoon. A few ladies, having learned they would attend Dr. Newell's that day & occupy the unfurnished pew of the College which was occupied by them in vacations, when there is no religious service in the college chapel, furnished the pew with cushions, carpet, hymn books, crickets, etc. It was a delicate indirect expression of kindness, which was perceptibly felt by them when they unexpectedly perceived it as they arrived at the pew. At the close of the services they remained till the congregation had passed out, and then even the sexton as he perceived them coming down the gallery stairs, turned from them & walked slowly towards the other end of the entry, thus giving them time & opportunity to pass out without encountering him face to face. From this time the friends are beginning to call on them, & now that the end has come, it is to be hoped that the present generation may never be called to experience so dreadful & deep an interest in an event which has stirred the depths of the whole world as it never before was disturbed by any murder. The newspapers of all kinds, & throughout the world, have discussed the subject & wherever I have been, every obscure man in every obscure part of every obscure town seems to have been well acquainted with the affair. The same is told me by other persons who are from different parts of the country.

August 31, 1850

            Saturday. Spent most of the day with Wm. Gleason, Esq. in relation to the town census & other matters connected with the History of Union.

September 1, 1850

            Sunday. Attended worship at the Orthodox Church in the forenoon & heard a sermon read, the minister being absent. P.M. attended the meeting of the Baptists at the townhouse.

September 3, 1850

            Tuesday. With my father went in a wagon to Waldoboro', called at Mr. John Bulfinch's. He was my teacher before going to Exeter, N.H. He had gone to Commencement at Bowdoin College. My expectation was that the eleven o'clock stage from Waldoboro' would connect with a railroad train at Bath; but I was informed it did not, ordinarily, though last year an extra train went from Bath at 6 1/2 o'clock, on the evening before commencement, & possibly there might be one this year. The stage took me about noon. As we came in sight of Bath ferry, a little before 6 1/2 o'clock, the driver said there could not be any kind of train as the depot was entirely closed. After getting on board the ferryboat, it was necessary before starting, to wait some 10 or 15 minutes for the ferryman to eat his supper. When about half way across the river I saw a locomotive with one car move from the depot. The ferryman insisted, that he should have been notified if it had been going to Bath, & that it certainly was nothing more than a movement for arranging or changing locomotives or cars. In this he was strenuously sustained by the stage driver. Upon arriving at the Sagadahoc House, I learned that an extra train had gone to Brunswick about five minutes before, to bring down students to a class supper, & that no conveyance remained. Accordingly I deposited myself for the night at the Sagadahoc House. Between 9 & 10 o'clock about 50 students came from Bowdoin College, accompanied by a band of music, took supper & tarried till 2 o'clock and returned.

September 4, 1850

            Wednesday. Paying my fare 62 1/2 cents for lodging and breakfast, at the excellent hotel, I took the cars for Brunswick between 8 & 9 o'clock & passed on & took lodgings with A.C. Robbins. After fixing my affairs a little I went to the College yard where people were gathering for commencement. The Treasurer gave me a ticket to the dinner. When the procession was forming I retired so that I might go in & out of the meeting house at my pleasure & took a seat near the door. Though urged after I was discovered near the door & almost dragged from my place to be made to go up higher I resolutely refrained. The exercises were manly, sensible, & the speaking deliberate, distinct & impressive. The house was not thronged as at Cambridge. All could be seated. The music by a Boston band. I joined a retired part of the procession, on leaving the meeting house, but upon arriving at the door of the dining hall, which was in the unfinished chapel, I was taken by Prof. Smyth to the upper seats, where I was introduced to Judge Goodenow & by him to Judges Tenney, Shepley, & Emery, & to Gov. Hubbard. The dinner consisted of cold tongue & ham, roasted & boiled beef, two or three kinds of pies, vegetables, mashed potato, peaches, apples, coffee & tea. After the returning of thanks by Mr. Wheeler, the Unitarian minister of Topsham, President Woods read two lines of the hymn, which is sung at Cambridge commencements & they were sung to the tune of St. Martins. Then two more were read & sung & so on to the end of the hymn. The Treasurer told me that he provided for 200 at dinner, & it cost about 33 to 37 1/2 cents each. He bought half a barrel of tongue, 10 or 15 hams etc. & a bushel & a half of potatoes which he had mashed up, etc.  In the evening attended a levee at Mr. Joseph McKearn's Treasurer of the College. It was a very fine party; there was intelligence, refreshment, & good sense. It was usual, I found, to have a levee of this kind, on commencement evenings. Judge Tenney told me that he recollected who I must be; for when in 1817, he taught the Academy at Warren, Dr. Sibley called on him & talked about a boy he had & intended to send to College & he supposed I must have been that boy.

September 5, 1850

            Thursday. Heard the Oration & Poem before the Phi Beta Kappa Society. Dr. Sprague's oration good, with the except of a contemptible deification of Daniel Webster. He might have introduced him properly as an illustration of the influence, as this address was on the perpetuity of literary influence or labor, but it was very improper for a Christian minister to commend and exalt the character of a man, who is only respected for his talents, whose character is notoriously immoral. Unwell after the exercises and spent the afternoon in my bed.

September 6, 1850

            Friday. Commencement week at Brunswick is a season of great interest. The hotels are crowded, & so are the dwelling houses. Individuals receive & lodge their neighbors' guests when their neighbors have more than they can accommodate. The population is very hospitable, doing everything to make the visits of strangers agreeable.

            Unwell most of day. On Thurs. got out to take tea with the widow of N. Robbins, Esq. who died July 4th, & called at Dr. Palmers; took tea at Mr. Forsyth's.

September 7, 1850         

            Saturday. Went to the cars & took a seat about 8 1/2 o'clock. After waiting 1 1/2 hours for the down train, a locomotive came upon Bath, with information that notice had been telegraphed to Bath that the locomotive had run off the track near Portland. The message, however, had hardly been delivered before the down train was announced, the locomotive having got righted again. Without a delay we should have arrived in Portland in season to take the eleven o'clock train at Portland & arrive at Boston about 4 o'clock P.M. In the train was an Engine Company from Waltham, & it had made the same calculations. We arrived at Portland at 11 1/4 o'clock, --cars just gone. After unavailing efforts to prevail on the Superintendent to fit out an extra train, for there 100 or 200 of us, had to wait till the next train at 5 o'clock. The engine company telegraphed the Superintendent of the Fitchburg Railroad to detain the Waltham train till their arrival. As I apprehended we should not arrive at Boston till all the conveyances to Cambridge had gone, one or two members of the engine company said I might take their Waltham train, to Somerville, which would be within half a mile of my room at Divinity Hall.

            Spent the intervening hours in Portland. At 5 o'clock, we started, six large passenger & three large baggage cars, & the car for the engine company; & advanced in a rain storm at a very slow rate, till we came to the place where the trains separate, part taking the upper route, and part the lower route, the engine men taking the latter & myself the former. I arrived in Boston about 10 1/2 o'clock & went to the Waltham cars before the Waltham engine company arrived. The conductor positively refused under any circumstances to stop for me to get out at Somerville. A cabman asked two dollars to carry me to my room. It rained & was very dark. Accordingly I left my trunk at the Maine railroad depot, spread my umbrella, took the familiar route through Cambridgeport to my room where I arrived a few minutes after midnight, drenched, took a bath & got to bed about one o'clock in the morning.

September 8, 1850

            Sunday. It cleared up about noon, six & three quarter inches having fallen in 24 hours, & a fortnight ago about four inches, the total average a year being 35 or 36 inches.

September 9, 1850

             Monday. Applied to, and undertook the editing of the Annual College Catalogue (P.S. paid $30 for doing it)

September 19, 1850

             Thursday. The first of a series of important historical articles by Rd. Frothingham, Jr. in reply to P. Swett's pamphlet on his siege of Boston, in which is discussed the History of the battle of Bunker Hill, is to-day printed in the Boston Post. It will probably be a very minute, detailed account of the whole battle.

September 21, 1850

            Saturday. A great number of persons, high & low, ignorant & learned, refined & would-be-refined, from all parts of the world come to the library in their wanderings. Almost every traveller of distinction visits. To-day came G.P.R. James, the novelist and historian--a man whose information appears to be quite general.

September 22, 1850

            Sunday. The Society of the Church of the Disciples having virtually been dissolved some weeks since & the house purchased by Mr. Robbins's society I have this term resumed my seat at the College chapel.

            This evening called on Mrs. Webster and family. No allusion was made to the late tragedy. They were wonderfully calm & resigned. Spent about one hour with them. When we met in the parlor we shook hands without saying a word & then took seats. Shortly the silence was broken by Miss West, after which the conversation opened with the daughters and at length with Mrs. Webster. She spoke particularly of Cappe on Providence & Cappe's sermons, etc. which they had been reading with satisfaction. Much is said by persons who have visited them of the propriety & calmness of them all. It is said they have no suspicion of premeditated murder; but that in some mysterious but unintentional way--he did the deed.

September 23, 1850

            Monday. Prof. Walker says that he saw Dr. Webster three or four times within a very short time before the execution. His appearance was all that could be desired. He was humble and spoke calmly, & as a Christian would be likely to speak. He said he was in a proper spirit to go & that if he had gone to the State Prison, he might not be improved, for that was not a place for repentance. Probably for his own good & that of his family he felt that it was best for himself to die. Probably he had endeavored to impress the same idea on the minds of his family. When it is considered that his life was at stake, much charity should be applied, even in his worst falsifications.

September 25, 1850

            Wednesday. Great excitement has prevailed in N. York since the arrival of Jenny Lind, the Swedish vocalist. To-day was the auction in Boston at which the tickets for her first concert were put up. The tickets were $3.00 each. The highest bid for choice was six hundred and twenty-five dollars in addition to the price of the ticket. The second choice was twenty-four dollars. "A fool & his money are soon parted." She is without a doubt an exquisite singer & by her popularity & her artlessness of manner undoubtedly make a change for the better in the artificial, heartless, theatrical style of the present day.

September 26, 1850

            Thursday. Jenny Lind, was received to-day with great enthusiasm in Boston, & put up at the Revere House in Bowdoin Square. The furnishings of her rooms there cost thirteen thousand dollars.

October 3, 1850        

            Thursday. The Annual Catalogue distributed.

 October 6, 1850

            Sunday. Walked to the meeting of Theodore Parker in Boston. After a long sermon, of 55 minutes, he took his hymn-book, & as, it being late, some of the audience were beginning to withdraw, he closed it and requested them to wait a few minutes,as he had something to say. He then observed that he supposed it was known to all the that the fugitive slave bill had become a law. It was only about one week since a brother had been seized in New York City & carried off; & though he had since been redeemed it did not alter the law. It is estimated that in Boston there are between 400 & 600 fugitive slaves, & that since the arrest in N.Y. 50 or 60 more have arrived. Last Sunday there was in the congregation one, whom he had known for many months; but he is not here to-day. He has fled for protection to that government, whose laws our fathers drew the sword to cut off. It became an important question what we should do. For his part he owned no allegiance to wickedness, though it were made a law & he should aid & protect the slave in opposition to the law. And he was willing to be used as head or hand or foot by any body of men who should, without violence, protect the slave. When one of his flesh was obliged to leave him & his counsel, he could not but speak; he should be a hireling shepherd if he did not, when his sheep were driven from him. He did not believe there would be bloodshed, he did not believe a slave could be taken away, if there was a proper protection to the slave. And he did not speak to promote commotion but to suppress it. In this strain, Mr. Parker spoke three or four minutes, in as simple & feeling a manner as possible. And when he ended, a spontaneous, an irrepressible expression of approbation by clapping & stamping broke out in the gallery & the back part of the body of the audience. It showed the depth of feeling on the subject: his language, tone, & simplicity of manner sent a thrill through the whole multitude. It was the first time I ever was present at such a manifestation of approbation at church on the Lord's Day.

October 12, 1850

            Saturday. Went to Boston & at 7 3/4 o'clock P.M. purchased a ticket for Jenny Lind's concert. On presenting myself to the door was refused admittance. The hall at the Fitchburg depot was thronged. Much tumult & excitement occurred. The great distress arouse from want of ventilation. The screams were for "air". Windows were broken out.

November 1, 1850

            Friday. T.G. Wells, of whom mention was made a few years since, never being at ease that his creditors should have suffered through his failures in business when the California fever broke out two or three years ago, concluded to leave home for California, with a view to make money to pay his creditors all that was due to them, though he had so settled with them that legally speaking he owed them nothing. His wife's friends did all they could to dissuade him from going--offering to give him money to pay the debts. But he replied their money should never go for his debts. He abandoned a home to which he was passionately attached, has just returned after a long absence & is now paying off his old creditors.

            From the Virginia Historical Register for October 1849 it appears probable that Pocahontas died in the Parish of Gravesend, in the County of Kent, March 21, 1616-17, where her name was probably recorded Wrothe & not Rolfe.

The inscription runs thus:

 
            "1616.

            March 21.--Rebecca Wrothe wyffe of Thomas Wrothe gent.

            A Virginia Lady borne was buried in the Chauncell."

Though the Register is quite confident it would be well if there were more corroborating testimony.

November 2, 1850

            Saturday. It seems that since Prof. Webster's execution a subscription paper has been circulated & something like $5000 or $6000 obtained; Cushing of Watertown & Wm. Appleton of Boston giving $500 each; & that in addition to this the last two named gentlemen have purchased & given to them a house in Cambridge worth $2500. About the time of the execution a request written by Governor Everett that they would remain here was signed by most of the inhabitants & sent to them. They are almost overpowered by the kindness shown by everybody.

November 28, 1850

             Thursday. Thanksgiving. Nearly all the students gone from town. Many went on Tuesday morning.

 December 11, 1850        

            Wednesday. In consequence of a Circular there was a meeting in Boston for the purpose of getting up a Morse celebration. The Circular was as follows:--

            Dear Sir:--

            Assured that many of the name Morse in the United States are desirous of a general meeting of the race for paternal salutations; and a public expression of their reverence and gratitude for the memory of their Puritan sires; and also, that such of the race as reside in distant States, look to their kindred in New England to take measures preparatory to such a gathering; we, the subscribers, respectfully, and earnestly solicit your attendance at the American Hall, No. 64 1-2 Hanover Street, Boston, on the 2d Wednesday, i.e. 11 Dec.'r, 1850, at 6 1-2 o'clock, P.M. to consider proposals for assembling the race, determine the time and place of meeting, appoint committees and institute all measures necessary to insure an anniversary honorable to the name and blood which we inherit.

 
                                                                        Abner Morse

                                                            Author of the Memorial of the Morse's

                                                                        Geo. Coolidge,

                                                            Publisher of the Memorial.

            There were about one dozen persons present. It was expected that a plan for action would have been prepared . Something of the kind, very incomplete, was introduced. I was appointed Chairman of the meeting, and John J. Morse, Esq. Secretary. It was agreed that Hon. Isaac E. Morse of Louisiana should deliver an Address & that Hon. Freeman Morse, of Bath, Me., should deliver one at the placing of the Monument to be erected. The discussion was to be continued till 10 o'clock & the meeting adjourned to the 18th inst. for further consideration of the Resolves, etc.

            Gave to Abner Morse, for lithographing, another daguerreotype, the lithograph previously made, not being satisfactory.

December 18, 1850

            Wednesday. It not being convenient to attend the adjourned meeting, I sent a note to Abner Morse resigning my office as Chairman.

December 31, 1850

            Tuesday evening. The year closes with a heavy snow storm pouring down upon snow a foot & a half or two feet deep. During the year what important events have been agitating the world. Not to go to Europe we have had the Fugitive Slave Bill, admission of California, protracted unprincipled debates in Congress, the way opened for more slavery in Utah & Texas, & a President virtually killed by the inhumanity of members of Congress, & Daniel Webster & his followers abandoning principle for self-aggrandizement. But good will be made to come out of evil.

            Books rec'd lately from Berlin, Prussia.


1851

January 21, 1851

            Tuesday. Went to Salem. Spent most of the forenoon at the Mayor's Office consulting records respecting the Sibleys--the afternoon, evening & night met with George D. Phippen, renewing, revising, and managing materials.

January 22, 1851

            Wednesday. A.M. Went to Beverly, found that the town clerk was absent, returned to Salem, took cars to Manchester, where I found many Sibleys had lived. Hence originated those who moved to Sutton, Mass. John Sibley was a prominent man in town in the 17th century. Mr. Taylor the minister, a fine scholar, made the Catalogues of the Library of the Theological Institutions at Andover. Tarried with John Lee, the town clerk, who married a Farrow, daughter of my cousin by my mother's side.

January 23, 1851

            Thursday. Returned to Beverly, examined the Church Records, found Sibleys between 1667 & 1716 when Manchester people were united with the Beverly. Got no clew to my greatgrandmother. Returned to Salem; took cars to Amesbury. Went to the Town Clerk, two miles from the village. The records in early times very well kept, large, legible. No Sibleys though there was a family of Batt Moulton, whose wife was a Sibley.

            In the evening spent an hour or two with John G. Whittier, the poet, his mother, and sister, of the denomination of Friends. Found him very well informed on historical subjects. Passed the night with Mr. Aubin.

January 24, 1851

            Friday. A.M. came to Newburyport, went to Newbury where I found the date of the marriage of my greatgrandmother, Hannah Goodridge. Came to East Boston, thence to Cambridge.

January 27, 1851

            Tuesday . Took counsel in Boston about printing the History of Union. The lowest terms 42 cts per 1000 ems,  90 cts. per token of 11 quires.

February 4, 1851

            Tuesday. Took cars to Lowell, and, after tarrying a few hours, to Concord, N.H. --fare through $1.50.

February 5, 1851

            Wednesday. Went to Mr. Sanborn's, found his wife foolishly sensitive about the printing of the names of the Murray's in my note on the Sibleys in the History of Union.

            At the Insane Asylum, saw Mrs. Gage, whose case is hopeless. Went to Stephen Sibley's in Hopkinton, by way of cars to Tyler's Bridge. There was a time when Hopkinton had more influence in the political affairs of the state than any other town.  Contemporary were judges Harris & Green of the Supreme Court, Gov. Harvey, now District Judge, Judge Chase of the Probate Court & several other men of influence. Now the town is dull, its principal men are dead or gone, & the contrast with its condition 30 years since is very remarkable.

February 6, 1851

            Thursday. My uncle Stephen Sibley took me in a sleigh to my grandmother's place, now improved by James Hoit. The weather was cold. We proceeded to Henniker, to my Uncle Isaac Rice's. Learned that my cousin Sylvester Ward, who treated his mother so brutally, died of consumption last summer.

February 7, 1851

            Friday. Cold. Moved towards Warner by Bradford corner--froze my face before going three miles-stopped at my aunt Eastman's. Two of the boys had studied out all the constellations, by themselves.

February 8, 1851

            Saturday. Went to my Aunt Bean's. She lived four years at my father's when I was a boy.

February 9, 1851

             Sunday. Went to Hoit's in Hopkinton, dined, then returned with my uncle to his house.

February 10, 1851

            Monday. Rainy. Various topics & anecdotes furnished employment for the day. Crows, my uncle says are worse than hawks. One season he lost 17 young turkeys by them. He also lost eight young lambs, which he has no doubt were killed by them. One of his neighbours saw a crow on one of his lambs. Before he could get near enough to frighten him, he saw him thwacking him over from one side to the other. One of the eyes had been picked out & he was trying to get him over so as to pick the other out. In some which were killed the tongue as well as the eyes were plucked out. While cutting wood he was in the habit of passing a tree, to which two grey squirrels came out of the woods to bud. One morning he found the snow disturbed around it. It appeared the crows had attacked the squirrels on the tree & that they had persevered in their attacks; & that there were perhaps twenty places where the squirrels had struck their noses into the snow obviously to protect their eyes from the crows. Crows are also mischievous when tame. While working on land near Kearsarge he stood where there was a tame one & he petted it considerably. When repairing his fence it kept around his feet, but no notice was then taken of him. After a while he flew into a tree and came down upon him, picking his head furiously as if in resentment. Several persons near him were laboring & took out their refreshments among which was rum. The crow came in for a share. He partook of the rum. Soon he began to feel the effects, extending one wing one way, & then the other another way to balance & keep himself from falling & squalking like some wag. The next day refreshments were again brought out. He did not partake but kept at a distance. When the meal was ended, he darted down, took up the tumbler & carried it off, as if in dudgeon, & it was not again seen. The owner while making fence laid down his coat containing a pocket book with $200 or $300 which he had just rec'd. The crow came down, got the pocketbook out & flew with it to the top of a tree. The owner was in great tribulation. He could not call him back. He sent for a gun to shoot him in order to receive his stolen property. Before the gun arrived the crow came down & dropped the pocketbook near the coat.

            My uncle procured the passage of an act by the Legislature, giving a bounty for the destruction of crows between April 15 & June 15. The old crows never pull up corn for themselves; but only when they have young.

            He also mentioned an anecdote or two about weasels. A hawk was seen to dive to a stone heap in a field, upon rising from which he went up singularly in a spiral direction, rising as fast as possible, & shortly came down dead, & just before reaching the ground, a weasel jumped out from the feathers & ran away. At another time a weasel was seen near a gate. A hawk had seen him & was determined to seize him. The weasel, as if to tempt the hawk, ran to the top of the tall post to which the high gate was attached. The hawk came down with a plunge & when within five or six feet the weasel leaped from the top of the post & seized the hawk by the neck. The hawk went up as the other had done & fell down dead, killed.

            Opposite to my uncle's door a hen was sitting on eggs; suddenly she was seen running across the road to the barn, screaming terribly, a weasel hanging to her side. She was pursued, the weasel driven off, but the hen sickened and died. A weasel killed a woodchuck in the neighborhood.

            A family in a neighboring town got a young fox. They had a flock of geese & goslings. The young fox took a strong liking to them, & though very small kept about them incessantly during the whole time, day after day, annoying them exceedingly. His advances gradually gained, & the old gander sprang out, seized him with her bill & began to pummel him with his wings. The owner concluded it might be a good lesson to let the fox be beaten as long as the gander chose; but finding that the gander would really kill foxy, the owner separated them. Foxy was so bruised that for a week he could hardly move. The fox was very cautious for many weeks & kept out of the way of the flock. But as he grew his courage revived & in autumn his predilection for poultry was revived. Finding his propensity might endanger the flock the owner tied the fox with a chain under the barn. The flock, triumphing as they had done, would go near & scold at him. The fox would lie still. Gradually, the geese became bolder & more insulting towards the prisoner. At last the fox, when one of them came within reach of his tether sprang & took him under the barn instantaneously.

            One winter my uncle observed a flock of five partridges day after day, budding in the woods were he was cutting firewood. After a while there were but three; subsequently there were but two, finally the two disappeared. At this time two huge owls were seen, who undoubtedly had explored the woods & killed them in the night.

            Passing from animals to men he mentioned a peculiarity of the Sibleys. My brother William had an extra little finger which was removed when he was two or three days old, etc. He says the same was true of my grandfather Jacob, of my uncle Samuel, & he believes of my uncle Moses who died young.

February 13, 1851

             Thursday. Went to Concord, passed the night with Dr. C.P.Gage.

February 14, 1851

            Friday. Went to Manchester. Called on cousin Eliza Sibley, employed in the factory & dined with her and a large number of other factory operatives. The corporation where she works furnishes houses free of rent to persons who take their boarders. The board is one dollar and twenty-five cents a week. For this they have lodging, board, and ordinary washing, & one light for three. Twenty five cents extra is charged for an extra fire in a room in the winter months. For dinner we had tea, boiled fresh fish, melted butter & boiled potatoes, applesauce, whitebread, butter, cheese, doughnuts, sweetcake, mincepie, etc. After dinner made another call and was prevailed on to stay over night.

February 15, 1851

            Saturday. Passed through Lawrence to Boston & to Cambridge in a violent rainstorm.

            Under the iniquitous fugitive slave law of Sept. 1850 an arrest was made today and the negroes went to the Court Room & released the fugitive, in defiance of the officers & secreted him.

            Prof. Bowen's appointment to the chair of history in Harvard University was non-concurred in recently by the Board of Overseers. His articles on the Hungarian question in the North American Review have principally led to this result. They were replied to in the Christian Examiner by Mrs. Putnam, a daughter of the Rev. Charles Lowell, D.D. James Russell Lowell wrote one or more communications in the newspapers, & Robert Carter, who was recently a Clerk in the Cambridge Post Office, brought himself much into notice by the ability & research he showed in a few long articles in the Atlas. The subject has been often considered in the newspapers. He did nothing to bring himself into favor by his humiliating article alluding to Daniel Webster in the July No. of the North American Review. In the Review of the Rhode Island Rebellion in the Review sometime since he has been charged with misstatements. In these articles which should be indexes of his qualifications for a professorship of history he has, it is said, shown his incompetency; & moreover has always taken the side of the oppressor & not of the oppressed. It is doubtful if ever, before, the Overseers rejected a Professor appointed by the Corporation.

February 17-19, 1851

            Monday to Wednesday. Great excitement at Washington & throughout the country at the opposition to the law in Boston. Daniel Webster & Henry Clay towering with passion. As if when the negro receives no protection from the Laws of the United States he is not acting manfully in defending himself!

            Have spent the last two days in Boston & concluded the terms of printing my book. 42 cents per 1000 ems 90 cts per token of eleven quires. $300 per ream demy weighing 24 lbs, Gardner, Me. manufacture, type to be new, no extra charges for capitals, punctuation, 1/4 quarter extra for pages containing columns, & double price for tables of figures which have rules.

February 20, 1851

            Thursday. Shadrach, the fugitive slave is safe in Canada. Several persons have been arrested for aiding in his escape.

February 22, 1851

            Saturday. The papers are filled with anathemas about the Bostonians. Public Documents issued by President Fillmore. The Bostonians exculpating themselves from the iniquity of violating the law by charging it on the colored people. Oh the corruption of the newspaper press of Boston! Ready to sacrifice every inalienable right of man for money! Pity that some of these humane people who dwell enthusiastically on the happiness of slaves would quit their splendid mansions in Boston for a few months & take up their residence for a year or two as slaves in a Southern plantation in order that they might enjoy the bliss.

February 24, 1851

            Monday. There is somewhere in Boston a slave hunter who has been a constable in Norfolk. No one of the Fugitive Vigilance Committee has succeeded in ascertaining where he tarries. It is suspected that he is with Riley, the Deputy Marshall. Accordingly a watch is placed night & day in sight of Riley's residence. The vigilance committee is very vigilant. If he is found he will be advised in a way that admits of no delay that he had better leave the city. He has great reputation at Norfolk as a slave catching constable. For some months much pains has been taken to make a collection of statements & of the peculiar marks of all the negroes who have escaped from Norfolk and vicinity; & he is probably the general agent.

March 10, 1851

            Monday. Great sensation this morning in consequence of a suicide in Holworthy 14. On Saturday, it seems, Robert Troup Paine, only child of Professor Martyn Paine, of New York took 32 grams of morphine, the same quantity that a rogue called "One eyed Thompson" took a week or two ago. Paine was eccentric, but was a good scholar & sustained a good character. It is said insanity prevails both on his father's & mother's side. He was an only child, & his mother & he were exceedingly attached to each other, so that she came & passed last summer in Cambridge for the purpose of being near him. Green, the chum of Paine passed the Lord's Day, as usual, in Boston. He came out at 6 or 7 o'clock P.M., found the door locked. He tried it two or three times in the course of the evening without success. Between 10 & 11, it was concluded to break in. The catch of the private lock was dropped, the key was on the inside of the large lock, which was not fastened. As soon as Green entered he screamed & became almost distracted. Paine was lying on his sofa, with his face so that it could be seen. A large vial of ether was in his hand, which had evidently been inhaled till his hand sank away from his face. Near his head he had placed a vessel for use in case the morphine had operated as an emetic. One the table was a note addressed to his father, saying what he had taken, & with it a ten dollar bill to pay debts he owed to two societies in College. He had said within a week or two that he had taken morphine, that he was never so happy, that it seemed if he was in the seventh heaven, & that he should like to die so. He had proposed to one of his classmates within a week or so to take Prussic acid with him. He bought his morphine at two apothecaries, & took it in champagne. He had incidentally remarked to his landlady on Saturday that he did not know as he should be at dinner. His classmate Hall knocked at his door after dinner but rec'd no answer. He heard a noise something like groaning & called to him but rec'd no answer. He went again in about an hour knocked, but heard nothing. He was probably then dead. No suspicion was entertained that he had committed such a deed. It is said, too, that the class had been studying Butlers Analogy; & that perhaps he had a curiosity to know more of the future than could be known here. He had evidently been affected by the newspaper accounts of the suicide of "One eyed Thompson" at New York. The remains were taken to New York this forenoon.

March 17, 1851

            Monday. Sent the first manuscript of the History of Union to the printers in Boston, John Wilson & Son.

March 19, 1851

            Wednesday. It commenced snowing just before night on Monday, & now there is a heavy mass on the ground. In some places it is drifted several feet deep. The train of cars from Boston to Newton was out nine hours last night, and unable to get through to Newton, & finally, after much difficulty, got back to Boston.

March 21, 1851

            Friday. Received the first proof sheet of the History.

March 22, 1851

            Saturday. Agreed with the printers to strike off 17 quires of paper to each signature for $1.25 press work.

March 27, 1851

            Thursday. Historical Society meeting. Among the remarks made were many, which suggested topics for important inquiries. The history of municipal corporations in the country & the effects which these town organizations have had in making our republican form of government what it is. Mr. J.C. Gray asked whether this had not been done more than all other causes! Professor Greenleaf made similar suggestions in regard to our school organizations & their origin & history & added something respecting our ecclesiastical organizations. Mr. Felt thought the Congregational principles which from the settlement of the country had prevailed had done more than anything else to bring about our system of political organization. These inquiries are interesting and important. The meeting was uncommonly full, nearly half of the resident members being present.

            After the meeting, dined with Dr. N.B. Shurtleff, & then made movements for information for the Triennial Catalogue.

April 12, 1851

            Saturday. Incredible as it may seem, this morning at four o'clock a fugitive slave from the South was sent on board a vessel on his way back to Georgia. This is the land of liberty! For about a week his case has been under consideration. Chains & a powerful police have been around the Court House in Boston. George T. Curtis was the Commissioner before whom the fugitive was arraigned & Mayor John P. Bigelow rendered all the assistance which was wanted by the U.S. Marshal. Daniel Webster has been stirring up his friends the Curtises to the deed, and now these miscreants have the satisfaction of knowing that they have had their will in restoring Simes, a very intelligent mulatto, to the iron embraces of slavery. Shame on my country! Shame on Boston! What will posterity say of the conduct of the sons of the Pilgrims? What a blot on the name & fame of Daniel Webster, Secretary of the United States, who was one of the principal movers in the U.S. Senate to get this fugitive slave law passed, & of the despicable men, who feared for the loss of the southern trade if the negro or mulatto was not restored. The law is obviously unconstitutional; the laws of the State have been trodden down & the people of the North have been required to bend & become kidnappers for the South. Even Chief Justice Shaw had to crawl under the chains to get to his own Court Room in the Court House. A few zealous lawyers did every thing which could be done to procure Simes's release & hundreds of sympathizing friends labored in vain. Before there was a stir this morning, he was marched through State Street to a vessel on Long Wharf by about 150 men. Military companies have been detailed to assist, if wanted, during the whole trial. John Bigelow accompanied the procession. After he was on board, Rev. Mr. Rogers of Concord met the Boston minister, made a prayer on the wharf,  the Missionary Hymn "From Greenland's icy mountains" & "Oh, they'll be mourning at the judgement seat of Christ" & as they moved up the wharf & street, "Be thou O God exalted high" were sung. A prayer was made when the people arrived at the Anti-Slavery Office, etc. This was done by the Vigilance Committee who have undergone great fatigue in watchings, etc. ever since the arrest. These & other friends, perhaps 100 or two hundred in all, were spectators & attendants to this barbarous conduct. But what could be done against the whole force of Boston & the United States. Mr. David Rogers's prayer on the wharf:--"Almighty God: Thou seest this poor man, one of thy children, borne away by oppressors. Thou art the friend of all who suffer wrong, and we have now no hope but in Thee. That hope is still unshaken. Thy promises endure forever. And now we beseech Thee to show Thy power and Thy love in blessing this dear brother, who is carried by force to the land of whips and chains. O, God, make him a missionary of power to awaken a love of justice and liberty, that shall end in the speedy overthrow of the accursed system which now creates millions of bleeding hearts.

            "In mercy, Heavenly Father, do Thou destroy the wicked power, which rules us. Give us righteous men to administer just laws. Forgive the wickedness of our rulers and lead them to true and lasting repentance. Pity the wretched man, who now goes in fetters over the waves. Pity and bless his brethren in chains. Hasten the day when all men shall be free. And thine shall be the Glory, Amen."

           The newspapers in Boston cannot be relied on in this matter. They are corrupt, giving full details but siding with the government. The "Commonwealth" takes the other side & from this newspaper may be gathered much. A month or two since, when a fugitive was arrested, he was enabled to escape & is safe in Canada.

April 19, 1851

            Saturday. The week which ends today will be long remembered for the terrible storm & inundation along the coast. The newspapers are filled with accounts of the effects.

            In Cambridgeport the water covered the road to the Universalist meetinghouse. The desolation to-day appeared very striking, though the violence of the storm was on Wednesday. The tide covered the Brighton causeway as far as Water Street in Ward. No. 1

April 24, 1851

            Thursday. This is a very important day in the history of Massachusetts. The political struggle, has on the 26th ballot, been settled by the election of Charles Sumner, the Free-Soil Candidate, to the office of United States Senator. He takes the place of Rantoul, who for a few days, by election, filled the place of Winthrop, who was appointed by the Governor & Council to fill the vacancy made by Webster last summer when he was made U.S. Secretary of State. Webster did what he could to have the fugitive slave law passed & Sumner is elected to fill his place. This has been done notwithstanding all the money & influence of Boston, nearly all the newspapers, Daniel Webster's personal influence, talents, friends, & temporary presence in Boston, & all the patronage which can be furnished from Washington, & the decisions of U.S. & Massachusetts Courts & Commissioners appointed by the U.S. courts. How it has been effected is almost incredible.

            A long time has passed since the facts under date of April 24 were recorded. It has been impossible to continue the narrative, for the Triennial Catalogue, the History of Union, & the claims & duties at the College Library imposed an amount of labor, from the effects of which I have not recovered. In the mean time, for reference, it may be well to allude to a few events. At the last Legislature a law was passed that if there was a failure to elect a member of Congress by a majority at the first trial, a plurality should elect at the second trial. One trial took place in this District & at the second which was really the fourteenth, Dr. Palfrey's rival prevailed over him by less than one hundred votes.

            A terrible fire occurred at San Francisco in early May. F.G. Wells, whose life has been one of constant romance, & now a banker there, confiding in the security of his banking house, went into it with others. The heat became intense, the iron windows swelled & warped, & the tongues of fires entered around the edges, & the inmates were obliged to run the gauntlet of fire through Montgomery Street. Wells is again a poor man. He was burned dreadfully. When it was necessary to leave the house it was the found that the doors were so swollen that they could not be opened; but finally a crowbar was obtained. Whitcomb, a graduate of this College who was with him was so burnt that his flesh hung in strings; he immediately was crazy from suffering & died not long afterward.

            The Triennial Catalogue was put to press about the first of May & ready for delivery on Commencement morning as usual; but it was not permitted to be issued till the Overseers had acted upon the degrees which it was expected would be conferred on that day & which had been printed as usual. The Legislature made a modification about the Board of Overseers which may have an important effect on the College. They are hereafter to be chosen by joint ballot of the Legislature & to go out of office at the time limited.

            During the vacation a terrible tornado passed along through Watertown, Waltham, West Cambridge, Medford. Prof. Eustis & members of the Engineering Department of the Scientific School spent nearly a month in taking a survey of it.

Friday, Aug. 29 some of the volumes of the History of Union were ready for delivery. The number printed is about 800, the cost, exclusive of time & labor exceeds six hundred dollars. The binding was eleven cents per volume. On the Tuesday following, I took 350 volumes & put them on board the steamboat & sailed for Rockland, where I arrived early in the morning. Passing through Warren I called on Cyrus Eaton, Esq. & found that his Annals of Warren would be issued the following week. I had not seen a word of his sheets nor he of mine till both had been entirely passed into the printers' hands. The books were ready for delivery Sept. 1, & what were not delivered by friends I placed in a trunk & with a horse wagon peddled them myself; & found I could get rid of many more than any body else. During my visit to Union I took occasion to visit Freedom and Albion, & spend a little time with my uncles William Sibley and Samuel Sibley. On my return to Union I contrived to sell or to leave for sale all the copies which I carried, the price to subscribers being one dollar, to non-subscribers one dollar and twenty-five cents.

September 12, 1851

            Friday. Took wagon to Rockland on my return to Cambridge. In consequence of the fog on the Penobscot, the boat from Bangor was late & we did not arrive at Portland till the regular train of cars was gone. The superintendent had given orders to the workmen in Elliott to take up & repair the bridge at a culvert, after the regular train passed, telling them there would not be any train afterward. The cars came round a curve in the road very near the culvert, at a terrific speed; the workmen had barely time to swing their lanterns & leap down the high embankment before the cars were where they were at work. The Engine & water tank leaped the chasm, the freight car became detached; the forepart pitching into the chasm struck the opposite granite abutment, the first passenger car, in the forepart of which I was seated struck the rear end of the freight car, which was tipped up, & it was driven under it, so that we were pitched into the chasm several feet deep, & the top of the car in which I sat was crushed by the freight car. When the second passenger car brought its force to bear on the rear of the first we were forced still further under the baggage car, & the smash up was terrible. The steam poured in so as nearly to suffocate me, the water came down as to drench me thoroughly. A light was soon passed in among the ruins & all things were in sad confusion. The seats were broken to pieces, iron bolts, wooden framework, tattered linings, pieces of glass, torn shawls, & bonnets, & slouched hats, & bloody faces made a strange appearance. I was not conscious of being hurt. After a few minutes I called through the top of the car to the outsiders to know the extent of the injuries. The reply was that the engineer and the fireman were killed & that a handcar had been despatched to Portsmouth for an extra locomotive. Finally I crawled out at the top of the car, between the side of the passenger car & that of the baggage, which did not extend quite to the side of the car where I was sitting. My face I was told was some bloody & I found my leg some injured, also my right arm was red & blue. We went to a house in the vicinity, bathed the wounds & put on them court plaster & washed ourselves, myself requiring a pailfull or two & a fine comb to exterminate the cinders, which filled my hair & neck & were probably washed into my hair from the top of the baggage car by the destruction of the tank.

            The engine, after leaping into the chasm, rolled off the high embankment of the railroad, carrying the engineer with it, & the step of it pinned him into the ground besides crushing him, & it was necessary to dig away the turf to remove the body from its situation. The two bodies were placed on the dewy grass beneath the beautiful moonlight sky. None of the passengers I believe were seriously hurt, though several were severely wounded. Three hours after the accident, that is at eleven & a half o'clock, the train arrived from Portsmouth, bringing surgeons. When the hand car started from Eliot for relief it was known only that the fireman & engineer were killed, the fate of the passengers had not been inquired into. Consequently, a great excitement was caused at Portsmouth & the surgeons expected to find much misery. However, only two passengers were left behind. How so many escaped with so little injury is almost incredible. My outside sack coat was thoroughly drenched  & so torn that the tailor refused to undertake to repair it. The cars were soon under way, & as they entered Portsmouth bearing one of the dead bodies, small groups of women & children were visible at the corners of the streets, anxious or curious to learn the extent of damage & loss of life. At the depot there were great stillness & awe as the engineer, in his ordinary dress with jambed face & chest, smooched with soot & cinders, was borne from the cars & placed on a long unplaned bench.

            After resting at Portsmouth a short time the cars again moved & ere long a female fainted.  There was no water on board the cars. I told those near her to lower her head below her feet; but there was not room. I then made one of the passengers help me move her & lay her in the passageway in the cars & open both doors so as to afford a good current of air. Still she would not come to. The cars were stopped, & with a fire bucket some water was dipped from a puddle by the side of the railroad. With this she was wet about the face & neck, & some of it was put to her lips till she showed a few signs of returning animation. Still she sunk down unconscious & cold, & I thought she never would be recovered. At last I wound her clothes around her feet & lifted them higher than her head so that the blood might rush to her head and restore her. This produced some effect; but on arriving at Ipswich it was deemed advisable for her to leave the cars & remain at a public house till morning.

            After getting to Boston I walked to Cambridge where I arrived about four o'clock in the morning of the thirteenth. Immediately, I entered upon the business of editing the Annual Catalogue of the University which was not issued till about the 7th or 8th of October. In the last of October was a severe snowstorm.

November 4, 1851

            Tuesday. The success of the History of Union has exceeded anything I have ever dreamed of. Several persons, who ought to be considered competent judges have said that it is the best town history which has ever been written. Very favorable notices of it have appeared in the Boston Evening Transcript Aug 27; Evening Traveller Aug 30; Daily Advertiser Aug 22, written by Charles Deane; Lincoln Miscellany Aug 26 of Thomaston by Augustus C. Robbins Esq. of Brunswick; Republican Journal of Belfast, Sept 12 by Mr. Morse, editor; State Signal of Belfast, Sept 12 by Joseph Williamson Jr. Esq; Boston Post Sept 3 by Richard Frothingham Jr. Mayor of Charlestown & historian; The Trumpet by Rev. L.R. Paige; Salem Observer Sept 6 by George Andrews Esq.; Cambridge Chronicle Sept 6 & Christian Examiner of Nov. by George Livermore; North American Review of Oct. by Prof. C.C. Felton; N.E. Hist & Genealogical Register for Oct by N.B. Shurtleff; Portland Advertiser Sept 2 by Wm. Willis; besides private letters & many newspapers not seen but heard of.

November 8, 1851

            Sunday. It being pleasant, at 9 o'clock, A.M. I started on foot for Malden, where I arrived, via Medford at 10:35 at the Universalist meetinghouse. Heard the regular pastor preach all day. At noon went to Mr. Sprague's, with his son. Evening & night rainy.

November 9, 1851

            Monday. Rose before 6 o'clock, breakfasted, took the cars at 7 o'clock, to Boston, & at 8 o'clock for Cambridge. A violent rainstorm. Great excitement at the polls. Secret ballot law goes into operation to-day. P.S. There was great increase of votes throughout the commonwealth. The Whig candidate for Governor not elected. Dr. Palfrey the Free Soil Candidate for Governor.

November 13, 1851

            Thursday. Suddenly the lower joint of my middle finger, which had been rather stiff for a few days became enlarged; probably from rheumatism.

November 16, 1851

            Sunday. Walked to Boston & dined with Robert Waterston, Senior, who first came to this country from Scotland in 1803, in consequence of the restrictions on freedom. He gave many instances of restraint imposed on his acquaintances when a youngster, which led to their apprehension & condemnation; & some of them, Muir & others, were sent to Botany Bay. Within a few years they have been regarded as martyrs & a large procession openly marched to the erection of a monument to the memory of those who less than fifty years ago were condemned as agitators, fanatics, & disturbers of the peace. Thus it is always. All reformers are regarded by their contemporaries as fanatics; but their deeds live after them, & posterity unites them down as benefactors of the human family, & raises monuments to their memory.

            I have recently written for the Christian Examiner a notice of Eaton's Annals of Warren, Me, & Lorenzo Sabine of
Framingham, formerly of Eastport, at my request has written one for the North American Review.

December 29, 1851

            Monday. Forty-seven years old.

            The great, absorbing topic of interest at present is Kossuth the Hungarian. Nearly all of his speeches are reported in full in the "Commonwealth" newspaper, which is in the College Library. His talents place him among the giants of the world. The newspapers of Boston are conservative, as they would have been in the hands of the Tories at the time of the American Revolution. The spirit generally prevalent in Boston on political topics is such that nearly all the population would have been Tories in those days. Kossuth uses but little action when speaking & in his most eloquent passages stands with his arms folded across his breast. The variety, the strength, the greatness of thought, the knowledge of our country & its institutions, the command of the English language which are exhibited in his innumerable speeches are almost incredible.

            Another topic of interest is the movement of Louis Napoleon seizing on the government of France. He has done it dexterously & it seems as if it were successful. Still the general impression is that all Europe is on the verge of a civil war, a war with despotism, & that but very few years will elapse before there will be a contest which will have an influence that will be lasting in its consequences.

December 30, 1851

            Tuesday. Poor Wells returned from California a few weeks ago to his home in Walpole, N.H., his face greatly disfigured by the fire, his arms dreadfully burnt & his hands useless. What a checkered life his has been!


1852

January 1, 1852

Thursday. Rec'd a letter from Prof. Cleaveland, of Bowdoin College, notifying me that on the 3rd of September 1851 I was elected Corresponding Member of the Maine Historical Society.

January 3, 1852

            Saturday. The Christian Register contains a very complimentary notice of the History of Union. Having a severe cold quit work at the Library & spent the day at my room Divinity Hall No. 15. The North American Review contains L. Sabine's Review of Eaton's Annals of Warren & the Christian Examiner my notice of the same.

January 4, 1852

            Sunday. Unwell; in my room without going to dinner or supper. The influenza very prevalent.

January 10, 1852

            Friday. Having within a few weeks received three letters from the Hon. Henry H. Sibley, a member of Congress from Minnesota Territory, & furnished him with seven copies of the History of Union, to-day I mailed for him a copy of Judge Joseph Sibley's letter & of one from Dr. John Sibley of Natchitoches, also a copy of memoranda made about twenty years ago by C.C. Baldwin, librarian of the American Antiquarian Society at Worcester.

January 14, 1852

            Wednesday. Rec'd a letter from C. Eaton Esq., respecting my exertions for him and his Annals of Warren.

January 15, 1852         

            Thursday. Commencement of the vacation.

January 16, 1852

            Friday. Spent the day in Boston. Ten Overseers of the College chosen to-day, according to the system adopted by the last Legislature. I rec'd to-day the first money I ever rec'd for writing for a periodical, to wit one dollar and twenty-five cents for a notice of Eaton's Annals of Warren, in the Christian Examiner.

            Farenheit's thermometer at 6 1/2 o'clock A.M. at 8 degrees below zero at the Observatory. A very cold winter.

January 21, 1852

            Wednesday. Bought a ticket from Boston to Concord, N.H.  for $1.75; stopped at Lowell, spent the night at Manchester, N.H.

January 22, 1852         

            Thursday. Took the morning train of cars to Concord where my uncle Stephen Sibley was waiting to carry me to Hopkinton, where I found my aunt decrepid & barely able to go with a crutch from one room to another, because of a fall by which she broke a thigh bone in March last.

January 24, 1852

            Saturday. Dined at Langdon Brown's after which my uncle & I rode to Henniker.

January 25, 1852

            Sunday. Attended the Methodist meeting. After it rode with my cousin Hiram Rice to see my cousin Winsor Ward. He says his mother was deranged before she died, as my mother was.

January 26, 1852

            Monday. Rode to the old Sibley place in Hopkinton, now in possession of James Hoit. His wife says that besides doing all her work during the last year she made two hundred coats & sacks. Returned to Stephen Sibleys.

January 28, 1852

            Wednesday. Rode to Contoocookville where I took the cars to Warner, whence I walked to my uncle Daniel Bean's in Waterloo village.

January 29, 1852

            Thursday. Dolphus Bean & wife & myself rode to Mr. Martin's in Bradford, dined & returned to my Uncle Eastman's. Among the peculiarities of the Sibleys I find that many of them have not only extra little fingers but some of them have small holes or indentations on the side of the head within half an inch, in front of the lower part of the rim of the ear.

January 30, 1852

            Friday. Returned to Mr. Bean's.

January 31, 1852

            Saturday. Returned to Hopkinton by the cars, in a snowstorm.

February 1, 1852

            Sunday. Storm.

February 2, 1852

            Monday. The snow just fallen one foot¾average depth in all, four feet.

February 3, 1852

            Tuesday. Took tea at Hiram Browns¾bad travelling.

February 5, 1852

            Thursday. Rode to Concord. At the Historical Society Library found several small volumes besides memoranda by John Farmer relating to the graduates of Harvard University.

            Mrs. Gage fails in mind & body & is constantly in the hospital.

February 6, 1852

            Friday. Took the ten o'clock train of cars to Manchester where I made calls & took the 4 o'clock train through Lawrence to Boston & thence went to Cambridge.

February 9, 1852

            Monday. This is the fifty-second successive day in which all the omnibuses in Boston have been on runners.

February 10, 1852

            Tuesday. Went to Boston.

February 12, 1852

            Wednesday. Dr. Joseph Cogswell, Librarian of the Astor library in New York City spent a short time at the library. He says he made, principally for his own use, the Index to the Astor Library, that he began it early in October 1849 & it was finished and printed throughout, in February 1851; and this without one hours assistance from anyone.

February 15, 1852

            Saturday. For several years newspapers, letters & memoranda respecting graduates of Harvard University having been accumulating, a confused mass, I have been arranging & preparing for the Triennial Catalogue Documents for 1848 & 1852 & devising some plan for binding newspaper & other obituary notices.

February 16, 1852

            Sunday. In the afternoon attended meeting at J.F.W. Ware's, in Cambridgeport, & took tea with George Livermore.

February 19, 1852

            Wednesday. Constantly employed in arranging Triennial Documents, Letters, contriving scrapbooks, etc.

            The weather very cold, exceeding that of any winter for many years.

February 26, 1852

            Thursday. Historical Society meeting in Boston. Among other topics was the consideration whether Thanksgiving & Fast Days had been regularly appointed annually from the earliest settlement of the country. The general impression seemed to be that Thanksgivings had been regularly annual, but that fasts at first were introduced for particular occasions; that sometimes there would be more than one in a year & that sometimes a year or more would pass without any.

February 27, 1852

            Friday. Went to Salem. Dined with Wm. R. Gavett. He is an instance of a person who has never fallen into his right niche. Instead of being a retailer of goods he should have had his lot among books.

            Took tea with Thomas Cole, a graduate in 1798.

            Passed the night with G. D. Phippen, who assisted me materially in the Sibley genealogy, his grandmother being a Sibley. He has an acute mind, fondness for genealogy, for botany, conchology, has made one or two good busts in plaster of Paris.

February 28, 1852

            Dined with Dr. H. Wheatland, a graduate in 1832. He is much interested in horticulture, science & literature, & may be considered one of the principal founders of the Essex Institute, which now contains about 7000 volumes & a large collection of curiosities & of specimens of Natural History. He spends all his time nearly in the Institute, without any compensation, except when he is employed in the schools or some other public avocation. There too was John L. Russell, laboring gratuitously in arranging plants, & Capt. King on shells, etc. More than 1000 vols, exclusive of a large donation by Judge White, were added during the last year. When Wheatland, & a few other lads immediately after his graduation began to make collections, it was thought a boyish movement which would soon come to an end. Probably, however, it will absorb the Athenaeum, as it has done the Historical Society.

            Returned in a snow & rain storm.

February 29, 1852

            Sunday. Four or five buildings burnt this morning, the wind blowing a terrific gale. The snow & frozen rain probably saved a great part of the lower part of the town. Cold continues.

March 4, 1852

            Thursday. This morning the prayerbell rings at 7 o'clock & the recitations begin, after a vacation of seven weeks.

March 6, 1852

            Saturday. At 3 o'clock P.M. attended the funeral of John S. Popkin, D.D. who died in Cambridge at two o'clock in the morning of the 3rd instant. His remains were carried to Mount Auburn. He was a man of great talents & of great self-distrust, eccentric, unmarried, & a very devout and consciencious Christian.

March 7, 1852

            Sunday. Walked to Boston & attended meeting at the Rev. Dr. Gannett's where Dr. Popkin was formerly settled in the ministry before being installed at Newbury. In the afternoon attended Mr. Winkleys at the Pitts Street Chapel. Then went to Charlestown to see my blind Aunt Whitney who will be eighty-eight years old on the 16th of the present month, if she lives; & returned in the evening. At noon dined with Mr. Winslow of Boston, who says his father in Roxbury has a manuscript detailed genealogy of the Winslow family, from their earliest settlement in the Plymouth Colony.

March 17, 1852

            Thursday. Rec'd a letter from Wm. George Sibley, of Freedom, Maine, stating that Almira Louisa Heywood died on Tuesday the 9th of March. She spent a few days at Cambridge at the time of the Inauguration of President Sparks, after which she spent more than a year at Troy, Miami Co, Ohio, whence she returned to die of consumption & be buried by the side of her only brother in Freedom. How many persons of amiability & piety pass away, deeply regretted & beloved, leaving a momentary ripple on the sea of life;--a few years slide by, & no one knows anything of them. The dust returns to the dust.

            To-day action was had by the Overseers of Harvard University on the subject of separating the Theological School from it. It met with unanimous approbation. Would it not be well, now that the other Professional Schools are in successful operation to have them separated also, & let the energy of the Corporation be confined to the College proper?

March 19, 1852

            Saturday. For some weeks have employed leisure hours in inserting in a very thick interleaved Triennial Catalogue references to sources of information respecting graduates, beginning to examine for that purpose every book & pamphlet in the Library.

            In the evening read the six letters received during the last two or three years from Miss Heywood & wrote a reply to Wm. George Sibleys letter.

March 21, 1852

            Sunday. Cold. Farenheits thermometer at +20° at 7 A.M. This evening a snow.

March 23, 1852

            Tuesday. This morning the ground is again covered with snow.

March 25, 1852

            Thursday. And yet another snowstorm--the snow probably six inches deep on a level.

March 27, 1852

            Saturday. The Daily Advertiser contains an obituary notice of Rev. Prof. Popkin, written by Prof. Felton to whom I furnished most of the facts.

April 3, 1852

            Saturday. P.M. went to the McLean Hospital to make inquiries of Dr. Bell about the propriety of having my classmate Sears C. Walker brought to it. The Doctor discouraged it on account of his associations with Cambridge. In the hospital was my classmate Winthr