The diary, in its entirety, follows. The links immediately below provide quick access to decades and specific years. To search by keyword, use the Ctrl + F keys1840s | 1850s | 1860s | 1870s | 1880s
Received a visit from Charles P. Gage, M.D. of Concord, N.H., a native of Hopkinton, N.H. who married Nancy George Sibley, my cousin, daughter of Stephen Sibley, Justice of the Peace and of the Quorum & Director of the Concord Bank, & of his wife Sarah, whose maiden name was Brown, both of Hopkinton, N.H. Mrs. Gage now resides at the McLean Asylum in Somerville, where she has been since 18 June 1845. It was not thought advisable for her to see her husband. Insanity prevails in the Brown family.
Saturday. I Received from the author, William Thaddeus Harris, of the Senior Class, Son of the Librarian, a copy of his Epitaphs from the Old Burying-Ground in Cambridge.
Attended worship as I usually do in good weather at the
Rev. Theodore Parker, of Spring Street, Roxbury, having for about one year preached one service each Lord's Day at the Melodeon & having received an invitation to become Pastor of the people worshipping there, entered upon the duties of his charge. The installation appears to have been very simple. A member of the Society, I hear, read the letter of the people extending to him the invitation & his letter in reply & both parties were asked if they still adhered to their propositions; Mr. Parker assented & the people rose, after which Mr. Parker proceeded with religious services as usual, preaching a sermon, however, pertinent to the occasion.
[Rev. Ephraim Peabody of New Bedford , formerly of Cincinnati , a native of Wilton , N.H. entered upon his duties as minister ofKings
Chapel in Boston [This is an error. See January 11]]
tea with my classmate Dr. Lodge, who is recently married, attended the
service at the
Monday. In the Library of Harvard College all day, as usual. In the evening attending a social meeting in the Chapel of Divinity Hall, to which Rev. E.F. Taylor or Father Taylor, as he is more generally called, was present. He spoke with great effect, moved by the eloquence of nature.
Tuesday. Spent an hour or two at Mr. Sparks's study--saw some manuscripts just bound beautifully, containing among other things memoranda, sketches of forts, etc. during a trip to Saratoga, Lakes George, Champlain etc. also a notice of the Battle of Bunkers Hill by Judge Prescott, son of Colonel Prescott who then fought.
Wednesday. Examining a Catalogue of books to be sold at auction.
Thursday. At the auction in Boston purchased books for the College Library to the value of about $110 or $115, among them the Histoire Naturelle des Mammiferes de Cuvier et St. Hilaire, half bound in red morocco, gilt extra 3 volumes for $36.00, & Vandermailin's Atlas 6 volumes for twenty one dollars.
in the Omnibus. When I was in College & 'till I went to reside at
Friday. Received official notice of my election as member of the Massachusetts Historical Society.
Saturday. Saw the planet Venus at , though the sun shone bright & clear.
Sunday. Walked to
in the evening at Miss Austin's, an aged blind lady – also at Dr. M.
consulting him professionally.
Monday. My salary, which has been five hundred dollars and room rent, & pay at 40 cents per hour between four o'clock and prayer-bell (which always rings before dark, which is never later than six o'clock & at this season of the year takes place at half past four o'clock), & for half the day on Saturday, has been increased by one hundred dollars. I generally commence my duties, the year round, between 7 1/2 & in the morning.
connexion with the Library began with writing, when J. G. Cogswell was
Librarian, in my freshman year. I continued to be employed generally in
vacations till graduation in 1825, within a week after which I assumed
duties of Assistant Librarian. This office I held till Mr. Peirce was
Librarian, then Mr. Folsom resigned the office of Librarian & I
all the duties for one month or so, till Mr. Peirce entered upon his
Commencement, in 1826. At that time the salary of the Librarian was
hundred dollars, that of the Assistant one hundred and fifty dollars.
duties of the Assistant were to attend to applications for books etc.
could, during Library hours, if he chose write etc. to the amount of
hundred & fifty dollars in a year. The two offices & the two
were united in Mr. Peirce. There was no Assistant Librarian till the
of Gore Hall in 1841 & the removal of books to it in July of that
Since that time the Library has really
been my home in the day time; no lights
being allowed in the
incident of interest is connected with President Kirkland's application
to be Assistant Librarian, in 1825. It was the first time he ever
title to my name. Not any officer ever gave the title of Mr.
to an undergraduate while I was in College; now, even in
recitations, when called upon to recite, undergraduates are almost
addressed with the prefix 'Mr.'. Dr. Kirkland overtook me on the bridge
was walking into Boston, & addressing me with the strange prefix of
(for in those days it sounded very strangely to one, who had, up to the
of graduation, only a day or two before, never heard himself so called,
me to a seat in his chaise & introduced the subject of my being
Librarian. Not long before his administration,
I believe as late as that of his immediate predecessor, the rule
was to address
an undergraduate simply by his surname, a
had never received any degree but that of Bachelor of Arts by the
appellation Sir, as Sir Hayward, Sir Jones;
but when a person became Master of Arts, he was called Mr.
These distinctions were very carefully observed so that the few
minutes before receiving a degree commanded an appellation which was,
minute after receiving the degree, relinquished, in all quarters for a
Dr. Kirkland was very affable, humorous & dignified. He always commanded respect, without appearing to require it by a severe effort. He would say the plainest things in a way to give no offence. He did not allow undergraduates the freedom to sit down in his study, unless he kept them waiting for some time; if they seated themselves, he gave them a pleasant hint to rise. President Quincy was generally very abrupt in his manners though he had much grace & propriety when the occasion required. His memory was poor, as to persons particularly. His first question almost always was 'What is your name?' His next, 'What do you want?' This arose in a great measure from the uncommon energy and business habits which he had. But he was always very candid, very kind to the students in his feelings, if not in his deportment; & during his administration greater equality in deportment grew up between the officers and students than ever before existed. He never requested a student to stand in his study; but always expected him to be seated if he made any stop. Dr. Kirkland never hurt any person's feelings; he was very choice in his use of words, & in his manner very pleasant. President Quincy often hurt the feelings without meaning particularly to do it.
Passed part of the evening at Mr. George Livermore's. He is a wool dealer in Boston, who has a great taste for curious, rare, & valuable books; & has an exceedingly choice library containing about 2000 volumes.January 16, 1846
In the Christian Examiner for January 1846 is an Article by Dr. Frothingham on Hymn Books, useful to a bibliographer.
January 19, 1846Monday. Thermometer was at 2° this morning. The Library open for visitors and the delivery of books in the forenoon, is as usual in vacations, it being closed at other times in the week.
Rev. Dr. George Putnam of Roxbury, on Saturday, declined the offer made to him, either officially or unofficially, a fortnight since by the Corporation, to become Hollis Professor of Divinity in the University.
Wednesday. Wrote a letter to Alpheus Felch, from Limerick, Maine, a school-fellow at Exeter, now Governor of Michigan, requesting him to use his influence to get a vote passed by the Legislature to forward to the Library of the College a series of everything which has been or shall be published by the State; & let him know how small a representation Michigan had on the shelves of our American department, which is the most complete & valuable in the world.
Addressed the Howard Sunday school in Pitts Street in the afternoon, where I had been till last spring a teacher for five or six years. The occasion was the death of one of my pupils, Miss Jane Waterman, aged about 40, whose decease occurred on the 21st inst. She had been a member of the class for five years. Three or four years ago another female died from the same class & within the same time another person who had occasionally belonged to it. Miss W. was very intelligent, humble, pious, refined & naturally consumptive. I was most strenuously urged & besought to assume a bible class again in the school. After these exercises were finished, attended at the usual hour of divine service in the afternoon the meeting now held on the last Sunday in each month at Mr. Clarke's where the parents & friends of the Sunday School meet with the children in the Masonic temple, & addresses are delivered.
In the evening, called at Mr. Sparks's. Henry Stevens of Vermont in a letter to him from London says he has moused out an old box of pamphlets of the time of Charles the Second & not long after, which were boxed up then & have not been disturbed since. He picked out about thirty which pertained to America, among which is The Revolution in New England Justifie' & Eliot's Commonwealth. Of the latter but one copy was before known to exist. He informed the British Museum & that is gathering a rich harvest from what remains of the box. Many of his gatherings Mr. Stevens sends to Mr. Brown of Providence, & they will probably find their way ultimately into the library of Brown University.
Judge Fay and Mr. C. Folsom were at Mr. Sparks's. Conversation happened to turn on fuel, etc. Mr. F. observed that wood was the fuel in France, that it came to Paris in scows, sorted into sizes as to the sticks, that his cost him about sixteen dollars a cord in Paris, that much charcoal is used in Paris, that it is always carried in bags on men's backs, that a large number of persons thus gain their livelihood, & that probably the government would not willingly admit the introduction of carts. In London it is carried in carts but in bags, & the bags are emptied at once into the cellars where the coal is deposited. Mr. Folsom observed that but little provision was made in the Mediterranean & that people wrapped additional garments around them. Though no post in the north of Africa yet the rains were cold & very uncomfortable.
Wood in Cambridge is seven dollars & a half a cord. Hard coal began to be used in America about the year 1821. There was no coal burnt when I was in College. Dr. Ware, Senior, was among the first to burn hard coal. Grates were very common in College & elsewhere within five years afterwards, & it is now many a year since there has been one open fireplace in the College in which wood has been burnt. Airtight stoves have been introduced within a few years, in which wood or coal may be burnt. Fuel in Baltimore twenty-five years ago was $3.00 per cord.
Books delivered & received this forenoon, at the College Library. This evening walked to the McLean Asylum through thawing snow and mud. Mrs. Gage improving. Dr. Bell showed me a manuscript genealogy of the Dana family from the time of Richard, a French refugee, the first of the name who came to this country and who settled in Brighton,then a part of Cambridge.
Walked to Boston. Attended for the first time
the meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Upon reading the
of the last meeting, it appeared that I was chosen in the place of Mr.
Story. He died in September 1845. The letters of acceptance I found
before the meetings also. Twenty-five members or thereabouts were
being the fullest meeting ever held. They were drawn out by a Report
at the previous meeting (which was held January 1, because the last
December happened to be Christmas) with a view to an application to the
Legislature for permission to alter the clause limiting the number of
members to sixty, so that the Society should pass a by-law prescribing
limit, or that the number by an Act of the Legislature might be
eighty. The subject seemed to have been argued at the previous meeting,
the subject it had been brought before the
years ago also. Among the persons who opposed enlarging the number were
Rev. Charles Lowell, D.D., George Ticknor, (late Professor of French
Spanish Literature in Harvard University), Hon. John Davis, (late Judge
U.S. District Court, now eighty-five years old), Hon. Josiah Quincy
President of Harvard University), Rev. Alexander Young of Boston, etc.
the ideas stated were that the individual responsibility would be
that the wisdom of former members who were among the founders of the
had been justified by experience – that no Society had done so much and
much to show – that the addition of members would not bring it much
the community, for it was already well-known – that the present income,
collected, would bring in about two hundred and fifty dollars annually,
would enable them to publish a volume annually – that some persons
the Society if they felt it was a working Society in which they could
sympathize instead of being one composed of many members who felt less
& but little interest in historical subjects – that many people
of this idea might decline joining, if it were thrown open to all, who
come in & work with a limited number – that if an application were
the Legislature to put the number at eighty that there was no security
days, when all reserved rights were unpopular, that they would not
to be unlimited – that there was a kind of courtesy or obligation
persons who had joined upon the supposition that the number was limited
sixty to continue to them the privileges thereof.
Walked to Boston. Attended for the first time
the meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Upon reading the
of the last meeting, it appeared that I was chosen in the place of Mr.
Story. He died in September 1845. The letters of acceptance I found
before the meetings also. Twenty-five members or thereabouts were
being the fullest meeting ever held. They were drawn out by a Report
at the previous meeting (which was held January 1, because the last
December happened to be Christmas) with a view to an application to the
Legislature for permission to alter the clause limiting the number of
members to sixty, so that the Society should pass a by-law prescribing
limit, or that the number by an Act of the Legislature might be
eighty. The subject seemed to have been argued at the previous meeting,
Hon. Francis C. Gray, Chairman of the Committee which made the Report, advocated that it should be enlarged, by a reversion of the arguments above adduced, etc. The main purpose appeared to be the getting of more funds to print five or six volumes now wanted; but this idea was rather modestly concealed in the course of debate. A great majority voted against the enlargement, though Mr. Sparks, Professor Francis and Mr. Worcester (the Geographer and Lexicographer) were decidedly in favor of it.
Ticknor stated to the meeting that Gebel
Teir, an allegory on the state of politics at the time of the
administration of John Quincy Adams, was written by William Tudor,
Upon examining a box of waste paper, etc. at the book store where I stored books in Boston, I found several memoranda respecting the Sibleys which I had collected many years ago. As a genealogical society has been formed recently in Boston, may it not be well to add to them & see if they may not be wrought into a Table.
At a meeting of the Board of Overseers of Harvard University, Gov. Everett was confirmed as President of the University, at a very full meeting, & without dissenting vote. Sixty-four votes, all for him.The Northampton Democrat contains a notice of public libraries & of librarians, particularly of Harvard University.
Upon returning to my room this evening found a note directed to me, reading as follows:"February 4, 1846.
My dear Sir,
I have received your kind note of sympathy, for which both Mrs. Sparks & myself beg you will accept our heartfelt thanks. My beloved child was most dear to me, & the separation is like rending the spirit in twain. But it is gratifying to find, that she has not passed away without the tribute of a kind thought from those who knew her during her brief journey of life.
Most truly your friend,
the McLean Asylum at
Most unexpectedly received the following letter:
"New York Historical Society
Historical Society's Rooms
New York, February 14, 1846
I have the honor to inform you, that at a meeting of the New York Historical Society, held at their rooms in the University of this City, on Tuesday, the 3rd instant, you were unanimously elected a Corresponding Member.
The object of the Society is to promote the investigation of American history, by collecting whatever may tend to throw light upon the past, or perpetuate the events of the present period, whether in the form of authentic MS. documents, printed publications, rare and curious reliques, or original essays, illustrating the annals of the country; and your co-operation is respectfully solicited.
By order of the Society:
Domestic Corresponding Secretary
To Rev. J.L. Sibley"
The reception of the foregoing letter was wholly unexpected & I have no suspicion who proposed or moved in the matter.
in the evening in transcribing genealogical memoranda respecting the
be transmitted to Messrs. Wheatland & Phippen of
Received from Mr. Young a copy of the second edition of his Chronicles of the Pilgrims with a note urging me very strongly to make an Index to his forthcoming work, the Chronicles of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay.Receive a letter from the antiquarian, Mellen Chamberlain, Esq. of Brattleboro, Vt., respecting the Librarianship of the Dane Law School, & asking aid & influence. Reply to him & enclose his letter in one to Prof. Greenleaf.
Installation of Rev. J.T Sargent at Somerville, the first minister settled in the town since its incorporation. Services in the afternoon – tea party in the vestry afterward.
Replied to Mr. Young declining his request.
Learn that Charles Folsom, a native of Exeter, N.H., a graduate of H.U., then Chaplain of the Columbus, then Consul at Tripoli, then Tutor & Librarian in H.U., then corrector for many years of the University Press, & more recently teacher of a private school for young ladies, has been appointed Librarian of the Boston Atheneum.
This morning the coldest this winter, thus far. Thermometer 3º at .
Visited the McLean
had an interview of an hour, this evening, with Mrs. Gage.
At church in Boston in the morning & at the Baptist meeting house in Cambridge in the afternoon
The last day for delivering and receiving books, this vacation. In the evening called at Prof. J. Chase's, formerly of the Newton Theological Institution; but he was from home; then called on Mr. Moses B. Chase, Chaplain of the Ohio, a native of Newburyport, formerly an Episcopal clergyman in Virginia, where he married his wife, whose maiden name was Joynes. He was subsequently Episcopal clergyman at Hopkinton, N.H. but he was not at home; then spent the evening with Mrs. Dawes, formerly of Baltimore, mother of Rev. Mr. Dawes, of Fairhaven, and daughter-in-law of the late Judge Dawes.
Mr. Sparks says that of his Washingtons Writings there have been published already about eighty five thousand volumes, more volumes by far than are contained in any library in America. The transcripts which he hired made from the original letters & from which he printed he is destroying in the way of kindling fires, etc., refusing to let any one take them away, & saying they would be of no value & would make 30 or 40 volumes if bound & only be a useless nuisance. I told him there was room enough in the College Library, still he demurred. He has not made much by the work, it is so heavy that almost everybody failed who undertook the publication.
The Miller tabernacle in Howard Street, Boston, was burned this morning. It was erected a few years since by the followers of Miller, of whom there were many in Boston, who believed that the world was soon coming to an end. The building which was one story but covering a large area was put up on condition that it should revert to the owner of the land after a certain time & this was fixed beyond that in which it was supposed the world would be destroyed. After this reversion, the building was used as a theatre & was sometimes called the Howard Athenæum.
Called in the evening on Mrs. Stevens Everett (daughter of the late Rev. Dr. Abbot, of Beverly), who resides in Cambridge & has a son in College.
Mr. Cyrus Peirce, with about thirty of his female Normal School pupils, from Newton visited the Library.
Attended the meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society.
Walked to Captain Ebenezer Eaton's in Dorchester, where I boarded during six months commencing Dec. 1, 1833 while Rev. Dr. Harris spent the winter in Savannah, Georgia, I supplied the pulpit.
This morning the coldest by three degrees this winter.
Walked from Dorchester to Boston; & in the afternoon rode to Cambridge.
Commencement of the College Term; though there are no recitations till Monday.
President Everett unwell, so that he cannot assume the duties of his office at present.
a set of Duane's
Birthday of my brother William Cullen, born in 1807.
Mailed a letter as follows:
"Harvard College Library, Camb.
28 Feb. '46
Hon. John Jay,
Sir – I have rec'd your letter of
the 14 instant, informing me that the
Hon. John Jay
Domestic Corresponding Secy.N.Y. Historical Society"
books at auction in
a paper containing the Message of the Governor of Michigan to the
respecting my communication & a similar one from the N. Y.
Society in relation to their public documents for the
Went to Boston & with Mr. Sparks examined a chest of pamphlets to be sold at auction. Within two years a remarkable interest has arisen in relation to early historical pamphlets on America & they now command almost incredible prices.
Made a catalogue of the 73 volumes of modern books bought on the fifth for less than 70 dollars, though one fifth of them were valuable quartos & but few of them were smaller than the octavos; all in good condition & good books.
morning. Heard Mr. Bartol, of
Bluebirds sing. Attend church in Boston.
Election of Class Officers by the Seniors. Much excitement & two parties, the members of the Hasty-Pudding Club having controlled the elections for several years. The meeting began at 2 1/2 o'clock, P.M. & though continued till after prayer time (5 1/2 o'clock), it was adjourned till to-morrow.
Mary Wheeler, daughter of Professor Noyes, aged about 16, died this morning, tubercles on the brain. Dr. Noyes lost a child a year or two ago by its falling out of a chamber window.
At the election yesterday, according to the best information I have obtained, Child was chosen class orator, Swan, poet, Lane and Hall, odists, or writers of the odes for class day, and Ropes, Chaplain.
After this came the
officers for the Navy Club. The Navy Club includes all of the Senior
have not had a part at any exhibition. The Lord High Admiral is generally chosen because he has been
sent off the most times by the Faculty or has been
away the longest
absent more during his College course than any other member of the
is rather a wild fellow & popular. The principle on which elections
made is not always strictly carried
out though there is a pretense that it is. Homans, of Boston, was
High Admiral & Perry of Exeter, N.H., Vice Admiral. The Rear
generally chosen because he is the laziest person in the class. The
was Cunningham. The standard bearer is generally the tallest one though
] is said to be not quite so tall as the Lord High perhaps not on
present occasion. To this office Morris was appointed. The person who
the most is generally the Navy Club Chaplain. The Surgeon is generally
because he has a fondness for surgery. His name was Osgood. Dupont, who
graduated in 1845 at Delaware College, was Captain. A short thick
Skinner, was boatswain. Horsemarines are those persons who have a minor part but have no major part, that
is such members of the
class as have a translation before
the three last exhibitions in which the Class has parts (these
exhibitions consisting, so far as the Seniors are concerned, entirely
original parts) but have no part in these exhibitons. but have no
these three exhibitions. Marines have a major but no minor part. The
is one of the aristocratically-feeling members of the class. Last year,
was a powder monkey.
As soon as the regular class officers are chosen, & this is conducted with propriety, the election of Navy Club Officers commences; & then wit, humor, & noise soon become the order of the day. In the afternoon, after all officers are chosen, the members of the class, including both the Navy Club and the others, form in procession, under the direction of the Lord High. They dress in various costumes. Lord High wore a military cap with a plume bent over in front, buckskin breeches, or shorts as they are sometimes called. Six of the class had drums which they beat as they marched. The chaplain wore a very large ugly-looking white wig & a gown. The surgeon got a very short legged, stubborn horse, such a strange looking creature perhaps as was never known before this one came into existence, & dressed in uniform, mounted him with a skull in one hand & rode in the procession. Each who had a part regularly at the exhibitions, alias the digs so called, had a spade which he carried, & the best scholar, Child carried one of double the ordinary size. The Rear Admiral, Stearns, pretended to be so lazy that he could not walk in the procession, accordingly a horse & wagon were procured, a chair & a bed put into the wagon, & he reclined with great composure, as a negro servant led the horse. When called upon to address the class he overcame his vis inertiae so far as to say a few words the negro holding the hat just above his head because he was too lazy to hold it himself & when he became fatigued with speaking he desisted and the negro was obliged to finish the speech for him.
after 4 o'clock this procession
proceeded went from the front
Holworthy Hall, gave cheers in front of each Hall or building in the
Yard, went & cheered "Wood and Hall," grocers [Wooden Hall],
& then proceeded to each Professor's dwellings cheering
Dr. Noyes whom they regarded on account of his affliction), showing
the popularity of the different Professors by the different number of
which they gave. The Professors did not appear in the College Yard or
own houses. After the march was over, the Class went to Porter's
a mile from the College on the West Cambridge road, & took supper.
were perhaps eight or ten persons who did not join in the movement.
seemed disposed to sustain his assumed character in the best possible
& the whole affair went off with very little noise or
main object seemed to be fun, & fun there was in its kind though
fun perhaps as people of maturer years or refinement, etc. would prefer.
The hour for College prayers in the afternoon changed from 5 ½ o'clock to .
Funeral of Mary Wheeler Noyes at in the afternoon. Prayer made by Rev. Dr. Francis.
In the evening visited the McLean Asylum. Mrs. Gage better, though still exhibiting marks of insanity. She informed me that my Aunt Ward, of Bradford, N.H. died last May or June, having suffered much, even as to her person, from neglect.
In the afternoon heard Rev. E. Peabody, at the College Chapel, deliver a beautiful sermon on the resurrection. He wrote one of the hymns at my ordination at Stow, 14 May, 1829 & S.G. Bulfinch the other.
There has been for many years a social religious meeting among the Theological Students, held in Divinity Hall, on Monday evenings, in term time. This week it was Tuesday evening. Mr. George G. Channing was present from Boston, & spoke very ably to the Students on being imbued themselves with the Christian spirit which they are to preach. He is brother of the late Rev. Dr., & the present Professor Channing. He was for many years an auctioneer, & when he became interested in religious subjects, some six or eight years since, most persons were incredulous as to his sincerity. But his consistency & continually increasing earnestness & zeal have silenced suspicions & led the community to regard him as one of the most useful, faithful & sincere of Christian laymen. He originated the Christian World, having been from the commencement of it, editor & proprietor, never having received a liberal education. He was desirous of bringing an influence to bear upon the community which should partake more of the heart & feelings, & be less intellectual (if either was to be yielded) than any paper seemed to produce.
The excitement in Boston caused by the trial of Albert J. Tirrell for the murder of Mrs. Bickford has been brought to a close by the verdict of Not Guilty. The apparently novel ground of Somnambulism was introduced and strongly urged in his defence; but the jury acquitted him, without even mentioning Somnambulism in their consultation. The tone of public sentiment is such in regard to capital punishment that it is very difficult to convict a person for a capital offence; & when such a conviction takes place, public sentiment demands a commutation to imprisonment for life. General opinion is that Tirrell is guilty; but it would have been unreasonable to have convicted him, upon the evidence adduced.
President Everett, having moved into the old Presidential mansion, in the latter part of last week, assumed all the duties of his new office, &, this morning after the prayers in the College Chapel were ended, he made an address to the students, fifteen or twenty minutes long.
The charter of a city for Cambridge was accepted by the inhabitants, by a vote of 645 to 224. There are about 1800 voters in Cambridge.
It is a singular circumstance that the practical commencement of Mr. Everett's administration & the acceptance of the City Charter should be upon the same day.
April Fool's Day. The custom of calling people's attention to some object, which in reality does not exist, & of deceiving them on this day, has in a great degree gone into disuse among the more intelligent members of society.
For many days have been cataloguing pamphlets and books received at the College Library. The title of each pamphlet is entered as minutely as that of the most valuable book. Pamphlets are the most valuable part of a Library, which has reference to posterity.
Fast-day. Operation for a hydrocele caused probably by a kick from an angry schoolfellow, at Phillips Exeter Academy, more than twenty-five years ago. Sat up two hours towards night -- also all day April 3d.
At the College Library all day. Returned in the evening in great pain; the injection of iodine having produced, by this day's exercise, the desired inflammation.
The hour of College morning prayers altered from 7 to 6 o'clock.
April 7, 1846
Wrote a letter while lying on my back.
Having laid in bed ever since the evening of the 4th, part of the time suffering great pain, I sat up to-day two hours, between one & three o'clock, also from 5 1/2 P.M. till 9 o'clock. The students in Divinity Hall who have known of my sickness have been as kind as possible; still Dr. Wyman says a College room is not the place for a person to be sick in, & in future he means to have patients, when they can do no better, moved to his own house.
Rose about 7 o'clock A.M., retired about the usual hour 10 P.M. having laid down only about two hours during the day. Began Dickens's Master Humphreys Clock.
The Town Clerk of Union, Maine, sent P.C. Harding, of Union, who took the first two volumes of the Town Records, which I have had since September last, with a view to preparing Sketches of Union.
The first meeting of the inhabitants of
Finished Dickens's interesting novel.
Walked to Gore Hall etc. towards night – the first day I have crossed the threshold of my room since April 4th.
Spent all day at the College Library. In the afternoon the company which was most interesting consisted of a party viz. Rev. Moses B. Chase, Chaplain of the Ohio, formerly an Episcopal clergyman at Hopkinton, N.H., with his wife whose maiden name was Joynes, whom he married while a clergyman in Virginia; – Mrs. Thatcher of Mercer, Maine, widow of Judge Eben Thatcher & Mrs. Holmes, widow of John Holmes, late U.S. Senator from Maine & previously widow of Swan, both daughters of Gen. Henry Knox, of Thomaston, Maine, the distinguished commander of the artillery in the Revolutionary War; & Lieutenant Thacher of the U.S. Navy commanding the Ohio, son of widow Thatcher, with his wife. The daughters of General Knox of course arrested my attention particularly – ladies of great refinement & propriety of deportment & grace. After spending two or three hours in looking at the curiosities, getting a glimpse of the Mastodon which is partly put up in the mineral room & seeing the only book the College Library contains which was printed for General Knox while he was a bookbinder in Boston before he joined the army, we went to Mr. Chase's where we took tea together.
Received Curwen's Journal from the Editor.
Sunday. In my room & on my bed part of the day.
At Auction again in
Monday. At Mr. G. Livermore's – saw a notice calling a meeting at the Liberty Tree in Boston to hear the resignation of A. Oliver, Stamp Distributor, in these words:
"St-p! St-p! St-p! No:
"Tuesday – Morning, December 17, 1765.
The True-born Sons of Liberty, are desired to meet under Liberty-Tree, at XII o'Clock, This Day, to hear the public Resignation, under Oath, of Andrew Oliver, Esq; Distributor of Stamps for the Province of the Massachusetts-Bay.
"A Resignation? Yes."
Not being able to attend church yesterday, I composed within twenty-four hours from the time I first had an intention of doing it, the following lines, in view of the approaching inauguration. More time would have made them better. A person must practise to write well and I have not often been guilty of practising poetry. Still they may amuse me hereafter.
Amid the forest-wild, beneath
The azure dome of the God above,
This holy place, endeared by toil,
And tears, and prayers, the children claim –
They are but one, though scattered wide;
But one—the beating heart the same.
The sylvan shades and classic halls,
The walks, the graves, the absent, dead,
And guides in youth – a numerous host—
And heroes who for freedom bled: –
How fast they rise – how strong they bind
Each heart to heart and mind to mind.
Around this hallowed spot we come,
And welcome on the swelling tide
Our Alma Mater's favorite child
The feet of rising sons to guide.
O God! This sacred season bless.
The heart is full. The season bless,
And grant that we the armor bear
Of Christian love and Christian power,
And, faithful to the altar raised
Beneath Thy dome, in peril's hour
Stand forth like champions from above
And wield the sceptre of Thy love.
of President of
The inauguration of Hon. Edward Everett, LL.D., as President of Harvard College will take place on Thursday, the 30th day of April, with appropriate ceremonies, in the First Church in Cambridge.
Invited guests, and other persons designated in the order of procession, will assemble at Gore Hall, which will be opened at 10 o'clock, A.M. At 11 o'clock, a procession will be formed, in the following order:
Undergraduates in the Order of the Classes.
Graduates & members of the Divinity and
Librarian with the College Seal and Charter.
Steward with the College Keys.
Members of the Corporation.
Professors & all other Officers of Instruction & Government in the University
Ex-President Quincy & former Members of the Corporation.
Sheriffs of Suffolk and Middlesex
His Excellency the Governor and the President Elect.
The Governor's Aids.
His Honor the Lieutenant Governor & the Adjutant General
The Honorable and Reverend Overseers.
Committee of the Boylston Medical Prize Questions.
Committees of Examination for the present year.
Guests specially invited.
& Professors of other Colleges in
Professors in Theological, Law, & Medical Schools in Massachusetts
of the State and
Other Officers of those Courts.
Secretary and Treasurer of the Commonwealth.
Members of the House of Representatives.
Aldermen, President of the Common Council, & late
Selectmen of Cambridge
Clerk, and Treasurer of Cambridge
of the College.
The church will be opened, for the admission of Ladies only, to the galleries, at 10 o'clock A.M.
After the ceremonies in the church, the Procession will again be formed at Gore Hall, and proceed thence to Harvard Hall, where a dinner will be provided.
"George Tyler Bigelow, Chief Marshal"
April 29, 1846
The Summer House of Rev. John G. Palfrey, D.D., LL.D., Secretary of the Commonwealth, which stood a short distance beyond his house north of Divinity Hall was burned last night, the fire breaking out about 11 3/4 o'clock. It was built of parts of the old pulpit of the Rev. Dr. Osgood's meeting-house in Medford. The great pulpit window, with its pilasters was the back of the summer house & the sounding board the roof, the first sermon ever preached under the sounding board was by the celebrated George Whitefield who officiated at the dedication of the church. This 'tis said is the first fire which has ever happened "in the City of Cambridge."
meeting house in
An attempt was made last Saturday night & another last night to burn Massachusetts Hall by building fires against the doors in the lower story.
Among the waggish manoeuvres a notice was put upon the advertising board a few days ago requesting all the students to carry the keys of their doors to the Steward's office to-day as he would want them to carry them in the procession to-morrow to the Inauguration.
April 30, 1846
has been buried with dust for many days as deep as at anytime in
evening it began to rain & this morning rain fell in torrents.
violence of it did not last long, though through the day there were
showers, & it was cloudy. The procession went at the hour
Gore Hall south door, & passed up on the west side of the building
the South & West sides of University Hall to Holworthy east entry,
Stoughton, passing on the East of that & of Hollis till it came
the gate between Massachusetts & Harvard Hall where it passed to
meetinghouse, & when the head of the procession had reached the
house the rear was leaving Gore Hall. No part of the procession opened
went in in the order announced, were counted off, & packed as it
the pews, so that no vacant seat should exist. No persons had
admitted to the lower floor, ladies had filled the gallery, the
the privilege of giving as many passes as he chose to his friends to go
to the front
of the gallery which was barred off & each officer had two passes,
the officers themselves & others generally admitted that this
themselves was unjust & not to have been granted. The house was
so that people
stood in filled the aisles during the exercises.
With the exception of the voluntary, which was through an oversight of the Marshal omitted, the exercises took place according to the following printed specification:
"Order of the Day
Inauguration of Hon. Edward Everett, LL.D.
Voluntary, by the Choir.
Address and Induction into Office, by His Excellency Governor Briggs.
Reply, by President Everett.
in Latin, by
In pleasant lands have fallen the lines
That bound our goodly heritage,
And safe beneath our sheltering vines
Our youth is blest, and soothed our age.
What thanks, O God, to thee are due,
The toils they bore our ease have wrought,
They sowed in tears,—in joy we reap;
The birthright they so dearly bought
We'll guard, till we with them shall sleep.
The kindness to our fathers shown,
That thou didst plant our fathers here;
And watch and guard them, as theygrew,
A vineyard to the planter dear.
In weal & woe, through all the past,
Their grateful sons, O God, shall own,
While here their names & race shall last.
Inaugural Address, by President Everett
Prayer, by the Rev. Dr. Francis
"From all that dwell below the skies,
Let the Creator's praise arise:
Let the Redeemer's name be sung
Through every land, by every tongue.
Eternal are thy mercies, Lord,
Eternal truth attends thy word;
Thy praise shall sound from shore to shore,
Till suns shall rise and set no more.
The hymn, which was composed by
Order was so well established that the exercises began about twenty minutes past eleven. They continued till about The President's address was about one & a half hours long. An analysis of it or a minute account of the exercises is unnecessary, as the Address will probably be published & the newspapers give all the details of the occasion. There was but one general enthusiastic feeling, that Mr. Everett was the man for the place & the expectations of the audience were in every respect fully realized. Nothing more could have been desired. If rain had not fallen hundreds or thousands must have gone away. As it was indifferent, & the fashionable devotees to public occasions were not numerous, while those persons who were eager to hear had an opportunity, & the audience was remarkable for its intelligent, manly & noble appearance.
close of the services the concourse dispersed, & at two o'clock the
procession formed again at Gore Hall & proceeded to Harvard Hall
sat down to a table from which for the first time on a public occasion
University ale, stimulating drinks, even to wine, were excluded,
Everett taking a strong stand against them. The Presidents of Bowdoin
Amherst Colleges were present & Professor Silliman, of
At the President received company & his house was literally jammed with the crowd. When one had entered it was almost impossible to get out. Refreshments of a most liberal kind, without wine, were provided, many met who will never meet again; & notwithstanding the uncomfortable pressure, everyone seemed delighted in consequence of the satisfaction of the occasion which had called so many together & the charm which seemed to be spread over all the Levee circle. —
At the illumination
The clouds & rain had passed away, a small moon hung in the western
& all at once as it were, probably more than 10,000 lights shone
the Halls of Massachusetts, Harvard, Hollis,
first organization of the City Government of Cambridge took place this
forenoon. During the recent session of the Legislature two cities &
evening walked to the McLean Asylum in
College exhibition to-day. The Library had many visitors, as usual, though it was not by any means thronged.
down to a family dinner, Mr. Silsbee, Mr. & Mrs. Sparks &
a son of Nathaniel Silsbee (H.C. 1824), recently
gone been to
courses of meat, pudding, figs & raisins & two kinds of wine.
dinner went to Mr. Sparks's study, where he read an extract of a letter
Henry Stevens stating that the
6 3/4 train (the latest) returned to
Pickering, a very distinguished phrenologist died last evening in
the Historical Society meeting in
The Omnibus fare was reduced to its former standard after an experiment of about a week at the advanced price.
The Cambridge Chronicle edited by Professor Willard dates from this day. A very small newspaper was published a few years since in Cambridgeport.
Bartlett, M.D., gave to the College Library the handbill which the
issued immediately after the battle of
Paid the first bill in my life for a physician or surgeon.
Last evening some one, probably an undergraduate, set fire to a bunch of crackers which exploded in the entry to the President's study. This morning the students were desired to remain in the Chapel after prayers, & the President, after requesting the Professors, Francis & Noyes, to withdraw addressed the students very successfully upon the subject. The general tone of sympathy among the students is altogether with the President.
Semi-annual meeting of the Sunday School Teachers of the Middlesex
was held in the meeting house in
At , in the College
the Dudleian Lecture by A. Young of
evening a party at Dr. Palfrey's. The guests came together about , refreshments were
served about , not
long after which most of the company dispersed. In one parlor was
music on the piano all the evening, which was continued among the young
after the older ones had gone home.
To-day probably more than 200 ladies have been into the Library. There was so much company that I did not attend the Dudleian Lecture.
Seventeen years this day since I was ordained at
Monday. The funeral of Rev. Mr. Torrey took place this afternoon in
Tuesday. A little before five o'clock, P.M. the dwelling house in Kirkland Street, a short distance east of the head of the avenue leading to Divinity Hall, owned by the family of the late Professor Henry Ware, Jr. & occupied by Professor Francis, was discovered to be on fire. The fire was extinguished in about an hour, though the roof & whole of the upper story were burned.
Wednesday. Another Presidential
party, at Professor
Walkers - as splendid and brilliant as the one at Dr. Palfrey's - no
company consisted of persons from
Company, with the return of the return of the warm season, begins to throng the Library.
Thursday. Robert B. Thomas, of West Boylston, it appears from the newspapers, died on Tuesday, aged eighty. He was the author of the Farmers Almanac, for more than half a century. He had made arrangements for its publication for several years to come.
Attended worship, in the morning, at the
The religious anniversaries held in
Attended auction in the forenoon & dined at at the fourth annual
given by the Unitarian laymen of
Wednesday. At auction again & in the evening at the Anniversary of the Sunday School Society. Passed the night at Mr. Rayner's.
auction. Attended the Convention Sermon by Alvan Lamson, D.D. of
services have during the week been characterised by great interest. The
Abolitionists & the Advocates of Peace have been particularly moved
warlike operations at
exceedingly interesting part of the services has been the social prayer
conference meeting held by Unitarians in the church vestry of Rev. F.T.
Stormy day or rather a dull day, as the whole week has been. The
telegraph has just been put in operation between
Parts assigned to-day to Juniors & Sophomores for the Exhibition at the end of the term.
Mr. Stetson, of
evening called on Mrs. Stevens Everett. Among other statements her
Abbott said that the only way in which her Aunt Crosby was able to
Monday. Artillery Election Sermon to-day by G.E. Ellis, on Peace, the subject of one by Mr. Pierpont, a few years since.
other visitors to the College Library were Priest Goodwin of
Father Logan of the Catholic Institution at
Catholics within a few years have erected a church at East-Cambridge
just purchased five acres to build another church about one mile west
University buildings. They are very quiet but zealous in all their
& the time will come when many of the old battles, the theological
least, must be fought over again, & that too in this country. It is
incidentally remarked in the paper to-day that one quarter of the
Ex-President Quincy comes out to-day in a pamphlet against Geo. Bancroft & in defence of Grahame the Historian.
Among other visitors to the Library to-day was L. Sabine, Esq. of
After tea, which is at , walked to
On my return saw the stone at the East door of the vestry of the Baptist meeting house which was taken from President Oakes's grave when the present stone was substituted.
The interleaved Triennial Catalogue of Dr. Belknap, the Historian was loaned to me (afterward upon my solicitation given to the College Library). It contains much information & a copy of it ought to be taken and preserved.
Thursday. By the Courier it seems that a letter which I wrote last week to the Mayor of Boston has been acted upon by the City government, for it was voted that the City Clerk annually in January shall send sets of all the City documents of the preceding year to the Boston Athenaeum, & the Libraries of Harvard College, and of the Historical and Antiquarian Societies. These were the Libraries which I named.
Mr. Sophocles, a native of
Saturday. Last evening the Library rec'd about fifteen bound volumes a donation through Rev. Joseph S. Clark, Secretary of the Mass. Home Missionary Society & a number of valuable Reports, in consequence of an interview I had with him a few weeks ago. To-day I rec'd a letter from Gov. Felch of Michigan, stating that the State in consequence of my solicitation had voted complete sets of all their documents of which they could find a copy, of all their laws & of everything which should hereafter be published, should be presented to Harvard College Library, & requesting information how they should be forwarded. Not expecting to find President Everett in his study I enclosed the Governor's communication in a letter to him, but finding him handed to him the letter. After conversation upon the subject he opened to me a project of having a University Gazette published of a small size at first, which should not meddle with party, but be a vehicle of communication & be considered as a paper of authority in relation to the University. He had now no way of communicating with the students collectively except by requesting them to remain after prayers in the Chapel & he was unwilling that the Chapel should be used for any other than religious purposes & that the impressions made should be in any degree weakened by other impressions. He said he intended even to have the Exhibitions held in the Picture Gallery, in Harvard Hall, so that there should be no other than religious associations with the Chapel. This Gazette would contain changes in the Laws, announcements & notices in regard to Exhibitions, Commencements, Bowdoin and Boylston Prizes, lists of donations to the Library, appointments of Officers etc, etc. & be considered as an official authority on all subjects connected with the College, & be confined almost entirely to the College. He had not matured the plan, but wanted something of the kind.
I rec'd from President Quincy his pamphlet in defence of Grahame against Bancroft.
tea walked with Coit, a Law Student from
After the Communion Service at Mr. Clarke's in the afternoon, looked in
Mr. Reed upon the
Monday. Rec'd a letter from Mr. Gage respecting his wife, & in the evening wrote a long letter to uncle Wm. Sibley, Esq. of Freedom, Me.
Wrote a letter to Gov. Felch of
Having noticed the death of Wm. D. Williamson of Bangor, Maine, in the newspapers within a few days, & supposing him to be the author of the History of Maine I wrote to Ex-Governor Kent, making inquiries respecting his pamphlets, manuscripts & other materials which he must have made use of, in composing his history.
Issachar Snell & others from
Rev. Mr. Hubbard Winslow, & Rev. Mr. Waterbury, with ladies were in the Library & I mentioned the remark of Mr. J. P. Johnson of the Senior Class of undergraduates, which he made to me two or three days since. He said at the West it was generally understood that great efforts were constantly made at Harvard College to proselyte students to Unitarianism & that this impression was not founded in truth - that he had lived in the hot bed of Unitarianism, Divinity Hall, in which the Theological students resided, ever since he had been in College, and that though he had had daily intercourse with them, not one of them asked him, till he had been here six months or so, to what church he belonged to, so indifferent were they to making proselytes to Unitarianism.
Wednesday. Wrote to Joseph B. Walker, Secretary of the New Hampshire Historical Society, to see if he can procure for the College a movement in the Legislature for granting all the Legislative documents.
After tea accompanied Johnson of the Senior Class of Undergraduates to Spring & Prospect Hills.
Dr. Thomas H. Webb, with Mr. E.W. Howe of the firm of Howe and Leonard,
auctioneers, spent two or three hours in & about the Library. Dr.
& myself took tea at Mr. George Livermore's where we had a feast in
evening in examining his bibliographical curiosities. He has a work of
Gutenberg bearing date 1460, a bible 1470-71, & many manuscripts.
obtained many vols. which belonged to the Library of the Duke of
brother of George the Fourth, which are particularly described by
library of about 2000 volumes contains probably more gems than any one
Friday. Finished filing various sale & other catalogues in the College Library. In consequence of conversation with Mr. Howe yesterday he sent 150 pamphlets to the Library.
The Anniversary of the
Monday. Library books called in, so as to be prepared for the annual examination.
The College Corporation having concluded to erect or repair the
the College Officers, etc. in the burying yard, & the locality of
Dunster's not being certain, a grave was opened near the South corner
ground. The old slab had been for some time thrown out of place &
stones on which it rested tumbled down. The principal reason for
to be Dunster's grave is the statement in Dr. Holmes's History of
he was buried in this neighborhood. Another statement is, that if a
Gookins (Mayor General) is not his
descendant's there is no place which can be properly considered as
seems to be a question which of these two graves is Dunster's. I was
not at the
opening of the grave, but was told by a person present that after
heavy stones, which were found to the depth of one or two feet, the
sounded the grave with an iron bar & thus discovered a stone
grave about three feet below. After digging down they found that the
bricked at the sides, covered with slate stone; that the bones &
in a good state of preservation, that nothing else of the body
the person must have been very large, six feet & more, & the
top of the
coffin was entirely gone; but the sides, within the brick walls were
visible. No coffin plate or words or letters of any kind were found. No
was obtained other than what I have mentioned. The individual was
man of distinction. It is reasoned also that if the individual had died
T. Harris, Author of Cambridge Epitaphs,
is strenuous in his belief that this is the grave, & made no
throw any doubt upon it, though he was present. I think, however, there
some, & to me almost insufferable difficulties in the way of this
conclusion. The other old stone ranges nearly in a line with
bearing the name Dunster. Now it is generally understood that families
buried in the same neighborhood until the ground is filled, & they
side by side & not head & foot. If we suppose the stone to be
it will not range side by side. The stone cutters being at work laying
foundation for a monument over the mouth of the College Tomb, I asked
look at the facestone or slab. They immediately tried the knife to it
said it did not appear to be American stone, but stone from
Attended the meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Dr. Jenks
exhibited a very full genealogical pedigree of Scott, who figured
in the early history of
at the Office of the Secretary of State & obtained a list of the
of the Peace in the town of
S.G. Drake says be exceedingly minute in making a town history, & get into it a great many names. There is an increasing interest in these histories & he can sell fifty copies of any town history however dull it may be.
has been loud complaint, for several months among the few
this vicinity & among others, of the negligence of the Corporation
University respecting the Library & the incompetency of every man
Corporation to judge of what is proper to be obtained & to be
posterity. They seem to have no idea that periodical and ephemeral
funeral & biographical sketches & pamphlets, which are not very
valuable now, will become valuable here after. The
In walking to
As to corporal punishment the chaplain and all the officers insisted strenuously that it was absolutely necessary in the navy - that there were many sailors who had no self-respect & no motive or principle whatever which could be reached or appealed to successfully. The chaplain spoke of the dreadful feelings which he experienced when he was first obliged to witness a flogging, & the gradual subsiding of these feelings. I believe however the time will come when it will be admitted that the navy will be better managed without grog & without flogging.
Monday. Rec'd the following communication which I forwarded with a letter to the Governor of Michigan
At a meeting of the Corporation on Friday last, I submitted to them your letter of the 6th instant, together with that of Governor Felch which was enclosed in it. This communication afforded great pleasure to all the members of the Board. Among others, Chief Justice Shaw and Mr. Charles G. Loring expressed themselves emphatically as to the importance of collecting the documents of the various state governments for historical and professional reference. It was the unanimous feeling of the Corporation, that their grateful acknowledgements were due to Governor Felch, for bringing the subject to the favorable consideration of the Legislature of Michigan, and to that Body for its liberal compliance with His Excellency's recommendation. It is in obedience to the directions of the Corporation, that I now make this communication, the substance of which I will thank you to make known to Gov. Felch in such manner as you may deem most expedient.
I am, Dear Sir, very truly yours
J.L. Sibley, Esq.
P.S. Will you do me the favor to forward to Gov. Felch the accompanying copy of the pamphlet containing the inaugural addresses."
letters also from Mrs. Gage of
Tuesday. While writing this morning in the gallery near the door of the South room on the East side in Gore Hall, I heard a chirp or two & upon ascending the steps to the loft in the room discovered a sparrow, which I soon caught with my hand as it was making an effort to escape through the little window. Upon giving it its liberty after a few minutes it flew off as happy as a liberated slave. Occasionally, birds have come into Gore Hall, but they have almost always upon being blinded by the glass endeavored to light at the tops of the arch, whence after three or four days they have fallen dead to the floor.
forenoon, I was present at the opening of a grave on a range between
of Wilder, Livermore & Sheafe (my classmates) & the Lee
is surrounded by an iron fence. The slab over the grave had a diamond,
parallelogram chasm for the insertion of tablets, & there were some
for thinking it might be the grave of President Rogers. Upon arriving
remains no coffin plate was found & there was nothing discovered to
identify them. As the workmen were about closing the grave I suggested
propriety of calling Dr. Morrill Wyman & went for him, myself. He
hair was light or brown, which is the
For several days, at the expense of the Corporation of the College, masons & stone cutters have been repairing the monuments in the yard which belonged to the College Officers. By mistake they commenced on the slab of Mayor General Gookin, & having done so, it was though expedient to go on & finish it. While I was there this forenoon the slab for the Presidents Willard and Webber, with inscriptions written by Charles Folsom, was brought in & placed upon the top of the College tomb. The slab for President Leverett is cleaned & a part of it is rechiselled now.
Wednesday. Rose about 3 1/2 o'clock, A.M., & after attending to shaving, went to the grave yard, in season to be there at the ringing of the meetinghouse bell at 4 1/2 o'clock, for the purpose of seeing a third grave opened which is very little north of a line running from President Oakes's slab to the Oliver tomb, & across which a line would run connecting Mayor General Gookins & President Holyoke's (This last line, continued in a northwesterly direction would cross the grave opened yesterday morning.)
grave was bricked like the one near the Stedman slab, with this
it was shaped more like a coffin, whereas the one near Stedman's was
parallelogram. Again, the bricks of the one opened this morning were
polished but very rude; & not so finished as the others. A kind of
story brick wall was built, the top story receding four inches perhaps
round the grave, so as to leave a rim upon which were laid as in the
flat stones. The stones had become so rotten that they would not bear
weight, & when thrown out of the top of the grave, crumbled into
pieces. The top of the coffin had disappeared entirely & the sides
over the remains so as to keep them from view. Upon lifting these sides
entire remains presented themselves to view covered with tansy. The
appeared to have been nearly filled with this plant which had been
pulled up by
the roots at so late a period in the season that it had gone to seed.
circumstance shows that it was not Dunster's grave. Dunster died in
when this plant would not have been flourishing. And if his remains had
been moved to
The skull was large, phrenologically speaking, better than the one near the Stedman slab. The chin had a beard, there was a heavy head of hair of a nut brown colour, the cartilage of the throat was partly ossified, the bones had decayed more than either of the others, the coarse cotton cloth which apparently the shroud was made was in so good a state of preservation that it could be disengaged from the remains, in almost any part. The teeth etc. led Dr. Wyman to the conclusion that the person's age must have been fifty or sixty years; so that it could not have been the remains of Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, as he died when thirty four or thirty six. Were it not for the tansy, Dr. W. said there was nothing found to prove that it might not have been Dunster's; but this discovery is an almost insuperable argument against it. The tansy was in a wonderful state of preservation; the stalks held together, so that a branch was carried away in the hand. The sides of the coffin were of pine & quite sound, more so than in the grave near the Stedman slab; like that coffin the sides of this, externally, were painted black & it was remarkable how the paint had protected the wood against the tooth of time. The inside was rough, not even planed, which led to the conjecture that it might have been lined. A small snail was found upon the head or skull. How did it find its way there?
The time of the burial of course is not known; but probably at the lowest estimate more than a century & a half ago. It was over this grave that the Treasurer had determined to place a monument to Dunster. But the tansy & the age prove it to have been the resting place neither of Dunster nor of Gookin. The remains were carefully placed in their original position, or rather the few bones were which were examined, & because the stones had crumbled & could not all of them be used, the sexton substituted a fragment or two old freestone(?) slabs which were lying loose around the yard.
Probably the tansy may have been used to keep the body while persons were building the grave. No mortar appears to have been used with the bricks in either grave. Professor J. Wyman, brother of Dr. M. Wyman was present at the exhumation this morning & their opinions concurred. The circumstance that the color of the hair is the same on the three bodies exhumed leads to distrust as to opinions respecting the natural color & gives an impression that the hair may be affected by the moisture etc. in the grave.
Since writing the
above, I am
informed that tansy when gathered is pulled up by the roots about the
its going to seed. If this be the case, as is asserted, an argument may
drawn from it in favor of this grave being Dunster's. As the body was
moved it would be desirable to put something into the coffin to steady
corpse. Not wishing to put in straw or hay, the friends very naturally
have put in this herb, which had been dried, particularly as it might
disguised what would have been disagreeable in the gases from the
should like to know whether dried tansy would not be more durable than
also whether in putting in green the friends would be likely to have
roots also or whether in collecting for immediate use, the herb would
been cut or plucked? What was the custom in those days? Who has made
record? Why cannot something be discovered to identify the spot where
President & one of the warmest friends of the University lies
I suggested at the grave this morning that it might have been dry when
was overruled; no one coincided with me, & I concluded that
persons acquainted with the customs of people in the country, in regard
mode of collecting & using herbs ought to know best. Again is it
possible, considering that the inside of the coffin was not planed,
boards might have been those of an extra coffin or outside box? It
would not be
strange if there should be a double coffin, as the remains were brought
It may be added, that the eyebrows on the skull were very heavy or massive, that the hair was combed down smooth on the forehead & cut off even, from the right temple to the left & that it was very heavy behind. The nose must have been very prominent & crooked or turned a little to the left. Upon recollection, a piece of the head end of the upper part of the coffin was found. It was known by the corners being a little rounded or elliptical.
July 2, 1846
Thursday. In an interview with Dr. Wyman, he said he intended to make a record of facts respecting the three graves which have been opened and deposit it in the Library, & leave it to anyone who wished to know more, to draw his own inferences [P.S. He never did it]. It is not many years since the opening of the graves in this manner would have excited the lower class of people and the ignorant and superstitious; but no concealment has been practised, further than to work when schoolboys would not intrude, & no person appears to have uttered a word against the exhumation.
July 3, 1846
Intended to have gone to
Morris, lived several years in Galena, Illinois, returned & resided
in Cambridge, having his law office in Boston, & subsequently lived
York City, the latter married a Crabb from Philadelphia, studied
then law & lived in Cambridge having his office in Boston.
supper accidentally met with Mr. Saunders who has lived in
On the North West side, in the time of the Revolutionary War were barracks between rows of trees now standing in front and rear of the location, the willows now standing, 'tis thought, were canes cut by the soldiers and stuck down in the mud. The feeling of hostility to the Tories & the British was so great that every pane of glass in the Episcopal Church was broken.
North East part of the burying ground was added within a hundred years
other part, the line dividing the Common from the burying ground
running in a kind of zigzag course from the gate of the yard nearly in
middle of the fence on the Eastern side towards the second window of
Episcopal Church, also there was an extension of the yard in the South
direction; - the original shape being a kind of triangle. There was
arrangement made about land at the time of building the Episcopal
one stands on its steps he will find himself in the angle of the two
& principal roads in old times viz. the one leading to
some years after the commencement of this century the fence enclosing
College Yard ran but a few yards South of Massachusetts Hall, it being
that building & the row of pretty large elms, & on the East
passed within the elms & went in a straight line northerly till it
somewhere near Stoughton Hall, then took a Westerly direction. The play
was where Holworthy now stands & extended to the
of the street between graduates Hall afterwards College House, &
burying ground, in the rear of some old houses. The wood, brought from
In the time of the Revolution Walton commanded a military company. All the teams & carts were taken up by the troops when the orders were given to go off. He had not been able to plow his land. It was proposed to or by a company of soldiers to attach a rope to a plow, & have cross sticks attached to the ropes. Thus the soldiers took hold, plowed up the ground upon the full run & Walton left the rest of the work to be done by his wife and family.
late as 1724 or
century after the settlement of
preceding facts were derived from Mr. Saunders, except what took place
entered College, & he generally cited Judge Winthrop as authority.
years have elapsed since
Mayor is acting vigorously. He caused two drovers to be fined for their
in disturbing people yesterday by driving cattle and sheep clamorously
the town, & two young rowdies for turbulence at the nuisance of a
which is kept about a mile from the Colleges on the West Cambridge
& July 2d he caused one of the wealthy men of the Port
arrested and fined for fast driving. The market-day at
Rec'd today from the respective authors Young's Dudleian Lecture & the first three Nos., 160 pages of Frothingham's History of Charlestown.
the loan of the map of
Tuesday. In addition to what has been said about Dunster, it is to be observed that the cloth of the shroud covered the face and the body, & if, as it is said, a process of embalming was observed, perhaps the tansy had something to do with it.
Dr. Gage and wife called on me at the Library. Mrs. G better than I expected, still mentally diseased.
Friday. Having lost my gold pen, am obliged to try a miserable steel pen or a goose quill.
Courier of July 8, from C. Deane containing a Criticism on
Young's Chronicles of Massachusetts –
well written. The point however, which is the most important in it
the question who is really to be regarded as the first
Governor. Mr. Deane makes out a strong case against
Saturday. The parts for Commencement assigned to-day. The President requested that the persons sent for would go to his study in a quiet manner. Consequently they were not accompanied by the Navy Club & music as has been the case for many years, though the practice has come about since I was in College. The class, generally, went down with those who were sent for. Upon their return those who had received parts to-day for the first time resigned their connexion with the Navy Club & made farewell speeches to the Club in front of Holworthy Hall as has been usual.
Seven women scouring the Library – an annual visitation from them in anticipation of the Examining Committee on Tuesday next.
in the shade, in
Had some conversation with the Librarian. He does not think favorably of procuring legislative documents, & the like, & says "it is lumbering up the Library" with what is of but little use. The same may be said in regard to a great portion of the books in the Library. The Library now is so large that its principal use should be for consultation. People want everything to be found upon particular subjects rather than to read books through. They want only that part which illustrates the subject of their investigations. I hardly know why Legislative documents are not to be considered very valuable indeed to the historian, the politician, the political economist, the merchant indeed, the divine even. They are substantial treasures, not to be read, but to be consulted and drawn from, in relation to certain subjects. It seems to me that a State History can be written no better without the Laws and Legislative documents of the State than a Town history without the Town Records. As to "lumbering up the Library" I admit no such language in my bibliographical vocabulary. Are we to say to the public we do not want your books unless they are such as we think are very excellent? Because we are afraid we shall fill the shelves too full, when we have in Gore Hall, one hundred and forty feet long from window to window but about 51,000 bound volumes? Let the Library be filled. If trash comes let it come. What is trash to me may be the part of the Library which will be the most valuable to another person.
give consequence to the Library abroad. People are attracted by them,
when they come here they will find that we are not all trash, that
there is a
great deal more wheat than chaff. The best collection & the largest
Sunday. Attended the
The Boston Daily Advertiser contains
a notice of Young's Chronicles, and dwells particularly upon the
Tuesday. Annual examination of the College Library. The whole number of volumes in Gore Hall is found, upon counting within a few days, to be 51,000. Forty nine volumes have been taken from the Library during the last year without having been charged. Many of them undoubtedly were taken without leave but with the intention of their being returned. It indicates great obtuseness in the moral sense of young men when they argue that the practice of thus taking books is justifiable, as is the case with several who are considered the most correct for general deportment among the undergraduates. Additions to Library during the last year 2018 volumes of which 679 were donations and 3477 pamphlets exclusive of duplicate pamphlets.
Wednesday. Exhibition to-day of the Undergraduates. Seven of the Sophomore Class were advised to leave College, whereupon 30 or thereabouts immediately put crape upon their arms. The parts assigned for exhibition next term.
Class Day. The order of Exercises were 1. Music by the Band from
since 1837, or rather beginning with the class which graduated in 1838,
been customary for the graduating class to dance on class day on the
grass in front of Stoughton & Holworthy. It was probably at first a
suggestion of Prof. Webster. As soon as the sun was low enough, about , P.M. to throw in the
After dancing to-day till about the procession was formed & marched as usual to the front of each of the College buildings & gave cheers. They marched through Gore Hall though they gave no cheers as they did last year when they marched through for the first time. This being done the class went as has been the custom for many years to the Liberty Tree, an elm standing near the street & between Holden & Harvard Halls. Forming as usual in a ring around the tree they piled their hats by its trunk they joined hands & then commenced the race round the tree till by the different speed of different persons the ring was entirely broken up. The ring then was formed again & another either within or around them, by the Juniors & Sophomores. The two rings then began to race round the tree in different directions till the rings were broken in pieces. This is regarded a kind of initiation of the remaining classes. The Seniors again formed a compact ring around the tree, crossing & joining hands & to the music from the band singing Old Lang Syne & beating time with their arms their hands being thus joined & crossed.
This being over cheers were given for different purposes & the company dispersed. The Senior Class for many years have had a class supper on Class Day; but from some jarring it was voted to postpone it till Commencement. Whether the Pres't had heard of it or not I do not know; but obviously to substitute something which should be more beneficial in its effects he gave them this evening a levee to commence at .
The sophomores I hear have been in the way of having a class supper since 1838. They had one last night. Some became inebriated.
Theological Exhibition. A large concourse of intellectual and pious
President, as usual since the union of the
Rec'd from Dr. Wyman his Treatise on Ventilation.
Sunday. Left boarding with James A. Kendall, with whom I have boarded for four years.
Commenced boarding with Mrs. Manning. Her maiden name was Warland, her
husband Rev. John L. Abbot, of
before the breaking out of the Revolutionary war there was a scheme for
church and state in New England, & one argument of much weight for
England was that it would tend essentially to strengthen the bond
Colonies and the parent country, & this would check the uneasiness
restrain the unfriendly & rebellious spirit of the Colonists. With
to a Bishop, who it was understood would be Apthorp, a house was built
middle of the Square, which now is bounded on the West by
This being the first Monday in vacation books were given out in the forenoon.
evening took tea with Mr. George Livermore where I met with Rev. Dr.
formerly of Mattapoisett, now Librarian of the Connecticut Historical
Several documents came to the Library, which had been used by the Librarian Peirce in preparing his History of Harvard University. Among them are several memoranda in President Dunster's handwriting. His will may be found at the Probate Office in East-Cambridge [Afterward his will stolen].
The workmen commenced operations again in the burying place. They
grave down the top of the brick wall which lined the grave. Large
then laid across these walls & the remainder of the load of stones
was brought from
evening called on Rev. R.T. Austin, a native of
Wrote to the President respecting the project of cutting down several
the College yard, whereupon he requested an interview. Between 1812
or along about that time a great number of trees was planted
and a belt of them, principally pines surrounded the yard. These trees
been neglected & now crowd each other in the belt & prevent the
of all. The plan is to cut down the sycamores, which from some unknown
have been dying throughout the U. States for the last three years, also
& dead trees & such as interfere with each other.
The belt no longer serves as a screen there being no small shrubbery & there are too many trees to admit of the expansion & development of them all. Trees should also have reference to the objects seen through them. They should cover the objectionable & leave an opening for what is agreeable to the eye. With this view several will be removed from the belt north of University Hall. Ornamental trees are sometimes planted in groups, & on the North East part of the yard where there is a considerable indentation in the belt several are to be cut away so as to leave a cluster.
The Dunster stone finished. The tablet being too large the cavity in the slab was enlarged so as to admit, the enlargement being made at the bottom. Mr. C. Folsom, who wrote the inscription got it printed, so that the workman might have no apology for mistakes, still he deviated from the copy and left a space on the tablet below the inscription which in the copy was three or four lines above, dividing the two subjects contained in the inscription.
After evening called on Geo. Livermore & went with him to see Mr.
bachelor, a native of Sherburne, a leather dresser. Although acquainted
him he had never asked me to call on him. And now when persons send
word to him
naming a time when they should like to see his library, he generally
that he is engaged. He has been greatly annoyed by fashionable gazers,
not appreciate his collection. He is exceedingly lame, probably
lameness, with which he has been afflicted for many years. We made an
for calling upon him, by asking him for a manuscript which Mr. L. had
him & which belonged to Mr. Brinley of
after dinner a shower came up, accompanied by a few flashes of
of which was singular. The lightning struck a tree in the corner of Mr.
Austin's garden about three quarters of a mile from the Colleges on the
that winds from the
For some days men have been employed cutting down the dying sycamores and otherwise thinning the belt of trees which was planted around the College yard about thirty years since.
Tuesday. Moved to Divinity Hall No.15 from No. 28, which I have occupied for about four years.
Thursday. Attended the meeting of the Historical Society & acted as Recording Secretary pro tem.
my trunk. Took stage to
an hour we were on board the steamboat Governor, a beautiful &
boat but not so good a seaboat as some others. From till about 4 the fog
dense that no progress could be made. Then being very near Monhegan,
was applied, and we arrived at
How quiet & still! No passing of travellers or of townsmen. How
Monday. Began examination of the third volume of the Town Records of Union.
Sunday. Heard Rev. Mr. Dodge, of Waldoboro preach two good sermons at the Calvinistic meetinghouse - the afternoon's particularly good. He must have a good deal of the wag about him & a good deal of satire & humour.
Returned town records & examined Selectmen's records.
With horse & wagon went to Thomaston. Spent four hours or so at the
mansion. This stands on the point of land formerly occupied by
The family was proverbial for hospitality. Mrs. Knox's fondness for style embarrassed the finances of the General, & this, together with the iniquity of some of those concerned in the settlement of the estate, caused it to be insolvent to a great amount. After the General's death the house was neglected, papers & curiosities, etc. pillaged. Mrs. Holmes now lives there, the house in a good state though not having its former grandeur & glory, & may be well visited by any one who is a patriot, an antiquarian, a historian, a lover of fine arts or who wishes to see refinement & elegance & grace.
Knox's papers, what of them remain, were handed to Mr. Davies of
dinner rode one or two miles below Mill River & called on Phinehas
aged 88, who came to Union with Dr. John Taylor & others in 1774
began to fell trees on the north side of the South Union millstream
Seventree pond. This was the first movement towards a permanent
the town. A camp was there which had been occupied from time to time by
[?] persons while cutting lumber, for two or three years. They had
take one hundred acres of land each on certain conditions, but they had
fulfilled any of these conditions & had made use of the agreement
cut off the lumber. From this old gentleman & his wife I
several particulars relating to
Returning called on Cyrus Eaton. He had made considerable progress in his History of Warren; but the loss of eyesight in consequence of a little chip striking his eye two years ago, has interrupted it in a great measure.
also on Rev. Mr. Huse, of
Thursday. In the morning went to Hills Mills & over the ground where I played in schoolboy days. The road has been laid out west of the one used when I went to school. A schoolhouse has been erected & torn down since the one in which I attended, the river now divides the District into two Districts, & there are two new schoolhouses. I climbed over the fence directly opposite the road which runs west from the road on the west side of the river & endeavored to identify the spot where the old schoolhouse stood on the brow of the hill near the river, but I was unable to recognize it.
In the afternoon went to Jacob Sibley's, an uncle in the N.W. part of the town. What beautiful scenery!
Friday. Followed down the St. George on the Western side nearly to Warren & returning came round on the West side of Round Pond, calling chiefly on old people & the children of the first settlers, to collect information respecting the town.
the newspapers that the Roman Catholic Bishop Fenwick, of
newspapers state that President Everett, on account of the pressure of
duties & the state of his health declines giving the Address before
Alumni; that Professor Greenleaf is transferred to the Dane
& that Judge Kent of
Saturday. Went to the West part of the town. How beautiful the scenery is in this town.
Sunday. Attended the Orthodox meeting. In the afternoon, the clergyman gave a notice alluding to tardiness in coming to meeting, and requesting the persons who were necessitated to come late, to bring a written statement of the reasons & that that they might lay the same on the Communion table. This was a course of proceeding which would be tolerated, I think, in but few societies.
A moose was killed one or two days
the cedar swamp & it weighed more than seven hundred pounds after
dressed. A deer was killed last December in the East part of
Three weeks to-morrow since I arrived at
I rode to the East part of
morning I left my father & mother a little after , took a horse-wagon
was Mr. Bardwell, a graduate of Oberlin Institute, who has been three
missionary among the Ojibway Indians & has his station at
Some success has attended the efforts to educate the children. When Mr. B first went there, if the children heard an Indian round the lodge, they were very careful to read so as not to be heard by him. They were afraid of ridicule in being called "Praying Indians". Now, if they hear an Indian, they raise their voices a little higher that usual, so that it may be understood they are learning to read. When Mr. B went among them he knew nothing of their language. He went into their huts, sat down on the ground, took his paper, & asking them the names of things, wrote them down. They were at first jealous, but gradually began to communicate freely. There have been some true conversions among them. When Mr. B came from them last autumn, he took his canoe & came down, alone, two hundred miles from the head of the Mississippi, hauled his boat up & landed each night, & thus for six days went down the river without seeing one human being. His intention is to return to them.
Saturday. Upon going to the Library found, among others, letters from Gov. Felch of Michigan, containing a catalogue of the volumes & pamphlets which he had forwarded to the Public Library, & one from Governor Kent respecting the Williamson library, which I expect, will turn out to be of little value.
Monday. A bust of Judge Story brought to the Library by W.W. Story, his son, who made it himself. It is the second bust he has made in marble & the sixth of any kind wh. he has made. To me it seems to be an excellent likeness.
After tea I happened to be going by the State Arsenal when the gate was unlocked and went in. There were 8000 muskets with their bristling bayonets pointing upward, along which, I was told, the electricity played in a shower. Here was a large number of large brass field pieces under cover, two of which, rec'd this season, were given to the Lexington company immediately after the Lexington battle & contained the inscription, which had been placed also on the two given in exchange for these two which had been fired so much as to impair the bore.
Tuesday. This morning about five minutes before I was waked by an earthquake. It was the first I ever recognised as such while it was taking place. The last one, which I did not notice at the time, took place one morning while I was at recitation in College more than twenty years ago. As soon as I was aroused by the noise, I perceived my bed rocking from side to side & the windows rattling as if a heaving carriage was passing. I soon found that the movement of the bed was not that caused by a jarring, such as is produced by a vehicle, but as nearly as I can describe it a rocking, like that of a cradle. After the first violence had passed & before it had died away, there seemed to come back another shock in the same way as with thunder, after the first crash an echo after a while rolls back, or the sound after nearly dying away rises again. Prof. Greenleaf said it awoke him & after the earthquake had rocked it jerked his bed. The leaves of the tables in Divinity Hall flew up & down. In one house two or three pieces of crockery were knocked from a shelf in a closet. There were floating clouds but it was not dull weather.
The earthquake was felt at
day. A violent storm all day. The exercises were of a higher order both
composition & delivery than common. Though the audience was smaller
usual when the exercises commenced yet the house was crowded before
finished. In conferring the degree of Master of Arts, it has been usual
hitherto for the President while sitting in the old chair (so old that
history is lost, though the most probable account is that it came
Turell(?) family of Medford) which is placed before the pulpit to
extend a book
which each of these candidates took hold of. The book which has been
since it came into the Library is the Bible which was owned & used
President Dunster. The book used before this was [SECTION ERASED; SEE
ORIGINAL]. President Everett discontinued the use of it to-day. After
conclusion of the exercises the company dispersed again to Gore Hall,
procession was again formed and marched to Harvard Hall to dine. All
spirits & wine were excluded. After dinner the company was
singing to the tune of
The oldest graduate was J. Lovell of the Class of 1776, who had come from the South almost on purpose to be here at the Commencement to-day. Several students had entertainments at their rooms. Prof. Norton, 'tis said, had at an entertainment at his house nearly six hundred persons. After spending a short time there went to the President's to his levee. The President's levee was instituted by President Quincy when he came into office & has been continued ever since.
Wrote letters to the Gov. of S.C. & to the Mayor of Charleston, S.C. for documents.
Thursday. The Phi Beta Kappa Oration & Poem. Quite a storm at the meeting of the Society, because wine was not provided though a decided majority were in favor of dispensing with it.
the Gov. of Iowa for documents. Rec'd the box from
Wrote to N.P. Tallmadge, of Madison, Governor of
Wrote to Franklin Sawyer of
Monday. College lessons begin. After evening commons the Sophomores & Freshmen meet, as has been customary for many years on the Delta to try themselves with football. The Sophomores, of course, know each other & consequently who are the Freshmen. The Freshmen of course know but few of their classmates & cannot well distinguish them from the Sophomores. The different classes come together, the football is thrown down among them, & the object of each class is to kick the others & "bark their shins" as much as possible. After a few evenings, classmates know each other, the two younger classes form two sides, & the ball is kicked in a regular way. This is the general sport among students till cold weather. In the spring there is no playing of football, but "bat & ball" & cricket.
Tuesday. The almost insufferably warm weather, which began to come on Aug 27, has been checked a little by showers this afternoon. The continuance of such heat for so many days in succession is almost unparalleled. And it is the more remarkable on account of the lateness of the season.
Wednesday. See the Daily Advertiser for notices of the late warm weather.
The weather changed about 35° in as
many hours after which warm weather returned as before & has
Most of my time since Commencement employed in examining the sale
the distinguished philologist, John Pickering. To-day went to
library is said to have cost the ... ... about $XX,000 to
about 8000 vols...
Attended divine service at
& attended the church in
Safford's family having moved to Cambridge from Vermont, in consequence
plan by which about four thousand dollars have been subscribed to aid
to get an education, he began his studies with Professor Peirce to-day.
be ten years old in October. He made all the calculations for an
has been published. He possesses an aptitude for all intellectual
& chance or accident alone led to the mathematical rather than any
development. He is very artless, childlike in all his movements and
very pleasant, quiet, says but little & that little always has a
He is placed under the care of the President. His constitution is not
& great skill will be necessary to give a proportional development
physical & intellectual powers.
Tuesday. Very warm in the morning. Change of weather before night. Attended the book auction.
Wednesday. Change of 30° nearly since yesterday morning. The Library rec'd a box of books and pamphlets from the Quakers of Philadelphia as a gift. I suggested the idea to Mrs. Hopkins, matron of the Maryland Lunatic Asylum, when she visited the College Library in July.
Died Cyrus Morse, a stage or omnibus driver between
Monday. Afternoon prayers altered-- .
Thursday. Attended the auction of the late Hon. John Pickering's library four days last week & three days this week. The Law Department to be sold to-morrow. The library is said to have consisted of about 8000 volumes and to have cost the late owner about $15, 000. The bill for the books purchased for the College is about $240.
Dr. Cogswell, of Gilmanton, N.H., at the Library, lately Professor at
College & previously Secretary of the Board of Education &
the American Quarterly Register - a man of statistics. Visited also by
Heard a distinguished member of the Christian denomination so called,
Mr. Clarke's in
Tuesday. While shaving this morning discovered that the interior portion of the cornea of the left eye was suffused with blood in consequence of the rupture of a small blood vessel.
Attended the exercises of the consecration of the Monument erected to
Tuckerman, D.D., at
In the rear, -
On the right tablet: -
For the Twenty Five Years
A Faithful Minister of
And for Fourteen Years
A devoted Missionary
To the Suffering and neglected
The Ministry at Large;
His appropriate title,
The Friend of the Poor.
On the left tablet, -
This Monument is erected
By Friends to whom
His Memory is dear
For the services
Amid the impulse he gave
To the cause of
The monument, designed by H. Billings and executed by Carew, is in the Romanesque style, & of the Patterson, N.J. Freestone.
Took occasion to walk about the grounds, not having had opportunity to do it conveniently for two years.
Eliza Sibley, a cousin from
The College morning prayers changed from to .
At church in
Rec'd at the Library the volume & eight pamphlets which cover the
controversy which attended the schism of the Quakers of New England, in
consequence of a letter to Charles Perry of
Wednesday. In the evening at a party at the President's.
The annual Catalogue made its appearance yesterday. The Assistant Librarian's name appears on it, having been inserted by the President. Though he has been here ever since the books were moved to Gore Hall he has succeeded hitherto in having his name omitted.
Evening prayers changed to . News arrives of the
Sunday. At worship in the College Chapel. In the evening called at the President's. Mrs. Everett, having a very extensive acquaintance, lets it be known that she is at home to receive her female friends Tuesdays in the forenoon & Fridays in the afternoon. Friday evenings from six to the President & his wife have tea for all friends, of both sexes who choose to call.
College has been remarkable for its quietness and orderly deportment
The Sophomore Class which has considered it a matter of course to play
upon the Freshmen has taken a higher tone, & little or nothing of
has been heard of. The curse of the College is the Law Students,
those from the South and
Exhibition of Undergraduates. The original parts by the highest class
translations by the next class. John Paul Robinson, a native of
Palfrey, late Professor in the University, now Secretary of
been printing a series of letters on the Slave Power, which have just
published in a pamphlet form. He has a right to speak upon slavery. His
a planter in
Not long since, Le Verrier, a young man, 'tis said not more than thirty
old, made the bold assertion that there must be a planet exterior to
'Tis said that he made a very careful examination of all the disturbing
influences which, with the sun, could possibly affect the
Uranus. The mathematical calculations would not meet the difficulty. He
made calculations upon the hypothesis that there was an exterior
satisfied himself that with such a planet all the irregularities of
could be explained. His calculations were carefully examined. Prof. Peirce told me that they appeared very
reasonable. The steamer arrived in the course of the last night from
bringing the intelligence that Le Verrier had made his calculations so
thoroughly that he wrote to Berlin, informing the obervers there at
in the heavens they must look for it. On the evening of receiving the
communication, September the twenty-third, eighteen hundred and
Galle discovered the new planet where he had been told by Le Verrier to
for it. B. A. Gould, a graduate of
Thursday. The discovery of the new nameless planet confirmed by this evening's observations. Now what shall it be named? What heathen deity worthy of the name. Pluto, Neptune, Vulcan, or why not Titan?
The course of the Lyceum Lectures in
It may be well enough to remember that the inscriptions upon the slab placed over the College tomb in memory of the Presidents Willard and Webber were by C. Folsom, & that the monument was placed there at the time of the commencement of the inquiry about Dunster.
placed in the northeast corner of Gore Hall two years ago this autumn
by Wm E. Wood of
The controversy respecting Young's Chronicles was carried on for sometime, particularly in the Boston Courier.
Bancroft made a long reply to President Quincy, and it was published at
Called, in the evening, on Prof.
Attended the meeting of the Historical Society. Some discussion was
held upon a
repeated application from the Secretary of the State of
Mr. Savage expressed himself too strongly. Till the Winthrop Journal was published, Hubbard was almost the only authority to be consulted. He ought to be regarded respectfully as having for a great many years imparted almost the only light to be had upon the period he embraces.
Made many calls to obtain pamphlets, etc. for the Library.
Two Law Students, viz. John Brown Brooke, of Prince Georges Co.
Hugh Toler Booraem of Newark, N.J. were arrested by the watchmen in
Cambridgeport, as they making a turbulent noise on their return from
warrant sent out to look for books supposed to be taken by McElroy who
connected with College last term. His father, a respectable Irishman, a
doing business in
Nahum Ball son of Dr. Ball of Northboro & brother of Balls dentists
Evening prayers at . Breakfast immediately after morning prayers which are at except on Sundays when they are one hour later. Dinner at except on Saturdays when it is at & Sundays when it is at . Supper at .
The Junior Class went to
Abiel Abbott of Peterborough, N.H., a graduate of 1787, upon being
as to his agency in putting forward J. Sparks to get an education,
that while he was at Coventry, Conn., Rev. Mr. Loomis of Willington
miles distant called on him on his way to an Association meeting in
said that this Sparks, of whom he, Mr. A., had never heard, was with
appeared to be a young man of talents desirous of getting an education;
had calculated an eclipse, that he had taken hold of Algebra & by
of a pineknot had gone through it easily & had commenced Latin;
labored on a farm or as a carpenter & had no means to enable him to
his studies. Mr. L. proposed to Dr. A. that he should take him into his
or two months and that the other clergymen of the Association should do
same, for the purpose of assisting him. Upon Dr. A's making inquiries
respecting S's character, L. replied that S. was strictly moral; but as
being religious he did not know as he had any religion & that he
profess to have any. Dr. A. told Mr. L. that the members of the
entertained different religious sentiments, & he thought he might
for him. He accordingly wrote to the Principal of the Academy at
immediately with the messenger to
Mr. or rather Dr. Abbott as I should call him said further, upon my questioning him, that nominally Mr. Sparks had no father though it was well known who his father was, & that he, Dr. A., knew his mother tho' when he became acquainted with her she was married.
Charles Sumner delivered a Lyceum Lecture this evening. At one spicy allusion to slavery there was a mighty conglomeration of applause & hissing. He had just declined a nomination as candidate to Congress by the Peace party & the Native American party, with a view to effect the defeat of Mr. R.C. Winthrop. He has also taken an active part against slavery.
Dr. Howe, principal of the Asylum for the blind is nominated as
Congress in place of C. Sumner. He took an active part in
meeting at Fanueil Hall to-night by the party to which he belongs. The
War and the Tariff of the last session of Congress seem to be
unpopular, if the
great change through the
Sparks comes from
afternoon called on by Reuben Sibley & his wife from
The Christian published my uncopied private letter to Rev. Mr. Babcock,
Monday. J.G. Palfrey wants about 500 votes to be elected to Congress. R.C. Winthrop elected by a majority of about 2600.
Wednesday. This evening after prayers the President addressed the students. It appears the small gate through which he passes to the walk which leads to the chapel, & which makes the distance a little shorter that the passage from the front of his house was nailed up last evening between the hours of nine and ten. A lady, hearing the noise opened the window & asked "what was the matter;" but the rogues laughed at her. He spoke with much feeling upon the insult, for several minutes. The sentiment of the students is undecidedly against such conduct; but there are generally two or three individuals among so many, who will degrade themselves to such deeds, which are indicative neither of sense nor wit.
substitute for gunpowder, it is said, has been discovered in
Friday. For some evenings a few individuals, particularly of the Sophomore class, have made a stamping at prayers, which was so loud as to be distinctly heard & to be annoying. It has also been the rule from time immemorial, when more classes than one passed out through the same door, for the older of the classes to go out first. The Seniors & Sophomores happen to be so seated that they pass down the same flight of steps. The Sophomore class is much larger than the Senior & has been disposed to crowd upon them & to begin to go out before they have all got upon the steps. This evening, undoubtedly by a preconcerted agreement of a few unruly individuals, the stove which heated the chapel & stood near the door was overturned in the rush. A few individuals, who have not feelings enough of the gentleman to return gentlemanly conduct when they receive it are disposed to be mischievious & troublesome towards the President. He will hardly be able to govern all of them by the high principles & motives he has adopted & which are too high to be fully appreciated by boys or by young men who are not gentlemen only when it suits their convenience. It is a pity that he is made of delicate nerves & feelings, though he never shrinks from duty when necessary to act.
Last night died Steele, a member of the
By an Act of Congress each State in the
Found different officers of the different Baptist societies for
the meeting of the Historical Society. A report was read and
accepted declining for reasons therein given to surrender the
in the omnibus which left
Friday. Spent much of the day in the office of the City Clerk & Clerk of the City Council of Boston in overhauling city documents to see what approximation might be made towards a perfect set for the College Library.
In the afternoon attended the Howard Sunday School in
Pitts Street Chapel grew out of this Sunday School. Mr. Cobb, the
Superintendent said that since his connexion with the school nearly
thousand children had been connected with it. Many poor children, drawn
the worst places in
The Library received more than thirty volumes in consequence of my
Tuesday. This evening a fire was built in the stove in the College Chapel for prayers. It is to be continued every morning and evening during the cold season. It has never been so before.
Peirce says there is quite a controversy he hears, about the discovery
new planet. The English maintain that a young man named
Wednesday. The College dismissed, as usual on Thanksgiving week, after morning prayers till Saturday evening.
Thursday. Thanksgiving day. The churches have but one service on Thanksgiving days. A dinner on such days always consists of a roasted turkey & plum-pudding: without two dishes at least it would not be considered a thanksgiving dinner. But there are more frequently other dishes, as fowls, fruit, almonds & raisins, pies, etc.
C.G. Thomas, a graduate of H. College passed the afternoon and evening at my boarding house. His history is a strange one. It was extracted from the class book and printed in the Harvardiana.
Southern Law Students, one of whom was William Reid Gates of
Friday. The standard balance, etc. arrived the Library.
Yesterday morning the steamer
of whom . This is the only
steamboat accident in the Sound since the loss of the
Sunday. In the morning attended the services in Cambridgeport on occasion of the Rev. J.F.W. Ware entering upon ministerial duties over the church & society where A.B. Muzzey was minister for many years. The formalities of ordination are passing away. The services were like those of common worship on the Sabbath. Dr. Putnam of Roxbury preached & he & Dr. James Walker were the only clergymen who took part in the services, unless we include the final prayer & benediction by the pastor elect. There was no particular change, Address to the People, etc. Mr. Ware is son of Rev. Prof. Henry Ware, Jr. by his first wife who was daughter of Benjamin Waterhouse, M.D.
Some difficulty existed between Mr. Muzzey & the Society & he has commenced the formation of a new Unitarian Society in Cambridgeport.
The object glass of the telescope arrives at
Spent the day in
curious to compare the Message of President Polk with the one of last
There is no doubt that the Mexican War was begun solely on account of
annexation of Texas, & that the sole reason for annexing Texas was
the South with slavery the controlling power in the Legislative
Councils of the
nation. Yet Polk pretends to say that the war was justified by the
ill-treatment, which the
Friday. An important discovery has been made by which medical patients are made insensible during surgical operations. It was announced some weeks since; but the Boston Daily Advertiser of this day contains a communication on the subject from John C. Warren.
Stands for lamps or candles put in the Chapel - a new affair.
Since Commencement time have written about one hundred and fifty compact pages soliciting public documents & other publications for the Library. All that I have asked have been for the Public Library, though some rascally Corporation of the University may allow themselves to be guilty of violating the trust confided in them and allow the Law Books to be removed to the Law Library hereafter as was once done. If they do, they abuse my motives in soliciting them, which I do for the Public Library only, that there may be at least one series preserved somewhere for historical purposes alone. The Corporation has been guilty of doing this once in regard to the Law Library.
The following letters have been written by me, soliciting donations to the Public Library of Harvard University.
Schnierle, Mayor of Charleston, S.C. for
25 Aug. Gov. Wm. Aikin
27 Aug. Gov. John
28 Aug. Gov. Nathaniel
29 Aug. Franklin
1 Sept. Hon. A.B.
Meek, District Attorney for the
Southern District of Alabama, at
4 Sept. Gov. Wm Slade,
5 Sept. D. Valentine
Esq. Clerk of Common Council of N.Y.
26 Sept. J.M. Jones,
26 Sept. Isaac T.
26 Sept. Moore, Assistant Libr. N.Y.Historical Society, about pamphlets, etc.
26 Sept. Wm. Cogswell,
26 Sept. Rev. R.
28 Sept. Jefferson
5 Oct. Chief Justice Shaw for his publications
17 Oct. John Swift,
Mayor of Philadelphia for
17 Oct. Gov. Francis
R. Shunk, Gov. of Penn. for
17 Oct. Gov. Wm.
Moseley, Miccosukie, for
17 Oct. Gregory Yale,
Attorney at Law,
20 Oct. Gov. Thos. S.
3 Nov. Gov. Byron
3 Nov. Gov. Horace
3 Nov. Gov. Thomas
3 Nov. Gov. John C.
3 Nov. Gov. Wm.
Owsley, Boyle Co. for
14 Nov. Geo. R.
14 Nov. Gregory Yale,
Esq., again, on
21 Nov. Gov. Geo. W.
23 Nov. Gov. Wm. A.
Grahame, Raleigh, for
23 Nov. Gov. Wm.
24 Nov. Gov. James
24 Nov. Gov. Albert G.
25 Nov. Gov. Isaac
27 Nov. Gov. Wm Tharp,
27 Nov. Gov. Bebb,
4 Dec. Gov. Thos. G.
9 Dec. Gov. Charles C.
Beside the preceding long letters I have written many short ones & notes to individuals; to which it may be added that very many books and pamphlets have been given to the Public Library in consequence of hints, etc. given viva voce.
Geo. B. Cary, H.C. 1844, attended a party last evening in
Dabney in the Library. He has been collecting facts for many years
April 1842, President Quincy applied to me to edit the Triennial
there never having been any person before that time to take special
it. I demurred; knowing how peculiarly liable to such a work must
be to mistakes. Several interleaved copies of the Triennial, as was
been sent in 1839, to persons who were interested, to correct errors,
deaths, etc. with the request that they should be returned in season
for use in
regard to the Triennial of 1842. An interleaved copy was sent to
among the rest. After making corrections in it for the time loaned, he
considered that he ought to be authorized to prepare the copy for the
1842; though no allusion to the subject had been made which would
to expect it more than either of the others who had received the
copies of 1839.
three interviews I had with the President, so much was said that I was
prevailed on to undertake the editorship. Dabney was indignant, though
application to me was entirely unexpected & unsolicited, tied a
his interleaved copy as he says & threw it from the
talking in a tone so loud that I should hear, bringing
accusations before an acquaintance. I stepped to them & insisted
knowing what was said. Dabney asserted that ninetenths of all the
etc. which had been made were the result of his labors, & that I
procured them from Judge Merrill's interleaved catalogue, & that he
furnished them to the Judge. I told him it was not true, & that I
take ten items from the Judge's catalogue which I did not find
that all the additions, corrections & alterations of every kind,
had made, were between 4000 & 5000. Judge Merrill subsequently told
had obtained but seven new items from Dabney & that for each of
gave him in return two which he had not got. When the edition of 1845
issued he renewed his attack. I had but ten weeks to ascertain dates of
& carry the printing of about 160 pages through the press. Of
must be many errors, omissions, & imperfections. The ascertaining
of the deaths was an entirely new feature. Not a step had ever been
any person towards such an object. After a signature had been passed in
printing it was impossible, of course, to insert deaths subsequently
more than 3200, that is, more than three quarters of them, by very
exertion, were obtained & printed. Dabney would not come to me if
errors, but would tell my acquaintances. In this way three or four of
corrections were received which turned out to be errors of his own
mine. He now says there never was a man who sowed so little and reaped
as I did in ten weeks.
Boston Courier of the morning on which the Triennial was issued
statement respecting Triennials in which I spoke of
handbill, which had been printed in
Friday. The Boston Courier contains the Resolutions respecting G.B Cary ---- Christmas Day. College exercises omitted. --- Spent the forenoon in the Library.
Monday. Another trial to elect Dr. Palfrey to Congress.
Forty-two years ago to-day, in 1804, I was born in Union, Maine, on the
Neck, on the side of the hill northerly of the junction of the St.
river with the Seven-Tree pond, in the Southwest lower room of the
subsequently owned by Rev. Henry True and in the same room in which
True, his son, was born. My mothers' name was Persis Morse. She was
Obadiah Morse and born at
the day in the State House,
Wednesday. Spent the day again at the State House.
Thursday. Again at the State House. Also attended the meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society.
New Years day. Several persons in
the evening at a party at Mayor Green's. How were invitations given
parties managed one hundred years ago? Now, the mistress of the house,
week before giving a large party, addresses billets in her own
generally to the persons she invites, in the following style, "Mrs. G.
requests the pleasure of Mr. H's company on Friday evening next" &
signs the date & street. Mr. H is expected to return a written
if he accepts the invitation it is generally soon after receiving it,
invitation & something like the following: - "Mr. H accepts
pleasure Mrs. G's polite invitation for Friday evening." A written
is expected whether the invitation is accepted or not, so that Mrs. G
in season how many she is to expect. Within two or three years the
become quite generally to enclose the billets, as well as letters in
in envelopes, tho' before that time envelopes were not used for either.
guests ordinarily go to parties in
Friday. For several days occupied in preparing the Massachusetts Legislative Documents & Election sermons, etc. for binding. In the evening at a party at Mr. Samuel Newell's where was dancing.
Cyrus Woodman, Esq. of Mineral Point, Wisconsin, has
spent a week or two in the Library examining the series of the
Relations de la
pains being taken to substitute as many false orders as possible for
which are distributed, for spectators, on the seats before the
of Mr. Pomeroy, who died on Wednesday of erysypelas, dropsy, and a
of diseases, having been taken down seriously ill on Christmas day. He
quite wealthy & public spirited. In
Thursday. The last day of the College term. Last evening the Faculty had a meeting. A.H. Flanders of the Senior Class was sent from College, being virtually expelled. To a certain extent he may be considered as not being an accountable mortal. He seems to be destitute of a moral sense. He took books from the library a year ago without having them charged. Eleven uncharged volumes were found in his room. For this he was excluded from the College Library. When the fall term commenced in 1846, he wrote a very penitent letter to the Librarian, pledging himself to the observance of the laws of the library to the very-letter, & his privilege was restored. This took place without a report to the Faculty. Yesterday, in consequence of suspicion, his room was visited, & though he denied upon his honor that he had any book, he was obliged to yield the keys to his secretary, which was found to contain another volume from the College Library. He immediately came to the Library & begged piteously to be excused. But he was immediately reported to the President. He also forged in the Library by getting at the charging book & crossing a volume which he had not returned; & when he suspected trouble he returned it. He also within a month or two forged a large number of omnibus tickets. He endeavored also to get admittance to the theatre by passing an obsolete ticket. One student in his entry told me that he was probably the only person in his entry, from whom he had not stolen. He was guilty not only of licentiousness but of mean, low, dirty acts too indecent to be named. There is but one feeling among the students, the feeling of joy and rejoicing that he is sent away.
To-day a gentleman visited the Library from
Died this morning in
Died, in Lunenburg, of consumption induced by scrophila, Rev. Richard
Austin, a native of
Friday. Funeral of Mr. Austin from Mr. Newell's meeting-house. The organ played a voluntary, Mr. Hopper, Episcopal clergyman, read portions of scripture, "Unveil they bosom, faithful tomb" was then sung by the choir, after which Mr. Newell made a short address & followed it with a prayer.
At Mr. Clarke's in the forenoon. P.M. at the German Lutheran meeting in
Thursday. At the Historical Society meeting, chosen Recording Secretary pro tempore.
Took the train
of cars to
dinner with Mrs. Thayer, with whom I boarded, her husband not then
Took tea with Daniel Abbot's family. Proceeding in the cars to
Thursday. A.M. to Mr. Sanborn's - in the evening to my uncle Stephen Sibley's in Hopkinton, where was Mrs. Gage, somewhat improved but still badly deranged. Her mother is also somewhat deranged.
Friday. Called on the family of the late Judge Harris; took tea with Judge Matthew Harvey, late Governor of the State.
Monday. With my uncle, S.S. went to grandfather's place of residence, on which at present lives James Hoit, who married Clerrinda, daughter of my uncle Amos. After dinner my uncle Isaac Rice & wife came to Mr. Hoits & we returned to Henniker that evening & passed the night.
We proceeded towards
on Mr. Martin of
Passed the forenoon at Mr. Bean's, examining old letters relating to
Made calls in Hopkinton village. Hopkinton is a town of great
interest. It has been a shire town. The N.H. Legislature has been held
It was a prominent rival with
Sunday. Returned to the village. Heard Mr. Tilden preach at the Unitarian church. Upon my return in the afternoon I found that Mrs. Gage had become so much worse from excitement that it was necessary to send her to the quiet of her father's house in Hopkinton. Took tea with Mr. Tilden.
Monday. Soliciting books for the College Library. Examined the Document room at the State House & obtained many, besides many from individuals.
Wednesday. Find several things, sent
Library, during my absence, also that the State of
Obadiah Morse Her mother died when she was six weeks old & she
experienced the "tender mercies" of a drunken stepmother. Peace
to her spirit, for she has had
none too much here.
name of my mother's mother was
My great-grandmother, who was a Coolidge, had a cancer wart on her nose, which never troubled her as she never irritated it, & her brother died of cancer. How far are these diseases hereditary in the family?
Thursday. The Corporation's nomination of E.N. Horsford for Rumford Professor was confirmed at a meeting of the Overseers to-day, who also approved a plan submitted to them by the Corporation for the establishment of a scientific department in the University, upon a footing like the Law, Medical & Theological departments.
Thursday. At the meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society.
The custom of wearing mourning is going much into disuse. The extent to which it was formerly carried was very objectionable & it was very oppressive to poor people. The custom is to wear it for one year or thereabouts & in the meantime not to attend any parties for pleasure. Though there are cases where grief never ends, yet there was great hypocrisy in carrying matters so far. It may be well to wear a slight badge for a time. Crape has generally been worn upon the hat, but recently alepine is substituted.
Tuesday. President Everett summoned before him three members of the Senior Class & informed them that the Navy Club must be abolished. It is time. It is a disgrace to the College. The scene last year was such that many persons were ashamed to be seen looking at it. Everything which has a tendency to lower students from their standing as gentlemen, ought to be abandoned. Last year some members of the Class itself would not join in it.
The second trial for election of Mayor in
Friday. The Students are at their tricks again. This morning a half-sheet of paper was wafered upon the gate of the President, containing the words "Painting done here" & below, within the circumference of about the size of a half-dollar, was a person's head rudely scrawled with a pen, having the cheeks coloured red. At prayers at night, some one admitted a dog into the Chapel & it was considerable annoyance. Many of the students are too boyish to have their liberty; they ought to be treated like boys and kept in a school room constantly under the eyes of the teacher. The tricks of which they are guilty indicate a very low tone of sentiment in a few individuals. At this time there is a little ill feeling among some at the dissolution of the rowdy navy-club, so called.
This morning died in
Sunday. How singular the operations of the mind. Several times within a month I have tried to anticipate the feelings I should have in case I knew I were irrecoverably sick. Last night I had a dream that I was pronounced incurable by the physician, & though the dream was vivid it was not possible to bring the feelings to a realization of the situation.
Attended meeting in
Quite a "fuss" in
is a very interesting day at
both national and private, loading with grain, raised by voluntary
contributions, to relieve famishing
Prof. Peirce reads a communication before the
a letter from Gov. Horace Eaton, of
Thursday. An effigy of the President was found this morning suspended from the upper story of Massachusetts No. 32, but taken down by the janitor before prayers.
Attended the meeting of the Mass. Historical Society; made several calls, walking about twelve miles during the day.
Rec'd a letter from the Clerk of the Common Council of the City of
This evening, in order to have the ringing of the nine o'clock bell give the alarm & excite the people, fire was communicated to an effigy of the President, which the students made and placed against the outside of the northerly door of University Hall. There is a little dissatisfaction with the President on account of his efforts to abolish the Navy Club, Class Suppers, etc; which are really disgraceful to the College. But the iniquity is not so much from dislike to him as from love of mischief, & from the evil spirit of a few who delight in inflicting torture upon one who is exceedingly sensitive. The President's conduct is uniformly gentlemanly & kind & dignified. The students are not used to appeals so high & honorable as he makes. The truth is, he is too good, too highminded, too gentlemanly & too humane for little boys, who should be snapped on the nose & have their ears pinched, rather than be treated as young men.
The thermometer this morning about at
Wednesday. Snow four inches deep. Thermometer 26º + at , P.M. ---This evening about an alarm of fire. The students had saturated a large quantity of cotton wool with turpentine & ignited it against the south door on the west side of University Hall. The door was nearly burned through.
Thermometer at , A.M.
at 16º +. The President made an
eloquent address to the Students after morning prayers, in which he
he should not lay the last nights proceedings before the Faculty; but
subject to the Corporation, with a view to obtain a civil process in
to it. He is exceedingly troubled, has little or no sleep, &
resign. If he does it will be the greatest calamity which has ever
College. He is too kind to the students, & will find that something
will be necessary than to treat them as gentleman. The spirit of
classmates, even when guilty of heinous offences, is not yet
seems to many persons like countenancing their iniquities. There is no
why Collegians should not be as amenable to the laws of the land as
persons. President Quincy had Chapman tried by court at
Thermometer at at 23º.
Friday. Another snow-storm.
The President's health suffers; sleep is almost a stranger to him. To me it would not be surprising if he should become seriously sick & disqualified for the duties of his office. If he cannot discharge them, of course he will resign.
Monday. Another dash of snow last night. It is reported that the President on Saturday tendered his resignation to the Corporation but they refused to accept it. This morning he made an address to the undergraduates, in which he spoke with energy & decision, & explained the nature & penalty of arson, particularly when persons lodged in the building, as was the case in University Hall. Ten persons, Sophomores, have been compelled to acknowledge themselves the perpetrators of the deed of the first bonfire. The clue to them was the circumstance that certain College windows were observed to be open & students looking out, at the time the alarm was given. He read a vote of the Corporation limiting the time for confessing the last deed before putting it into the hands of civil officers.
Thursday. Fast day. Most of the clergy preached upon the Mexican war & slavery.
The students implicated in the fire of March 26, after having been kept
state of suspense since their confession on Friday evening last,
sentences. Francis Leathe of Watertown, son of a widow, & having
sisters, tis said, sick with consumption, dismissed from College, sine
James D. Green, son of the Mayor, George B. Upton, & James O.
carried the materials for the bonfire to the steps & Williams
---all suspended till Thanksgiving time. Francis Howland, Everett
of the clergyman of
censure deprives a student for a time of all charitable assistance, so
P.M. News of the bombardment & surrender of Vera Cruz & of the
of San Juan d' Ulloa to the
Monday. During the weekly Faculty meeting between 7 & , some audacious fellow or fellows carried a bundle of hay or straw to the piazza nearly under the President's study in which the meeting was held & ignited it, & fled, and escaped. The distance from the fire to the gate of the yard was several rods, & no little courage was necessary to such an outrageous act.
in consequence of my application last autumn to the Government of the
Tuesday. Retired early last evening, & rose at this morning to write the History of Union. So many friends call & there are so many interruptions in the evening that but little can be accomplished. The morning is quiet, no one stirring till the bell rings at twenty minutes before .
Wednesday. Finding I was unable to accomplish anything in the evenings, begin a new course; retired between eight & & rose this morning at .
Rose according to rule at ,
It seems to be generally understood that the arson of the University Hall the second time was by Freshmen & of his house by a young man living in Cambridge, who was in no way connected, with College, but preparing himself to enter. Prof. Walker told me that the President has a hundred times the mental power in the way of penetrating the character & detecting the misdemeanors of students, which his predecessor, President Quincy, had. The Faculty keep quiet, the rogues are careless about remarks, one incident after another leaking out, & before the Grand Jury has its Session in June, probably sufficient will have been heard by the Faculty to enable the Jurors to make out a strong case.
Tuesday. Commenced moving Alcove 1 to the 11th, 2 to 14th, & 12 to 1st, with a view to final arrangement, they having remained nearly as they were when they were transferred from Harvard Hall in July 1841.
Wednesday. Took tea with Rev. M.B. Chase, Chaplain in the Navy, where were Mrs. Thatcher, daughter of the late Gen. H. Knox, & her son, Lieutenant Thatcher, of the Navy, & his wife. Mrs. Thatcher says she remembers well the circumstances of her father's death. He ate the bone which came from the breast of a small chicken, at his own house, when there where many persons present as company. He rose & went to the china closet attached to the dining room, & when he returned remarked that whatever it was it had gone down. Nearly a fortnight afterward he complained of uneasiness & suffering, & endeavored to drive it off by walking. No one suspected the cause. One day he returned, & sitting down observed he was truly sick. His sufferings became intense. Dr. Brown of Waldboro was employed as the physician and "reduced" him on account of inflammation. He was a large & fleshy man, weighing 280 lbs. & had a very vigorous constitution, "never being sick". The evening before he died, it was found upon examination, the mortification has commenced. The information was communicated to Mrs. Thatcher, & she communicated it to her mother. This was the first intimation they had that his sickness would indeed be fatal.
Declined a request to prepare a series of articles for the Genealogical
Register relating to the officers of
Thursday. At the meeting of the Historical Society. Dined at Samuel F. Morse's, my cousin.
In the War of 1812, Nathan Jackson having married a girl in Boston (who lived with a Mrs. French) & had three sons & one daughter by her, put her on board the stage at New York, gave her five dollars & sent her or drove her away to Boston. The charge he brought against her was intemperance & unfaithfulness. Whether her intemperance was caused by the ill treatment received from her husband is not known. The other part of the charge was probably got up by him to favor his object of abandoning her; & if it had any foundation, which is not likely, it was probably brought about by himself when she was intoxicated. The most, however, which probably can be alleged is that she was seen in suspicious circumstances, & that a person had been introduced to the room where she was, in order to enable her husband to present some plausible ground for abandonment.
Jackson returned to Mrs. French in
seems that Mrs. J's husband is a very arbitrary, passionate man; &
children in such awe that not one of them had had conversation with him
respecting their mother, that he was wealthy, had married another woman
hired girl of this woman & had several children by her, & that
children those by the first wife had been a kind of servants. N.J., Jr.
been Senator in the Legislature of Pennsylvania, returned to Carbondale
of New York City & determined, after many years of unsuccessful
introduce the subject to his father. His father, knowing he was not to
trifled with & that he must give a civil reply to a civil question,
of, at a favorable moment. He exhibited considerable embarassment, but
said that he did not know whether his first wife was living or not, but
Mrs. French were living & could be found perhaps she might be able
inform him. He also exhibited a paper purporting to be a copy of a bill
divorce, of which, by the way, his first wife never had any knowledge.
this slight suggestion & the results of other inquiries in N.Y. the
induced to take advantage of this, the smallest, probability of finding
mother, & upon his return to
Friday. Mr. Jackson visited the Library & we had a long conversation upon the subject now most interesting to him.
This Jackson who sent off his wife was afterwards the Jackson who was
generous benefactor of
Tuesday. Exhibition day in College.
Dined at Wm. F. Weld's in
Rec'd a letter from E.R. Potter of
Thursday. Rec'd a letter from a farmer in Poplin, N.H. a member of the New Hampshire Senate, in reply to one written to him some time since respecting my great-grandmother in-law. It is too good to be lost, so here it is:--
J.L. Sibley Esq.
Your letter of the 6th ult., making certain inquiries concerning your venerable ancestors, was duly received, and having availed myself of every means within my reach to ascertain such facts as might lead to a satisfactory answer to your inquiries, I very cheerfully transmit to you such information as I have been able to obtain.
I find by reference to a record in an old Bible, now in possession of the family where the old lady to whom you refer, resided for upwards of twenty years prior to her decease, and where she died, that Jonathan Sibley died in Poplin December 18th, 1779, in the 78th year of his age. I also find by consulting the records of the town, that he was taxed in town in the same year & in no other. From which it is presumed he had lived in this town less than one year at the time of his death. It is presumed also that he was not assisted by the town, as by the record it appears his widow possessed and was taxed for 10 or 12 years subsequent to his decease, for some little real and personal estate, until the year 1790. In the year 1793 being unable to take care of herself, she gave what little she possessed to the town, and from that time to her death, a period of 27 years she was supported by the town, with the exception of the avails of her own property, which was a mere trifle.
There are very few persons here now living, who recollect much about the old gentleman. Those few, however, who do remember him, recollect that he came her from Stratham, and say that he had the reputation of being a very moral exemplary man.
It appears by the
family record above named that the old lady, whose maiden name was
Thurrell, was born
The old Bible alluded to was the property of the old lady, and was probably left her by her husband. It is now in a tolerable state of preservation, although considerably worn, and would undoubtedly be cheerfully given to you if you requested, should you feel desirous of preserving such a relic of your ancestors.
The old lady was I suppose in her youthful days, as you intimate, a comical jade. Possessing a character, remarkable neither for chastity or any other virtue, she had the reputation amongst the superstitious of being a witch; and had she lived in Salem at the time of the persecution for witchcraft, might possibly have suffered matyrdom. I well recollect, when quite young, that many credulous people appeared honestly to believe that the old lady was a witch, and many curious freaks were attributed to her. It was said by some that she had made a league with the D__l, that she would never die, but that the old adversary would come at a time appointed and carry her off bodily. And I am half inclined to think that he made his appearance at any time during the last 20 years of her life, his claim would not have been seriously contested, especially if he would have paid all arrearages. But the poor old lady, died at last, and whether his Satanic majesty has since established his claim or not, I am unable to tell with any degree of certainty.
One thing however is certain, the poor old creature lived undesired, and died unlamented, having cost this town for her support some two thousand dollars or more.
The foregoing, dear Sir, are all the facts in relation to your inquiries which I have been able to gather. If they shall be found in any degree to contribute to your satisfaction, I shall feel amply rewarded. And with the hope that what I have written may be as cheerfully received as given, I very respectfully subscribe myself your friend and obedient servant.
At the Collation given by the Unitarian laymen of
Thursday. Recording Secretary pro tem of the meeting of the Mass. Hist. Society.
Within a few days a cannon ball has been dug up in making
The Boston Courier contains an extract from a
This evening Professor Agassiz delivered a lecture in the Lyceum Hall,
the Natural History Society in College. Yesterday undergraduates were
to be before the Grand Jury in
In the evening, at Dr. Harris's, met Miss Dorr, of Roxbury and
Monday. Artillery Election Day. How long before ministers of Christ will decline preaching sermons to military companies.
A weak article in the Boston Post in relation to the summoning of the
before the Grand Jury at
In entering the Vermont Documents, which have been given to the College
The newspapers contain the correspondence between Abbot Lawrence & the College Treasurer, by which he gives fifty thousand dollars to the Scientific Department of the College.
Sometime since I suggested the
having a person appointed by the Corporation to "buildup" the
Library. With a proper zeal & three hundred to five hundred dollars
to lay out in purchasing, in twenty years he might make the library
100,000 volumes. Let him not be afraid of garrets or working with his
in the dirt. Let him visit old-settled towns & houses where the
families have dwelt for generations. Let appeals be made to public
to authors who do not think or who are too modest to give their works.
a person open a correspondence with intelligent antiquarians &
public-spirited men in every State in the
I was rather surprised at his remarks, though I was not surprised at his saying they expressed the sentiments of the Corporation. There are but very few persons who coincide with me in what I am persuaded are the proper views for building up a Library. There is no such thing as trash in a Public Library.
The remainder of the telescope arrives at
At the Historical Society's meeting. In the afternoon took the cars to
The difficulty with the Students, it is hoped, will be terminated. The witnesses found that taciturnity would necessarily subject them to imprisonment & the offenders either confessed or had their names made known to-day, to the President.
President Polk arrives at
Secretary of State, James Buchanan, with President E. visits
The rebellious students are sentenced; Joseph Grinnell Dalton,
expelled. Hathaway, dismissed for two years, T.K. Lothrop, son of S.K
With Rev. A.A. Livermore, of Keene, N.H. and Geo. Livermore, called and
an hour or two with Mr. Thomas Dowse in his library & in his parlor
round with fifty or sixty beautiful pictures,
The pictures he
as a prize from a ticket which he ordered to be bought in a lottery of
paintings in England. He was very courteous & appeared to be much
at the quiet but sincere interest taken in his pictures and choice
dislikes flattery & visits of persons who come from curiosity. He
Cambridgeport, poor, but by his talents has accumulated a handsome
probably of a hundred thousand or two hundred thousand dollars, from
business of leather-dressing; & made a library of several thousand
of rare, curious, & splendid books, of which he spends much time in
reading, particularly on the Lords' Days.
As the Fourth came on a Sunday,
Francis gave a party on occasion of the graduation of the Senior Class
Thursday. Violent attack of cholera morbus; kept my room all day--a multitude of acquaintances calling.
Saturday. Parts assigned for Commencement.
Dr. Noyes preached an excellent valedictory sermon to the Senior Class
undergraduates. Three years ago he preached the valedictory while his
dead in his house, having fallen the day before from the chamber window
house then occupied by him on the corner of
the evening, Samuel J. May, of
Tuesday. Examination of the Library. The books are called in about three weeks before the annual examination. The Librarian arranges all the books on the shelves in the order in which they are entered on the Alcove Catalogues, putting O with a pencil in the margin, opposite to the titles of the missing volumes. The sum total of each shelf is given, & after arranging the shelf he counts the volumes & compares them. The Committee is divided into couples for different alcoves, one holding the Catalogue while the other counts the books & examines. The Committee's duties extend to the Law & Theological Libraries, the Mineral, Chemical, & Anatomical, & Philosophical Departments. Generally there have been twelve persons or thereabouts present, and the work has been completed before dinner. Till last year each shelf has been carefully examined. But last year & this, parts only of the Library have been examined. No compensation, but necessary expenses and the courtesy of a dinner, is given to the Committee. During the past year 1760 volumes have been added of which 1070 were gifts, & 3321 pamphlets, exclusive of duplicates, of which 3205 were gifts.
Wednesday. College exhibition; also parts assigned for the next exhibition.
Seniors' Class Day. The exercises & amusements like those of last
Poem by Robinson, Oration by Savage from
In the evening the President gave a party to the Senior Class intended to supersede the custom of a class supper.
Exercises of the
Visited the exhibition of Banvard's Panorama of the
Iron pipes about two feet in diameter are now being placed in
Took cars at 4 1/2 P.M. for
Friday. Visited my mother's grave.
Tuesday. Rode to several places. The town has many exceedingly beautiful views.
Saturday. My father says in conversation with Indians, he learned from them that Norndgwog or Norridgewook means a still place between two falls, Skowhegan a place to wait and catch fish, Passamaquoddy a place to catch very many pollock.
Spent the evening at the Public House, in company with Judge Alfred
& Mr. Wm. G. Crosby, of
Called on Jessa Robbins, one of the early settlers of
Another ride to
August 18 [&] 19, 1847
Saturday. M. Vattemare at the Library. His project of International exchange of books, etc., etc. appears very plausible to many. He selected some books for which he will probably make a rich return.
Monday. Examination of the Students for admission.
Tuesday. Examination continued, 60 admitted, 10 rejected.
August 25 & 26, 1847
Wednesday. Commencement Procession formed at Gore Hall. Building not opened after dinner.
Phi Beta Kappa Society. Wine dispensed with at dinner
for the first
'Tis said to have been one of the most cheerful and witty dinner
had by the Society.
several pieces of plate belonging to the College, having just been
polished were exhibited at dinner; one of which, was given by Harris,
of the wife of President Dunster
was given in 1644.
levee at the Presidents.
Examination of students for the higher classes. Jonathan P. Dabney
communication to the Boston Daily Advertiser last week for publication,
pertaining to the Triennial Catalogue. The paper, on Friday morning
contained a notice of the application & rather took the part of the
of the Triennial. Dabney applied to other papers but did not succeed in
it printed. Finally he had it printed in a pamphlet form - 250 copies
dollars - & it was ready for delivery on Commencement morning. It
entitled "Remarks on the Harvard Triennial". The Triennial of 1845
was necessarily prepared & printed in ten weeks, & might be
expected to contain errors, particularly in the dates of the deaths, of
more than 3200 were looked up and inserted for the first time. In his
he points out some errors; but he commits errors while correcting mine,
he admits that some of my errors are based upon his statements which he
supposed were correct when he published them, & further states that
have had no authority for some of my dates because, he never could get
himself. His remarks begin with the first Triennial printed after
Quincy came into office. There is considerable spice as well as
the Remarks. He sent a copy to John Kelly, Editor of the Newsletter,
During President Quincy's Administration, the College Seal was altered,
through the influence of Treasurer Eliot. Accordingly a new one was
which Veritas was substituted for Christo et Ecclesiae. The College
new seal in books rec'd from
Wednesday. There has been a decorum in College thus far this term, which has been unprecedented. The Sophomore Class has always hitherto been in the practice of imposing and playing tricks upon the Freshmen. Sometimes life has even been endangered, & in one case within a few years the death of student was undoubtedly hastened if not caused by the terror he experienced from persons disguised. After considerable inquiry I cannot find that any imposition whatever has been practised by the Sophomores, with the trifling exception that some one put a squib through the keyhole of the door of one of the Freshmen. The greatest quiet & order prevails.
The dinner hour is changed from to , & recitations, instead of being crowded into the forenoon are distributed through forenoon & afternoon. Voluntary studies are diminished, & students, instead of selecting studies because they are easy as was the case to a very great extent after the Freshman year, are required to pursue a course which will discipline the mind.
Cobb's funeral in
Funeral services & the corpse taken to the cars for transportation
recent accounts of the success of the American arms under General Scott
Rec'd at the Library the bust of President Quincy by Crawford. When
Quincy resigned, a proposition was made to him by the undergraduates to
his bust to be made. The proposition was acceded to. The correspondence
in the newspapers. Crawford, being in this country, came to
Thursday. Chosen Secretary pro tem at the meeting of the Historical Society.
President Everett has caused one of the graduates, who has no more reason to be noticed than any other, to removed from his room in Graduate's Hall, where he was sick with the typhus fever, to a room in his own house - a deed I expect never before heard of in the College under such circumstances. Mrs. Everett also made several visits to Fowler during his sickness.
Attended the ordination F.N. Knapp at
Judge Deeth of
Called on by Reuben Sibley, my cousin, from
The hours for visitors to the Observatory and Telescope are from 10
till 10 on
Saturdays. I suceeded however in getting access this evening. It is now
Tuesday. College exhibition.
Rec'd a letter dated Westbrook, Maine, from Mrs. Case & her sister,
F.O.J. Smith, daughters of the late Judge Bartlett, of Kingston, N.H.
granddaughters of the signer of the Declaration of Independence from
Hampshire. The friendship between the Judge and my father led to my
acquaintance with the family in 1819 when I was at
Friday. Rec'd the following communication;
In revising the Laws & regulations of the Library, it became necessary to settle some points relative to your place and duties, which had never been regularly established. The Corporation accordingly adopted the regulations of which I enclose you a copy. They were passed on the 21 of August and should have been earlier communicated. As it is, they will I suppose be considered as taking effect from the present time.
Very Truly Yours,
At a meeting of the Corporation
In term time the Assistant Librarian, unless when absent on the business of the Library, will on week days give his attendance in the Library from 8 o'clock A.M. till Evening Prayers, except during the dinner hour & Saturday P.M. No charge for extra services will be allowed for any time before Evening Prayers on the first five days of the week, or before on Saturday. --
In the Vacation, the Assistant Librarian will give his attendance on Monday A.M. without charge for extra service; -- & during one half of each vacation, he may be allowed the usual charge for extra service.
Copy from the Record
James Walker, Secy.
At the Historical Society meeting a communication was read from Mr.
It seems that Chief Justice Parker, of
The Unitarian church at
Friday. Sent to the President the following note & document.
"Hon. Pres't Everett,
I rec'd your note of Oct. 22, with the accompanying copy of the Resolutions respecting the duties of Assistant Librarian. I was somewhat suprised at the tenor of them, & send you the accompanying document which I am desirous you would do me the favor to communicate to the Corporation.
John Langdon Sibley
the President & Fellows of
The votes passed
1. In term time, he is required to give his attendance in the Library from 8 o'clock A.M. till Evening Prayers, on every weekday, except during the dinner hour and Saturday P.M.; "unless when absent on business of the Library."
It may be asked if this does not cut off the privilege of being absent at times when it may be important for him to attend to private business. Is it not exacting too much, too much both of time & labor? Is there any man, whose constitution, with such confinement, would not in time be seriously injured if not ruined?
2. In vacation, he is required to give his attendance every Monday, A.M. Is it not a hard life, when a man in vacation is deprived of a great part of the relaxation and opportunities for journeying, which the stringency of the requirements for term time renders the more necessary; & is, moreover, prohibited, so long as he lives, from ever being absent from the Library more than five successive week days?
3. For a salary of $600 and room rent, he has been laboring, without extra charge, nearly one half more than the Library hours; -- by which are meant the hours when the Library is open and the Librarian is expected to give his attendance. By the votes of Aug. 21 he is required to labor not only as much and as long as he has done; but, moreover, from 4 o'clock P.M. till Evening Prayers, in term time; and every Monday A.M. in vacation, without the extra compensation he has received for this service.
The exactions made by these votes he considers oppressive. His time has not been spent reading, or frittered away, but conscienciously devoted to labor. He has repeatedly relinquished the privileges & pleasures of Thanksgiving recesses, of Independent and other holidays that he might work without interruption in the Library and expedite business. He does not recollect being absent one Saturday P.M., except in vacation, during the last Academic year. If he has occasionally spent an hour with the Historical Society or been interrupted by friends or absent on private business, he has, besides making up the time, improved these occasions for obtaining additions to the Library. The part of the vacation which he has taken for relaxation has been made conducive to the same end. Twelve or fourteen feet of shelf room occupied by historical material brought from New Hampshire in the last winter vacation; 20 or 30 vols. rec'd from the American Colonization Society; 45 or 50 vols. from the Friends; 95 or 100 vols from the City of New York; 60 vols from Michigan; a large collection of laws, legislative documents, scientific reports, & various historical materials from several other States; with the Resolutions of these States to furnish them annually hereafter; a multitude of smaller donations; making about 1060 vols given to the Library during the last academic year, instead of the 200 or 300 vols annually given in former years, (to which may be added more than 100 vols which he has since procured) and the certainty that more will be received in consequence of exertions already made or in progress; are evidence that he has not wasted his time, been inefficient or unfaithful in his duty, or unreasonably or unprofitably absent. He thinks he has amply paid for his salary by his Library labor. But besides this he has procured books, which could not probably have been bought for $650 more – perhaps not for twice that sum when it is considered that not so many were bought with the Prescott legacy of $3000 as were given to the Library during the last year & of these the greater part would not now have belonged to it, but for his personal exertions.
In view of all of this & of much more which might be mentioned, the Assistant Librarian feels keenly the stringency of the votes of the Corporation. He supposed that a close imprisonment of nearly seven years ---the best seven years of his life --- during which, as he believes, his sight has been seriously impaired in the service of the College; & the benefit he has rendered & the labor he has performed for the Library since he was first employed in it in the spring of 1822, would have suggested more rather than less liberty and salary, particularly as there seemed to be nothing higher than his present office, to which he could aspire. And as the discharge of the duties as now required is impracticable, he respectfully suggests a reconsideration & modification of the votes passed Aug. 21.
As this may be the last opportunity when the Assistant Librarian can with propriety address the Corporation, & as, from an intimacy of more than 25 years, many of the volumes have become like old friends, the sight alone of which gives him pleasure, he begs their indulgence if he takes a liberty which may seem unwarrantable, in soliciting their attention to one other subject. He is aware that it will not find favor with all. And though he is persuaded of its importance and practicability, he would hardly have ventured to bring it before the Corporation if his convictions were not confirmed by persons to whose opinions great value is attached by the community, ---who have spoken of it as one of the best measures which could be adopted to benefit the Library.
Let an officer be appointed, whose duty may be briefly but summarily expressed in the words "Build up the Library." He might be "Library Professor" or "Professor of Bibliography," with a moderate salary, &, when not otherwise engaged, might aid in ordinary Library business. By a few familiar lectures on libraries, & by enlarging on the contents and curiosities in Gore Hall, he might awaken in almost every hearer a strong interest in the Library generally, or in some department of it. If he aroused but one in each class much would be effected. It would avail more than to have one occasionally though he might be Potter, Donaldson or Hall. Why might not five or six at least, or even fifteen or twenty, in each class, be made to feel as they ought upon this subject? What might not twenty or thirty zealous men do, scattered as graduates generally are, not only by their own labors, but by the labors of other persons, in whom they would create a similar interest? Fifteen or twenty years would pour treasures into Gore Hall, which the most sanguine would hardly conceive of, in anticipation.
It might be part of this officer's duty to correspond with authors & collectors, to become familiar with the peculiarities & principles of different collections, and, if at any time a favorable opportunity occurred to speak a word for the College. Most collections of libraries, particularly if they relate to a favorite subject, are pained by the idea of the dispersion of what has cost them much time, money, labor and research to bring together. And if they themselves do not guard against the dispersion, there can generally be found some one who will. The bequests of Lightfoot, Gale, Harvard, Palmer, Hubbard, and others & the Ebeling & Warden collections are to the point. The addition of one Library is of consequence, but it would not be unreasonable to hope for more.
If it were thought advisable, through this officer, in connexion with a Committee, there might be a uniformity of action & system. He might receive the orders for books, guard against the purchase of duplicates, complete imperfect series & collections, make exchanges of such duplicates as the donors authorized, attend auctions, be on the alert for scarce valuable books, examine catalogues, etc., etc.
If he had the bibliographical & antiquarian spirit, he would occasionally visit different parts of the country, explore old bookstores, & collect, sometimes from garrets, for little or nothing, valuable works, documents & pamphlets, like those which have recently been rescued from destruction & oblivion, in many places.
These are but a few hints towards a plan, which, though it might require great delicacy, tact, perserverance, & love, for the employment, would, if properly carried out, give an unparalleled impulse to the Library, &, with the addition perhaps of $200 or $300 per annum, swell it in 15 or 20 years, it may be less, from 53,000 to 100,000 volumes.
And is it not
very important that something should be done to enable it to meet the
demands which are already beginning to be made upon it by the vigor now
to the different departments of the University? Ought it not to be
with the superior advantages here enjoyed in advance of every library
Continent, both in the number and the value of its volumes? Is not
month's delay in giving a vigorous impulse to it retarding that increase which
is greater the longer the impulse has been felt?
Your memorialist, tedious as he may have been, would have been glad to enlarge upon the heads to which he has but little more than alluded, for there are other details & considerations as important as any he has advanced. He has spoken plainly but trusts respectfully and has the honor to be etc.
John Langdon Sibley
On the evening of Oct. 23rd there was such a crowd at the Observatory that the papers, the next week, announced a vote of the Corporation to close it, & contained a letter from Mr. Bond, the Observer, to the President, on the subject.
Mr. Royall Morse says that a few rods East of Hollis stood the old
Brew-House, South of which was a cart passage, separating it from the
woodhouse, the door of which was opposite the centre of the East end of
Harvard; & south of the woodhouse were the other necessary
students. Between Massachusetts & Harvard was Old Stoughton,
far back that no part of it came between
As Prof. Sewall married the daughter of the first Professor
Wigglesworth, it is
probable that the Sewall & Wigglesworth lot were originally united.
"Fellows," or, as it was sometimes called, the "Tutors'
Orchard" was the lot extending South of Gore Hall. In the North East
corner of the
lot which belonged to Mr. Shepard, the first minister of
A box of Oriental books was rec'd at the Library from Hall, who
1846 & an Oriental doctor whom he has interested in the College
has been a resident in
Daniel Austin, recently of
'Tis said that on the evening before the battle of Bunker's Hill, the American troops paraded on the spot north of Holworthy, on the ground now occupied by the Baptist meetinghouse & east of it, on which it is proposed to erect the Laboratory; that President Langdon made a prayer with them & they marched to Charlestown over the neck, & fought the battle the next afternoon.
Monday. The Standard Weights & Measures, after having been kept in Alcove, now numbered 12 in Gore Hall, nearly one year, were removed, on Saturday & to-day, to the State House in Boston, agreeably to a Resolution adopted by the Legislature last winter.
Annual Thanksgiving in 20 of the
Friday. In an interview which the President solicited on the subject of my Memorial, he endeavored to convince me of the reasonableness of the action of the Corporation; said that he & Dr. Walker had concluded to recommend an alteration in relation to the duties in the vacation; & suggested a withdrawal of the Memorial, which I declined. His arguments were not satisfactory. Why did he pass the Memorial to Dr. W before he submitted it to the Corporation, to whom it was directed? Dr. W & himself were on the Library Committee of the Corporation & had already prejudged the case when they recommended the Resolutions passed in August. It would have been time for them to have taken up the subject when the Corporation referred it to them. It was not proper for them to examine it & prepare the way for their own defence at the moment of its being presented.
Wednesday. Rec'd the following communications.
I enclose an authenticated copy of the vote passed by a vote passed by the Corporation last Saturday & I remain, very truly yours,
Mr. J.L. Sibley
"At a stated meeting of the President
and Fellows of
Voted that the second of the Regulations relative to the Assistant Librarian, adopted Aug. 21st be so amended as to read as follows--
Librarian will remain in
The Librarian and
the Assistant Librarian will make an arrangement between them as to the
the vacation during which the latter will remain at
A true copy of record
James Walker, Secy"
Wednesday. Sent the following to the President:
I send herewith a copy of the Resolves by
the Legislature of
I rec'd your note with the attested copy of the modified vote respecting the Assistant Librarian's duties in vacation. The requirement as you explained it, seems just and proper, considering that the Library is open every Monday, A.M. As my Memorial has been read before the Corporation and final action taken upon it I may say without creating a suspicion that I am arguing a cause or proposing further consideration of the subject, that my views in relation to the time, labor, & confinement required for the regular salary of $600 and roomrent are not materially changed since our interview, Nov. 26; although I have endeavored to weigh the remarks then made, carefully, candidly, and impartially.
The practice which has seen common to toll the bell at funerals has
entirely discontinued in
The President is exceedingly annoyed by two explosions, one the splitting open of a log with powder in the College Yard.
Thursday. The weather changes. During the season thus far it has been considered uncomfortably warm. It is singular to pass through the College yard and see the windows open day after day, as in spring time, & to find the buds on the trees so swollen as to be about bursting. On the 13th some honeysuckles & currant bushes had leaved. Seldom has it been necessary to have a fire in my room, even in the evening, during the whole of the fall.
Dr. Palfrey's independent course at Congress in not voting for Mr. Winthrop to be Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives excites great indignation among the partizans who expect every man will work in the political traces of the party. It is a rare virtue in a politician to sacrifice his popularity by abandoning even the less of two evils and adhering to what is right in itself & to what conscience dictates, whether the party likes it or not.
Called on Mrs. F.O.J. Smith of Westbrook, Me, at her sister-in-laws in
Friday. Sent the following letter:
"H. Coll. Lib'y
is a movement in
In reply to it rec'd the following note.
I shall be very happy to render you any assistance in my power whenever you call for it; though sorry to lose your valuable services here.
Yours very truly,
Mr. J.L. Sibley
Saturday. Christmas day; the observance of which is getting to be more common.
Dined & took tea at Mr. Sadler's. He has charge of the magnetic
Wednesday. Forty-three years old this day.
Thursday. Historical Society meeting.
Concluded to desist from making many solicitations for the College Library. Better to save my influence for some library where the results of my labors will be appreciated, & not go over the same for solicitations twice.
the newspapers it seems there has been a serious affray at
Sunday. Another year is passing. The many sorrows or joys, pains or pleasures, which it is to bring are kindly kept from us. Sickness and death always are nigh. How many will have gone to sleep before the year closes! Men & women, full of hope & of health, will join the vast multitude who have preceded them. New friends will be made, new connexions formed, & old ones pass away. Some hearts will leap for joy & others drink deeply of the cup of bitterness. The sun & moon & stars will still hang in the heavens whether we wake or whether we sleep, whether we rejoice or sorrow. The sun will continue to rise on the evil & on the good, on the just and on the unjust. We may mingle with the dust, but the spirit will live --- ah! Who knows what shall be the nature of its life hereafter? What scenes will open upon us in another world! How darkly do we see through the glass here! How difficult to look into and understand the spiritual, while enslaved to the world or engaged in its business and taught almost exclusively by material objects!
morning died at the house of Charles G. Loring, in
This evening saw the remains of the old Bible printed in 1599, brought to this country by Hugh Peters. It was in the possession of Mrs. Vaughan.
Tuesday. Went to
mounted the stop of the stage, & proceeded towards
the railroad over these heights is a formidable affair.
I did not
it, but 'tis said that in one place it passed through rock for about
quarters of a mile. On the mountains
or hills after passing through the rock & removing it & nearly
the level desired, the mud poured in. After long & vigorous efforts
exterminate the mud, when it seemed almost as if the mountain was
it was found necessary to have recourse to another expedient. Trees
& trimmed & driven down perpendicularly on each side of the
exclude the mud. In another part of the road, for many thousand yards,
been necessary to blast the earth, which is a hard pan, & remove it
Made several calls on the people of
Knapp, father of F.N. Knapp, of
He says the origin of the Peace Society was a meeting of Dr. Channing, Worcester, Freeman, & a few others at the study of Dr. Channing, to see if something could not be done to influence the feelings of mankind on the subject of war. The project seemed very far from feasible. Dr. Channing was very desirous that something should be attempted, & Mr. Worcester was more zealous than he. The others had but little in anything that should be attempted. Dr. Channing was of opinion that materiel enough could not be found to sustain a periodical publication on the subject; but Mr. Worcester thought there might. The meeting was adjourned to be held at a vestry. Hence the Friend of Peace, the Peace Societies & the change of public sentiment on the subject of war, which have succeeded. An important lesson, not to distrust the consequences of moral action, though apparently visionary and useless.
Knapp observed that it had been a principle with herself & husband,
to say to their children "you shall
do this" or "you shan't do
it." When any action was necessary, though the children were small, the
propriety & impropriety, or the reasons for or against a measure
mentioned to them, & they were left to take which course they
they took the wrong one the consequences taught them a lesson for the
Money was always put into their hands; if anything was wanted at the
were expected to pay for it with the money
in their pockets if they had enough, & the interests of the
& children were identified; & they were never questioned as to
manner in which they spent their money, lest it might imply a suspicion
their want of honesty or of confidence in their judgement. In speaking
pleasant circumstances of their son's situation at Brookline, the
observed that he never had occasion to reprove him, or to ask him "Why
did so?" or "Why he did not do so?" in relation to anything in
his life. These remarks were made in a freedom, because of my intimacy
sons, & with a request that I should not proclaim them. If one may
the characters of the sons, the highminded
character of the
have been brought to bear upon them, have been the best which could
other persons whom I found at
going to the Insurance Office he found that the friend in whom he had
had neglected to effect an insurance & he had lost not only his
about $2000 which he would have received to liquidate his debt. He
went to his creditors & explained to them his situation &
circumstances. They asked him if he wanted
still to go to
Attended meeting & heard the Rev. Jaazaniah Crosby, of
Went with Mr. Wells on the East side of the
Upon my return called on Lyman Watkins, whom, through the Knapps, I have been successfully moving to undertake the History of Walpole.
Took the stage to
Attended an examination of one of the best district schools in
Tuesday. Spent the evening at a small party of persons of different ages and sexes. At one table were a few playing whist, at another was a game of backgammon. There was some playing on the piano, & the majority spent most of the time in conversation. It was about 7 1/2 or when I went. At the party went into a retired room where they partook of a simple sensible refreshment of jelly & blanc-mange, shortly after which they went home.
Wednesday. Chief Justice Joel Parker having called on me yesterday & given me an invitation to a ride, we went this afternoon to the summit between Keene & Walpole. There were one hundred and one Irish cabins within a short distance of each other, some of which contained more families than one. They are built by the contractors & rented to the Paddies, who surround them with stones, turf, etc. The distance which the railroad passes through the rock is about three quarters of a mile; the deepest cut through the rock is 56 feet, & it ranges from 56 to 26 feet. The mud which caused so much trouble is not under the rock, but upon it. It is of a very rich kind, & appears to consist chiefly of decaying leaves & roots. After considerable digging the earth cracked & began to settle towards the cavity several hundred feet on each side. Trees were then driven down 26 feet long on each side of the passage & kept apart by braces. These with the assistance of the frost which gives tenacity to the mud, it is thought, will exclude the mud sufficiently to enable the workmen to prepare the grade & build a wall on each side, before the spring opens. Four hundred persons were working on the summit. Derricks, steamdrills, steam pumps, horses, men, boys, --all busy; & blasting of rocks frequent.
Spent the evening with John Prentiss for many years editor of the New
Sentinel. He was born at
Monday. Wrote a piece for A.A. Livermore's Marriage offering.
Certain news of the death of John Quincy Adams Ex-President of the
the week before down the Penobscot from
I have had much enjoyment during my sojourn in
Saturday. The Senate Chamber and the Hall of the House of Representatives dressed in mourning on account of the death of J.Q. Adams. Many funeral sermons have been preached & the papers have abounded with notices of him. All enmities seem to have subsided now that he is gone.
The funeral ceremonies for John Quincy Adams were performed at
In the course of the last night died Prof. Wheaton at the house of
Sunday. First assembling in the new church, designed to be free of expense for all who cannot pay for its privileges. Here the rich and the poor may meet together & feel that the Lord is Maker of them all.
afternoon went to my Aunt Whitneys in
Monday. To-day the report is current that President Everett is advised by his physicians to resign the Presidency & that he will do it at the close of the term. It has been said that for some time he has had a disease which has been wearing upon him, & in connexion with his arduous duties will undermine his constitution. The disease was seated before he went to the Court of St. James as Minister.
Called on Rev. Abner Morse who is preparing a genealogy of the Morses.
that about 1636 two brothers & a sister named Bullard came to this
in whose family was insanity. The sister married a Morse; & to this
insanity continues in that branch of the Morse family, without any
amelioration. The Morses originally settled in
Monday. Rec'd a letter from the President wishing me to prepare the Triennial Catalogue of the University.
Friday. Having been applied to by the Corporation through the President to edit this years Triennial agree to undertake it.
being fast day walked to
Party at Professor Sparks's. After residing a year or so with his
President Everett's Eulogy on President John Quincy
Sunday. Went to the Melodeon to hear Theodore Parker preach. The house was very full. A very large portion, probably a majority, of the congregation consisted of young men. He is a man of almost incredible attainments though not sufficiently exact & accurate. He is very mild & spiritual, & when he deals in sarcasm & severity he is unconscious of his power of giving pain, & as penitent as a child when he finds he has done it. He is also fearless & has been so goaded that he carries matters further probably than he naturally would have done. His sermon however was quite ordinary & had but little of Christianity in it, though it was a good essay on death.
Examined the public records at
the meeting of the Historical Society. Prof. Ticknor presented the
the Anthology Society of which he was Secretary when it ceased to
Anthology was commenced by David Phineas Adams, who had coadjutors,
Emerson, etc. Before he had conducted it many months his health failed.
then carried on by others, a society was subsequently formed,
were sent from several States in
Monday. This evening about , a foundling was discovered near Massachusetts Hall, probably less than twenty-four hours old, wrapped in nothing but a blanket. He was sent to the Alms House & named John Harvard. Too bad that John Harvard should at last go to the almshouse!
Dudleian Lecture at 4 oc'clock P.M. by Rev. Dr. Gilman, of
Engaged incessantly since April 1st in preparing the Triennial for 1848. Joseph Palmer, M.D., has spent considerable [amounts] of his leisure time since the last edition was printed, in examining newspapers and collecting information from various sources respecting it.
Dabney offered to bring the manuscript to the President for me. He took
& detained it, obviously for the purpose of intercepting the
which it contained till it was too late to be used by me. Having
one or two weeks, though he promised to deliver it on the day after he
it, Judge J.C. Merrill applied to him & found it was his
keep it back. He said that he should not give it to any one till he
five dollars for carrying it to
so uncomfortable a person that it has ever been difficult to get along
& he was not applied to edit it in 1842. No person had ever before
any particular responsibility about it. The information obtained was
the printing office & by some one there transferred to one copy for
printer. [EXCISED PASSAGE]
I forbad the printers letting anyone see
sheets except by my order or the Presidents.
Dabney, as I expected, made an effort to see them, but it was
unsuccessful. I carefully examined all
the Corporation & Overseers Records & made about 4000
transpositions, alterations, & additions.
His next charge then was that nine tenths of all I had done was
result of his labors, & that I had obli[
] it through Hon. J. C. Merrill, to whom he had communicated the
information. I told him & the bystanders, whom he was haranguing,
had not received ten items of information from Judge Merrill, which I
also received from other sources.
Subsequently I asked the Judge about it & he said he
items from Dabney but had [ ] Dabney
[ ] two for every one her
received. This was in 1842. Dabney has been [ ]
at President Quincy & myself ever
In the afternoon walked to
"Mr. Jason Russell was
barbarously murdered in his own
house by Gage's bloody Troops
on ye 19th of April 1775. AEtat. 59
His body is quietly resting
in this Grave with Eleven
of our friends, who in like-
manner with many others were
cruelly slain on the fatal day.
Blessed are ye dead who die in ye Lord"
The grave has recently been opened, & the bones were found in a good state of preservation. There were also found pieces of the clothes, flints, a cartouch box, the soles of the shoes, etc. All the persons were buried in one grave. Over it a foundation is now laid for a monument, & upon the foundation was laid loosely the old stone from which the old inscription is copied.
this grave are the graves of Dunsters, descendants of President
arranged with Carterets and Rev. Mr. Cooke's, that it is not improbable
families are allied by marriage. There was the gravestone of Jonathan
At Mrs.Cotting's (she is mother of Dr. B.E. Cotting) I borrowed the New Testament portion of the Bible, with its accompanying Concordance by Downame, which has been in the family from the time of their coming to this country. Mrs. C. was an Eddy. The volume descended to two of her aunts, & some 75 or 100 years ago, not being able to agree as to possession they divided it at the beginning of the New Testament & one of the Aunts gave this portion to Mrs. Cotting. Upon examining this 4to vol. I found at the end of the N.T. the date 1612 & the printer's name Barker. The first edition of King James's Translation was printed in 1611 in folio. As the work did not sell rapidly, new title pages were printed in 1612 & 1613. [EXCISED PASSAGE]
P.M. attended the funeral of my class mate, the Hon. Jonathan Chapman
This being Anniversary Week & this the day of the Unitarian
took the opportunity of visiting
Sunday. When the marble coffin was carried to Mount Vernon a few years since for the reception of Washington's remains, 'tis said, the people who attended at the opening of the old coffin saw Washington's features in as natural a state as when he died, but within ten minutes after exposure to the air, the face crumbled to dust.
Professor Parker told me to-day that his father, who at the time of
the British movements to
Professor Greenleaf delivered his final lecture before the
Judge Story & Prof. Greenleaf were devoted friends. For one or two years after the Judge's decease Prof. G. alluded to him in almost every lecture & always with extravagant eulogy & very deep feeling. Since his death he has part of the time filled the Dane Professorship. He has been unboundedly popular with the Students, & a committee has been appointed & money raised to procure a portrait of him to be placed in Dane Hall.
Story's popularity was greater even than Prof. Greenleaf's. Possessing
eternal flow of cordial & social feeling, abounding with anecdote,
been acquainted, from his long continuance on the bench, with nearly
eminent men of this country for many years, never forgetting anything,
complimenting & encouraging all, going to Washington every winter
to sit on
the bench of the U.S. Supreme Court, & there picturing in glowing
members of Congress from all the States in the Union the brilliant
the young men in the Dane Law School, who were represented by him as
the bar of the United States, & when at home filling his lectures
enthusiasm, & pleading for the law as if there was nothing so noble
human mind to study, & acting as if he would turn the whole College
one great Law Shop, he gathered here great numbers & had so turned
direction of the whole country
in this direction hitherward
that if his
life had been spared the halls would have been thronged with hundreds.
death was a shock to the School, & now comes another which, as the
given by the Judge, has been waning must necessarily be very severe.
Prof. Greenleaf always adhered closely & eloquently to his subject, Prof. Story was more discursive & often gave biographical sketches of eminent men. Prof. G. wanted an attention to the subject, & study, & attendance on the exercises. Story wanted the students to be entirely free from all control, Prof. G. was a careful stickler for laws & rules. Both always advocated continually, often till it became irksome to some, a very high standard of morality among lawyers. And Prof. G. observed that it had been mentioned that since the establishment of this school there had been a higher degree of courtesy & propriety at the bar.
This morning, as report says, the hired man of Edward Bromfield
a noise in his room between 5 & , & subsequently
went in as usual before he
rose, to see if he wished anything. He found him breathing but
his bed. He had loaded a pistol with three balls & discharged it
his head, above or back of the ear, & torn the part behind the ears
to pieces. He held his hand so near that it was scorched with the
express was immediately sent to Prof. Beck, who married his mother,
arrived in the evening between 7 & . Mr. Phillips had but
recently returned from
Prof. Beck returned last night with his family & the corpse, though
to travel with horses & carriage many miles as the railroad to
Tuesday. Annual examination of the Library. Total no. of vols. added, 1523, including duplicates, of which 540 were donations. Of the donations I procured more than 200 vols before I came to the conclusion not to make any extra exertions to increase the College Library [EXCISED PASSAGE] but to save my influence for any other library to which I may go. No. of pamphlets given 2632, including 1117 duplicates; of these 2520 were gifts. Thus the number of donations to the Library of books & pamphlets was just about one half what it was last year, when the duplicate pamphlets were not counted.
This is the anniversary, closing week of the term i.e. tomorrow is Exhibition. The next day valedictory.
Exercises of the Seniors, after which was dancing on the College green for a time, & in the Picture Gallery, or Commencement dining-hall which is the whole lower story of Harvard Hall. In the evening, attended the Levee at the President's.
July 14, 1848
Valedictory exercises of the graduating class of the Divinity School.
Valedictory Address on last Sunday evening was by Rev. Dr. Bushnell of
After tea walked about one mile & a
half from the College to the corner this side of what is called the
Rail Road Crossing, on the way to Brookline to see the remains of the
Massachusetts Regiment, which arrived there yesterday from Mexico, via
Orleans and the inland route. They were occupying buildings a short
from the corner, on the Eastern side of the road which leads towards
Saturday. The troops were entertained with a dinner at Fanueil Hall. The escort is said to have been splendid & the contrast between the two very striking. Speeches were made at the dinner table, & when Caleb Cushing, their general, rose he was so hissed & whistled at, that during the eight or ten minutes that he had the floor, they drowned what he said by their noise, & several of the troops left the hall. They give most disgusting & outrageous accounts of his treatment of them.
classmate, S.C. Walker, who resided at
He further says that when M. Nicollet was obliged to leave his country the government endeavored to persecute him & blacken his character with the U.S. Government. He was employed in exploring the N.W. section of this country & gave the names of several of his friends to several of the lakes there.
The College visited by Sully, the painter, from
painted the picture of Queen
Sully has a great fund of incident & anecdote &, as well as his
daughter, is remarkable for exceeding propriety of language &
& refinement. He says that Stewart Newton that painted Thomas
a maniac, that the copy of Van Dyke's Cardinal Bentivoglio by Smibert
August 3, 1848
Dr. N.B. Shurtleff says in the class which graduated at
the men who were killed were hastily buried in one hole in rough board
about in the middle of the east side of the grave yard; but several
they were removed & the monument now stands over them. In the grave
Saturday. Read the last proofsheet of the Triennial Catalogue, which has occupied nearly all of my time since April 1. Many additions & corrections have been made, & when the obituary dates differ the edition of 1848 is to be preferred to that of 1845. Five hundred and eighty five obituary dates of alumni remain to be supplied.
Candidates for admission to college assembled at University Hall at . As there has been no
public house in
Tuesday. Examinations for admissions concluded about . Answers given about , P.M. Nine rejected in toto; seventy-seven admitted, of whom some will try for admission to the higher classes.
Phi Beta Kappa Exercises. Oration by Rev. Dr. Bushnell of
I propose to take my journey next week, unless there are objections; and as my father lives a considerable distance from the seaboard & the communication is irregular, it will be desirable to mail a letter for him this week, requesting some one to go to the boat to meet me.
John L. Sibley
When you made a passing allusion, a short time since, to a journey to be taken after commencement, you implied that you had named the subject before, as I have no doubt is the case; for what purpose, however, I do not recollect. The regulations allow you to be absent during half the vacation. I suppose there would be no objection to your substituting three weeks of term time (giving due notice to the Librarian) for half the vacation,-- provided the expense of the arrangement (if any) were borne by yourself. If you consider that the College should bear the expense, it will be necessary for me to refer the matter to the Corporation.
Yours very truly,
Mr. J.L. Sibley"
When I first talked with you about the Triennial I mentioned the being absent after Commencement, & when I called upon you after receiving your letter of terms, for an explanation of some points, I mentioned it again. You asked me if I had mentioned it before & I replied in the affirmative. You then went to a stand or desk at the east side of your office with the view as I supposed of making a memorandum; and I added if I should conclude previously to Commencement to go to Boston the consideration of absence would be superseded or something to that effect.
Both times of my editing the Triennial before, I went away in term time without bearing any extra expense or making up time. If, however, it be thought expedient to make an innovation, the subject can be disposed of, after my return. Mr. Abbot is occasionally lending a hand in the Library while he is engaged in filing and cataloguing Corporation papers; & the commencement of this term being the most busy part, if I remain till the middle or the last of next week, I think an occasional half hour's help from him is all that will be necessary, & perhaps the emergency will not arise even for this.
While penning the above, a friend who was here more than a year ago, has called, saying that in consequence of what I said to him then, he, with others, has been at great pains to complete a work of 20 volumes & that it is now in Boston on board a vessel, subject to my order for the Library.
John L. Sibley
I have no doubt the case is as you represent it-- I agree with you that you might take your journey & leave the question of expense to be settled afterward, as it cannot be a large sum.
You will of course communicate your intention to Dr. Harris.
Yours very truly --- Edward Everett
Mr. J.L. Sibley
Took the steamboat at
Arrived at Thomaston about , A.M. In the
afternoon went to
Saturday. Went to the graveyard to attend the placing of gravestones for my mother.
Have spent most of the time while in
afternoon went with horse and wagon to the edge of Hope, then took a
northeasterly direction by Hope corner, over a very hilly road with
the steamer "State of
Attended the celebration of the introduction of pure water into the
Saturday. Report says this evening that President Everett resigned at the monthly meeting of the Corporation this afternoon.
After prayers this evening the President announced his resignation to
students. He spoke in terms of high commendation of their conduct for a
time, & challenged any institution in this country, or even in
Thursday. Thanksgiving. Dined at Professor J. Parker's.
Wednesday. Much excitement & sorrow in the community on account of the death of G.S. Emerson, who shot himself yesterday P.M. at 5 o'clock, with a double-barrelled gun at his father's house in Pemberton Square, Boston, blowing a part of his skull into the Square. Great mental depression.
This evening the Divinity Students had special services in the Chapel
Divinity Hall. Barrett of the
Monday. At the students
assembled to dance around the
Tree, (which stands nearly on a line between the west ends of Holden
Harvard) to sing Auld Lang Syne & to give cheers. The custom has
continued long, a few assembled last year & fewer still, on the
year. Probably there was nothing of the kind previously. Many became
intoxicated the present year.
Wednesday. The President spoke to the students this evening very feelingly and eloquently upon the disorders of Sunday night. He had evidently regarded it as a serious interruption to the good order which has prevailed for the last year & a half, & in which he had felt great satisfaction. He had hoped to leave the College in an unexampled state of quiet.
Thursday. The movements of the Corporation respecting the President have been very secret. Nothing certain was known till the evening of the 16th, when it was pretty well ascertained that Prof. Sparks was the man. He seemed to be the most prominent person; but Prof. Walker had some friends who were urging his qualifications so vigorously that it was supposed he might be elected. To-day the nomination is laid before the Overseers.
For a few months the whole country
has been running mad with the
Thursday. Prof. Sparks's nomination to the Presidency was confirmed by the Overseers to-day by a vote of 48 to 2. It may be considered as unanimous for two votes were also thrown against other officers who were presented for confirmation. Mr. Everett continued to discharge the duties till to-day when Mr. Sparks assumed them. Query: Will not President Sparks turn his attention to building up the library of the College?
Monday. Rec'd a letter from Dr. Gage stating that his wife was much more deranged than she had been, & that it would probably be necessary to place her in an Asylum. How deeply seated is insanity in some families. Mrs. G had a cousin, who attempted to hang himself last year. The rope broke; but he died in a few days in consequence of the fall.
Monday. The new College
Administration has been in operation, since the last of February. Nos.
6, University Hall, have been fitted up for the Offices of the
Secretary Regent. A tutor has been assigned to each class,
the case when I entered College) on whom the members of the class are
to be excused for absences from recitations, etc. A regent has been
to receive returns, written excuses, to grant leave of absence, etc.
President is relieved from an immense amount of detail. Mr. Everett
to live where he did while President, & President Sparks in his own
on the corner of Quincy & Kirkland Streets. Evening prayers at 6
Monday. P.M. Senior class held a spirited meeting on the subject of electing class officers, the members of the Hasty Pudding Club being opposed by the other members of the class, on the ground that for several years they have endeavored to choose the orator and poet from the Club. The afternoon was spent & the class adjourned without making elections.
Wednesday. The Hasty Pudding, being outvoted, a compromise was made by electing the Class Orator from them & the Poet from the others. When I was in College it was customary to transmit a very large slate to the best mathematician. It not being certain to which of two in the Class of 1825 it belonged the person who had it in the Class of 1824 gave it to Wilder & S.C. Walker conjointly. The Thundering Bolus, a huge cane, was transmitted to the strongest or stoutest member of the class. Forbush had it. If at any time a member complained of injustice done to him by his being overlooked, the ready reply was "you are entitled to it, if you can take it from the possessor." A huge jack-knife was handed down to the worst looking fellow in the class. Shortly before I entered College, the person to whom it was given was so indignant that he threw it into the fire & destroyed it. Another was procured I believe, & I think in the class of 1825 it was given either to Jason Whitman or Sears C. Walker. At present the custom is to contribute to the purchase of a new one for the worst looking fellow; there is quite a competition & active electioneering for it among a few who are rivals for it, & the most expensive one which can be found is bought. A collection is made, sometimes of a dollar apiece, which is reserved to buy a cradle for the member who has the first child.
Friday. The bell tolled for the
funeral of the wife of John Sweetman, the janitor of Dane Hall. It has
tolled for many months
or even years on such an occasion.
I was reminded in reading Macaulay's History of 25 or 30 vols. of small 4to tracts in the College Library, which have generally been regarded by all librarians as a great nuisance. Upon examining them more particularly they seem to have been carefully collected by a contemporary & cover the period of James II, when the political & religious controversy were nearly identical. Some of them pertain to the time of Charles II; but they mainly belong to that of James II. Would they not have been very serviceable to Macaulay?
Who made this curious and important collection --perhaps the most complete of the time, which there is? They were given by Governor Bernard shortly after the destruction of the library by fire in 1764. One of his predecessors in office was Governor Burnet, who was son of Gilbert Burnet, who figured very conspicuously at the time the tracts were written, penned some of them himself, & was the intimate & influential friend of William, Prince of Orange. Is it a rash conjecture that Gilbert Burnet may have made the collection of tracts in the College library & that they may have passed to his son the Governor & been left in the Province House or Governor's house, to his successors?
Wednesday. Rev. Hezekiah Packard,
D.D. formerly of
Thursday. Annual Meeting of the
Massachusetts Historical Society for electing officers. The first
any female to the Society, viz. Miss Caulkins author of the History of
elected Corresponding member.
Went to visit Dr. Pierce of
Saturday. Procured a book, which I
have been contriving since last Commencement for the insertion in a
form of memoranda relating to graduates of
Within one or two weeks the Boston Republican stated that Christophe, the soi disant king of Hayti, died in a workhouse recently, & appealed for its authority to an English paper.
The newspapers are giving accounts
of the riots in
Tuesday. Exhibition day of undergraduates. President Sparks presided for the first time in public. He was received, upon entering the desk, with enthusiastic and long continued clapping of hands & stamping of feet-- the ordinary way of expressing gratification. Since the change of commencement to the third Wednesday of July, it has been determined to have but two annual exhibitions.
An interesting series of articles respecting the New England Primer is publishing in the Cambridge Chronicle, prepared by George Livermore, not the graduate.
Two ex-Presidents, Quincy and Everett, attended the Exhibition to-day. Was there ever such an event here before?
Wednesday. The Medical Convention
held this week in
Friday. Goode was hung this forenoon
previous been executed in
Tuesday. By the new college regulations, there is to be a recess beginning after dinner on the Tuesday preceding the last Wednesday in May & ending on the following Saturday night.
This afternoon went to
The Annual Unitarian Collation was to-day an immense gathering of people.
Monday. It was quite doubtful for
sometime whether it would be expedient to have an Inauguration of
Sparks in consideration that he did not seek it, & the expense of
Everett's was probably $1500. Some of the Bostonians however advocated
& the Corporation & President
Request the favor of your Company at the Inauguration of
A procession will be formed in Gore Hall at , P.M. and after the services in the church, a Collation will be given in Harvard Hall, to which this ticket will admit the bearer.
Tuesday. Rec'd a note from President Sparks, before I was up this morning, requesting me to have the goodness to call at his house on my way to breakfast. As he did not get Gov. Briggs's Address till last evening & was continually liable to interruption he wished me, as I was to be in the Library, to let him occupy my room, No. 15 Divinity Hall & write his reply, without its being known to any person where he was. Accordingly, he took possession immediately after breakfast & finished it remaining in the room till & writing also the appeal to the Students in his long address.
Wednesday. About eleven o'clock, under an intensely burning sun, the Students, preceded by the band of music, with horse wagon wreathed with evergreen, containing a Norway spruce & driven by one of the Cambridge & Boston Express drivers with a sprig of evergreen projecting from one side of his mouth, began their march. They proceeded to the residence of President Sparks, presented his wife with a beautiful bouquet & invited him to accompany them to the planting of the Inauguration tree. He was taken by surprise, for although 'tis said a tree is usually planted for each inauguration, it is not true. None was planted when Mr. Everett was inaugurated, as I can certify. There was none when Mr. Quincy was inaugurated, though the tree opposite the north entry of University Hall may have been planted not far from the time.
The procession marched, (the wagon being between the two higher & the two lower classes) from Mr. Sparks's to Mr. Everett's & presented Mrs. Everett with a bouquet. Mr. Everett made a pertinent reply. The next movement was to the front of University Hall, Mr. Sparks walking between the two marshals of the Senior Class. The procession wheeled to the right, the cart was backed to a convenient position, the Norway spruce given to Mr. Cushing of Watertown, for the purpose, was planted in the hole previously dug for it, opposite the south door of University Hall, in the presence of a large number of Spectators, Mr. Sparks advising & assisting. He then made a short speech expressive of his gratitude for their kind feelings, proposed that the tree should be called the tree of the Class of 1849, hoped that it would take deep root & send about it a good influence & that the influence of the class would be good wherever it might be felt; & that if any body hereafter should be so unfortunate as to be called to inauguration on so hot & oppressive a day they might be able to take shelter under the branches. He was then greeted with three or nine cheers & escorted back to his house.
The time for the services was fixed
in the afternoon. The church was open for ladies at . The north gallery
reserved for ladies who had tickets. Each widow of a Professor, there
six, had a ticket
each Professor who had a family had two, &
unmarried officer had one. These tickets, which had nothing to do
those for the collation, contained the no. of the pew in which each one
entitled to a seat, & seven were prepared for each pew. The house
thronged with ladies, except in the parts reserved for the procession,
before the time for beginning the Exercises. The procession was to form
Hall at ; but
Mr. Sparks did not come quite in season to get through its formation
extended from the south door of Gore Hall, along the west side of
Hall, them on the East side of Stoughton & Hollis & south of
a very long one.
The following was the order:
Jared Sparks, LL.D.
Metcalf and Company
Printers to the University
Order of Procession from Gore Hall
Undergraduates in Order of the Classes
Graduates & Members of the Scientific
Librarian with the College Seal and Charter
Steward with the College Keys
Members of the Corporation
Professors and all other Officers of Instruction and Government
College and the
Ex-President Quincy and Ex-President Everett
Ex-members of the Corporation
Ex-Professors and Instructors
His Excellency the Governor & the President-elect
His Honor the Lieutenant Governor and Adjunt. General
Secretary and the Treasurer of the Commonwealth
The Honorable and Reverend Overseers
Trustees of the Charity of Edward Hopkins
Committee of the Boylston Medical Prizes
Committee of the Bowdoin Prize Dissertations
Committees of Examination appointed by the Overseers for the present year
Members of Congress & other guests specially invited
of other Colleges in
of the State and
Other officers of those Courts
Aldermen, Clerk & Treasurer of the City
Alumni of the College
Order of Exercises in the Church
I. Voluntary on the Organ, by Mr. Webb
III. Prayer by the
IV. Address & Induction into Office, by His Excellency Governor Briggs
V. Reply, by President Sparks
VII. Oration in Latin, by Charles Francis Choate, of the Senior Class
VIII. Latin Hymn, by
Quantos honores ferre nos
Debemus, O Deus,
Salutis et vitae Dator,
Qui duxeris bene
Nostros patres in haec loca;
Eos et anxia
Cura diu defenderis,
Magno a periculo.
Deditque lenitas tua
Haec multa commoda,
Quibus diufructi sumus.
Fac cet bonus nobis hodie
O Praepoters Pater.
Divina sit Prudentia
In omnibusque dirigat
Hunc Praesidem noviem-
Amos salubres transigat,
IX. Inaugural Address by President Sparks
X. Prayer, by the Rev. Dr. Francis
XI. Doxology "Old Hundred"
From all that dwell below the skies etc. 2 stanzas
"At the close of the exercises, the Alumni and invited guests, gentleman and ladies, will assemble at Gore Hall, and, after a recess of twenty minutes, will proceed to Harvard Hall, to partake of a collation. No person will be admitted to Harvard Hall without a card.
The vocal music will be performed, under the direction of Mr. Webb, by a choir composed of Undergraduates and Alumni."
The services were conducted according to the preceding order. The Governor & President elect were seated on the platform, which is erected by the pulpit at Commencements & Inaugurations facing the audience, the Governor on the right & the President on the left of the space immediately before the pulpit.
A table placed in this vacant part
contained the parchment charter, keys, etc., the latter having been
William G. Stearns, the Steward, at Mr. Everett's Inauguration. As he
to-day they were carried by Edward Richardson, private secretary of the
Corporation. When the time came the Governor & President rose, the
being between them, a little in front. The Governor read his Address,
President-elect standing. After he had concluded the President spread
upon the box containing the keys, & occasionally recurred to it
addressed the Governor, who
kept continued standing. The table
removed towards the right, & Mr. Sparks, when the time came,
long Address from the pulpit, in which, as usual on Commencement days,
seated the members of the Corporation.
After the Exercises the invited guests, etc. repaired to Gore Hall. In about twenty minutes Mr. Sparks & lady, followed by the Officers & others who had ladies, moved informally towards the Picture Gallery in Harvard Hall, followed by those who had no ladies. After several had entered, a few persons who had not ladies attempted to enter, while there were other ladies behind. A pretty serious excitement arose, the constable understanding that they were to enforce the rule strictly, while the others who were entitled to admission regarded the matter as one of general understanding & not necessarily to be kept to the letter. The students crowded upon the Constables, several were knocked down, the difficulty began to run very high & the consequences might have been fearful, if Ex-Mayor Quincy had not appealed from the window, calling & ordering the constables to withdraw from the Harvard steps & stand under the window, & speaking as to a promiscuous multitude, assuring the mass that there was too much magnanimity & noble feeling among the students to do anything that was not honorable & that he would assure all if the constables were taken out the way there would be no more trouble. The police then stood aside. He then appealed to the Students & others in the procession to fall back & let those who had ladies pass into the picture gallery before him. They immediately gave him three cheers, fell back & the difficulty subsided, each party of course insisting that the other was entirely to be blamed. Whereas neither was to be blamed & both were to be blamed. There should have been a distinct understanding, on both sides, before the people left Gore Hall.
No one entered the hall but those
who had tickets. The ladies & gentlemen in town, & particularly
students, had been very industriously at work for nearly a fortnight,
ornamenting it, under the supervision principally of Prof. Webster.
portraits had been borrowed for the occasion which were very tastefully
arranged & festooned. Evergreen arches extended diagonally from the
which supported the chamber floor. Everett, Quincy &
The people began to disperse in an hour or so after the illumination commenced. The students, however, did not disperse so soon. A large portion of them became intoxicated & made the night hideous by their howlings. Some of them came to Divinity Hall where they kept up their Bacchanals till , before they left. The weather was excessively hot. The College Yard, the Common, the streets were infested with students, noisy & partly intoxicated, so that there probably never has been a more disorderly or disgraceful scene so far as students are concerned, since the College was founded. Nothing could have been done by the police if they had tried for the students would have banded together instantly to repel any attack which might have been made on any one of them. Such consequences are a powerful objection to Inaugurations & other public occasions. One man, then an undergraduate, says there were but four in his class, when Mr. Everett was inaugurated, who continued sober till the afterward.
The Address by Mr. Sparks has very agreeably disappointed the public both as to the ideas & to his manner of speaking it. Parts of it, particularly relating to the elective system, elicited immense & long continued applause. He gave no levee after the day was over, but Mrs. S assumed a kind of supervision of hospitalities when in Harvard Hall.
During the evening the following
poems were distributed about Harvard Hall, the first by a lady of
Midsummer Night's Dream at
Not from thy realm, on the enchanted night,
Comes the bright vision that absorbs my sight,
Titania! not from Faery-land, the dream
that lights my spirit with its starry gleam.
These thronging shades confess a higher birth;
Their eyes, once kindled with the light of earth,
Now, as the noble forms before me stand,
Relect the glory of the Spirit-Land,
They come, Kind Mother, at thy earnest call,
To greet thy son, here in thine ancient hall, --
Unheard, unseen by him, yet felt their power
To shed sweet influence on the festive hour, --
And, for the wreath there weavest for him now,
A fragrant flower to give, or leafy bough.
One form approaches, with the steadfast eye
And port and mien of native majesty;
His deathless titles fill the trump of Fame,--
His Country hails him with a Fathers name.
He gives an Oaken garland, while he breathes
His own firm spirit o'er the branch he wreathes;
That which by reverent hands was twined for his own brow.
The growing garland next enriched I see
With paler leaflets from Minerva's tree; --
Franklin presents the Olive, and lays down,
With a calm smile, a leaf from his own crown.
Harsh Eaton, here, with a subtle step and sly,
A verdant twig in hand, comes creeping by,
And in the Master's chaplet he would fain
Some sprays of Birch entwine, but tries in vain;
For, like an evil spirit, he retreats
Before the eye his shrinking visage meets; --
face benign, dear
And spreads an atmosphere of love and light
Thy gentle hand, that still adorned whatever
It touched, gives a paternal blessing here,--
Completes the wreath by weaving in the Rose,
And "strength with sweetness" in the gift bestows.
Glad Alma Mater, ere the dream is done,
Smiles, like Cornelia, on her honored son; --
Advances, with a firm yet noiseless tread,
And drops the crown on his unconscious head.
"Twelve well crammed lines, firm, juicy, marrowy, sweet,
No bone or trimmings, nothing there but meat,
With rhyme run through them like a golden skewer
Taste might approve and patience may endure."
Long live old Harvard! Lo, her rushing train
Greets a new sign-board stretched across the plain;
While the bell rings--(and that the bell shall do
Till Charles shall drop his worn-out channel through)
It gently hints to every cur that barks,
comes the engine,-- don't you see the
How changed this scene! The forest path is clear;
That mighty engine finds no Indian here!
world's great Teachers quit their native
To fill the skulls once trembling for their scalps,
When the red neighbors our ancient school
Left their own wigwam others' wigs to cool!
The poem on this page is undoubtedly by O.W. Holmes.
Thursday. Oppressively hot. The Daily Evening Traveller contains the three English Inaugural addresses in full.
Friday. As the time for Commencement is altered the Senior Class leaves College before the close of the term that those who have Parts may have time to prepare them. Accordingly, the Class Day was observed to-day. The Public Exercises were commenced in the Chapel at . At the Senior Class with the band went to the President's where they were refreshed with tea & coffee, etc., & met the Faculty. They then escorted them to the Chapel in University Hall, into which the friends of the members of the graduating class had been entering for some time before.
"Order of Exercises
I. Music. By the Band.
II. Prayer. By the Rev. James Walker, D.D.
Oration. By James Pierce,
IV. Music. By the Band.
Poem By James Edward Oliver,
Class Ode. By Artemas Ward Lamson,
banks and braes o'bonnie
These shades we leave, where long we've strayed.
By grief unharmed, untouched by care;
But from our memory ne'er shall fade
The scenes so brightly pictured there;
For beaming still with joyous light,
Their pristine glow they ne'er shall lose,
While each swift year, in rapid flight,
Shall add new brightness to their hues.
For while we've roved together here,
Youth's golden sunlight still has shone,
Undimmed by clouds of care or fear.
And o'er our path its gladness thrown;
And Friendship's milder, softer light
Has cheered us in our onward way,
And o'er our sorrow's darkest night
Has shed the joyous beam of day.
And now we stand upon the brink
Where youth and sober manhood meet;
And now advance, now trembling shrink,
And now in dread would fain retreat,
For broad outspread before us lies
Life's troubled ocean, dim and dark,
And o'er its misty surface rise
Pale forms that threat our struggling bark.
But as when all looks cold and drear,
In hours of deep and dead despair,
When no kind accents greet the ear,
When sinks the mind, o'erborne by care,
Then gently soothing all its grief,
Come faintly breathing, solemn strains,
And music, bringing sweet relief,
With magic power dispels its pains--
So, in the gloomiest hours of life,
When friends desert and foes close round,
When, mid the darkness of the strife,
No cheering beam of hope is found,
Shall thoughts of friends whom we've known,
Whose truth has still withstood each test,--
Fond memory's music, --o'er us thrown,
Lull all our weary cares to rest.
And now, as turning from the Past
We see the doubtful future rise,
Its shores, now caught, now changing fast,
Like mist-veiled landscapes, mock our eyes;
Though all must still be wrapped in shade,
Yet Hope shall light us on our way,
And firm Resolve shall lend its aid,
Till morning clouds are lost in day.
After the Exercises the members of the Senior Class with the College Officers & such of their friends, both gentlemen & ladies as they chose to invite, repaired to the Picture Gallery in Harvard Hall & partook of a rich collation, consisting of ice creams, strawberries, blanc mange, various kinds of meats as cold chickens, pigeons, etc, etc, there being lemonade and nothing stronger either to-day or on the day of the Inauguration. About the dancing began in the Picture Gallery, it being too oppressively hot to attempt it on the green. There was but little dancing, the movements resulting in a kind of promenade.
About six o'clock the Seniors marched to cheer the different buildings, & proceeded to the tree where for many years it has been customary to conclude the public exercises of Class Day. The Seniors piled their hats against the tree, joined each other's hands crosswise, each one's right hand joining his neighbor's & his left hand his neighbor's left hand, sang "Auld Lang Syne," beating time by lifting & lowering their joined hands, then formed as large a circle as the class permitted, taking hold of each others hands, & ran thus at arms' lengths around the tree till the ring was broken by the inequality of speed in the race. Then the watchword or rallying cry "Harvard" was given, & the other classes formed a ring within the Seniors', & the two rings ran round in opposite directions till they were broken to pieces. Cheers, sometimes three & sometimes nine, were given for Dr. Walker, Ex-Presidents Quincy & Everett, for President Sparks, the ladies, John Harvard, the classes of 1849, 1850, 1851, 1852, etc. & the company dispersed.
The collation got up at the expense of the Senior Class cost them about two hundred & fifty dollars, & the music for the day probably fifty more. Agreeably to an invitation the officers & others, gentlemen & ladies, went about to Mr. Everett's, to meet the Senior Class, who marched there a little after eight & were entertained in a rich & sumptuous manner. The music played in the yard near the window till about about when all parties dispersed. There was considerable noise after it but not so much as on Wednesday night.
Saturday. Miss Almira Louisa
Heywood, on her way to Ohio, alone, who
has since the death of
mother in Belfast has made her home with William Sibley, of Freedom,
great uncle, left Cambridge, having been here & attended the
Note: A minute description of the ornamenting of Harvard Hall was published in the Boston Courier on the following week.
Friday. The President observes it would have been utterly impossible for him to have prepared his reply, if it had not been for the seclusion in my room.
The police have arrested many of the
students--great excitement prevails while they are undergoing their
examinations before a Justice of the Peace. Adjournment was had from
Justice's Office to Lyceum Hall. The President and other Officers are
as witnesses. A reporter for one of the low papers in
Wrote the following note
Henry Wheatland, M.D.
Secretary of the Essex Institute,
I accept, with much gratification, the honor, which your letter of the 16th ult. informs me the Essex Institute has done me, in electing me a Correspondent, & am, with great regard, you obedient servant,
John Langdon Sibley"
Saturday. The trial of Green continued. He is the son of J.D. Green , late Mayor of Cambridge, a member of the Sophomore Class & brother of Green the Senior.
Spent the night at Roxbury.
Sunday. Attended meeting, as usual,
at Rev. J. F. Clarke's. He goes as a delegate to the Peace Convention
Monday. The trial of Green concluded; sentenced to a fine of ten dollars & costs on one charge & to one dollar on the other. He appeals to higher court. It is said that the students will voluntarily raise three hundred dollars to aid Green in carrying the matter through.
Wednesday. The morning began with
the usual sounds & noises. Soon after , two
or three discharges of cannon were made by persons apparently desirous
anticipating the ordinary firings. About day break there was more
too, through the day were firing crackers. After breakfast I went to
The City of
Tuesday. College Commons to be abolished next term. This a singular feature in the Institution. Formerly every person in all the classes was required to board in Commons; no one could board elsewhere except by a special vote of the Faculty in cases of sickness. Consequently the students were seriously imposed upon, Commons was the cause of much College dissatisfaction & of many rebellions; -- it has always been a cause of trouble, as there has never been a time since the College was founded when boarding in Commons has not been required or existed in some shape. As late as the beginning of this century each student received for supper a pewter or tin porringer of milk or chocolate & a "size" of bread through a hole like that for handing through letters at a post-office, a check was put against his name, and he carried the dish to his room. At dinner, College Officers were always present to keep the students in order, & tutors were required to board in Commons. A blessing was asked before dinner by the oldest Officer present, even, after my graduation in 1825. At that time, however, students who chose could obtain permission to board in private houses.
The entire basement of University
Hall was used for a kitchen, all the story immediately above for dining
of which there were four, the South end being for Seniors, the North
Juniors, the north of the two middle rooms for Freshmen & the south
two for Sophomores. I went through these rooms regularly with my class,
soon after which the Undergraduates were placed in two rooms. Within a
years, the dining halls have been in the basement room, the ends of the
basement being used for cooking. The silver & crockery have been
to the Provider; he being required to keep it as good as when received,
the room rent given to him. When I was in College plated spoons were
no silver. Since silver have been in use, hardly any have been stolen.
years, Commons has been managed by the Provider, no Officers or
been required to board there,
unless they chose to.
Before University Hall was built, Commons was in the East End of Harvard Hall. It is now an expense to the Corporation, it causes the kitchen exhalations to affect the chapel & recitation rooms, it is no advantage to the students & is constantly the occasion of trouble among those who board there, & always imposes care, expense & responsibility on the Corporation; & the basement rooms are wanted for other purposes.
July 11, 1849
Wednesday. Annual examination of the College Library. During the year which has passed there have been added 724 volumes & 1645 pamphlets exclusive of duplicates & periodicals; 1580 of the pamphlets & 336 of the volumes being gifts-- a small number compared with that in 1847, before I concluded [CROSSED OUT LINE] I would not make great sacrifices to increase this library.
A gentleman who resided a year among the Southern Indians tells me that the treatment by the whites was very censurable. The whites in the vicinity of the Indians would come into their territory, steal their horses & cattle, & the Indians would pursue them & retaliate on such whites as they could find, many of whom were often innocent. If a planter lost a slave he would come among them & seize any slave he could find. The Indians would again pursue & retaliate. Thus the whites were continually irritating & the Indians retaliating. The whites would be continually making representations to the U.S. Government against the Indians, & calling for aid, till troops were sent, while the aggrieved had none to advocate their cause at Washington. When hunted by the whites they would retreat into the everglades, the squaws standing in the water up to their mouths & holding their children there till, tired out and exhausted, they sank down. He said he saw the embalmed head & war dress of Aseola or Oseola, who was so barbarously deluded & made prisoner by the whites. As he pined in imprisonment, a physician was appointed to have the charge of him & he told my informant that he was a noble man, & that there was no disease about him but that he been taken by treachery & imprisoned, and died brokenhearted. Shortly before he died, being extremely weak & not believing in Christianity, he dressed himself in his warlike dress, seated himself in the corner of his room, folded his arms across his breast, & prepared himself to depart to the world of spirits as became the Indian Oseola when entering into the company of his departed tribe. So great was his command over himself that he manifested no suffering, moved not a muscle till the last gasp, when his head dropped over upon one side.-- I endeavored to prevail on my informer to write his observation & experience & have it preserved somewhere for posterity, as he said the popular feeling was such that his statements would not be credited at this day.
Having counted all the volumes in the Library, which are bound and stand on the shelves, I find the number to be 55605, besides fifty or sixty unbound. In counting I call everything which is bound between two covers one volume, how many treatises soever the volume may contain. Many volumes in the 38th alcove, which is used for duplicates exclusively, are not reckoned. Many pamphlets, of which there are perhaps 30,000, will be bound as separate volumes.
Sunday. The sermon this evening
before the graduating class of the
Monday. Examination for admission to
College. In the evening at Prof. Parker's to meet the Law Students, who
general invitation,--ladies present, some even from
Tuesday. Rec'd, as I did last year, four or five envelopes from the President, containing the honorary degrees to be conferred to-morrow. This was to meet the demands of the editors of newspapers. They are to be opened after the announcement of degrees tomorrow.
Wednesday. Commencement. The time altered from the 4th Wednesday in August to the 3rd in July. The Library was open in the morning. The procession was to move at a quarter before ten o'clock; but the Governor with his suite & military escort did not arrive till a few minutes before ten o'clock; after which an Overseers' meeting was held & the procession & music did not get to the church so as to commence the exercises till half past ten. The doors were opened to ladies in general, & to all such gentlemen as were introduced by members of the Senior Class at . After the exercises the Alumni & others composing the procession, repaired informally to Gore Hall, & the procession which till one or two years ago has gone directly from the meetinghouse to the dining hall, was reformed at Gore Hall in order to march to the dining hall, which is the picture gallery occupying the entire first story of Harvard Hall. A blessing was asked &, after thanks returned, the usual hymn was sung. viz.
"Give ear, ye children; to my law
Devout attention lend;" etc. five stanzas
Rev. John Pierce, D.D. of Brookline has set this tune fifty-four successive commencements, with one exception. To-day he being unable to attend, I was applied to by a committee of the Corporation & took his place. Immediately after the dinner, a meeting of the Alumni was called at the University Chapel & a movement made to revise the Alumni Association. The continual maneuvering of the Phi Beta Kappa Society thwarts the action of the Alumni & is a sad injury to the College. President Sparks, according to Presidential custom, gave a levee after the commencement dinner, & people kept coming & going to it till a little after ; the band hired for the day playing during the time in his yard.
To-day heard of the result of the
Thursday. Declamation for Boylston
Prizes, instead of being in the meetinghouse as hitherto, was to-day in
Chapel in University Hall. There were nineteen speakers. The Oration
Phi Beta Kappa Society was by Rev. Dr. Bethune of
Tuesday. It is said that such a drought, so extensive and so severe, has not been experienced for fifty years, certainly not as early in the season. This afternoon there was a refreshing shower. The rain continues, in showers this evening.
Friday. A day of National Fast, appointed by President Taylor, on account of the cholera.
Saturday. Visited John Pierce, D.D.,
Dr. Pierce says that the graduating class, when he left college, was always in the habit of waiting on the Alumni at dinner on Commencement day, that on the day of his graduation President Willard called on him to pitch the tune St. Martins, & that from that commencement [BRIAN, LATER MS. NOTE BY JLS?: See April 29, 1857 MS?] to the present year's, with a single exception, he had set the tune. From another source I hear that at the time of the exception, his mother was lying dead.
The Dr. said that he made arrangements by which I might have the use of all his Catalogues as long as I wished; after his decease; but that after I had done using them they must go to the Massachusetts Historical Society.
The first letter stamps
I know in when
of postage were reduced & were reckoned by weight & not by the
of the pieces of paper as had been customary previously.
Tuesday. Left Cambridge in season to
take the Maine Railroad cars at
Wednesday. A.M. in the State House
looking for documents relating to the History of Union. Found returns
scholars, appropriation of bank money, list of Justices of the Peace.
P.M. went to Rev. S. Judd's. Walked to
Hallowell & tea with seven-years-classmate Rev. Jonathan Cole.
Thursday. Found more documents in
the State House. Went to my room sick with the cholera morbus. Took
& pulverised sugar, then raw flour and water & was relieved. In
evening attended a lecture by Thedore Parker of
Friday. Copying reports of court
martials, etc. Just before night took stage to
Saturday. A driving rain. About took the stage for
Monday. Wrote proposals as follows
Mr. John L. Sibley proposes, if a sufficient number of subscribers can be obtained, to publish "A History of
Terms $100 to subscribers-- $150 to non-subscribers
The names of those who subscribe soon will be printed.
We, the undersigned agree to take the number of copies respectively put against our names & pay for them on delivery.
Names of Subscribers Places of residence No. of copies"
Copies of the above were given to different individuals in the different school districts, to obtain subscriptions.
Wednesday. Called on Cyrus Eaton, Esq. of Warren who is writing A History of Warren, on Mrs. Holmes of Thomaston, on the heirs of Col. Mason Wheaton & on the town clerk of Thomaston for old papers & information & passed the night with Major Ulmer whose last wife was widow of my uncle Obadiah Morse of Union & a schoolmate & playmate of mine when I was a child.
Wednesday. After an absence of about
three weeks, spent principally in
This is different from what it was
when I was in College. Then there were no steamboats. E. Thomaston has
into existence since that time. Then it was usual to ascertain if
a coasting vessel with lime or wood would be likely to sail from
come down from
Thursday. Dr. Pierce died on the
24th, just 20 days after my last call on him. His funeral was on Monday
At 4 1/2 o'clock the body was carried to the church, to which he had
carried on the Saturday preceding to hear the new organ & where he
then the Doxology "From all that dwell below" etc. By the church was
thronged. Hundreds of people could not gain admittance. One hundred and
five vehicles, it is said, were counted in the vicinity of the church.
the body was brought in front of the pulpit, a little girl of the
school, stepped forth from among her companions and placed a wreath
No clergyman could have collected so
many men at his funeral as Dr. Pierce. He was more extensively known
other clergymen & as Dr. N. Adams observed in his Convention
presence was a perpetual benediction. He was very cordial in his
very much beloved. His Diary, if now read, would pain the feelings, I
of his friends. The Dr. lacked judgement & taste
probably, in his simplicity & love of recording facts, has noted
things, which will not redound to his credit with posterity. He prided
on his facts. Let him be where he would, he was constantly appealed to,
ever ready to answer. Never disposed to take offence himself he has
been writing, without the consciousness that others would be hurt at
remarks about themselves as he would not be offended with about
Judging from the man, I think his journal must be a curious medley. But
an excellent man. The newspapers, differing considerably in
details of the funeral. Methinks I can almost imagine him, if he could
raised his head from his coffin, saying "it is a remarkable fact that
there should be three Presidents at my funeral--never was such a thing
before." His presence will be greatly missed on all public occasions.
During my absence the Scientific
Association has held a meeting in
Sunday. P.M. administered the Lord's Supper to the Church of the Disciples where Rev. James Freeman Clarke preaches- an administration which I have not before undertaken for many years, the last time being when the same society met for worship at Amory Hall.
Monday. After having been at my room nearly all the time since the morning of 26 September, rather unwell, I again to-day returned to my duties at the Library.
Saturday. Rec'd the following communication:--
I send herewith a vote of the Corporation relating to the duties of the Assistant Librarian;
very truly yours,
"At a Special Meeting of the
President & Fellows
"Voted.--that the first Regulation relative to the Assistant Librarian adopted
In term time the Assistant Librarian, unless when absent on the business of the Library, will on week days, give his attendance in the Library from eight o'clock in the morning till one o'clock, P.M., and from two o'clock P.M. till four except on Saturday afternoon, when his attendance will not be required after one o'clock"
Sunday. This evening I was presented by the author, Justin Winsor, of the Freshman Class with a History of Duxbury. He is but eighteen years of age & has prepared it in about two years, attending in the mean time to his studies preparatory to entering college. Some time since--it was May 9--Dr. N.B. Shurtleff gave me a very convenient work, of which he himself set up the types & printed only 30 copies, viz "A Perpetual Calendar of Old and New Style; prepared for the use of those engaged in Antiquarian and Historical Investigations," published anonymously, of which he is the author.
Sunday. In the evening called at President Sparks's. Several persons were present, it being his desire to have his friends call on that evening. The duties of his office seem to give him a very thoughtful & responsible look. The Orthodox, who never can be quiet, are making a movement with a view, if they can, to prove that the Corporation has violated the Charter. It is obviously a movement to get the control of the College.
Saturday. The community has been
greatly excited for a week past & to-day is thrown into
Friday P.M. Nov. 23 Dr. George Parkman, of Boston, made an appointment
met J.W. Webster, M.D. Professor in the University at the Medical
Grove Street in Boston to receive from him some money. As to his being
after about various rumors were
the next day, when his friends became anxious on account of his
Statements as to his having been seen by the tollman on Craigie's
by others were made with so much confidence that it was thought that in
mental aberration he might have wandered off, been lost in the woods,
committed suicide. A reward of $3000 for his discovery was offered.
suspicions of his being found were credited from time to time; till at
friends offered $1000 for the recovery of the body. Great activity was
the part of the police, who worked very quietly; & various persons,
stimulated by the desire of the reward, dragged the rivers, explored
etc. By questioning persons closely & narrowing the field,
amounting almost to conviction arose that Dr. Parkman never went out of
The movements of the police after
Tuesday centered about the
Tuesday. The plot thickens. If ever a man could be convicted on circumstantial evidence, it seems as if there is no chance of escape for Dr. Webster. The jaw or a piece of it has been found in the bottom of the ashes of his private furnace, identified by a dentist as Parkman's. Dr. Parkman's family have identified a part of the body; another part of the body has been found in a tea chest in a corner of Dr. Webster's private room, & a knife with it; the expressman was, after 23 Nov. directed to leave his parcels without going into the Doctor's room as he had before done; these & as many more circumstances of a similar nature make things look dark. The public sentiment & feeling are more intense, but not so much exhibited in public. People cannot sleep, & look sad. The newspapers are filled with details, truths, & falsehoods. Column after column is printed, & the public is gorged.
Still I cannot thus far see anything
in Dr. Webster's conduct either before or since his arrest which may
naturally accounted for, or, together with the discoveries made at the
College, may not be equally chargeable upon some one else who may have
access to the building. Most the people in
Wednesday. The Coroner's inquest sat to-day & what has never been customary, with closed doors.
Thursday. A flurry of snow, the first this year.
Saturday. The excitement continues. There is a strong feeling against Dr. Webster in the minds of the mass of the people; but I have not seen any evidence yet which satisfies my mind that he is guilty. If he were a bad man, the circumstantial evidence would be strong. And if there be evidence against him which has not yet been brought to light I may be wrong; but it will take more than I can believe will be adduced against him to convince me that he is not the subject of a conspiracy or a plot laid not so much against him as to divert the attention of the public from others & secure the reward for finding the body of Dr. Parkman. The effects which this murder has had upon the minds of the people, in exciting their nerves & disqualifying them for business & depriving them of sleep, are beyond anything which I could have imagined.
The chest, the fragment of the jaw, the small portion of the lower part of the body, & the thigh & part of the leg, which have been found, have been placed in a leaden box made for the purpose filled with spirit, & the whole inclosed in a proper coffin. Funeral services were performed at his late residence, 8 Walnut Street, Boston, & the remains entombed under Trinity Church.
Not long before Dr. Parkmans death
he was at the College Library, & borrowed a book, gave me minutes
birth, marriage, etc., & said he would draw for me a sketch of his
which I might have whenever I would call at his house. Not long after I
at the Boston Athenaeum where he, supposing I had not seen the book,
attention particularly to Wymberly-Jones's edition of De Brahm's
Friday. Yesterday in the case of Dr. Webster the Coroner's Jury returned the following verdict.
"Suffolk, S.S.--An Inquisition taken at the City of Boston within the County of Suffolk, the 13th day of December, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine, before Jabez Pratt, Esq. one of the coroners of said county upon the view of sundry parts of the body of a dead man, viz. a thorax, kidneys, pelvis, two thighs, left leg, and sundry bones there lying dead by the oaths of Osmyn Brewster, John L. Andrews, Pearl Martin, Thomas Restieaux, Lewis Jones, Harum Morrill, good and lawful men who being charged and sworn to enquire for the Commonwealth, when, how, and by what means said dead man came to this death, upon their oaths do say that they all have been demonstrated to be parts of one and the same person; that those parts of the human frame have been identified and proved to be the remains of and parts of the dead body and limbs of Dr. George Parkman, late a citizen of Boston, aged about sixty years; that he came to his death by violence at said Boston on the twenty-third day of November last or between the hours of one and a half o'clock on the afternoon of that day, about which time he entered alive and in good health into the Massachusetts Medical College building, situated in North Grove Street in said Boston, and the hour of four of the clock in the afternoon of the thirtieth day of November last when a portion of said remains were found concealed in and under the departments of Doctor John W. Webster, of Cambridge, in the county of Middlesex, in said College Building in which building the residue of said remains were afterwards discovered; that he was killed in said College building by a blow or blows, wound or wounds inflicted upon him with some instrument or weapon to the jurors unknown and by means not yet known to said jurors; and that said means were used by the hands of said Doctor John W. Webster by whom he was killed.
In witness whereof, the said Coroner and Jurors to this Inquisition, have set their hands and seals, the day and year above said.
Jabez Pratt, Coroner
Osmyn Brewster, Foreman
J.L. Andrews, Secretary
The testimony which occupied eighty-four large foolscap pages was locked up in a portfolio not to be made known but to be handed into the grand jury.
Prof. Horsford says that he had an interview with Prof. Webster in Leverett Street Jail; that he is perfectly convinced of his innocence & so are Professors Treadwell, Longfellow & Felton, who have also visited him. President Sparks I learn from another source visited him this afternoon & spoke of the interview as one of the most painful he ever had, that Professor Webster told him he was not allowed to speak of his own affairs & poured out a full tide of feeling & sympathy for his distressed family.
The newspapers of the evening state that Dr. Webster on reading the verdict in the morning papers which were passed in to him was calm & did not manifest emotion. No evidence has transferred to lead me to think him guilty. What there is to induce the jury to speak so confidently is beyond the ken of the public. Every circumstance against him which has come to light has been to my mind satisfactorily accounted for. If Dr. Webster has committed the murder, it seems as if we are to lose all confidence in the human race. No man can feel any confidence in himself that the Almighty will not let him do anything.
Saturday. Wrote the following note & carried it to Prof. Webster's house.
"My dear Friend,
cannot longer refrain from expressing my sympathy with you and your
under your trials, though it may amount almost to presumption in so
individual to attempt to add anything to the earnest tide of feeling in
behalf. I have seen nothing to shake my faith that the mysterious
from your sincere sympathizing friend,
Mrs. Webster John L. Sibley
Tuesday. A multitude of rumors are
abroad, though the jurors have voted to keep the testimony secret.
some information may be elicited. Independent of this, circumstances
beginning to come to light respecting Dr. Webster's pecuniary
some years past, which have not been generally known showing at least a
desperate condition &, if true, some desperate proceedings on
Privately it too has come to me this evening from a person who rec'd it
one who elicited it from the jurors by taking an indiscreet word
dropped by two of them in conversation & then speaking of the hint,
fact which he well knew, to another juryman, that the Dr. had an
that this accomplice had turned State's Evidence. This may be true
not be. I have been staggered at times by reports which the next day
be satisfactorily cleared up; but now there are getting to be too many,
his previous character in
Sunday. Abner Morse has published a Genealogy in which is introduced my mother who was a Morse.
Monday. The steam cars to-day enter
Another year closes, & finds me forty-five years old in the 29th of this month. Fifteen years--how fast it will go!--if I live will find me an old man, capacity for usefulness nearly, if not entirely, gone. If I could have had different early influences & counsel I might have done something better than I have, for the world or for myself. Experience tells me that I should have begun early, & perservered in some single course of study & action. I did not happen to take the tide in the affairs of man, consequently would have always been tugging against it. [EXCISED PASSAGE] Well, so be it. I have had no very serious sorrows to complain of, no trials brought on by a superintending Providence, which have not turned out so well after a few years that I would not have them different if I could, I have enjoyed a great deal & was made with capacity for a great deal more. Why complain, except that I am not better!
Tuesday. President Jefferson marked his books by putting the letter T. very neatly before the letter J which indicated the signature of the volume, and also after the signature T the letter J; thus making two signatures in each volume, when there were two signatures enough, contain the initials of his name.
This morning the grand jury in
telegraphic despatch this evening states that the New Orleans Delta
anonymous letter, dated & mailed at
Monday. The 7th trial for an election of a member of Congress from this the 4th Congressional District of Massachusetts. Dr. Palfrey could not be warped to abandon the anti-slavery principles, so as to entirely amalgamate himself with the Whig party, & so the Whigs are determined, if possible, to exclude him from Congress, though the very ground on which he was at first put up, was his anti-slavery principles, they well knowing that no Whig could be elected from this District but some one who would secure the Anti-Slavery votes.
Thursday. Persuaded to have my daguerreotype taken, with a view to having it lithographed for Abner Morse's Genealogy of the Morse Family.
Attended a meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society.
Rev. J.F. Clarke being sick with typhoid fever, was prevailed on to
the Lords Supper in the afternoon. Mr. Carpenter from
Left Cambridge, in the forenoon. Took the cars of the Eastern Railroad
Mr. Haskell carried me to
Sunday. Violent rain. Streets almost impassable. Attended worship at the Orthodox Congregational meeting-house & heard a young man named Leland preach two good sermons.
A.M. read portions of my manuscript history of
Tuesday. At a party at Dr. Baker's; same observances as last evening.
Wednesday. Took tea with Prof. Packard, son of Rev. Hezekiah Packard. He edits the Bowdoin Triennial Catalogue.
At a party at Miss Alice Dunlap's. She is an orphan & only child,
$100,000 & about to be married to Gilman of Exeter, N.H. Since I
here have found the people very sociable, hospitable &
continued daily to read my manuscript to N. Robbins & add to my
Sunday A.M. Heard the Rev. Dr. Adams preach. P.M. attended Mr. Wheelers meeting at Topsham.
Went to the College Library, containing about 12000 volumes found
valuable works bound as pamphlets, but not catalogued. The library is
three days in the week one hour each day. P.M. went to the Mineral
Chemical Rooms. Prof. Cleaveland has made them what they are. His
does not diminish with age. He does not go home to dinner, but has it
him. Saw a very valuable collection of shells in the mineral room. It
by T. Whittemore, late Post-Master at
In the evening attended a party at Prof. Boody's. There were probably about 100 persons present.
Friday. During my stay here have spent every forenoon, except the Sabbath, reading & talking with N. Robbins, Esq. who is so afflicted with dropsy that he cannot lie down nights--also have spent some of the afternoons with him.
At took the cars for
Wednesday. A gentleman from N.York, who is making a collection of American coins, said in the College Library to-day that he had his information from the mint master that not a copper cent was coined in 1815 that about $3800 were coined in 1814. He says the scarcest year is 1799.
Officiated at the Communion at the Church of the Disciples, in
Tuesday. Prof. Parsons, a Swedenborgian, says that when Beyer was making the Index to Swedenborg's works, he was feeble & did not expect to live to complete it. He wrote a letter to Swedenborg to that effect. Swedenborg replied that he would live to complete it. Beyer lived two years, was taken sick the day after finishing it & died within a few days.
Saturday. Lithographic likeness finished.
Tuesday. Commencement of the trial of Dr. Webster for the murder of Dr. George Parkman.
Saturday. A snowstorm. Snow fell several inches.
Thursday. Another heavy fall of snow. Attended the Historical Society meeting. Several classmates to meet this evening at Lothrop's, to see if something cannot be done towards getting up a class meeting this year, it being a quarter of a century since graduation. We have not had a class meeting since we left College. There was but little class feeling when in College--there was a large number of cliques interested in each other; but no general attachment. The storm was so violent that I concluded not to remain to the meeting at Lothrop's.
Sunday. After eleven day's trial, the jury rendered their verdict about , last evening, that Dr. Webster was guilty of murder in the first degree. Charles Sumner told me to-day that after the verdict was returned, the Attorney General went round quietly to the Court, & wished the Chief Justice before discharging the Jury to say something to them as they been so long together & so patiently submitting to their duties. The Chief Justice said they had rendered a just verdict but he could not say more, & formally dismissed them. Even when the Chief Justice commenced his charge, he could hardly refrain from tears. The verdict has taken people by surprise. However generally people believed Dr. Parkman was murdered by Dr. Webster, it was not supposed there was evidence that would make all the jurors acquiesce in such a result. It was commonly thought the jurors would disagree; or if this were not the case & they should agree, it would be in favor of acquittal.
The community to-day seems as solemn as if a most dreadful calamity had befallen it. A sadness pervades it. Everybody is expressing his feelings respecting the lovely family of Dr. Webster. So dreadful a blow will, I think, inevitably cause the death of his wife, if not some of his children. On Friday evening they were very cheerful, expecting he would be with them to-day or tomorrow. The mistaken kindness of friends has prevented them from preparing for the worst, & they must be almost if not entirely unprepared for the result [CROSSED OUT SECTION]. At yesterday, hardly anyone supposed there would be a conviction; but people from hearing & reading the Attorney General's argument & the Judge's Charge afterward were moved otherwise by them. This morning, between 9 & Mrs. William Prescott, mother of the historian, & half-sister of Mrs. Webster, came out to inform the family of the result. Mrs. Webster was lying on the bed, where she had been obliged to be for the considerable part of the time for three or four weeks. As the carriage slowly came towards the house, Marianne saw it & said she feared there was something bad. Upon entering the house, the conviction of the Dr. was made known to to Miss West, a cousin who was staying there. She went upstairs & repeated the result. Mrs. Webster remained speechless. The daughters uttered the most heartrending screams, which were heard by passers-by to church. Marianne was nearly distracted during the day & by night it was necessary to call assistance to hold & restrain her.
April 1, 1850
Monday. Dr. Webster was brought into Court & received his sentence. In the afternoon the family visited him. He received them very properly, embraced them all, said he was ready to die, & prayed with them & asserted his innocence.
Tuesday. Went to the door & asked the servant girl to pass my card in to Mrs. Webster. Dr. Lowell was there. I was told he said he had left the dead body of his wife at home to come & mingle his prayers & sympathies, in which he was very successful.
Sunday, a paper was put in circulation among the principal heads of
Wednesday. The Daily Evening Traveller contains statements by one of the jurors confirming previous reports that the jurors while secluded from the world held religious exercises each evening, & when they retired after receiving the charge of the Chief Justice, there was a distressing pause for nearly half an hour when the Foreman called them to order by reminding them that they had a duty to perform. Then again prayer was offered, & the questions were reduced to three
1. Were the remains those of Dr. Parkman?
2. Was he killed by Dr. Webster?
3. Was it with malice premeditated?
Each of the first was unhesitatingly voted unanimously in the affirmative. The third had one dissentient vote, that of Benj. H. Greene, bookseller. After some time in reflecting, he coincided.
reports have been started, which must have some foundation in truth
out the Dr. to be one of the blackest-hearted rascals in the world. How
he have lived so long in
Friday. Another snowstorm.
Thursday. After having boarded nearly eight years with the exception of some vacations at one house with Rev. J.A. Kendall, moved with him to a new house.
Various snowstorms this spring. The one on Sunday last extended even to
Monday. Mailed a large box to go to the Royal Library of Berlin, filled with duplicate books & pamphlets. Recently the library received nearly 30 vols from the Legislature of Maine, agreeably to a vote passed sometime since.
A vigorous discussion commenced in the Legislature in relation to
Saturday. M. Vattemare, the ventriloquist, [HOLLIS: Vattemare, Alexandre, 1796-1864] who is known for his project of international exchange of books, was at the library, in furtherance of his project.
Administered Communion at J.F. Clarke's.
years ago was ordained at
The Christian Register contains Mr. S.A. Eliot's speech before the Legislature in the late attack on the College Charter.
To-day was brought & placed in the College Library a bust of Rev.
I have often heard my mother speak of living in
Sunday. Attended the Universalist meeting. After it walked to the hill back of Mr. Sprague's house. It affords a beautiful prospect. Then went to the old burying ground, which seems to be entirely removed from habitations. By it, however, I was told, the road passed in early days, as it was laid out towards Boston as near to the marsh as practicable. After considerable difficulty, I found the gravestone of Rev. Mr. Wigglesworth.
Mrs. Sprague accompanied me to Mrs. Townsend's. Mrs. T said she had not
mother since she left Malden, nor had she heard anything from her
she was married, that she was very intimate with my mother & often
the night with her that their family made no cheese & that my
excellent cheese, & often in the afternoon she would say to her
was going to get a piece of Persis's cheese & so go down & take
with her. Oftentimes they went to singing meetings together which were
different parts of the town. Mrs. T would mount the horse & ride
uncle who would carry my mother before him on the same horse. My uncle
mother, according to her, were at the time the only singers of songs in
At the ordination of Mr. Thatcher at
Celebration of Bunkers Hill battle--oration by
Prof. Webster's case was taken up last week & argued before a full bench of the Supreme Court for the purpose of making out a writ of error. The decision is contained in this evening's papers.
Wednesday. Books ordered in for annual examination.
Friday. Seniors Class Day—entertainment at President Sparks's before going to the exercises—collation in Harvard Hall after the exercises—dancing towards evening after which came the marching to, & cheering of the various buildings, & at 8 o'clock levee at E. Everett's.
The newspapers contain an account of the dinner given last evening to
keeper of the Brattle House by the citizens of
The newspapers this evening speak of a letter from Dr. Webster to Governor Briggs in which he confesses that he killed Dr. Parkman, but that he did it in self-defence, or rather that the act was manslaughter & not murder. It is doubtful whether this confession, coming at this late day, can be of much avail. It is too much like a last desperate effort of a guilty man to save his life. He has told too many untruths--untruths which very plausibly explained difficulties before his trial, but which were disregarded at the trial. Since his conviction he has written a letter to the Governor protesting his entire ignorance of the whole transaction of the murder, which by his confession he must admit to be false. The calmness, during the week preceding his arrest, now that he admits he killed Parkman, looks more like premeditation than like the flurry, which a man would have experienced the moment after unintentionally killing a man. There is too Pearson under sentence of death, & the time appointed for his execution, who was recommended to mercy by the jury who convicted him; yet his case did not receive the mercy of the Governor & Council, & how can Webster's, when he was not recommend to mercy by the jury? The whole affair of the Parkman murder, from beginning to end, has been one of the most mysterious on record. When it shall have been settled, & become matter of record, it will be impossible for people who were not participators to understand the peculiar feelings in the community & in individuals, as events transpired, little by little, at one time favoring a very little Dr. Webster, at another time & perhaps the very next day, making just about as much against him; thus keeping the minds eager to know more about the mysterious affair during many months.
Tuesday. Rev. G. Putnam D.D. appeared before the Governor & Council, with a confession by J.W. Webster, & accompanied it with a powerful appeal in his behalf.
Wednesday. The newspapers contain not only the confession of Dr. Webster; but the protest of his innocence which he had caused to be withdrawn.
Independence Day. Every body seems to have settled down into a great
of Webster. The Protest is so flatly contradictory to his confession
feeling which has been for sometime entertained that he is a consummate
has been confirmed to an extent that can hardly be credited. Yet nobody
seems to want to have him executed, except Rev. F. Parkman, who with a
others manifest a rather bloodthirsty spirit. It is hardly conceivable
strong expressions of condemnation of the Court & Jury have been
universally prevalent throughout the country except in
of an individual which has excited so general an interest
throughout the civilized world as this. I have seen persons from remote
of the country, & in answer to questions I learn that even in
obscure towns, every mail was watched with eagerness & every
pounced upon with avidity. The newspapers now are full of comments,
newspaper has its peculiar editorials & communications, & if
wants to get a complete idea of the excitement & of all the
remonstrances he must follow them through many days & probably
& he ought to do it before making up his mind.
Wednesday. Annual examination of the library. Besides duplicates, during the past year there have been added 1751 volumes of which 640 were gifts, 2219 pamphlets of which 1991 were gifts.
every newspaper contains important editorial and other communications
respecting Dr. Webster. The family were thoroughly convinced of his
till about a week before he made his confession. The first person who
introduced the subject was Dr. G. Putnam. He was with the family some
before he could get them to
believe the subject.
And at last he felt obliged to break it
abruptly as there was no other way of reaching them. believe in his
a confession. Mrs. W yielded at first & after sometime the
scene which followed was heartrending. Before the confession came out,
known that the family was suffering more agony than they ever have.
appeared personally before the Governor & Council twice. The fleshy
rosy girls have pined away, the cheeks & lips are become pale;
not death become the consequence? They try to sow [SIC: sew?] (for they
taking in work to do for sometime, even before the Doctor's
then they take a book & try to read but they obviously cannot fix
attention; then they walk the room; & now their solitude is almost
excessive, for they have declined seeing even the very few among the
who have been admitted to the house since the time of the arrest.
Friday. C.E. Butler, of Thomaston made his appearance for examination & admission to the Freshman Class. I had accidentally met him last summer, & through my influence he has been induced to come to this College.
Monday. This day & to-morrow are the days for examination.
Commencement. The Governor & suite escorted from
The deaths since the last commencement were read by Mr. Everett, who acted as presiding officer of the Alumni, & classmates of the deceased were desired to make remarks. The course, however, was not altogether judicious. It was too long & tedious, & not one half the names had been passed in review, before it was found to be so late that it was thought advisable to adjourn for an alumni meeting for business in the room above. The plan for increasing alumni interest, which I suggested to Mr. Everett when President was to have such a list, accompanied by a few lines of facts for each one who died & read by some one whose business it should be to prepare it.
The usual Commencement levee at the Presidents was omitted, Mrs. Sparks's father, the Hon. Mr. Silsbee of Salem, having died last Sunday night about midnight and been buried yesterday.
Thursday. Exercises of the Phi Beta Kappa, a society which has done more to repress all feelings of attachment to the Alma Mater than all other causes beside.
The Governor & Council sit to-day for final action on Webster's case. The report, as given in the evening papers leave no doubt as to the final result. He must be hanged, unless he can previously contrive to kill himself.
Friday. The papers this evening contain the Report, etc. of the Governor & Council & the day fixed for Webster's execution is 30 August.
feature of Commencement. Hitherto it has always been maintained that no
should be invited to the Commencement dinner, except those who had
Master's degree. This may have arisen in part from want of
accommodation at the
tables in former times, & perhaps in part to prevail on all
take their second degrees, the fees for which were the Presidents
The quarterbills, even when I was in College, contained a separate
Triennial Catalogue & Commencement dinner. Although the graduating
& other graduates did not think of venturing to take a seat at
dinner, shortly after graduating, yet after a time persons who came
to fall into the procession &
take their seats dine. I
have not hesitated
to do it, & ventured to put it on the ground that I paid for the
when in College & had therefore as good right as anybody to it.
The Triennial Catalogue, since the introduction of the item to pay for it, has grown large & is not paid for. The fee of ten dollars for one's second degree has been reduced, the perquisite has been transferred to the College funds, the President's salary raised to $2500 & house rent; & on Commencement day for the first time the word Graduates was substituted for Masters of Arts in reading the order of procession, & the graduating class went in to the dinner.
Judge White, in his obituary remarks at Commencement dinner, alluded to some of the customs when he was in College, one of which was wrestling. Individuals of the Freshman Class were called on by the Sophomores & others to test their ability in this way, & a class was considered as superior or inferior to another as wrestlers. It was a kind of initiatory process for newcomers. The foot ball prevails at the present day.
In the basement of University Hall, an auction of the utensils &
etc. formerly used in commons. The crockery, at least a great part of
contains pictures of the College buildings. It was made to order, in
Attended worship at the Church of the Disciples in
Funeral ceremonies in
Took the Maine Railroad in
A.M. arrived at
Friday. Arrived Wm. Sibley, of Freedom, with Laura, daughter of Uncle Eastman, of Warner, N.H.
A.M. Uncle & cousin took their departure for Freedom. I took a
wagon & went on business for my father, to
Sunday. At home, unwell, from yesterday's exposure to the rain & cold. The weather is as cold as in the last of September.
Monday. Considerably unwell, symptoms of cholera morbus. In the night a case of colic in the house.
Tuesday. Two of us sick in two rooms. Very feeble help in the family. Things, for the most part have gone sadly since mother's death. There have been eight housekeepers in nine weeks. A great part, nearly all, the bedding & clothing have been stolen by them. One of the keepers from Jefferson, who had lived in the family of Prof. Webster, of Cambridge, perished two or three weeks ago, in the dock at Portland.
Wednesday. Procured a large pile of papers, account books, etc. which belong to the late Nathaniel Robbins, Esq. & brought them to the house for examination & began to overhaul them. Among them are many legislative pamphlets, particularly relating to the early history of Maine, since it became a State, which are scarce, & a vast mass of manuscript letters, receipts, executions, etc. but very little, however, which can be available in the History of Union.
August 22, 1850
Thursday. Continued the examination of the papers belonging to the late N. Robbins. This afternoon another in the family taken down with lameness. It is fortunate that the first has got so much better as to be able to be about most of the time to-day. The family in all now consists of father, brother William, myself, & a hired lad of sixteen, Sarah McCurdy, who is staying a few weeks & was the first taken sick, & a daughter of my cousin, Mrs. Clark.
August 23, 1850
Friday. Called on Jessa Robbins, the oldest man living in Union, also on Mrs. Mathias Hawes.
30, 1850 & seqq.
Friday. Went to Warren and spent the day with Cyrus Eaton, Esq., who has got nearly ready for publication a History of Warren including the history of St. George's River before the incorporation of Warren.
This evening heard of the execution of Dr. Webster. The newspapers of all kinds contain detailed accounts of the solemn event, and as each gives its own, each contains some incidents not contained in the others. His family, I learned after I got to Cambridge, were not aware of the time when the execution would take place & knew not of it until Dr. Putnam went to them at Cambridge directly from the gallows and announced the event. No disclosures are made to the public, though the uncertainty has generally settled down into a conviction that the killing was premeditated. The family had been in the practice of visiting him twice each week, & latterly on Mondays & Thursdays, & of going immediately after dinner & remaining some hours. They left him yesterday a little after six o'clock. In the afternoon of the 30th or the 31st, Mrs. Perkins of New York rode out to Mrs. Webster's & inquired for her. A cousin of the Doctor, an intimate in the family went to the door & told her Mrs. W was not to be seen. She then inquired for some of the females of the family. The cousin replied that she herself was the only one who could be seen. The driver then observed that she had come out to see the corpse. The cousin administered a merited rebuke for coming on such an errand, at such a time, while the family were bowed down to the earth with agony, & shut the door in her face. The Dr.'s wishes as to the time & place of his funeral were not complied with. It is said that the turf by his tomb was removed on Friday, P.M. & had been replaced by the succeeding forenoon. The body was brought out of Boston about midnight on Friday & deposited without a funeral service over it in his tomb. The public was misled. Many persons wanting in sensibility went to the house of Mrs. Webster, (but they were not Cambridge people for they had too much feeling for the family) on Sunday morning when the funeral was expected, & hundreds were at Mount Auburn gate in expectation of seeing the procession enter. There has been a morbid curiosity, marked by feelings almost inhuman on the part of some of the populace; but with the refined there has been a shrinking from everything which could possibly wound the feelings of the family.
On the scaffold great humanity was shown by all to the prisoner, & in the laying out of the body the most hardened showed great delicacy, & even the assistant turnkey shed tears. The family did not go to meeting from the time of the Doctor's arrest till the second Sunday in September in the afternoon. A few ladies, having learned they would attend Dr. Newell's that day & occupy the unfurnished pew of the College which was occupied by them in vacations, when there is no religious service in the college chapel, furnished the pew with cushions, carpet, hymn books, crickets, etc. It was a delicate indirect expression of kindness, which was perceptibly felt by them when they unexpectedly perceived it as they arrived at the pew. At the close of the services they remained till the congregation had passed out, and then even the sexton as he perceived them coming down the gallery stairs, turned from them & walked slowly towards the other end of the entry, thus giving them time & opportunity to pass out without encountering him face to face. From this time the friends are beginning to call on them, & now that the end has come, it is to be hoped that the present generation may never be called to experience so dreadful & deep an interest in an event which has stirred the depths of the whole world as it never before was disturbed by any murder. The newspapers of all kinds, & throughout the world, have discussed the subject & wherever I have been, every obscure man in every obscure part of every obscure town seems to have been well acquainted with the affair. The same is told me by other persons who are from different parts of the country.
August 31, 1850
Saturday. Spent most of the day with Wm. Gleason, Esq. in relation to the town census & other matters connected with the History of Union.
September 1, 1850
Sunday. Attended worship at the Orthodox Church in the forenoon & heard a sermon read, the minister being absent. P.M. attended the meeting of the Baptists at the townhouse.
September 3, 1850
With my father went in a wagon to Waldoboro', called at Mr. John
was my teacher before going to Exeter, N.H. He had gone to Commencement
Bowdoin College. My expectation was that the eleven o'clock stage from
Waldoboro' would connect with a railroad train at Bath; but I was
did not, ordinarily, though last year an extra train went from Bath at
o'clock, on the evening before commencement, & possibly there might
this year. The stage took me about noon. As we came in sight of Bath
little before 6 1/2 o'clock, the driver said there could not be any
train as the depot was entirely closed. After getting on board the
it was necessary before starting, to wait some 10 or 15 minutes for the
ferryman to eat his supper. When about half way across the river I saw
locomotive with one car move from the depot. The ferryman insisted,
should have been notified if it had been going to Bath, & that it
was nothing more than a movement for arranging or changing locomotives
In this he was strenuously sustained by the stage driver. Upon arriving
Sagadahoc House, I learned that an extra train had gone to Brunswick
minutes before, to bring down students to a class supper, & that no
conveyance remained. Accordingly I deposited myself for the night at
Sagadahoc House. Between 9 & about 50 students
Paying my fare 62 1/2 cents for lodging and breakfast, at the excellent
I took the cars for
Heard the Oration & Poem before the Phi Beta Kappa Society. Dr.
oration good, with the except of a contemptible deification of Daniel
He might have introduced him properly as an illustration of
influence, as this address was on the perpetuity of literary influence
labor, but it was very improper for a Christian minister to commend and
the character of a man, who is only respected for his talents, whose
is notoriously immoral. Unwell after the exercises and spent the
Commencement week at
Unwell most of day. On Thurs. got out to take tea with the widow of N. Robbins, Esq. who died July 4th, & called at Dr. Palmers; took tea at Mr. Forsyth's.
Went to the cars & took a seat about . After waiting 1 1/2
hours for the down train, a
locomotive came upon
the intervening hours in
Sunday. It cleared up about , six & three quarter inches having fallen in 24 hours, & a fortnight ago about four inches, the total average a year being 35 or 36 inches.
Monday. Applied to, and undertook the editing of the Annual College Catalogue (P.S. paid $30 for doing it)
Thursday. The first of a series of important historical articles by Rd. Frothingham, Jr. in reply to P. Swett's pamphlet on his siege of Boston, in which is discussed the History of the battle of Bunker Hill, is to-day printed in the Boston Post. It will probably be a very minute, detailed account of the whole battle.
Saturday. A great number of persons, high & low, ignorant & learned, refined & would-be-refined, from all parts of the world come to the library in their wanderings. Almost every traveller of distinction visits. To-day came G.P.R. James, the novelist and historian--a man whose information appears to be quite general.
Sunday. The Society of the Church of the Disciples having virtually been dissolved some weeks since & the house purchased by Mr. Robbins's society I have this term resumed my seat at the College chapel.
This evening called on Mrs. Webster and family. No allusion was made to the late tragedy. They were wonderfully calm & resigned. Spent about one hour with them. When we met in the parlor we shook hands without saying a word & then took seats. Shortly the silence was broken by Miss West, after which the conversation opened with the daughters and at length with Mrs. Webster. She spoke particularly of Cappe on Providence & Cappe's sermons, etc. which they had been reading with satisfaction. Much is said by persons who have visited them of the propriety & calmness of them all. It is said they have no suspicion of premeditated murder; but that in some mysterious but unintentional way--he did the deed.
Monday. Prof. Walker says that he saw Dr. Webster three or four times within a very short time before the execution. His appearance was all that could be desired. He was humble and spoke calmly, & as a Christian would be likely to speak. He said he was in a proper spirit to go & that if he had gone to the State Prison, he might not be improved, for that was not a place for repentance. Probably for his own good & that of his family he felt that it was best for himself to die. Probably he had endeavored to impress the same idea on the minds of his family. When it is considered that his life was at stake, much charity should be applied, even in his worst falsifications.
Great excitement has prevailed in
Jenny Lind, was received to-day with great enthusiasm in
Thursday. The Annual Catalogue distributed.
Walked to the meeting of Theodore Parker in
Friday. T.G. Wells, of whom mention was made a few years since, never being at ease that his creditors should have suffered through his failures in business when the California fever broke out two or three years ago, concluded to leave home for California, with a view to make money to pay his creditors all that was due to them, though he had so settled with them that legally speaking he owed them nothing. His wife's friends did all they could to dissuade him from going--offering to give him money to pay the debts. But he replied their money should never go for his debts. He abandoned a home to which he was passionately attached, has just returned after a long absence & is now paying off his old creditors.
Virginia Historical Register for October 1849 it appears probable that
Pocahontas died in the Parish of Gravesend, in the
The inscription runs thus:
March 21.--Rebecca Wrothe wyffe of Thomas Wrothe gent.
A Virginia Lady borne was buried in the Chauncell."
Though the Register is quite confident it would be well if there were more corroborating testimony.
Saturday. It seems that since Prof. Webster's execution a subscription paper has been circulated & something like $5000 or $6000 obtained; Cushing of Watertown & Wm. Appleton of Boston giving $500 each; & that in addition to this the last two named gentlemen have purchased & given to them a house in Cambridge worth $2500. About the time of the execution a request written by Governor Everett that they would remain here was signed by most of the inhabitants & sent to them. They are almost overpowered by the kindness shown by everybody.
November 28, 1850
Thursday. Thanksgiving. Nearly all the students gone from town. Many went on Tuesday morning.
In consequence of a Circular there was a meeting in
Assured that many of the name Morse in the United States are desirous of a general meeting of the race for paternal salutations; and a public expression of their reverence and gratitude for the memory of their Puritan sires; and also, that such of the race as reside in distant States, look to their kindred in New England to take measures preparatory to such a gathering; we, the subscribers, respectfully, and earnestly solicit your attendance at the American Hall, No. 64 1-2 Hanover Street, Boston, on the 2d Wednesday, i.e. 11 Dec.'r, 1850, at 6 1-2 o'clock, P.M. to consider proposals for assembling the race, determine the time and place of meeting, appoint committees and institute all measures necessary to insure an anniversary honorable to the name and blood which we inherit.
Author of the Memorial of the Morse's
Publisher of the Memorial.
were about one dozen persons present. It was expected that a plan for
would have been prepared . Something of the kind, very incomplete, was
introduced. I was appointed Chairman of the meeting, and John J. Morse,
Secretary. It was agreed that Hon. Isaac E. Morse of
Gave to Abner Morse, for lithographing, another daguerreotype, the lithograph previously made, not being satisfactory.
Wednesday. It not being convenient to attend the adjourned meeting, I sent a note to Abner Morse resigning my office as Chairman.
Tuesday evening. The year closes with a heavy snow storm pouring down upon snow a foot & a half or two feet deep. During the year what important events have been agitating the world. Not to go to Europe we have had the Fugitive Slave Bill, admission of California, protracted unprincipled debates in Congress, the way opened for more slavery in Utah & Texas, & a President virtually killed by the inhumanity of members of Congress, & Daniel Webster & his followers abandoning principle for self-aggrandizement. But good will be made to come out of evil.
rec'd lately from
A.M. Went to
In the evening spent an hour or two with John G. Whittier, the poet, his mother, and sister, of the denomination of Friends. Found him very well informed on historical subjects. Passed the night with Mr. Aubin.
A.M. came to
Took counsel in
Took cars to
Wednesday. Went to Mr. Sanborn's, found his wife foolishly sensitive about the printing of the names of the Murray's in my note on the Sibleys in the History of Union.
Insane Asylum, saw Mrs. Gage, whose case is hopeless. Went to Stephen
in Hopkinton, by way of cars to
There was a time when Hopkinton had more influence in the
affairs of the state than any other town.
Contemporary were judges Harris & Green of the Supreme
Harvey, now District Judge, Judge Chase of the Probate Court &
other men of influence. Now the town is
dull, its principal men are dead or gone, & the contrast with its
30 years since is very remarkable.
Thursday. My uncle Stephen Sibley took me in a sleigh to my grandmother's place, now improved by James Hoit. The weather was cold. We proceeded to Henniker, to my Uncle Isaac Rice's. Learned that my cousin Sylvester Ward, who treated his mother so brutally, died of consumption last summer.
Cold. Moved towards Warner by
Saturday. Went to my Aunt Bean's. She lived four years at my father's when I was a boy.
Sunday. Went to Hoit's in Hopkinton, dined, then returned with my uncle to his house.
Monday. Rainy. Various topics & anecdotes furnished employment for the day. Crows, my uncle says are worse than hawks. One season he lost 17 young turkeys by them. He also lost eight young lambs, which he has no doubt were killed by them. One of his neighbours saw a crow on one of his lambs. Before he could get near enough to frighten him, he saw him thwacking him over from one side to the other. One of the eyes had been picked out & he was trying to get him over so as to pick the other out. In some which were killed the tongue as well as the eyes were plucked out. While cutting wood he was in the habit of passing a tree, to which two grey squirrels came out of the woods to bud. One morning he found the snow disturbed around it. It appeared the crows had attacked the squirrels on the tree & that they had persevered in their attacks; & that there were perhaps twenty places where the squirrels had struck their noses into the snow obviously to protect their eyes from the crows. Crows are also mischievous when tame. While working on land near Kearsarge he stood where there was a tame one & he petted it considerably. When repairing his fence it kept around his feet, but no notice was then taken of him. After a while he flew into a tree and came down upon him, picking his head furiously as if in resentment. Several persons near him were laboring & took out their refreshments among which was rum. The crow came in for a share. He partook of the rum. Soon he began to feel the effects, extending one wing one way, & then the other another way to balance & keep himself from falling & squalking like some wag. The next day refreshments were again brought out. He did not partake but kept at a distance. When the meal was ended, he darted down, took up the tumbler & carried it off, as if in dudgeon, & it was not again seen. The owner while making fence laid down his coat containing a pocket book with $200 or $300 which he had just rec'd. The crow came down, got the pocketbook out & flew with it to the top of a tree. The owner was in great tribulation. He could not call him back. He sent for a gun to shoot him in order to receive his stolen property. Before the gun arrived the crow came down & dropped the pocketbook near the coat.
My uncle procured the passage of an act by the Legislature, giving a bounty for the destruction of crows between April 15 & June 15. The old crows never pull up corn for themselves; but only when they have young.
He also mentioned an anecdote or two about weasels. A hawk was seen to dive to a stone heap in a field, upon rising from which he went up singularly in a spiral direction, rising as fast as possible, & shortly came down dead, & just before reaching the ground, a weasel jumped out from the feathers & ran away. At another time a weasel was seen near a gate. A hawk had seen him & was determined to seize him. The weasel, as if to tempt the hawk, ran to the top of the tall post to which the high gate was attached. The hawk came down with a plunge & when within five or six feet the weasel leaped from the top of the post & seized the hawk by the neck. The hawk went up as the other had done & fell down dead, killed.
Opposite to my uncle's door a hen was sitting on eggs; suddenly she was seen running across the road to the barn, screaming terribly, a weasel hanging to her side. She was pursued, the weasel driven off, but the hen sickened and died. A weasel killed a woodchuck in the neighborhood.
A family in a neighboring town got a young fox. They had a flock of geese & goslings. The young fox took a strong liking to them, & though very small kept about them incessantly during the whole time, day after day, annoying them exceedingly. His advances gradually gained, & the old gander sprang out, seized him with her bill & began to pummel him with his wings. The owner concluded it might be a good lesson to let the fox be beaten as long as the gander chose; but finding that the gander would really kill foxy, the owner separated them. Foxy was so bruised that for a week he could hardly move. The fox was very cautious for many weeks & kept out of the way of the flock. But as he grew his courage revived & in autumn his predilection for poultry was revived. Finding his propensity might endanger the flock the owner tied the fox with a chain under the barn. The flock, triumphing as they had done, would go near & scold at him. The fox would lie still. Gradually, the geese became bolder & more insulting towards the prisoner. At last the fox, when one of them came within reach of his tether sprang & took him under the barn instantaneously.
One winter my uncle observed a flock of five partridges day after day, budding in the woods were he was cutting firewood. After a while there were but three; subsequently there were but two, finally the two disappeared. At this time two huge owls were seen, who undoubtedly had explored the woods & killed them in the night.
Passing from animals to men he mentioned a peculiarity of the Sibleys. My brother William had an extra little finger which was removed when he was two or three days old, etc. He says the same was true of my grandfather Jacob, of my uncle Samuel, & he believes of my uncle Moses who died young.
Under the iniquitous fugitive slave law of Sept. 1850 an arrest was made today and the negroes went to the Court Room & released the fugitive, in defiance of the officers & secreted him.
Bowen's appointment to the chair of history in
to Wednesday. Great excitement at
spent the last two days in
Shadrach, the fugitive slave is safe in
Saturday. The papers are filled with anathemas about the Bostonians. Public Documents issued by President Fillmore. The Bostonians exculpating themselves from the iniquity of violating the law by charging it on the colored people. Oh the corruption of the newspaper press of Boston! Ready to sacrifice every inalienable right of man for money! Pity that some of these humane people who dwell enthusiastically on the happiness of slaves would quit their splendid mansions in Boston for a few months & take up their residence for a year or two as slaves in a Southern plantation in order that they might enjoy the bliss.
There is somewhere in
Great sensation this morning in consequence of a suicide in Holworthy
Saturday, it seems, Robert Troup Paine, only child of Professor Martyn
of New York took 32 grams of morphine, the same quantity that a rogue
"One eyed Thompson" took a week or two ago. Paine was eccentric, but
was a good scholar & sustained a good character. It is said
prevails both on his father's & mother's side. He was an only
his mother & he were exceedingly attached to each other, so that
& passed last summer in
Sent the first manuscript of the History of Union to the printers in
It commenced snowing just before night on Monday, & now there is a
mass on the ground. In some places it is drifted several feet deep. The
of cars from
Friday. Received the first proof sheet of the History.
Saturday. Agreed with the printers to strike off 17 quires of paper to each signature for $1.25 press work.
Thursday. Historical Society meeting. Among the remarks made were many, which suggested topics for important inquiries. The history of municipal corporations in the country & the effects which these town organizations have had in making our republican form of government what it is. Mr. J.C. Gray asked whether this had not been done more than all other causes! Professor Greenleaf made similar suggestions in regard to our school organizations & their origin & history & added something respecting our ecclesiastical organizations. Mr. Felt thought the Congregational principles which from the settlement of the country had prevailed had done more than anything else to bring about our system of political organization. These inquiries are interesting and important. The meeting was uncommonly full, nearly half of the resident members being present.
After the meeting, dined with Dr. N.B. Shurtleff, & then made movements for information for the Triennial Catalogue.
Incredible as it may seem, this morning at a fugitive slave from
the South was sent on board
a vessel on his way back to
"In mercy, Heavenly Father, do Thou destroy the wicked power, which rules us. Give us righteous men to administer just laws. Forgive the wickedness of our rulers and lead them to true and lasting repentance. Pity the wretched man, who now goes in fetters over the waves. Pity and bless his brethren in chains. Hasten the day when all men shall be free. And thine shall be the Glory, Amen."
Saturday. The week which ends today will be long remembered for the terrible storm & inundation along the coast. The newspapers are filled with accounts of the effects.
Cambridgeport the water covered the road to the Universalist
desolation to-day appeared very striking, though the violence of the
on Wednesday. The tide covered the
This is a very important day in the history of
A long time has passed since the facts under date of April 24 were recorded. It has been impossible to continue the narrative, for the Triennial Catalogue, the History of Union, & the claims & duties at the College Library imposed an amount of labor, from the effects of which I have not recovered. In the mean time, for reference, it may be well to allude to a few events. At the last Legislature a law was passed that if there was a failure to elect a member of Congress by a majority at the first trial, a plurality should elect at the second trial. One trial took place in this District & at the second which was really the fourteenth, Dr. Palfrey's rival prevailed over him by less than one hundred votes.
terrible fire occurred at
The Triennial Catalogue was put to press about the first of May & ready for delivery on Commencement morning as usual; but it was not permitted to be issued till the Overseers had acted upon the degrees which it was expected would be conferred on that day & which had been printed as usual. The Legislature made a modification about the Board of Overseers which may have an important effect on the College. They are hereafter to be chosen by joint ballot of the Legislature & to go out of office at the time limited.
the vacation a terrible tornado passed along through
Friday, Aug. 29 some
of the volumes
of the History of Union were ready for delivery. The number printed is
800, the cost, exclusive of time & labor exceeds six hundred
binding was eleven cents per volume. On the Tuesday following, I took
volumes & put them on board the steamboat & sailed for
Took wagon to
engine, after leaping into the chasm, rolled off the high embankment of
railroad, carrying the engineer with it, & the step of it pinned
the ground besides crushing him, & it was necessary to dig away the
remove the body from its situation. The two bodies were placed on the
grass beneath the beautiful moonlight sky. None of the passengers I
were seriously hurt, though several were severely wounded. Three hours
the accident, that is at , the train arrived
Tuesday. The success of the History of Union has exceeded anything I have ever dreamed of. Several persons, who ought to be considered competent judges have said that it is the best town history which has ever been written. Very favorable notices of it have appeared in the Boston Evening Transcript Aug 27; Evening Traveller Aug 30; Daily Advertiser Aug 22, written by Charles Deane; Lincoln Miscellany Aug 26 of Thomaston by Augustus C. Robbins Esq. of Brunswick; Republican Journal of Belfast, Sept 12 by Mr. Morse, editor; State Signal of Belfast, Sept 12 by Joseph Williamson Jr. Esq; Boston Post Sept 3 by Richard Frothingham Jr. Mayor of Charlestown & historian; The Trumpet by Rev. L.R. Paige; Salem Observer Sept 6 by George Andrews Esq.; Cambridge Chronicle Sept 6 & Christian Examiner of Nov. by George Livermore; North American Review of Oct. by Prof. C.C. Felton; N.E. Hist & Genealogical Register for Oct by N.B. Shurtleff; Portland Advertiser Sept 2 by Wm. Willis; besides private letters & many newspapers not seen but heard of.
It being pleasant, at , A.M. I started on
Rose before ,
breakfasted, took the cars at , to
Thursday. Suddenly the lower joint of my middle finger, which had been rather stiff for a few days became enlarged; probably from rheumatism.
I have recently written for the Christian Examiner a notice of Eaton's Annals of Warren, Me, & Lorenzo Sabine of
Monday. Forty-seven years old.
great, absorbing topic of interest at present is Kossuth the Hungarian.
all of his speeches are reported in full in the "Commonwealth"
newspaper, which is in the College Library. His talents place him among
giants of the world. The newspapers of
topic of interest is the movement of Louis Napoleon seizing on the
Poor Wells returned from
Thursday. Rec'd a
Prof. Cleaveland, of
Saturday. The Christian Register contains a very complimentary notice of the History of Union. Having a severe cold quit work at the Library & spent the day at my room Divinity Hall No. 15. The North American Review contains L. Sabine's Review of Eaton's Annals of Warren & the Christian Examiner my notice of the same.
Sunday. Unwell; in my room without going to dinner or supper. The influenza very prevalent.
Friday. Having within a few weeks received three letters from the Hon. Henry H. Sibley, a member of Congress from Minnesota Territory, & furnished him with seven copies of the History of Union, to-day I mailed for him a copy of Judge Joseph Sibley's letter & of one from Dr. John Sibley of Natchitoches, also a copy of memoranda made about twenty years ago by C.C. Baldwin, librarian of the American Antiquarian Society at Worcester.
Wednesday. Rec'd a letter from C. Eaton Esq., respecting my exertions for him and his Annals of Warren.
Thursday. Commencement of the vacation.
Spent the day in
Farenheit's thermometer at at 8 degrees below zero at the Observatory. A very cold winter.
Bought a ticket from
Thursday. Took the morning train of cars to Concord where my uncle Stephen Sibley was waiting to carry me to Hopkinton, where I found my aunt decrepid & barely able to go with a crutch from one room to another, because of a fall by which she broke a thigh bone in March last.
Saturday. Dined at Langdon Brown's after which my uncle & I rode to Henniker.
Sunday. Attended the Methodist meeting. After it rode with my cousin Hiram Rice to see my cousin Winsor Ward. He says his mother was deranged before she died, as my mother was.
Monday. Rode to the old Sibley place in Hopkinton, now in possession of James Hoit. His wife says that besides doing all her work during the last year she made two hundred coats & sacks. Returned to Stephen Sibleys.
Rode to Contoocookville where I took the cars to Warner, whence I
walked to my
uncle Daniel Bean's in
Dolphus Bean & wife & myself rode to Mr. Martin's in
Friday. Returned to Mr. Bean's.
Saturday. Returned to Hopkinton by the cars, in a snowstorm.
Monday. The snow just fallen one foot¾average depth in all, four feet.
Tuesday. Took tea at Hiram Browns¾bad travelling.
Mrs. Gage fails in mind & body & is constantly in the hospital.
Took the train
of cars to
Monday. This is the fifty-second
successive day in
which all the omnibuses in
Dr. Joseph Cogswell, Librarian of the Astor library in
For several years newspapers, letters & memoranda respecting
Sunday. In the afternoon attended meeting at J.F.W. Ware's, in Cambridgeport, & took tea with George Livermore.
Wednesday. Constantly employed in arranging Triennial Documents, Letters, contriving scrapbooks, etc.
The weather very cold, exceeding that of any winter for many years.
Historical Society meeting in
Took tea with Thomas Cole, a graduate in 1798.
Passed the night with G. D. Phippen, who assisted me materially in the Sibley genealogy, his grandmother being a Sibley. He has an acute mind, fondness for genealogy, for botany, conchology, has made one or two good busts in plaster of Paris.
Dined with Dr. H. Wheatland, a graduate in 1832. He is much interested in horticulture, science & literature, & may be considered one of the principal founders of the Essex Institute, which now contains about 7000 volumes & a large collection of curiosities & of specimens of Natural History. He spends all his time nearly in the Institute, without any compensation, except when he is employed in the schools or some other public avocation. There too was John L. Russell, laboring gratuitously in arranging plants, & Capt. King on shells, etc. More than 1000 vols, exclusive of a large donation by Judge White, were added during the last year. When Wheatland, & a few other lads immediately after his graduation began to make collections, it was thought a boyish movement which would soon come to an end. Probably, however, it will absorb the Athenaeum, as it has done the Historical Society.
Returned in a snow & rain storm.
Sunday. Four or five buildings burnt this morning, the wind blowing a terrific gale. The snow & frozen rain probably saved a great part of the lower part of the town. Cold continues.
Thursday. This morning the prayerbell rings at & the recitations begin, after a vacation of seven weeks.
attended the funeral of John S. Popkin, D.D. who died in
Rec'd a letter from Wm. George Sibley, of Freedom,
action was had by the Overseers of Harvard University on the subject of
Saturday. For some weeks have employed leisure hours in inserting in a very thick interleaved Triennial Catalogue references to sources of information respecting graduates, beginning to examine for that purpose every book & pamphlet in the Library.
In the evening read the six letters received during the last two or three years from Miss Heywood & wrote a reply to Wm. George Sibleys letter.
Sunday. Cold. Farenheits thermometer at